Saxtead Green Windmill

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Saxtead Green Post Mill
Saxstead Green Postmill - geograph.org.uk - 2389895.jpg
Saxtead Green Post Mill
Origin
Mill name Saxtead Green Post Mill
Grid reference TM 253 644
Coordinates 52°13′54″N 1°17′54″E / 52.2318°N 1.2984°E / 52.2318; 1.2984Coordinates: 52°13′54″N 1°17′54″E / 52.2318°N 1.2984°E / 52.2318; 1.2984
Operator(s) English Heritage
Year built Late 18th century
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Post mill
Storeys Three storey buck
Roundhouse storeys Three storey roundhouse
No. of sails Four sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Six blades
No. of pairs of millstones Two pairs

Saxtead Green Post Windmill is a Grade II* listed[1] post mill at Saxtead Green, Framlingham, Suffolk, England which is also an Ancient Monument[2] and has been restored.

History[edit]

According to the Manorial Records there has been a windill in Saxtead since 1287. The current Saxtead Green Mill dates back to at least 1796 when the miller was Amos Webber.[3] In 1810, the Mill House was built for Robert Holmes. The mill was raised a total of three times during its working life.[2] The mill was tailwinded c. 1853. Around this time, the sails were destroyed and remade but in 1854 Whitmore and Binyon, the Wickham Market millwrights fitted new cast iron machinery and windshaft, and the layout of the machinery changed from Head and Tail to Breast stones.[4] It was in this year that the mill was raised for the third time. Collins, the Melton millwright worked on the mill in the 1870s and Whitmore and Binyon again worked on the mill in the 1890s. From 1926 millwright Jesse Wightman (who was initially apprenticed to A S Aldred the Miller) assisted the owner with repairs until the mill ceased working commercially on the death of the last miller in 1947.[2]

The mill passed to Mr Steven Charles Sullivan,(1908-1997) the son-in-law of A S Aldred, who placed the mill in the guardianship of the Ministry of Works in 1951. The mill is currently owned by Stephen and Jonathan Sullivan (ensuring the Mill has been in the ownership of the same family since 1873) The mill was completely rebuilt between 1957 and 1960 under the supervision of Jesse Wightman. A replacement crowntree was obtained from a windmill at Wetheringsett which had been demolished.[2] The mill has been in the care of English Heritage since 1984 [5]

The mill was repaired, with a new pair of sails made in 2008.

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Saxtead Green Mill is a post mill with a three storey roundhouse. The mill has four Patent sails carried on a cast iron windshaft and is winded by a fantail. The mill has two pairs of millstones in the breast. All the machinery is of cast iron except the Brake Wheel, which is of oak.[4]

Millers[edit]

  • Amos Webber 1796
  • Robert Holmes 1810
  • George Holmes
  • George William Holmes
  • Mr Meadows
  • Mr Steggles
  • Mr Rouse
  • Frederick Eldred
  • Alfred Aldred
  • Alfred Stephenson Robert Aldred - 1947

Reference for the above -[3]

Public access[edit]

The mill is open to the public on Friday, Saturday and Bank Holidays between 1 April and 30 September each year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SAXTEAD MILL, SAXTEAD, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d Brown, R J (1976). Windmills of England. London: Robert Hale Ltd. p. 182. ISBN 0-7091-5641-3. 
  3. ^ a b Wailes, Rex. Saxtead Green Post Mill. London: English Heritage. ISBN 978 1 85074 220 3. 
  4. ^ a b Flint, Brian (1997). Suffolk Windmills. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. pp. 10, 19, 28, 66, 75, 108–109. ISBN 0-85115-112-4. 
  5. ^ "Saxtead Green Post Mill". English Heritage. Retrieved 2015-01-18. 

External links[edit]