Setauket-East Setauket, New York
Setauket, New York
The Setauket Presbyterian Church and Burial Ground, with the graveyard dating to the 1660s and the structure to 1812
|• Total||9.3 sq mi (24.2 km2)|
|• Land||8.5 sq mi (22.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.1 km2)|
|• Density||1,700/sq mi (640/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Setauket // is a census-designated place (CDP) in Suffolk County, New York, on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP population was 15,477. The CDP encompassed the hamlets of Setauket (formerly West Setauket) and East Setauket. It was founded in 1655, the first settlement in what would become the Town of Brookhaven. As of 2020, Setauket-East Setauket was split into two separate CDPs called Setauket and East Setauket.
Setauket was founded as an agricultural community in the mid-17th century, and was a regional center of activity during the American Revolutionary War noted for the Culper spy ring and the Battle of Setauket. Many of Setauket's early structures are intact and now form the Old Setauket Historic District. The Setaukets remain a mostly residential area, while bordering the more commercial enclaves of Port Jefferson and Stony Brook. The handful of businesses within the community largely cater to the over 24,500 students of Stony Brook University, which is adjacent to the CDP.
In 1655, a handful of land-speculating colonists orchestrated the purchase of the Setauket area from the local natives. The region's first European settlers were English migrants from New England. This was the first settlement in what later became the Town of Brookhaven, and both the hamlet and town use the 1655 date as their origin. During the 17th century, Setauket was synonymous with the colonial town of Brookhaven.
During the 1660s the settlement was temporarily renamed Ashford. This change was facilitated by Captain John Scott, a professional mercenary hired to clear out the Native American Indians, an early settler of Setauket and an important leader in Long Island's early history who briefly served under the title of President of Long Island. A crafty land speculator, Scott claimed at one point to own a third of the island including the Setauket area. Despite the questionable nature of many of his claims, John Scott had enough power and support to rename Setauket for his ancestral homeland in England, Ashford, Kent, and to construct a stately home named Egerton.
The War of Independence era
In the American Revolutionary War, the 1777 Battle of Setauket was fought on the village green. At the time, Loyalists controlled Setauket and had fortified the Presbyterian church for use as their stronghold. A Patriot force led by General Samuel Holden Parsons sailed across the Long Island Sound from Fairfield, Connecticut, proposing to attack the Loyalists. Three hours of gunfire ensued before Parsons withdrew and returned to Connecticut with minimal casualties for either side. During the gunfight, Parsons' men took cover behind Patriots' Rock, which remains near the village green with a commemorative plaque. Because of this rock’s massive size, it provided more than sufficient cover for the soldiers. Some of the bullets were embedded into the walls of the extant Caroline Church of Brookhaven.
From 1778 to 1781, the Culper Spy Ring passed information about British troop movements gathered in New York City to George Washington. The spy ring consisted primarily of Setauket residents, including its leader Benjamin Tallmadge and key agent Abraham Woodhull. The Culper ring was highly successful and alerted Washington to such plots as a surprise attack on the newly allied French forces, a scheme to counterfeit Continental currency, and the secret defection of a general in the Continental Army (afterwards known to be Benedict Arnold). Washington later spent a night in Setauket during his 1790 tour of Long Island.
During the British occupation, residents held religious services at the c.1729 Caroline Church (Episcopal) while British forces occupied the Setauket Presbyterian Church. The pulpit of the Presbyterian church was destroyed and a number of gravestones from the surrounding cemetery were moved as part of the fortifications. Services resumed after the war until lightning hit the church in 1812. The Presbyterian church was rebuilt in 1812. The village green continues to be owned by both churches.
The 19th century brought industry to East Setauket. Shipbuilding, which had begun as early as 1662, prospered as new shipyards populated the section of Setauket Harbor known as Dyers Neck. These supplemented larger operations in neighboring Port Jefferson. Among the vessels built at Setauket were the Adorna in 1870 by David Brewster Bayles, which was the largest square-rigged sailing ship built on Long Island outside of Brooklyn (At that time Brooklyn was considered part of Long Island, and the largest sailing vessel built at Port Jefferson, the Martha E. Wallace of 1902, was a schooner). A likeness of the Adorna has pride of place today above the main entrance of Setauket's high school. Better known is the famous, or infamous, schooner yacht Wanderer built at Setauket in 1857 by William J. Rowland at the direction of captain Thomas B. Hawkins who would later command her. The Wanderer was sold to new owners after her first cruise and they tried to have the vessel secretly converted into a slaver at Port Jefferson in 1858 largely employing outsiders but suspicious residents alerted authorities and the vessel was captured by the USS Harriet Lane off Port Jefferson as it attempted a hasty departure. Sadly, authorities in New York returned the vessel to its owners, and she later completed what is considered the last successful American slaving voyage to Africa. She did so without Captain Hawkins who quit before the vessel was released. What is less well known is that the Wanderer later served in the Union navy during the Civil War as the USS Wanderer and captured two small blockade runners. From 1876 until 1904, East Setauket also ran a rubber factory for the Long Island Rubber Company. By the early 20th century, nearly all industrial activity within the Setaukets had ceased.
Following the 1873 completion of railroad service from New York City to Port Jefferson, the Setaukets began functioning as a summer resort town. Into the mid-20th century, relatively wealthy families started settling in the non-industrialized sections of the Setauket waterfront.
In the post-war era, Setauket experienced a population boom, as the remaining agricultural lots were filled in with residential developments. The Old Setauket Historic District was established to counteract this change and a sizeable proportion of Setauket's housing stock continues to be pre-war. Extant historical homes include the 1709 Thompson House and the 1830 Sherwood-Jayne Museum. The Frank Melville Memorial Park was established in 1937 and preserves much of the land around the Setauket Mill Pond.
The Setaukets were also influenced by the philanthropy of Ward Melville, owner of what would become CVS Corporation, throughout the Three Village area. Melville founded Stony Brook University, the campus of which abuts the Setaukets on their western side. A minority of the University's students and faculty now live in the Setaukets. Ward Melville also created a New England-style village district in neighbouring Stony Brook, being the closest commercial hub to Setauket's western areas and complimenting the role of Port Jefferson to the east. East Setauket is home to Renaissance Technologies, one of America's most profitable hedge funds, which was founded by Stony Brook University mathematics professor James Harris Simons.
In 2012, local politicians formed a planning committee for the section of New York State Route 25a bordering Stony Brook University, shared between Setauket and Stony Brook. Much of this corridor is currently underutilized, with a handful of businesses in small strip malls. The concept is to create a more walkable downtown area that may attract business from students and long-term residents alike.
In May 2014, a 3.5 mile bicycle path known as the Greenway Trail opened connecting Setauket and Port Jefferson Station. Plans are being made to further expand the bicycle route to Wading River by converting defunct railroad tracks.
The Greek Orthodox Monastery of the Holy Cross, headquarters of the Jerusalem Patriarchate in America, is also located in Setauket.
Setauket has a New England–style village green with a mill pond and park, a small post office, the Caroline Church built in 1729, and the Setauket Presbyterian Church established in 1660. The Emma S. Clark Memorial Library, also on the Village Green, is often considered one of the most comprehensive on Long Island. This section is the historical center of the original settlement and forms the core of the Old Setauket Historic District. The mill pond is additionally within the public Frank Melville Memorial Park.
Almost all of the commercial establishments in Setauket are concentrated in three areas: on Route 25A (here also known as North Country Road), Belle Meade Road (formerly called Terminal Road after the oil terminal), and on New York State Route 347/Nesconset Highway. Numerous medical and professional offices are located on Belle Meade Road, along with other businesses that service them. A few additional shops and factories were established before modern zoning rules went into effect, a handful of which are located on Gnarled Hollow Road and Comsewogue Road. The remainder of Setauket is predominantly residential.
The three major east-west roads are New York State Route 25A (also known as Northern Boulevard), N.Y.S. Route 347 and Sheep Pasture Road. The colonial-era Sheep Pasture Road is split among Upper and Lower Sheep Pasture Roads for a short stretch between Gnarled Hollow Road and Pond Path. Setauket is accessible from the Long Island Expressway via Exit 62 and Nicolls Road.
Relationship to surrounding towns
"The Setaukets" refers to an area between Stony Brook and Port Jefferson harbors, sometimes including parts of Stony Brook University. As such, they comprise all of Setauket-East Setauket and often Old Field, Strong's Neck, and Poquott. South Setauket lies south of Route 347 and shares a zipcode with Centereach. All of these towns plus Stony Brook combine to form the "Three Village" area, a region served by the Three Village Central School District.
In popular culture
- Setauket is the principal setting of the AMC television drama TURN, which premiered in 2014 and tells the story of the Culper Spy Ring.
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,931 people, 5,521 households, and 4,289 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,882.3 per square mile (727.1/km2). There were 5,632 housing units at an average density of 665.4/sq mi (257.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.76% White, 1.27% African American, 0.17% Native American, 8.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.43% of the population.
There were 5,589 households, out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.3% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $96,986, and the median income for a family was $105,472. Males had a median income of $80,276 versus $46,281 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $37,736. About 0.9% of families and 1.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 0.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Three Village Central School District serves the Setauket community.
- Ward Melville High School – named after the local philanthropist who donated land for the school. It is renowned nationally for its InSTAR science research program, which produces a high number of Intel Semifinalists for the Intel Science Talent Search. The school also has a regional reputation for its lacrosse team. Above the main entrance the school features a likeness of the Adorna, the largest sailing vessel built in Setauket.
- Paul J. Gelinas Junior High School – named after Paul J. Gelinas, the first district superintendent.
- Murphy Junior High School – named after Robert C. Murphy, a local naturalist.
- William Sydney Mount Elementary School – named after a local 19th-century artist known for his portrayals of everyday life.
- Setauket Elementary School
- Nassakeag Elementary School
- Minnesauke Elementary School – Setauket Indian word for "Little Neck", the name for what is now known as Strong's Neck.
- Arrowhead Elementary School
- Christian Avenue School – Original buildings dating back from earlier part of the century. Used for Kindergarten and 1st grade before closing in late 1970s. Demolished and redeveloped as residential homes in the 1990s.
- North Country School – Former elementary school, closed in 1980s. Some of the districts administrative offices are located there as well as rented to BOCES.
- The Stony Brook School (private)
- Emma S. Clark Library
- Torah Tots, Chabad Hebrew school
Regional and local newspapers
- Newsday (daily)
- The Village Times Herald (weekly)
- Stony Brook Statesman (Stony Brook University)
- Stony Brook Press (Stony Brook University)
- Bülent Arel (1919–1990), composer.
- Bud Abbott (1897–1974), comedian.
- Ray Anderson, jazz musician.
- Caleb Brewster (1747-1827), Member of America's Culper Ring
- William de Leftwich Dodge (1867-1935), muralist.
- Louis Edmonds, Broadway & TV actor.
- Mick Foley, professional wrestler.
- Harry Gideonse (1901-1985), President of Brooklyn College, and Chancellor of the New School for Social Research
- Randy Jackson (Zebra), singer and songwriter.
- Marco Beltrami, film and television composer
- John Fugelsang, actor and writer.
- Kristen Gilbert, serial killer.
- Amy Goodman, radio journalist.
- Terrance Hobbs, musician and sound engineer.
- Kevin James, comedian and actor.
- Frederick "Rama" Lenz, religious leader and guru.
- Steven Matz, LHP for the New York Mets
- Ward Melville (1887–1977), businessman and local philanthropist.
- Lauren Miller, actress and screenwriter
- William Sydney Mount (1807–1868), painter.
- Robert Cushman Murphy (1887–1973), naturalist.
- Joseph Reboli (1945-2004), painter.
- Todd Sauerbrun, NFL punter.
- Ella O'Connor, poet and small business owner
- James Harris Simons, cryptanalyst, mathematician, hedge-fund founder and philanthropist.
- Louis Simpson, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet.
- Dee Snider, singer and radio personality.
- Benjamin Tallmadge (1754-1835), military officer and congressman
- Angel Viloria, merengue musician.
- Abraham Woodhull (1750-1826), Leading spy of America's Culper Ring
Various musical groups have been associated with the Setaukets, including:
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Setauket-East Setauket CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
- "State of New York Census Designated Places - Current/BAS20 - Data as of January 1, 2019". tigerweb.geo.census.gov. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- Mead, Julia C. (June 5, 2005). "Setalcotts: Hidden In Plain View". Retrieved April 11, 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
- Barstow, Belle. Setauket, Alias Brookhaven. pp. 110–291.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) The Village Times Herald
- "Fred Allen's Heirs: Costello and Abbott Given Summer Spot", Newsweek (July 1), 1940, retrieved April 13, 2012 "Abbott, now 39, lives in Stony Brook, Long Island"
- Smith, Dinitia. "A Wrestler Who Prefers the Pen to the Pin", The New York Times, May 22, 2001. Accessed October 23, 2007. "Have a Nice Day covers his childhood in Setauket, N.Y., on Long Island. "
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Donn, Jeff. "Nurse On Trial For Patient Deaths – ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- Sampson, Christine. "Patch Q&A: Lauren Miller, Filmmaker and Actress". Three Village Patch. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
- "COLLEGE FOOTBALL; Booming Success For Losers", The New York Times, August 29, 1994. Accessed October 24, 2007. "It was a great day for the 6-foot, 200-pound kicker from Setauket, L.I., who averaged 60.1 yards in his nine attempts."
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