Santiago–Rosalía de Castro Airport

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Santiago - Rosalía de Castro Airport

Aeroporto de Santiago - Rosalía de Castro
Aeropuerto de Santiago - Rosalía de Castro
Aena Santiago.svg
Santiago de Compostela - LEST Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic/Military
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesSantiago, Galicia, Spain
LocationSantiago de Compostela
Focus city for
Built1932
Elevation AMSL1,213 ft / 370 m
Coordinates42°53′47″N 08°24′55″W / 42.89639°N 8.41528°W / 42.89639; -8.41528Coordinates: 42°53′47″N 08°24′55″W / 42.89639°N 8.41528°W / 42.89639; -8.41528
Websitewww.aena-aeropuertos.es/santiago/en
Map
SCQ is located in Galicia
SCQ
SCQ
Location in Galicia
SCQ is located in Spain
SCQ
SCQ
SCQ (Spain)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
17/35 10,499 3,200 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers2,903,427
Passengers change 18-19Increase6.5%
Aircraft movements22,396
Movements change 18-19Increase2.5%
Control tower

Santiago–Rosalía de Castro Airport (Galician: Aeroporto de Santiago-Rosalía de Castro, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Santiago-Rosalía de Castro) (IATA: SCQ, ICAO: LEST), previously named Lavacolla Airport and also known as Santiago de Compostela Airport, is an international airport serving the autonomous community and historical region of Galicia in Spain. It is the 2nd busiest airport in northern Spain after Bilbao Airport. It has been named after the Galician romanticist writer and poetess, Rosalía de Castro, since 12 March 2020.[1]

The airport is located in the parish of Lavacolla, 12 km from Santiago de Compostela and handled 2,903,427 passengers in 2019. It is the main focus city of Vueling in the northwest Iberian Peninsula, and Ryanair's only focus city in Northern Spain. The Christian pilgrimage route of the Camino de Santiago runs near the airport.

History[edit]

The airport was set up by a group of aviation enthusiasts in October 1932 and two months directors were chosen to select where the airport was going to be built. In 1935 construction work started at the airport where two years later on 27 September 1937 the first scheduled flight from Santiago de Compostela took place.[citation needed] After the Spanish Civil war, political prisoners (who were held in the concentration camp of Lavacolla) were forced to work in the construction of the airport.[2]

In 1969 a new terminal was built at the airport. It has had several expansions taking place since it opened.[citation needed] It closed in 2011 following a brand new terminal being built at the airport. In 1981, a cargo terminal was built, giving the airport capacity to handle cargo flights.[3] During the 1990s, the airport had non-stop service to South America operated by Viasa.[4]

On 13 October 2011 a new passenger terminal opened at the airport, replacing the old terminal, opened in 1969 and remodeled in 1993.

Terminal[edit]

The airport currently has one operating terminal. The old terminal at Santiago de Compostela airport opened in 1969 and was often expanded. The old terminal closed on the night of 13 October 2011 when operations transferred to the new terminal.

The new terminal at Santiago de Compostela Airport officially opened on 13 October 2011 and passenger operations transferred there the following day. It is adjacent to the old terminal and has a size of 74,000 sq m. It has 22 check-in desks, 3 security checkpoints, 4 baggage carousels, and 13 gates of which 5 have airbridges. The baggage hall is split into two zones, one for Schengen flights and one for Non-Schengen. It can handle as many as 4 million passengers per year.[5] The terminal is due to be expanded in the future. This includes adding another five airbridges to five of the current gates as well as three more baggage carousels and an expanded shopping area.[6]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus Dublin (resumes 28 March 2021)
Air Europa Gran Canaria, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Fuerteventura
easyJet Seasonal: London–Gatwick (resumes 31 March 2021)
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zurich [7]
Iberia Express Madrid
Iberia Regional Bilbao
Lufthansa Frankfurt (resumes 28 March 2021)[8]
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Seville, Tenerife–South,[9] Valencia
Seasonal: Malta (resumes 28 March 2021), Rome–Ciampino, Zaragoza (resumes 29 March 2021)
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon (resumes 25 March 2021)[10]
Volotea Seasonal: Ibiza, Menorca
Vueling Amsterdam, Barcelona, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle (resumes 2 October 2020), Paris–Orly (ends 28 September 2020), Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Brussels, Ibiza, Menorca, Zurich

Statistics[edit]

During the early 2000s, numbers increased significantly at the airport, from 1.24 million in 2002 to peak at 2.46 million in 2011. Because of the financial crisis in Spain, those numbers decreased to 2.1 million in 2014. Cargo has decreased significantly over the last ten years. The Spanish economic recovery in the mid-2010s and the rise of Santiago de Compostela as an international destination are again increasing passenger numbers, breaking the 2.50 million mark for the first time in 2016.[11]

Traffic figures by year[edit]

Santiago de Compostela Airport Passenger Totals 2000-2019 (millions)
Updated: 15 January 2019.[11]
Passengers handled Passengers % Change Aircraft movements Aircraft % Change Freight (tonnes) Freight % Change
2000 1,332,893 - 19,660 - 6,773 -
2001 1,281,334 Decrease 3.86% 19,084 Decrease 2.92% 6,228 Decrease 8.04%
2002 1,240,730 Decrease 3.16% 17.362 Decrease 9.02% 5,716 Decrease 8.22%
2003 1,381,826 Increase 11.37% 18,454 Increase 6.28% 5,318 Decrease 6.96%
2004 1,580,675 Increase 14.39% 21,593 Increase 17.00% 4,938 Decrease 7.14%
2005 1,843,118 Increase 16.60% 25,693 Increase 18.98% 3,805 Decrease 22.94%
2006 1,994,519 Increase 8.21% 24,719 Decrease 3.79% 2,587 Decrease 32.01%
2007 2,050,172 Increase 2.79% 24,643 Decrease 0.30% 2,749 Increase 6.26%
2008 1,917,466 Decrease 6.47% 21,945 Decrease 10.94% 2,418 Decrease 12.04%
2009 1,944,068 Increase 1.38% 20,166 Decrease 8.10% 1,988 Decrease 17.78%
2010 2,172,869 Increase 11.76% 21,252 Increase 5.38% 1,964 Decrease 1.20%
2011 2,464,330 Increase 13.41% 22,322 Increase 5.03% 1,787 Decrease 9.01%
2012 2,194,611 Decrease 10.94% 19,511 Decrease 12.59% 1,815 Increase 1.56%
2013 2,073,055 Decrease 5.53% 18,688 Decrease 4.21% 1,929 Increase 6.28%
2014 2,083,873 Increase 0.52% 19,431 Increase 3.97% 2,095 Increase 8.60%
2015 2,296,248 Increase 10.20% 20,540 Increase 5.70% 2,311 Increase 10.10%
2016 2,510,740 Increase 9.30% 21,227 Increase 3.60% 2,936 Increase 27.04%
2017 2,644,925 Increase 5.34% 21,520 Increase 1.38% 2,693 Decrease 8.28%
2018 2,724,750 Increase 3.01% 21,839 Increase 1.50% 3,019 Increase 12.10%
2019 2,903,427 Increase 6.56% 22,396 Increase 2.55% 3,201 Increase 6.02%

Traffic figures by month[edit]

2019 Passengers 2020 Passengers Passengers % Change
January 178,769 179,454 Increase 0.4%
February 165,186 175,669 Increase 6.3%
March 211,525 77,934 Decrease 63.2%
April 253,393 829 Decrease 99.7%
May 263,221 139 Decrease 99.9%
June 277,933 10,750 Decrease 96.1%
July 302,074 86,177 Decrease 71.5%
August 295,425 147,639 Decrease 50.1%
September 281,431 - -
October 263,999 - -
November 201,069 - -
December 209,402 - -

Route statistics[edit]

Diagram of the airport
Busiest domestic routes at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2019)[12]
Rank City Passengers % Change
2018 / 19
Carriers
1 Community of Madrid Madrid 721.798 Increase 7.1% Iberia, Iberia Express, Ryanair
2 Catalonia Barcelona 427.442 Decrease 1.44% Ryanair, Vueling
3 Balearic Islands Palma de Mallorca 152.730 Decrease 3.49% Air Europa, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling
4 Valencian Community Alicante 147.807 Increase 20.88% Ryanair, Vueling
5 Andalusia Málaga 136.751 Increase 18.32% Ryanair, Vueling
6 Canary Islands Tenerife (South) 121.292 Increase 36.71% Air Europa, Ryanair
7 Canary Islands Gran Canaria 111.508 Increase 20.44% Air Europa, Iberia Regional, Ryanair
8 Valencian Community Valencia 95.725 Increase 1.42% Ryanair
9 Canary Islands Lanzarote 88.557 Increase 17.27% Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling
10 Andalusia Sevilla 86.336 Increase 14.12% Ryanair


Busiest International routes at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2019)[12]
Rank City Passengers % Change
2017 / 18
Carriers
1 United Kingdom London Stansted 114.741 Increase 48.93% Ryanair
2 Switzerland Geneva 91.695 Decrease 6.99% easyJet Switzerland
3 Republic of Ireland Dublin 54.888 Increase 24.68% Aer Lingus
4 France Paris (Charles de Gaulle) 54.169 Increase 1.48% Vueling
5 Germany Frankfurt 48.758 Increase 18.79% Lufthansa
6 Italy Milan (Bergamo) 47.164 Increase 2.88% Ryanair
7 Switzerland Basel 43.308 Decrease 2.69% easyJet Switzerland
7 Germany Frankfurt (Hahn) 36.588 Decrease 13.62% Ryanair
8 Switzerland Zürich 35.128 Decrease 11.08% Switzerland, Vueling
10 Netherlands Amsterdam 28.897 Increase 0.56% Vueling


Busiest countries of destination at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2019)[12]
Rank Country Passengers % Change
2018 / 19
Scheduled Carriers
1 Spain Spain 2.236.916 Increase 8.09% Air Europa, Iberia, Iberia Express, Iberia Regional, Ryanair, Vueling
2 Switzerland Switzerland 170.139 Decrease 6.83% easyJet Switzerland, Switzerland, Vueling
3 United Kingdom United Kingdom 138.756 Increase 22.5% easyJet, Ryanair
4 Italy Italy 92.269 Decrease 7.89% Ryanair, Vueling
5 Germany Germany 86.532 Decrease 15.43% Lufthansa, Ryanair
6 Republic of Ireland Ireland 55.049 Increase 25.04% Aer Lingus
7 France France 54.499 Increase 1.2% Vueling
8 Netherlands Netherlands 28.907 Increase 0.6% Vueling
9 Belgium Belgium 17.996 Increase 6.82% Vueling
10 Malta Malta 5.986
-
Ryanair


Busiest Carriers at Santiago de Compostela Airport (2019)[12]
Rank Carriers Passengers % Change
2018 / 19
1 Republic of Ireland Ryanair 1.239.243 Increase 11.61%
2 Spain Vueling 682.463 Increase 13.21%
3 Spain Iberia Express 481.184 Increase 7.3%
4 Switzerland easyJet Switzerland 134.972 Decrease 5.65%
5 Spain Air Europa 100.428 Decrease 7.04%
6 Spain Iberia Regional 64.941 Decrease 23.08%
7 Republic of Ireland Aer Lingus 54.700 Increase 24.87%
8 Germany Lufthansa 49.523 Decrease 15.19%
9 AustriaUnited Kingdom easyJet 40.240 Decrease 26.15%
10 Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines 17.763 Decrease 26.29%

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The airport is linked with Santiago de Compostela (13 km) by the Autovía A-54. This motorway is currently being extended to Lugo (94.5 km) where it will connect with the Autovía A-6, providing toll-free motorway access to the rest of Spain; and to the French border through the Autovía A-8 that intersects with the Autovía A-6 near Lugo. Nearby Autopista AP-9 connects the airport directly to A Coruña (66 km), Ferrol (88 km), Pontevedra (75 km), Vigo (100 km) and the Portuguese border. Ourense (116 km) is reachable through the Autopista AP-53 that connects with the Autopista AP-9.

There are several major car rental companies at the airport. The airport has more than 5,000 short and long-term covered parking spaces in the new terminal building. In addition, there are several low-cost, long-term private parking facilities around the airport.

Bus services[edit]

A city bus service operated by Empresa Freire every 30 minutes connects the airport with the center of Santiago de Compostela, and the bus and train terminals in the city. From the station in Santiago de Compostela, private coach operators run direct services in a multiple daily basis to most cities and towns in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra and Vigo, as well as long-distance services to the rest of Spain, and international services. In addition, three regional services link the airport directly to A Coruña, to Lugo, including several stops in the French Way of the Camino de Santiago, and to the A Mariña coastal area (home to As Catedrais beach) in the province of Lugo.

Rail[edit]

There are no rail facilities at the airport. However the train station in Santiago de Compostela, located 12 km. away, is connected to the airport by the city bus service every 30 minutes. There are combined available train+bus tickets to and from the airport. The train station in Santiago de Compostela has medium and long-distance high-speed Alvia and AVE services to most cities in Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Ourense, Pontevedra, Vilagarcía and Vigo; and further to Madrid Chamartín and the rest of Spain.

Foot and bike[edit]

The Camino de Santiago runs next to the runway of the airport. This is the busiest and final journey in the Camino de Santiago that goes through the famous Monte do Gozo. There are dedicated pathways for both pedestrians and bikers towards the city. The walking distance from the runway to the Cathedral is estimated at 10.90 km.

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

  • On 3 March 1978, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63 operated by Iberia from Madrid–Barajas Airport with 211 passengers and 11 crew members, registration EC-BMX. The aircraft touched down far down the runway after a high approach, aquaplaned off the runway, dropped into a hollow 20m deep and caught fire. The crash was settled with 70 injured people, 10 of them seriously injured, and no fatalities.[13]
  • On 7 June 2001, a Beechcraft B300C Super King Air 350, registration F-GOAE, departed from Le Mans-Arnage Airport (LME), France, to Santiago De Compostela Airport (SCQ), Spain, on a cargo flight according to instrument flight rules. Near the destination airport, the meteorological conditions were reported to be good, and the crew requested a visual approach to runway 17, even though the active runway was 35. Once cleared to land, the aircraft encountered a fog patch and from this moment it began a high ate descent (2000 to 3000 ft/min). A minute after entering an unexpected and unforeseen fog patch, the aircraft struck some trees in level flight and with an airspeed of 148 kt. The wings and engines detached from the fuselage, and they dragged along a scrubland area until they came to a stop. The crew suffered minor injuries and the aircraft was completely destroyed.[14]
  • On 2 August 2012, an Airnor Cessna 500 Citation I, registration EC-IBA, flying from Asturias crashed whilst on approach to the airport with the loss of both crew members.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deaño Santiago, Carlos (12 March 2020). "Rebautizo oficial del aeropuerto como Rosalía de Castro". El Correo Gallego. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.laopinioncoruna.es/galicia/2010/03/13/miles-presos-construyeron-obras-civiles-militares-galicia-1960/366159.html
  3. ^ History of Santiago de Compostela Airport
  4. ^ http://airline-memorabilia.blogspot.com/2011/08/viasa-1995-espana.html
  5. ^ New Terminal
  6. ^ New Terminal Expansion
  7. ^ https://reisetopia.ch/news/edelweiss-santiago-de-compostela/
  8. ^ "Lufthansa W20 European Preliminary operations as of 1000GMT 22AUG20". Airlineroute.net. 22 August 2020. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Ryanair añade un segundo avión a su base en Santiago". Santiagoaeropuerto.com. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2020.
  10. ^ "TAP Air Portugal moves Santiago de Compostela launch to March 2021". Airlineroute.net. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  11. ^ a b "Annual Statistics" (in Spanish). Aena Aeropuertos S.A. Retrieved 17 October 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d Estadísticas aena-aeropuertos.
  13. ^ http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19780303-0
  14. ^ http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20010607-0
  15. ^ Santiago de Compostela accident

External links[edit]

Media related to Santiago de Compostela Airport at Wikimedia Commons