Merle Hay Mall is an enclosed super-regional shopping mall in Des Moines, Iowa, in the United States. Opened in 1959, it is the oldest regional shopping center in Iowa, and was the largest mall in Iowa in terms of gross leasable area before the 2004 opening of Jordan Creek Town Center in neighboring West Des Moines. It was also the site of the deadliest fire in Des Moines' history, which killed eleven people in 1978.
Kohl's and Target are the mall's anchor stores with two vacant anchors last occupied by Sears and Younkers, while Applebee's, IHOP, and Starbucks operate on the outparcels of the mall. Other prominent stores in the mall include Ulta, Old Navy, Flix Brewhouse, and Ross Dress for Less. Most of the mall is in the northwest part of Des Moines, but the wing that contains the former Younkers, Kohl's, and the food court is inside the city limits of neighboring Urbandale. Read more...
Herbert Clark Hoover
(August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was the 31st President of the United States
(1929–1933). Hoover was a professional mining engineer
and author. As the United States Secretary of Commerce
in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G. Harding
and Calvin Coolidge
, he promoted government intervention under the rubric "economic modernization". In the presidential election of 1928
, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination
, despite having no previous elected office experience. To date, Hoover is the last cabinet secretary to be directly elected President of the United States, as well as one of only two Presidents (along with William Howard Taft
) to have been elected President without electoral experience or high military rank. America was prosperous and optimistic at the time, leading to a landslide victory for Hoover over Democrat Al Smith
. Hoover, a trained engineer, deeply believed in the Efficiency Movement
, which held that government and the economy were riddled with inefficiency and waste, and could be improved by experts who could identify the problems and solve them. When the Wall Street Crash of 1929
struck less than eight months after he took office, Hoover tried to combat the ensuing Great Depression
with volunteer efforts, none of which produced economic recovery during his term. The consensus among historians is that Hoover's defeat in the 1932 election
was caused primarily by failure to end the downward economic spiral. As a result of these factors, Hoover is ranked poorly
among former US Presidents.