Madison County, Iowa

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Madison County, Iowa
Madison County, Iowa Courthouse.jpg
Madison County courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1846
Named for James Madison
Seat Winterset
Largest city Winterset
Area
 • Total 562 sq mi (1,456 km2)
 • Land 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 15,679
 • Density 28/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website madisoncoia.us

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,679.[1] The county seat is Winterset.[2]

Madison County is included in the Des MoinesWest Des Moines, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

Madison County is famous for being the county where John Wayne was born, and for a number of covered bridges. These bridges were featured in the 1992 book, 1995 movie, and 2014 musical The Bridges of Madison County.

History[edit]

Madison County was formed on January 13, 1846. It has been self-governed since 1849. It was named after James Madison (1751–1836), the fourth President of the United States (between 1809 and 1817).[4] Hiram Hurst, a suspected murderer, arsonist and hog thief was the first white settler in Madison County, having come from Missouri about April 15, 1846.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 562 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 561 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,179
1860 7,339 522.5%
1870 13,884 89.2%
1880 17,224 24.1%
1890 15,977 −7.2%
1900 17,710 10.8%
1910 15,621 −11.8%
1920 15,020 −3.8%
1930 14,331 −4.6%
1940 14,525 1.4%
1950 13,131 −9.6%
1960 12,295 −6.4%
1970 11,558 −6.0%
1980 12,597 9.0%
1990 12,483 −0.9%
2000 14,019 12.3%
2010 15,679 11.8%
Est. 2016 15,848 [7] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 15,679 in the county, with a population density of 27.9413/sq mi (10.7882/km2). There were 6,554 housing units, of which 6,025 were occupied.[12]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Madison County

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 14,019 people, 5,326 households, and 3,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 25 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 5,661 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.57% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Madison County was mentioned as an "Extreme Whitopia" in Rich Benjamin's book, Searching for Whitopia.[14]

There were 5,326 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.90% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,845, and the median income for a family was $48,289. Males had a median income of $31,126 versus $24,095 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,357. About 4.60% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

Covered bridges[edit]

Hogback Bridge, one of the six remaining covered bridges in Madison County

There are only six extant covered bridges in Madison County:

The bridges were designed primarily by Eli Cox. Eli and his sons built several of the bridges including Imes and Cutler-Donahoe. Some of the bridges were built by Benton Jones.

Tunnel[edit]

Madison county is home to the only highway tunnel in Iowa, Harmon Tunnel, through the neck of an incised meander of the Middle River in Pammel Park.[15]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Madison County.[16]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Winterset City 5,190
2 Earlham City 1,450
3 St. Charles City 653
4 Truro City 485
5 Patterson City 130
6 East Peru City 125
7 Macksburg City 113
8 Bevington (partially in Warren County) City 63

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.1% 5,360 31.0% 2,678 6.9% 598
2012 54.8% 4,638 42.9% 3,630 2.3% 190
2008 54.0% 4,579 44.0% 3,733 2.0% 169
2004 56.7% 4,538 42.2% 3,380 1.1% 86
2000 52.6% 3,662 44.4% 3,093 3.1% 214
1996 40.3% 2,550 48.5% 3,070 11.2% 707
1992 39.4% 2,421 41.1% 2,525 19.6% 1,203
1988 41.1% 2,410 58.4% 3,421 0.5% 31
1984 50.6% 3,168 49.0% 3,067 0.4% 26
1980 51.8% 3,320 38.9% 2,496 9.3% 595
1976 45.4% 2,681 52.6% 3,109 2.0% 120
1972 59.4% 3,480 38.1% 2,234 2.6% 150
1968 55.5% 3,151 38.6% 2,192 5.9% 336
1964 38.9% 2,250 60.9% 3,518 0.2% 12
1960 58.3% 3,804 41.7% 2,722 0.1% 3
1956 59.3% 3,883 40.5% 2,652 0.1% 9
1952 69.5% 4,967 29.8% 2,131 0.7% 51
1948 52.4% 3,207 46.2% 2,827 1.5% 89
1944 59.2% 3,737 40.4% 2,550 0.4% 26
1940 58.9% 4,477 40.7% 3,094 0.4% 29
1936 55.0% 4,188 44.2% 3,365 0.7% 56
1932 47.1% 2,663 51.7% 2,923 1.2% 69
1928 66.2% 4,364 33.0% 2,178 0.8% 55
1924 60.8% 4,191 19.8% 1,367 19.4% 1,335
1920 68.8% 4,465 29.3% 1,899 1.9% 123
1916 51.3% 1,871 46.9% 1,711 1.9% 68
1912 33.8% 1,274 31.4% 1,185 34.8% 1,311
1908 59.5% 2,425 34.5% 1,404 6.0% 244
1904 63.2% 2,602 28.9% 1,190 7.9% 325
1900 55.7% 2,590 41.0% 1,907 3.3% 155
1896 50.3% 2,313 48.4% 2,224 1.4% 63

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  5. ^ Mueller, Herman A. (1915). History of Madison County, Iowa, and its People, Volume I. New York Public Library: The S.J. Clark Publishing Company. pp. 20–21. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 23, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Searching for Whitopia". Richbenjamin.com. 
  15. ^ Pammel Park web page of the Madison County Conservation Board.
  16. ^ "2010 census". Census.gov. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°20′N 94°01′W / 41.33°N 94.01°W / 41.33; -94.01