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Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese 北赖
 • Tamil பிறை
 • Thai ปลาย
Prai Industrial Estate and the Port of Penang
Prai Industrial Estate and the Port of Penang
Perai is located in Penang
Coordinates: 5°22′40.263″N 100°23′56.9898″E / 5.37785083°N 100.399163833°E / 5.37785083; 100.399163833Coordinates: 5°22′40.263″N 100°23′56.9898″E / 5.37785083°N 100.399163833°E / 5.37785083; 100.399163833
Country  Malaysia
State  Penang
District Central Seberang Perai
 • Local Government Seberang Perai Municipal Council
 • President of Seberang Perai Rozali Mohamud
 • Perai State Assemblyman Ramasamy Palanisamy (DAP)
 • Batu Kawan Member of Parliament Kasthuriraani Patto (DAP)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 14,433
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 • Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Postal code 13600 to 13700
Area code(s) +6043

Perai, also known as Prai, is an industrial town in Central Seberang Perai, Penang, Malaysia. Located south of Butterworth across the Perai River, the town gave its name to Seberang Perai.

Jalan Baru, where Megamal Pinang, one of the major shopping malls in Seberang Perai, is situated
The Penang Bridge links Perai (left) with Penang Island (not pictured).

The town begin with a settlement located along the Perai River which has been existed since the 18th century. It was earlier known as "Prye" during the British colonial era. This area is located at the river mouth of the Perai River. Much of the area were mangrove swamps which was later cleared and developed.

The area was developed from a mangrove swamp into an industrial area, which is the largest in northern Peninsular Malaysia in the 1970s, with Malayawata and the Pen-Group of companies among the earliest factories there. After that residential neighbourhoods such as Chai Leng Park, Taman Inderawasih and Prai Garden were developed to cater the growing need for housing for employees in the factories nearby. The Malayan Sugar Manufacturing Co Sdn Bhd (MSM) factory, which was established in the Prai old town in 1959, still maintains a unique railway line that passes through its factory to transport goods to other states.[2]


Ethnic composition of Perai (2010)[1]
Ethnicities / Nationality Percentage
Other Bumiputeras

According to the 2010 Census conducted by Malaysia's Department of Statistics, Perai had a population of 14,433.[1] The proportions of Penang's three major ethnicities - the Chinese, Malays and Indians - were more balanced in Perai, with each ethnic community making up more than a quarter of the town's population.[1]

Due to the heavier level of industrialisation within Perai, there has been an influx of foreign workers into the Central Seberang Perai District.[3] As of 2010, foreigners constituted more than 7% of Perai's population.[1]


Penang Bridge links the town on the mainland and Gelugor on Penang Island. The iconic bridge completed in 2006, which is the Prai River Bridge, part of the Butterworth Outer Ring Road, links the old part of the town with Bagan Dalam in Butterworth across the Perai River. There is another old bridge which is the Tunku Abdul Rahman Bridge, that connects Butterworth and Perai.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Key Summary Statistics For Local Authority Areas, Malaysia 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Batu Kawan poised for growth with Penang's new second link". 
  3. ^ "Penang's mainland – Seberang Perai by the numbers". Penang’s mainland – Seberang Perai by the numbers,. Retrieved 2017-05-02. 
  4. ^ "Batu Kawan poised for growth with Penang's new second link".