Palo Alto County, Iowa

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Palo Alto County
Palo Alto County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Palo Alto County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°04′48″N 94°40′51″W / 43.08°N 94.680833333333°W / 43.08; -94.680833333333
Country United States
State Iowa
FoundedJanuary 15, 1851
Named forBattle of Palo Alto
SeatEmmetsburg
Largest cityEmmetsburg
Area
 • Total569 sq mi (1,470 km2)
 • Land564 sq mi (1,460 km2)
 • Water5.6 sq mi (15 km2)  1.0%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,996
 • Density16/sq mi (6.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitepaloaltocounty.iowa.gov

Palo Alto County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 8,996.[1] The county seat is Emmetsburg.[2] It is named after the Battle of Palo Alto, the first major battle of the Mexican–American War.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 569 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 564 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860132
18701,336912.1%
18804,131209.2%
18909,618132.8%
190014,35449.2%
191013,845−3.5%
192015,48611.9%
193015,398−0.6%
194016,1705.0%
195015,891−1.7%
196014,736−7.3%
197013,289−9.8%
198012,721−4.3%
199010,669−16.1%
200010,147−4.9%
20109,421−7.2%
20208,996−4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2018[9]
Population of Palo Alto County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 8,996 in the county, with a population density of 15.8500/sq mi (6.1197/km2). 96.59% of the population reported being of one race. 91.05% were non-Hispanic White, 0.58% were Black, 3.05% were Hispanic, 0.26% were Native American, 0.43% were Asian, 0.07% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 4.57% were some other race or more than one race. There were 4,516 housing units, of which 3,831 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 9,421 in the county, with a population density of 16.7089/sq mi (6.4514/km2). There were 4,628 housing units, of which 3,994 were occupied.[10]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Palo Alto County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,147 people, 4,119 households, and 2,673 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 4,631 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.62% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,119 households, out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 30.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,409, and the median income for a family was $41,808. Males had a median income of $28,344 versus $19,655 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,733. About 6.60% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Palo Alto County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Emmetsburg City 3,706
2 Graettinger City 832
3 West Bend (partially in Kossuth County) City 772 (791 total)
4 Ruthven City 725
5 Mallard City 257
6 Ayrshire City 133
7 Cylinder City 87
8 Curlew City 37
9 Rodman City 31

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Palo Alto County, Iowa[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,370 67.97% 1,519 30.64% 69 1.39%
2016 3,081 65.51% 1,398 29.73% 224 4.76%
2012 2,660 54.43% 2,139 43.77% 88 1.80%
2008 2,294 47.71% 2,428 50.50% 86 1.79%
2004 2,674 51.51% 2,482 47.81% 35 0.67%
2000 2,341 48.54% 2,326 48.23% 156 3.23%
1996 1,817 38.63% 2,371 50.41% 515 10.95%
1992 1,789 33.26% 2,374 44.13% 1,216 22.61%
1988 2,041 37.36% 3,377 61.82% 45 0.82%
1984 2,715 46.73% 3,018 51.94% 77 1.33%
1980 3,025 50.69% 2,463 41.27% 480 8.04%
1976 2,623 44.43% 3,182 53.90% 99 1.68%
1972 3,141 51.78% 2,845 46.90% 80 1.32%
1968 3,114 50.04% 2,874 46.18% 235 3.78%
1964 2,206 33.19% 4,441 66.81% 0 0.00%
1960 3,551 48.99% 3,695 50.97% 3 0.04%
1956 3,795 51.14% 3,624 48.83% 2 0.03%
1952 4,595 60.48% 2,993 39.40% 9 0.12%
1948 2,594 39.30% 3,858 58.45% 149 2.26%
1944 2,772 42.43% 3,726 57.03% 35 0.54%
1940 3,322 42.47% 4,482 57.30% 18 0.23%
1936 2,613 35.63% 4,515 61.57% 205 2.80%
1932 2,378 36.21% 4,094 62.33% 96 1.46%
1928 3,463 54.49% 2,843 44.74% 49 0.77%
1924 2,943 49.49% 593 9.97% 2,411 40.54%
1920 3,904 71.42% 1,467 26.84% 95 1.74%
1916 1,594 48.49% 1,630 49.59% 63 1.92%
1912 953 30.30% 1,274 40.51% 918 29.19%
1908 1,639 52.82% 1,340 43.18% 124 4.00%
1904 1,999 63.32% 1,081 34.24% 77 2.44%
1900 1,908 55.47% 1,477 42.94% 55 1.60%
1896 1,595 50.00% 1,547 48.50% 48 1.50%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ McCarty, Dwight Gaylord (1910). History of Palo Alto County, Iowa. Torch Press. p. 63.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010" (PDF). United States Census Bureau - American FactFinder. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 27, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°04′48″N 94°40′51″W / 43.08000°N 94.68083°W / 43.08000; -94.68083