Santiago–Rosalía de Castro Airport
Santiago - Rosalía de Castro Airport
Aeroporto de Santiago - Rosalía de Castro
Aeropuerto de Santiago - Rosalía de Castro
|Serves||Santiago, Galicia, Spain|
|Location||Santiago de Compostela|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||1,213 ft / 370 m|
Santiago–Rosalía de Castro Airport (Galician: Aeroporto de Santiago-Rosalía de Castro, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Santiago-Rosalía de Castro) (IATA: SCQ, ICAO: LEST), previously named Lavacolla Airport and also known as Santiago de Compostela Airport, is an international airport serving the autonomous community and historical region of Galicia in Spain. It is the 2nd busiest airport in northern Spain after Bilbao Airport. It has been named after the Galician romanticist writer and poetess, Rosalía de Castro, since 12 March 2020.
The airport is located in the parish of Lavacolla, 12 km from Santiago de Compostela and handled 2,903,427 passengers in 2019. It is the focus city of Vueling in the northwest Iberian Peninsula, and Ryanair's only focus city in Northern Spain. The Christian pilgrimage route of the Camino de Santiago runs near the airport.
The airport was set up by a group of aviation enthusiasts in October 1932 and two months directors were chosen to select where the airport was going to be built. In 1935 construction work started at the airport where two years later on 27 September 1937 the first scheduled flight from Santiago de Compostela took place. After the Spanish Civil war, political prisoners (who were held in the concentration camp of Lavacolla) were forced to work in the construction of the airport.
In 1969 a new terminal was built at the airport. It has had several expansions taking place since it opened. It closed in 2011 following a brand new terminal being built at the airport. In 1981, a cargo terminal was built, giving the airport capacity to handle cargo flights. During the 1990s, the airport had non-stop service to South America operated by Viasa.
On 13 October 2011, a new passenger terminal opened at the airport, replacing the old terminal, opened in 1969 and remodeled in 1993.
The airport currently has one operating terminal. The old terminal at Santiago de Compostela airport opened in 1969 and was often expanded. The old terminal closed on the night of 13 October 2011 when operations transferred to the new terminal.
The new terminal at Santiago de Compostela Airport officially opened on 13 October 2011 and passenger operations transferred there the following day. It is adjacent to the old terminal and has a size of 74,000 sq m. It has 22 check-in desks, 3 security checkpoints, 4 baggage carousels, and 13 gates of which 5 have airbridges. The baggage hall is split into two zones, one for Schengen flights and one for Non-Schengen. It can handle as many as 4 million passengers per year. The terminal is due to be expanded in the future. This includes adding another five airbridges to five of the current gates as well as three more baggage carousels and an expanded shopping area.
Airlines and destinations
|Aer Lingus||Seasonal: Dublin|
|Air Europa||Seasonal: Fuerteventura (ends 29 October 2021), Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Tenerife–North|
|easyJet|| Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva |
Seasonal: London–Gatwick (resumes 30 March 2022)
|Edelweiss Air||Seasonal: Zurich|
|Iberia Regional|| Bilbao |
Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North
|Ryanair|| Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna (begins 2 November 2021), Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Seville, Tenerife–South, Valencia |
Seasonal: Hahn, Ibiza, Menorca
|TAP Air Portugal||Lisbon (resumes 27 March 2022)|
|Transavia||Paris–Orly (resumes 31 October 2021)|
|Vueling|| Amsterdam, Barcelona, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle (resumes 27 March 2022), Paris–Orly (ends 25 March 2022), Seville, Tenerife–North, Valencia |
Seasonal: Bilbao, Brussels, Ibiza, Menorca, Zurich
During the early 2000s, numbers increased significantly at the airport, from 1.24 million in 2002 to peak at 2.46 million in 2011. Because of the financial crisis in Spain, those numbers decreased to 2.1 million in 2014. Cargo has decreased significantly over the last ten years. The Spanish economic recovery in the mid-2010s and the rise of Santiago de Compostela as an international destination are again increasing passenger numbers, breaking the 2.50 million mark for the first time in 2016.
Traffic figures by year
|Passengers handled||Passengers % Change||Aircraft movements||Aircraft % Change||Freight (tonnes)||Freight % Change|
Traffic figures by month
|2020 Passengers||2021 Passengers||Passengers % Change|
2019 / 20
|1||Madrid||235.760||67.4%||Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair|
|3||Palma de Mallorca||67.343||55.9%||Air Europa, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling|
|6||Gran Canaria||41.376||62.9%||Air Europa, Iberia Express, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling|
|8||Lanzarote||36.281||59.0%||Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling|
|10||Tenerife (South)||23.415||80.8%||Air Europa, Ryanair|
2019 / 20
|4||Paris (Charles de Gaulle)||7.794||85.6%||Vueling|
|9||Paris (Orly)||4.444||-||Transavia, Vueling|
2019 / 20
|1||Spain||816.295||63.5%||Air Europa, Iberia, Iberia Express, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling|
|2||Switzerland||45.081||73.5%||easyJet Switzerland, Edelweiss, Vueling|
2019 / 20
The airport is linked with Santiago de Compostela (13 km) by the Autovía A-54. This motorway is currently being extended to Lugo (94.5 km) where it will connect with the Autovía A-6, providing toll-free motorway access to the rest of Spain; and to the French border through the Autovía A-8 that intersects with the Autovía A-6 near Lugo. Nearby Autopista AP-9 connects the airport directly to A Coruña (66 km), Ferrol (88 km), Pontevedra (75 km), Vigo (100 km) and the Portuguese border. Ourense (116 km) is reachable through the Autopista AP-53 that connects with the Autopista AP-9.
There are several major car rental companies at the airport. The airport has more than 5,000 short and long-term covered parking spaces in the new terminal building. In addition, there are several low-cost, long-term private parking facilities around the airport.
A city bus service operated by Empresa Freire every 30 minutes connects the airport with the center of Santiago de Compostela, and the bus and train terminals in the city. From the station in Santiago de Compostela, private coach operators run direct services in a multiple daily basis to most cities and towns in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra and Vigo, as well as long-distance services to the rest of Spain, and international services. In addition, three regional services link the airport directly to A Coruña, to Lugo, including several stops in the French Way of the Camino de Santiago, and to the A Mariña coastal area (home to As Catedrais beach) in the province of Lugo.
There are no rail facilities at the airport. However the train station in Santiago de Compostela, located 12 km. away, is connected to the airport by the city bus service every 30 minutes. There are combined available train+bus tickets to and from the airport. The train station in Santiago de Compostela has medium and long-distance high-speed Alvia and AVE services to most cities in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Ourense, Pontevedra, Vilagarcía and Vigo; and further to Madrid Chamartín and the rest of Spain.
Foot and bike
The Camino de Santiago runs next to the runway of the airport. This is the busiest and final journey in the Camino de Santiago that goes through the famous Monte do Gozo. There are dedicated pathways for both pedestrians and bikers towards the city. The walking distance from the runway to the Cathedral is estimated at 10.90 km.
Accidents and Incidents
- On 3 March 1978, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63 operated by Iberia from Madrid–Barajas Airport with 211 passengers and 11 crew members, registration EC-BMX. The aircraft touched down far down the runway after a high approach, aquaplaned off the runway, dropped into a hollow 20m deep and caught fire. The crash was settled with 70 injured people, 10 of them seriously injured, and no fatalities.
- On 7 June 2001, a Beechcraft B300C Super King Air 350, registration F-GOAE, departed from Le Mans-Arnage Airport (LME), France, to Santiago De Compostela Airport (SCQ), Spain, on a cargo flight according to instrument flight rules. Near the destination airport, the meteorological conditions were reported to be good, and the crew requested a visual approach to runway 17, even though the active runway was 35. Once cleared to land, the aircraft encountered a fog patch and from this moment it began a high ate descent (2000 to 3000 ft/min). A minute after entering an unexpected and unforeseen fog patch, the aircraft struck some trees in level flight and with an airspeed of 148 kt. The wings and engines detached from the fuselage, and they dragged along a scrubland area until they came to a stop. The crew suffered minor injuries and the aircraft was completely destroyed.
- On 2 August 2012, an Airnor Cessna 500 Citation I, registration EC-IBA, flying from Asturias crashed whilst on approach to the airport with the loss of both crew members.
- Deaño Santiago, Carlos (12 March 2020). "Rebautizo oficial del aeropuerto como Rosalía de Castro". El Correo Gallego. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
- "Miles de presos construyeron obras civiles y militares en Galicia hasta 1960". 13 March 2010.
- History of Santiago de Compostela Airport
- "Airline memorabilia: Viasa (1995), España". 10 August 2011.
- New Terminal
- New Terminal Expansion
- "Ryanair anuncia un vuelo directo entre Santiago y Bolonia el próximo invierno". Santiagoaeropuerto.com. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
- "TAP Air Portugal moves Santiago de Compostela launch to March 2021". Airlineroute.net. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- "Transavia regresa a Santiago este invierno". Santiagoaeropuerto.com. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "Annual Statistics" (in Spanish). Aena Aeropuertos S.A. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- Estadísticas aena-aeropuertos.
- "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63 EC-BMX Santiago de Compostela Airport (SCQ)".
- "ASN Aircraft accident Beechcraft B300C Super King Air 350 F-GOAE Santiago de Compostella (SCQ)".
- Santiago de Compostela accident
Media related to Santiago de Compostela Airport at Wikimedia Commons