Ukrainians in Russia
This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2017)
| 1,927,988 identified as ethnic Ukrainians in the 2010 Russian census.
1.4% of the population of Russia|
|Russian (99.8%, 2002), Ukrainian|
|Predominantly Christians (55%).|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Kuban Cossacks, Ukrainian diaspora, other Slavic peoples (especially East Slavs)|
Ukrainians in Russia make up the largest single diaspora group of the Ukrainian people. The 2010 Russian census identified 1.9 million Ukrainians living in Russia, representing over 1.4% of the total population of the Russian Federation and comprising the third-largest ethnic group after ethnic Russians and Tatars. An estimated 340,000 people born in Ukraine, mostly young people, permanently settle legally in Russia each year. In February 2014, there were 1.6 million Ukrainian citizens in the territory of Russia, two-thirds of the labour migrants. However, after the Russian annexation of Crimea and the start of the War in Donbas, the number was estimated to have risen to 2.5 million as of December 2014[update]. Over 420,000 asylum-seekers from Ukraine had registered in Russia as of November 2017[update].
17th and 18th centuries
The Treaty of Pereyaslav of 1654 led to Ukraine becoming a protectorate of Tsarist Russia. This resulted in increased Ukrainian immigration to Russia, initially to Sloboda Ukraine but also to the Don lands and the area of the Volga river. There was a significant migration to Moscow, particularly by church activists, priests and monks, scholars and teachers, artists, translators, singers, and merchants. In 1652, twelve singers under the direction of Ternopolsky[who?] moved to Moscow, and thirteen graduates of the Kyiv-Mohyla Collegium moved to teach the Moscovite gentry. Many priests and church administrators migrated from Ukraine; in particular, Ukrainian clergy established the Andreyevsky Monastery, which influenced the Russian Orthodox Church, in particular the reform policies of Patriarch Nikon which led to the Old Believer Raskol (English: schism). The influence of Ukrainian clergy continued to grow, especially after 1686, when the Metropolia of Kyiv was transferred from the Patriarch of Constantinople to the Patriarch of Moscow.
After the abolishment of the Patriarch's chair by Peter I, Ukrainian Stephen Yavorsky became Metropolitan of Moscow, followed by Feofan Prokopovich. Five Ukrainians were metropolitans, and 70 of 127 bishops in Russia's Orthodox hierarchy were recent emigres from Kyiv. Students of the Kyiv-Mohyla Collegium began schools and seminaries in many Russian eparchies. By 1750, over 125 such institutions were opened, and their graduates practically controlled the Russian church, obtaining key posts through to the late 18th century. Under Prokopovich, the Russian Academy of Sciences was opened in 1724, which was chaired from 1746 by Ukrainian Kirill Razumovsky.
The Moscow court had a choir established in 1713 with 21 singers from Ukraine. The conductor for a period of time was A. Vedel. In 1741, 44 men, 33 women, and 55 girls were moved to St. Petersburg from Ukraine to sing and entertain. Composer Maksym Berezovsky also worked in St. Petersburg at the time. A significant Ukrainian presence was also seen in the Academy of Arts.
The Ukrainian presence in the Russian Army also grew significantly. The greatest influx happened after the Battle of Poltava in 1709. Large numbers of Ukrainians settled around St Petersburg and were employed in the building of the city.
A separate category of emigrants were those deported to Moscow by the Russian government for demonstrating anti-Russian sentiment. The deported were brought to Moscow initially for investigation, then exiled to Siberia, Arkhangelsk or the Solovetsky Islands. Among the deported were Ukrainian cossacks including D. Mhohohrishny, Ivan Samoylovych, and Petro Doroshenko. Others include all the family of hetman Ivan Mazepa, A. Vojnarovsky, and those in Mazepa's Cossack forces that returned to Russia. Some were imprisoned in exile for the rest of their lives, such as hetman Pavlo Polubotok, Pavlo Holovaty, P. Hloba and Petro Kalnyshevsky.
Ukrainian influence Europeanized Moscow, and set Russia's development on a European path.
Beginning in the 19th century, there was a continuous migration from Belarus, Ukraine and Northern Russia to settle the distant areas of the Russian Empire. The promise of free fertile land was an important factor for many peasants, who until 1861 lived under serfdom. In the colonization of the new lands, a significant contribution was made by ethnic Ukrainians. Initially Ukrainians colonised border territories in the Caucasus. Most of these settlers came from Left-bank Ukraine and Slobozhanshchyna and mainly settled in the Stavropol and Terek areas. Some compact areas of the Don, Volga, and Urals were also settled.
The Ukrainians created large settlements within Russia, becoming the majority in certain centres. They continued fostering their traditions, their language, and their architecture. Their village structure and administration differed somewhat from the Russian population that surrounded them. Where populations were mixed, Russification often took place. The size and geographical area of the Ukrainian settlements were first seen in the course of the Russian Empire Census of 1897, which noted language but not ethnicity. A total of 22,380,551 Ukrainian speakers were recorded, with 1,020,000 Ukrainians in European Russia and 209,000 in Asian Russia.[note 1]
Formation of Ukrainian borders
The first Russian Empire Census, conducted in 1897, gave statistics regarding language use in the Russian Empire according to the administrative borders. Extensive use of Little Russian (and in some cases dominance) was noted in the nine south-western Governorates and the Kuban Oblast. When the future borders of the Ukrainian state were marked, the results of the census were taken into consideration. As a result, the ethnographic borders of Ukraine in the 20th century were twice as large as the Cossack Hetmanate that had been incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 17th century.
Certain regions had mixed populations made up of both Ukrainian and Russian ethnicities, and various minorities. These included the territory of Sloboda and the Donbas. These territories were between Ukraine and Russia. This left a large community of ethnic Ukrainians on the Russian side of the border. The borders of the short-lived Ukrainian People's Republic were largely preserved by the Ukrainian SSR.
In the course of the mid-1920s administrative reforms, some territory initially under the Ukrainian SSR was ceded to the Russian SFSR, such as the Taganrog and Shakhty cities in the eastern Donbas. At the same time, the Ukrainian SSR gained several territories that were amalgamated into the Sumy Oblast in Sloboda region.
Ukrainian life in post-Soviet Russia
The Ukrainian cultural renaissance in Russia began at the end of the 1980s, with the formation of the Slavutych Society in Moscow and the Ukrainian Cultural Centre named after T. Shevchenko in Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg).
In 1991, the Ukraina Society organized a conference in Kyiv with delegates from the various new Ukrainian community organizations of the Eastern Diaspora. By 1991, over 20 such organizations were in existence. By 1992, 600 organizations were registered in Russia alone. The congress helped to consolidate the efforts of these organizations. From 1992, regional congresses began to take place, organized by the Ukrainian organizations of Prymoria, Tyumen Oblast, Siberia and the Far East. In March 1992, the Union of Ukrainian organizations in Moscow was founded. The Union of Ukrainians in Russia was founded in May 1992.
The term "Eastern Diaspora" has been used since 1992 to describe Ukrainians living in the former USSR, as opposed to the Western Ukrainian Diaspora which was used until then to describe all Ukrainian diaspora outside the Union. The Eastern Diaspora is estimated to number approximately 6.8 million, while the Western Diaspora is estimated to number approximately 5 million.
In February 2009, about 3.5 million Ukrainian citizens were estimated to be working in the Russian Federation, particularly in Moscow and in the construction industry. According to Volodymyr Yelchenko, the Ambassador of Ukraine to the Russian Federation, there were no state schools in Russia with a program for teaching school subjects in the Ukrainian language as of August 2010; he considered "the correction of this situation" as one of his top priorities.
As of 2007, the number of Ukrainian illegal immigrants in Russia has been estimated as being between 3 and 11 million. Many Ukrainian in Russia have been viewed as illegal immigrants and criminals, and complain of racism. Some have compared this to how Mexicans are viewed in the United States.
In a 2011 poll, 49% of Ukrainians said that they had relatives living in Russia.
Events since 2014
During and after the 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia and the Russian military intervention in Ukraine, Ukrainians living in Russia complained of being labelled a "Banderite" (follower of Stepan Bandera), even when they are from parts of Ukraine where Stephan Bandera has no considerable support.
Starting from 2014, a number of Ukrainian activists and organisations were prosecuted in Russia based on political grounds. Some notable examples include the case of Oleg Sentsov, which was described by Amnesty International as a "Stalinist era trial", the closure of a Ukrainian library in Moscow and prosecution of the library staff, and a ban of Ukrainian organisations in Russia, such as Ukrainian World Congress.
As of September 2015[update], there were 2.6 million Ukrainians living in Russia, more than half of them "guest workers". A million more had arrived in the past eighteen months (although critics have accused the FMS and media of circulating exaggerated figures). About 400,000 had applied for refugee status and almost 300,000 had asked for temporary residence status, with another 600,000 considered to be in breach of migration rules. By November 2017, there were 427,240 applicant asylum-seekers and refugees from Ukraine registered in Russia, over 185,000 of them having received temporary asylum, and fewer than 590 with refugee status. The refugees were from the territories of Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics taken over by pro-Russian separatists since the War in Donbas. Most refugees have headed to rural areas in central Russia. Major destinations for Ukrainian migrants have included Karelia, Vorkuta, Magadan Oblast; oblasts such as Magadan and Yakutia are destinations of a government relocation program since the vast majority avoid big cities.
Ukrainians in the Russian Federation represent the third-largest ethnic group after Russians and Tatars. In spite of their relatively high numbers, some Ukrainians in Russia complain[when?] of unfair treatment and anti-Ukrainian sentiment in the Russian Federation. In November 2010, the High Court of Russia cancelled registration of one of the biggest civic communities of the Ukrainian minority, the "Federal nation-cultural autonomy of the Ukrainians in Russia" (FNCAUR).
The vast majority of Ukrainians in Russia are adherents of the Russian Orthodox Church. The Ukrainian clergy had a very influential role on Russian Orthodoxy in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Recently,[when?] the growing economic migrant population from Galicia have had success in establishing a few Ukrainian Catholic churches, and there are several churches belonging to the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Kyiv Patriarchate), where Patriarch Filaret agreed to accept breakaway groups that had been excommunicated by the Russian Orthodox Church for breaches of canon law. In 2002, some asserted that Russian bureaucracy imposed on religion has hampered the expansion of these two groups. According to the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, their denomination has only one church building in all of Russia.
Ukrainian population centres in Russia
The original Black Sea Cossacks colonised the Kuban region from 1792. Following the Caucasus War and the subsequent colonisation of the Circaucasus, the Black Sea Cossacks intermixed with other ethnic groups, including the indigenous Cirsassian population.
According to the 1897 census, 47.3% of the Kuban population (including extensive latter 19th-century non-Cossack migrants from both Ukraine and Russia) referred to their native language as Little Russian (the official term for the Ukrainian language), while 42.6% referred to their native language as Great Russian. Most of the cultural production in Kuban from the 1890s until 1914, such as plays, stories and music, were written in the Ukrainian language, and one of the first political parties in Kuban was the Ukrainian Revolutionary Party. During the Russian Civil War, the Kuban Cossack Rada formed a military alliance with the Ukrainian People's Republic and declared Ukrainian to be the official language of the Kuban National Republic. This decision was not supported uniformly by the Cossacks themselves, and soon the Rada itself was dissolved by the Russian White Denikin's Volunteer Army.
In the 1920s, a policy of Decossackization was pursued. At the same time, the Bolshevik authorities supported policies that promoted the Ukrainian language and self-identity, opening 700 Ukrainian-language schools and a Ukrainian department in the local university. Russian historians claim that Cossacks were in this way forcibly Ukrainized, while Ukrainian historians claim that Ukrainization in Kuban merely paralleled Ukrainization in Ukraine itself, where people were being taught in their native language. According to the 1926 census, there were nearly a million Ukrainians registered in the Kuban Okrug alone (or 62% of the total population). During this period many Soviet repressions were tested on the Cossack lands, particularly the Black Boards that led to the Soviet famine of 1932–1934 in the Kuban. Yet by the mid-1930s there was an abrupt policy change of Soviet attitude towards Ukrainians in Russia. In the Kuban, the Ukrainization policy was halted and reversed. In 1936 the Kuban Cossack Chorus was re-formed as were individual Cossack regiments in the Red Army. By the end of the 1930s many Cossacks' descendants chose to identify themselves as Russians. From that time onwards, almost all of the self-identified Ukrainians in the Kuban were non-Cossacks; the Soviet Census of 1989 showed that a total of 251,198 people in Krasnodar Kray (including Adyghe Autonomous Oblast) were born in the Ukrainian SSR. In the 2002 census, the number of people who identified as Ukrainians in the Kuban was recorded to be 151,788. Despite the fact that most of the descendants of Kuban Cossacks identify themselves as Russian nationals. Many elements of their culture originate from Ukraine, such as the Kuban Bandurist music, and the Balachka dialect.
Moscow has had a significant Ukrainian presence since the 17th century. The original Ukrainian settlement bordered Kitai-gorod. No longer having a Ukrainian character, it is today is known as Maroseyka (a corruption of Malorusseyka, or Little Russian). During Soviet times the main street, Maroseyka, was named after the Ukrainian Cossack hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky. After Moscow State University was founded in 1755, many students from Ukraine studied there. Many of these students had commenced their studies at the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.
In the first years after the revolution of 1905, Moscow was one of the major centres of the Ukrainian movement for self-awareness. The monthly magazine Zoria (Зоря, English: Star) was edited by A. Krymsky, and from 1912 to 1917 the Ukrainian cultural and literary magazine Ukrainskaya zhizn was also published there (edited by Symon Petliura). Books in the Ukrainian language were published in Moscow from 1912 and Ukrainian theatrical troupes of M. Kropovnytsky and M. Sadovsky were constantly performing in Moscow.
According to the 2001 census, there are 253,644 Ukrainians living in the city of Moscow, making them the third-largest ethnic group in that city after Russians and Tatars. A further 147,808 Ukrainians live in the Moscow region. The Ukrainian community in Moscow operates a cultural centre on Arbat Street, whose head is appointed by the Ukrainian government. It publishes two Ukrainian-language newspapers and has organized Ukrainian-language Saturday and Sunday schools.
When Saint Petersburg was the capital during the Russian Empire era, it attracted people from many nations including Ukraine. The Ukrainian poets Taras Shevchenko and Dmytro Bortniansky spent most of their lives in Saint Petersburg. Ivan Mazepa, carrying out the orders of Peter I, was responsible for sending many Ukrainians to help build St Petersburg, where they died on a massive scale.
According to the 2001 census, there are 87,119 Ukrainians living in the city of St Petersburg, where they constitute the largest non-Russian ethnic group. The former mayor, Valentina Matviyenko (née Tyutina), was born in Khmelnytskyi Oblast of western Ukraine and is of Ukrainian ethnicity.[verification needed]
Zeleny Klyn is often referred to as Zelena Ukraina. This is an area of land settled by Ukrainians which is a part of Far Eastern Siberia, located on the Amur River and the Pacific Ocean. It was named by Ukrainian settlers. The territory consists of over 1,000,000 square kilometres (390,000 sq mi) and had a population of 3.1 million in 1958. Ukrainians made up 26% of the population in 1926. In the last Russian census, 94,058 people in Primorsky Krai claimed Ukrainian ethnicity, making Ukrainians the second-largest ethnic group and largest ethnic minority.
The Ukrainian settlement of Siry Klyn, literally the "grey wedge", developed around the city of Omsk in western Siberia. M. Bondarenko, an emigrant from Poltava province, wrote before World War I: "The city of Omsk looks like a typical Moscovite city, but the bazaar and markets speak Ukrainian". All around the city of Omsk stood Ukrainian villages. The settlement of people beyond the Ural mountains began in the 1860s. There were attempts to form an autonomous Ukrainian region in 1917–1920. Altogether, 1,604,873 emigrants from Ukraine settled the area before 1914. According to the 2010 Russian census, 77,884 people of the Omsk region identified themselves as Ukrainians, making Ukrainians the third-largest ethnic group there after Russians and Kazakhs.
The settlement of Zholty Klyn (the Yellow Wedge) was founded soon after the Treaty of Pereyaslav of 1659 as the eastern border of the second Zasechnaya Cherta. Named after the yellow steppes on the middle and lower Volga, the colony co-existed with the Volga Cossacks, and colonists primarily settled around the city of Saratov. In addition to Ukrainians, Volga Germans and Mordovians migrated to Zholty Klyn in large numbers. As of 2014,[update] most of the population is integrated throughout the region, though a few culturally Ukrainian villages remain.
Statistics and scholarship
Statistical information about Ukrainians is included in the census materials of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation which were collected in 1897, 1920, 1923, 1926, 1937, 1939, 1959, 1970, 1979, 1989, 2002 and 2010. Of these, the 1937 census was discarded and begun again as the 1939 census.
In the aftermath of the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, attention has been focused on the Eastern Ukrainian diaspora by the Society for relations with Ukrainians outside of Ukraine. Numerous attempts have been made to unite them. The society publishes the journal Zoloti Vorota (Золоті ворота, named for The Golden Gate of Kyiv) and the magazine Ukrainian Diaspora.
|No.||Census year||Population of Ukrainians in Russia||Percentage of total Russian population|
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2021)
During the 1990s, the Ukrainian population in Russia noticeably decreased due to a number of factors. The most important one was the general population decline in Russia. At the same time, many economic migrants from Ukraine moved to Russia for better paid jobs and careers. It is estimated that there are as many as 300,000 legally registered migrants. There is negative sentiment toward the bulk of migrants from the Caucasus and Central Asia, with Ukrainians relatively trusted by the Russian population. Assimilation has also been a factor in the falling number of Ukrainians; many intermarry with Russians, due to cultural similarities, and their children are counted as Russian on the census. Otherwise, the Ukrainian population has mostly remained stable due to immigration from Ukraine.
Notable Ukrainians in Russia
- Eduard Limonov (Savenko) - writer and publicist, founder of National Bolshevik Party
- Vasily Lanovoy, actor who worked in the Vakhtangov Theatre, was also known as the President of Artek Festival of Films for Children
- Pavel Sudoplatov, NKVD officer, lieutenant general of the MVD,who became involved in several famous episodes, including the assassination of Leon Trotsky in 1940, the Soviet espionage program which obtained information about the atomic bomb from the Manhattan Project, and Operation Scherhorn in 1944
- Bogdan Stashinsky, a former KGB officer and spy who assassinated the Ukrainian nationalist leaders Lev Rebet and Stepan Bandera in the late 1950s
- Viktor Medvedchuk - Ukrainian opposition politician. Born in Pochet, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian SFSR.Vladimir Putin is the godfather of Medvedchuk's daughter Daryna (born in 2004)
- Sergey Tereshchenko - Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (1991-1994). He was born in an ethnic Ukrainian family in the town of Lesozavodsk, which was in the Primorsky Krai Region of the RSFSR
- Innocent of Irkutsk - missionary to Siberia and the first bishop of Irkutsk in Russia
- Joasaph of Belgorod - Russian Orthodox hierarch, bishop of Belgorod from 1748 until his death
- John of Tobolsk - Metropolitan of Tobolsk
- Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco - prominent Eastern Orthodox ascetic and hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR) who was active in the mid-20th century
- Arsenius (Matseyevich) - metropolitan of Rostov and Yaroslavl who protested against the confiscation of the church's land by Empress Catherine II in 1764
- Dimitry of Rostov - leading opponent of the Caesaropapist reform of the Russian Orthodox church promoted by Feofan Prokopovich.
- Ivan Zaporozhets - Soviet security officer and official of the OGPU-NKVD who was suspected of being involved in the assassination of Sergei Kirov in Leningrad in December 1934
- Roman Rudenko - Procurator General of the Soviet Union (1953-1981). He is well known internationally for acting as chief prosecutor for the USSR at the 1946 trial of the major Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg.
- Iona Nikitchenko - judge of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union
- Oleksiy Alchevsky - entrepreneur, philanthropist, and industrialist of the Russian Empire. He was a pioneer in establishing the first finance group in Russia.
- Leonid Fedun - billionaire businessman
- Georgy Gapon, a Russian Orthodox priest and a popular working-class leader before the 1905 Russian Revolution
- Viktor Bout - arms dealer
- Stefan Yavorsky - archbishop and statesman in the Russian Empire and the first president of the Most Holy Synod
- Nina Kukharchuk-Khrushcheva - First Lady of USSR, the second wife of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev
- Raisa Titarenko-Gorbacheva - First Lady of USSR,the wife of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
- Vera Kholodnaya - the first star of Russian silent cinema
- Yelena Bondarchuk(half Ukrainian), Soviet actress
- Zhanna Prokhorenko, Soviet actress
- Klara Luchko, Soviet actress
- Valeriya Zaklunna - Soviet actress,People's Artist of Russia (22 May 2004)
- Pavel Pavlenko - Soviet stage and film actor.
- Artur Kirilenko - entrepreneur, between 1994 and 2010
was owner and director of Stroymontazh, one of the largest property development companies in St Petersburg, Russia. Honorary Builder of Russia.
- Viktor Pshonka - former Prosecutor General of Ukraine (from 4 November 2010 until 22 February 2014), State Counselor of Justice of Ukraine and member of the High Council of Justice of Ukraine
- Yuri Shvets - Major in the KGB between 1980 and 1990
- Victor Kostetskiy - Russian and Soviet actor.
- Miroslava Karpovich - actress and model
- Yaroslav Boyko - Russian actor of theatre and cinema.
- Aleksandr Tsekalo - musician, actor, radio and TV host. Founder of production company Sreda.
- Sergey Makovetsky - film and stage actor
- Ivan Koval-Samborsky - Stage and film actor.
- Sergei Garmash - Soviet and Russian film and stage actor, People's Artist of Russia
- Sergei Magnitsky - Ukrainian-born Russian tax advisor
- Dositheus (Ivanchenko) - bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church
- Nikita Dzhigurda - movie actor, singer, and cult media icon
- Aleksei Petrenko - Soviet and Russian film and stage actor
- Petro Prokopovych - founder of commercial beekeeping and the inventor of the first movable frame hive
- Viktor Petrik - businessman, claims to have made a number of scientific breakthroughs which he markets through his company
- Anatoly Savenko - Russian nationalist, social and political activist, lawyer, writer, essayist and journalist.
- Kirill Vyshinsky - journalist
- Alexander Borodai - journalist and entrepreneur, former separatist leader who was Prime Minister of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic in 2014
- Arkady Babchenko - print and television journalist
- Anatoly Lysenko - Soviet and Russian television figure, journalist, director, producer
- Dmitry Gerasimenko - businessman, ex-owner of steel company Krasny Oktyabr Closed Joint-Stock Company and of basketball clubs BC Krasny Oktyabr and Pallacanestro Cantù.
- Yuriy Kutsenko - actor, producer, singer, poet, and screenwriter
- Vitaly Zakharchenko - Former Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
- Alexander Klimenko - former [Ukrainian] entrepreneur and politician, former Minister of Revenue and Duties of Ukraine
- Vladimir Ivanenko - founder of the first nongovernmental cable and essential television network in the USSR (1988); initiator and organizer of the first direct satellite broadcast from the territory of the former USSR (1994)
- Viktor Yanukovych, the fourth President of Ukraine
- Lyudmyla Nastenko-Yanukovych, former First Lady of Ukraine
- Viktor Yanukovych Jr, a Ukrainian politician and Member of Parliament
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (quarter Ukrainian) - composer
- Nikolai Gogol – writer
- Nikolai Ostrovsky - socialist realist writer
- Korney Chukovsky - poet
- Yevgeny Yevtushenko - poet
- Anna Akhmatova - poet
- Sergei Bondarchuk – film director
- Natalya Bondarchuk – film director
- Fyodor Bondarchuk – film director
- Alexander Dovzhenko - film director
- Leonid Gaidai – film director
- Anna Politkovskaya - journalist, writer, and human rights activist
- Taras Shevchenko - poet
- Vladimir Korolenko - writer
- Mikhail Zoshchenko - writer
- Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko - playwright and theatre administrator, one of the two founders of the Moscow Art Theatre
- Vasily Nemirovich-Danchenko - writer and a journalist
- Sergei Lukyanenko - science fiction and fantasy author
- Konstantin Paustovsky - writer
- Gregory Skovoroda - writer and philosopher
- Anna Netrebko -operatic soprano
- Arkady Averchenko - playwright and satirist
- Larisa Shepitko - film director, screenwriter and actress,considered one of the best female directors of all times
- Grigory Chukhray – Soviet film director
- Pavel Chukhray - Soviet film director
- Konstantin Lopushansky - Soviet and Russian film director, film theorist and author
- Pavel Morozenko — Soviet theatre and film actor
- Yuri Moroz - Soviet and Russian film director, actor, scriptwriter, producer
- David Burliuk - poet and painter, often described as "the father of Russian Futurism"
- Wladimir Burliuk - avant-garde artist, Cubo-futurist
- Theophan Prokopovich- Russian Imperial Orthodox theologian, writer, poet, mathematician, and philosopher
- Dmitry Levitsky - painter
- Vladimir Borovikovsky - painter
- Konstantin Kryzhitsky - landscape painter
- Boris Vladimirski - Soviet painter of the Socialist Realism school.
- Dmitry Bezperchy - painter
- Rufin Sudkovsky - painter
- Vladimir Orlovsky - painter
- Nikolai Pimonenco - painter
- Nikolai Yaroshenko - painter
- Alexander Litovchenko - painter
- Alexander Murashko - painter
- Aleksandr Shevchenko - modernist painter and sculptor
- Sergey Solomko - painter, watercolorist, illustrator and designer
- Vasily Velichko - poet, playwright and publicist
- Ivan Savenko - painter, Honored Artist of the RSFSR
- Nikolay Samokish - painter
- Igor Savitsky - painter, archeologist and collector, especially of avant-garde art
- Grigori Zozulya - artist
- Ippolit Bogdanovich - Russian classicist author of light poetry,
- Yevgeny Grebyonka - romantic prose writer, poet, and philanthropist
- Vasily Kapnist - poet and playwright
- Igor Markevitch - avant-garde composer and conductor
- Yevhen Pluzhnyk - poet
- Vasily Stus - poet
- Igor Savchenko - screenwriter and film director
- Ilia Lagutenko - musician
- Yuri Shevchuk - musician
- Yuri Klimenko - Soviet and Russian cinematographer and photographer
- Nikolai Gubenko - Soviet and Russian actor, film and theatre director, screenwriter, founder of the Community of Taganka Actors theatre.People's Artist of the RSFSR
- Ivan Kozlovsky - lyric tenor, long-time teacher at the Moscow Conservatory
- Bohdan Dedyckiy - writer, poet and journalist
- Maxim Berezovsky - composer
- Grigory Alchevsky - composer
- Michał Czajkowski - writer
- Tomasz Padura - Romantic poet
- Grigory Danilevsky - writer, historical novelist, and Privy Councillor of Russia
- Yuri Klimenko - Soviet and Russian cinematographer and photographer
- Vasily Narezhny - writer known for his satirical depiction of provincial mores in the vein of the 18th-century picaresque novel
- Ruslan Gorobets - music composer, singer and arranger
Nikolay Shcherbina - poet
- Yury Koval - author, artist, and screenplay writer
- Aleksei Bibik - one of the first working-class novelists
- Valentin Pikul- Soviet historical novelist
- Oleg Kulik - performance artist, sculptor, photographer and curator
- Anatoly Polyanski - architect
- Alexander Vertinsky - artist, poet, singer, composer, cabaret artist and actor
- Panteleimon Kulish - writer, critic, poet, folklorist, and translator
- Yevgeny Titarenko - writer
- Grigory Pasko -military journalist
- Viktor Kosenko - composer, pianist, and educator
- Aleksandr Shevchenko modernist painter and sculptor
- Alexandra Strelchenko - actress and singer, performer of Russian folk songs, Russian romances and pop songs, People's Artist of the RSFSR
- Klavdiya Shulzhenko - Soviet popular female singer and actress
- Alexandra Snezhko-Blotskaya - Soviet animated film director
- Lyudmila Gurchenko - popular Soviet and Russian actress, singer and entertainer. People's Artist of the USSR (1983)
- Viktor Klimenko - singer
- Oleg Karavaychuk - Soviet and Russian composer, author of music for many films and theater performances
- Anastasia Stotskaya - singer
- Arkady Ukupnik - composer, pop singer, actor, and producer
- Bogdan Titomir - musician, rapper and DJ, who began his career in a popular 1990s duo Car-Man
- Sogdiana Fedorinskaya - singer and actress
- Kain Rivers - singer
- Boris Slutsky - poet
- Vitaly Korotich - writer and journalist
- Pamfil Yurkevich - idealist philosopher and teacher.
- Nikolay Gnedich - poet and translator
- Natalia Dudinskaya - prima ballerina who dominated the Kirov Ballet from the 1930s through the 1950s
- Svetlana Loboda - singer and composer.
- Natasha Korolyova (Porivay) - singer
- Vera Brezhneva (Halushka) - singer
- Anastasia Prikhodko - singer, represented Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow
- Regina Todorenko - pop-singer and television presenter,member of the Russian show "Voice"
- Alexander Archipenko - avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist
- Marian Peretyatkovich - architect
- Natalia Ermolenko-Yuzhina - opera singer (soprano)
- Nicolai Ivanovich Kravchenko - battle painter, journalist and writer
- Pyotr Leshchenko - singer, universally considered to be "the King of Russian Tango"
- Olga Peretyatko - operatic soprano
- Vladimir Bortko – film director
- Igor Krutoy - music composer, performer, producer and musical promoter
- Mikhail Gulko - author and performer of Russian chanson
- Ignaty Potapenko - writer and playwright.
- Vladimir Khotinenko - film director
- Lolita Milyavskaya - singer, actress, TV and film director
- Yolka - singer
- Sergey Dorenko - Russian TV and radio journalist, known for hosting a weekly news commentary program in 1999–2000
- Vera Kamsha - author of high fantasy and a journalist.
- Andrey Kavun - film director and screenwriter
- Roman Viktyuk - theatre director, actor, and screenwriter
- Vladimir Kramnik - chess grandmaster, the Classical World Chess Champion from 2000 to 2006, and the undisputed World Chess Champion from 2006 to 2007. He has won three team gold medals and three individual medals at Chess Olympiads.
- Lyudmila Rudenko - Soviet chess player and the second women's world chess champion, from 1950 until 1953; was awarded the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman International Master (WIM) in 1950, and Woman Grandmaster (WGM) in 1976. She was the first woman awarded the International Master title.
- Natalia Titorenko - chess player who hold the FIDE title of Woman International Master (1982)
- Ekaterina Lagno - Russian (since 2014) chess grandmaster, Women's Vice World Champion in 2018, Women's World Rapid Champion in 2014 and Women's World Blitz Champion in 2010, 2018 and 2019.
- Nikolay Davydenko - tennis player
- Vladislav Tretiak - ice hockey goaltender; 3 time Olympic gold medallist; 10 time world champion; considered one of the greatest of all time.
- Alexei Zhitnik - ice hockey defenceman; has played more games in the National Hockey League (NHL) (1,085) than any other Soviet-born defenceman.
- Daniil Sobchenko - ice hockey player; was the member of the Russian national team that competed in the IIHF World Championship's under 18 and under 20 levels; winning gold for the country in 2011.
- Vitaly Anikeyenko - ice hockey player
- Ignat Zemchenko - professional ice hockey player currently playing with HC Yugra in the Supreme Hockey League (VHL)
- Denis Shvidki - former professional ice hockey right wing
- Dmitri Khristich - ice hockey player
- Anton But - former professional ice hockey winger
- Oleg Tverdovsky - ice hockey defenceman
- Vitaly Vishnevskiy - former professional ice hockey defenceman. He previously played in the National Hockey League for the Mighty Ducks of Anaheim, Atlanta Thrashers, Nashville Predators, and New Jersey Devils, as well as for Lokomotiv Yaroslavl, SKA St. Petersburg and Severstal Cherepovets in the KHL.
- Alexander Komaristy - ice hockey centre who plays for HC Dinamo Saint Petersburg in the Supreme Hockey League (VHL)
- Andrei Nikolishin - ice hockey player; Olympic Bronze medal winner
- Anton Babchuk - ice hockey defenceman
- Kostiantyn Kasianchuk - ice hockey player
- Anatoliy Tymoshchuk - football coach and a former midfielder, currently an assistant coach of the Russian Premier League club Zenit Saint Petersburg
- Vladimir Kuts - Soviet long-distance runner, who won the 5000 and 10000 m races at the 1956 Olympics, setting Olympic records in both events
- Ivan Poddubny - professional wrestler from the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union
- Olga Dvirna - female middle-distance runner who represented the Soviet Union in the late 1970s and early 1980s
- Anton Shvets - footballer who plays for Akhmat Grozny, as a central midfielder, represents the Russia national football team internationally
- Oleg Salenko - soccer player
- Artem Dzyuba - Ukrainian-born Russian soccer player, whose father is Ukrainian.
- Aleksei Miranchuk and Anton Miranchuk - twin Russian soccer players of Ukrainian origin from Kuban.
- Yaroslav Rakitskyi - footballer currently playing as a defender for Russian club [[Zenit Saint
- Vladislav Ternavsky - football coach and former player
- Anatoliy Byshovets -Soviet and Russian football manager and former Soviet international striker
- Sergei Semak - football manager and a former international midfielder who is currently the manager of Zenit St. Petersburg
- Alexey Oleynik - mixed martial artist and combat sambo fighter currently signed with the Ultimate Fighting Championship, competing in their heavyweight division.
- Anna Pogorilaya - figure skater
- Irina Poltoratskaya - Russian team handball player, playing on the Russian women's national handball team.
- Tatyana Navka - former competitive ice dancer
- Olga Sherbak - handball player who plays for HC Lada
- Oksana Grishuk - former competitive ice dancer.
- Elena Riabchuk - former pair skater
- Aleksei Kalashnik — professional football player
- Valentin Moldavsky - Russian (since 2014) combat sambo and mixed martial arts practitioner, World and European Champion in +100 kg.
- Dmitry Pashytsky - volleyball player, member of the Russian club Zenit Saint Petersburg, Estonian Champion (2011), Russian Champion (2019).
- Irina Zhuk - ice dancing coach and a former competitor for the Soviet Union
- Maria Stavitskaia - former competitive figure skater
- Leonid Zhabotynsky - weightlifter who set 19 world records in the superheavyweight class, and won gold medals at the 1964 and 1968 Olympic Games
- Sergei Makarenko - retired Soviet sprint canoeist who competed from late 1950s to early 1960s
- Anatoli Yevtushenko - Honored coach of the USSR (handball)
- Aleksandr Kovalenko - retired USSR triple jumper who won the bronze medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics
- Vladimir Yashchenko - member of the Soviet national team and former world record holder in the high jump (233 cm, 234 cm and 235 cm).
- Tetyana Hlushchenko - former Soviethandball player who competed in the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Tetyana Kozyrenko - footballer, who plays for Lokomotiv Moscow in the Women's Football League
- Nataliya Zinchenko - football player who currently acts as manager for Zvezda Perm
- Artem Klimenko - professional basketball player
- Viktor Vashchenko - former professional footballer
- Iryna Chunykhovska - former sailor, who competed for the Soviet Union
- Larysa Moskalenko - former sailor, who competed for the Soviet Union
- Kostyantyn Parkhomenko - football player who last played for FC Sakhalin Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
- Igor Gamula - professional football coach and a former player. He works as a scout for FC Rostov. He made his debut in the Soviet Top League in 1978 for FC Zaria Voroshilovgrad.
- Igor Pedan - strongman who is best known for competing in the IFSA Strongman World Championships and World's Strongest Man
- Victor Khryapa - former professional basketball player who last played for CSKA Moscow of the VTB United League
- Ilya Tsymbalar - football player and coach
- Sergei Yuran - professional football manager and a former player. He is the manager of SKA-Khabarovsk.
- Vasil Yakusha - Soviet rower who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1980 Summer Olympics and in the 1988 Summer Olympics.
- Oleksandr Marchenko - Soviet rower. He and his partner,who won the bronze medal for the Soviet Union in the double sculls competition at the 1988 Summer Olympics.
- Aleksandr Sobko - former football player
- Boris Butenko - Soviet athlete,who competed in the men's discus throw at the 1952 Summer Olympics
- Andriy Tishchenko - Soviet former rower who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1980 Summer Olympics
- Igor Kornienko - former professional tennis player
- Bogdan Aleshchenko - former football midfielder.
- Aleksandr Andryushchenko - professional football coach and a former player who currently works as a sports department manager for FC Rostov
- Gennadi Avramenko - Soviet sport shooter
Herashchenko]] - Soviet professional football coach and a former player.
- Aleksandr Pavlenko - football official and a former player
- Sergey Kovalenko - Soviet basketball player who won the gold medal with the Soviet basketball team in the 1972 Olympics, played for CSKA Moscow (1976–1980)
- Oleg Stepko - Russian (since March 2018) gymnast
- Olha Huzenko - rower who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Viktor Maryenko - Soviet football player and coach
- Antonina Rudenko - retired Soviet swimmer who won a gold medal in the 4×100 m freestyle relay at the 1966 European Aquatics Championships, setting a new European record.
- Aleksandr Pavlenko - football official and a player,who plays as a central midfielder for FC Rodina Moscow
- Vadim Yaroshchuk - former butterfly and medley swimmer from the Soviet Union,who won two bronze medals at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea.
- Oleksiy Demyanyuk - high jumper, who set the world's best year performance in 1981 with a leap of 2.33 metres at a meet in Leningrad
- Dmitry Muserskiy - volleyball player, member of the Russia men's national volleyball team, 2012 Olympic Champion, 2013 European Champion, gold medallist of the 2011 World Cup and multiple World League medallist.
- Semyon Poltavskiy - volleyball player, who was a member of the men's national team that won the silver medal in both the 2005 and 2007 European Championships, was named Most Valuable Player in the latter tournament
- Liliya Osadchaya - former Soviet volleyball player,WHO won a silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Andrei Karyaka - Russian football coach and a former player who played as a midfielder
- Sergei Mamchur - football defender.
- Viktor Miroshnichenko - boxer, represented the USSR at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union.
- Oleg Goncharenko - Distinguished Master of Sports of the USSR, was the first male Soviet speed skater to become World Allround Champion.
- Konstantin Yeryomenko - Russian futsal player who was named the greatest futsal player of the 20th century
- Dmitri Shkidchenko - figure skating coach and former pair skater who competed internationally for the Soviet Union.
- Olena Zubko - rower who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1976 Summer Olympics. In 1976 she was a crew member of the Soviet boat which won the silver medal in the eights event
- Viktor Budyansky - retired association footballer who played as a midfielder
- Oleh Leschynskyi - former Soviet professional football midfielder and Ukrainian (until 2014) and Russian (since 2014) coach
- Serhei Nahorny - Soviet sprint canoeist
- Tatiana Volosozhar - pair skater.
- Lesya Makhno - volleyball player, member of the Russian national team that won the gold medal at the 2010 World Championship.
- Yevgeniy Ivchenko - Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the 50 km walk
- Yuri Vlasenko - ice dancer.
- Vasyl Arkhypenko - Soviet athlete who competed mainly in the 400 metre hurdles
- Leonid Tkachenko - former Soviet player and the Ukrainian-Russian coach
- Maksim Tishchenko - Russian professional football coach and a former player
- Georgy Prokopenko - retired Soviet swimmer who competed at the 1960 and 1964 Summer Olympics
- Viktor Vashchenko - former professional footballer
- Vladislav Ignatenko - football player who plays for FC Nosta Novotroitsk
- Valentina Ivakhnenko - professional tennis player
- Serhiy Petrenko - retired sprint canoeist
- Sergey Shavlo - former Soviet footballer
- Aleksandr Shpakovsky - Soviet football player
- Viktor Onopko - football coach
- Andriy Demchenko - football coach and a former midfielder
- Darya Tkachenko - Russian (since 2016)
draughts player holding the FMJD titles of FMJD Master (MF) and Women's International Grandmaster (GMIF). She is four-time women's world champion (2005, 2006, 2008, 2011) and twice women's European champion (2004, 2006) in international draughts.
- Anzhelika Shevchenko - Russian (since 2017) runner who specializes in the middle-distance running events
- Konstantin Bakun - [Ukrainian] volleyball player of [Russian] citizenship (since 2011), member of the Russia men's national volleyball team, Russian Champion (2020).
- Oleksandr Haydash - Russian (since 2014) professional football striker.
- Denys Holaydo - retired football midfielder
- Igor Dobrovolski - football manager and a former player
- Ilya Stefanovich - football player,plays as forward for FC Volgar Astrakhan
- Aleksey Sokirskiy - Russian(since 2015) hammer thrower.
- Anastasia Shpilevaya - former competitive ice dancer.
- Artyom Bezrodny - Russian association footballer
- Sergey Karetnik - football midfielder
- Andrey Fedoriv - former sprinter from the former Soviet Union, who specialised in the 200 metres
- Ivan Ordets - professional footballer who plays as a defender for Russian club Dynamo Moscow
- Olha Maslivets - windsurfer who has competed at four Olympic Games (2000, 2004, 2008 and 2012)
- Oleksandr Pomazun - former goalkeeper and a Russian football coach,the goalkeepers coach with FC Khimik-Arsenal
- Oleg Goncharenko - Distinguished Master of Sports of the USSR, was the first male Soviet speed skater to become World Allround Champion.
- Yuri Doroshenko - professional football player
- Mykola Musiyenko - former triple jumper who represented the Soviet Union
- Vyacheslav Protsenko - professional football coach and a former player
- Anastasia Shlyakhovaya - female volleyball player
- Yuriy Prokhorenko - former pole vaulter who competed in the 1976 Summer Olympics and in the 1980 Summer Olympics
- Konstantin Yeryomenko - futsal player who was named the greatest futsal player of the 20th century
- Maksim Oberemko - Russian (since 2015) [windsurfer]
- Yury Starunsky - Soviet volleyball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1972 Summer Olympics and in the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Vladislav Zhovnirski - pair skating coach and former competitor.
- Nikolai Latysh - professional football coach, an assistant manager with FC Tobol
- Pavel Moroz - volleyball player, a member of Russia men's national volleyball team and Russian club Fakel Novy Urengoy
- Vera Rebrik - Russian(since 2015) track and field athlete who competes in the javelin throw
- Taras Khtey - volleyball player, a member of Russia men's national volleyball team.
- Aleksandr Bondar - Russian (since 2014) diver
- Tatiana Voitiuk - Soviet former ice dancer
- Serhiy Krasyuk - Soviet former swimmer, who won a gold and silver medal at the 1980 Summer Olympics in the 4 × 100 m medley and 4 × 200 m freestyle relays, respectively
- Anastasia Bliznyuk - group rhythmic gymnast
- Vera Moskalyuk - judoka
- Borys Tereshchuk - Soviet former volleyball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Anatoliy Polishchuk - former volleyball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Oksana Grishuk - former competitive ice dancer
- Roman Romanchuk - Russian (since 2000) amateur boxer
- Anatoliy Bondarchuk - retired Soviet hammer thrower, who is regarded as the most accomplished hammer throw coach of all time
- Viktor Mikhalchuk - former volleyball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Valery Kravchuk - retired Soviet heavyweight weightlifter
- Serhiy Kravchuk - Soviet fencer
- Artur Minchuk - Russian pair skating coach and former competitor.
- Borys Savchuk - Soviet sprinter, who
competed in the men's 200 metres at the 1964 Summer Olympics representing the Soviet Union
- Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay- explorer, ethnologist, anthropologist and biologist
- Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy- lead developer of the Soviet Spiral and Shuttle Buran programme.
- Vladimir Vernadsky- mineralogist and geochemist
- George Vernadsky - historian
- Valentin Glushko - rocket scientist, a pioneer in rocket propulsion systems, and a major contributor to Soviet space and defense technology
- Trofim Lysenko- agronomist and biologist
- Theodosius Dobzhansky - [geneticist] and evolutionary biologist
- Mikhail Ostrogradsky - mathematician
- Anatoly Fomenko - mathematician, well known as a topologist, the author of a pseudoscientific theory known as New Chronology
- Anton Makarenko - one of the founders of Soviet pedagogy
- Vasyl Sukhomlynsky - humanistic educator in the Soviet Union who saw the aim of education in producing a truly humane being
- Yevgeny Zavoisky - Soviet physicist known for discovery of electron paramagnetic resonance in 1944
- Igor Shafarevich - mathematician who contributed to algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry
- Boris Paton - Soviet mechanical scientist and engineer, famous for his works in electric welding
- Stephen Timoshenko - engineer and academician, considered to be the father of modern engineering mechanics
- Viktor Bunyakovsky - mathematician
- Yuri Lysianskyi - explorer
- George Kistiakowsky - physical chemistry professor
- Alexander Kistiakowsky - ornithologist and a specialist on bird lice
- Bogdan Kistyakovski - philosopher and social scientist
- Yuri Denisyuk - Soviet physicist, one of the founders of optical holography. He is known for his great contribution to holography, in particular for the so-called "Denisyuk hologram"
- Valentin Bliznyuk - aircraft designer, Chief Designer of the Tu-160
- Mikhail Kravchuk - mathematician
- Valery Kostuk - Russian scientist who has contributed to the development of processes for producing gases and cryogenic liquids
- Alexander Zasyadko - Russian Imperial gunner and specialist in rocketry
- Praskov′ja Georgievna Parchomenko - Soviet astronomer who discovered many minor planets between the years of 1930–1940
- Valery Glivenko -mathematician
- Igor Simonenko - mathematician
- Sergei Brukhonenko - Soviet physician, biomedical scientist and technologist,his research was vital to the development of open-heart procedures in Russia
- Yuri Nesterenko - mathematician
- Sergei Rudenko - prominent Soviet anthropologist and archaeologist who discovered and excavated the most celebrated of Scythian burials, Pazyryk in Siberia.
- Vladimir Lysenko - Russian academic
- Anatoly Babko - chemist
- Mariya Sergeyenko - Soviet scholar of Roman history and philologist
- Alexander Nikitenko - historian, censor, Professor of Saint Petersburg
University, and ordinary member of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences
- Fyodor Pirotsky - inventor of the world's first railway electrification system and electric tram
- Vladimir Podvysotsky - pathologist, endocrinologist, immunologist and microbiologist
- Amvrosy Metlinsky - poet, ethnographer, folklorist and panslavist
- Arkhip Lyulka - Soviet scientist and designer of jet engines, head of the OKB Lyulka, member of the USSR Academy of Sciences
- Nikolai Kibalchich - rocket pioneer
- Nikolai Zarudny - explorer and zoologist who studied the flora and fauna of Central Asia
- Pyotr Zinchenko - developmental psychologist
- Dmitri Ivanenko - theoretical physicist
- Nikolay Burdenko - Soviet surgeon, the founder of Russian neurosurgery
- Vladimir Nemoskalenko - physicist
- Vladimir Martynenko - sociologist, economist, and political scientist; Doctor of political sciences, Professor, Chief Scientific Officer, Institute of Socio-Political Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPI RAN).
- Pyotr Yefimenko - ethnographer and historian
- Evgenia Kirichenko - historian of architecture and art
- Antonina Prikhot'ko - experimental physicist
- Konstantin Buteyko, the creator of the Buteyko method for the treatment of asthma and other breathing disorders
- Anatoly Kondratenko - theoretical physicist
- Yuri G. Zdesenko - nuclear physicist known for a significant contribution to investigations of double beta decay
- Vladimir Marchenko - mathematician
- Boris Evgenyevich Votchal - Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (since 1969), Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation (1966), one of the founders of the clinical pharmacology in Russia
- Victor Linetsky - petroleum hydrogeologist
- Vasily Omeliansky - microbiologist and author of the first original Russian text book on microbiology
- Yakub Holovatsky - historian
- Nikolay Dikansky - physicist
- Boris Struminsky - physicist known for his contribution to theoretical elementary particle physics
- Vadym Slyusar — founder of tensor-matrix theory of digital antenna arrays (DAAs), N-OFDM and other theories in fields of radar systems, smart antennas for wireless communications and digital beamforming
- Sergiy Vilkomir - computer scientist
- Yuri Kivshar - physist
- Stepan Kozhumyaka - engineer, bridge-builder and linguist
- Klyment Kvitka - musicologist and ethnographer
- Nikolay Gamaleya - Soviet physician and scientist who played a pioneering role in microbiology and vaccine research
- Vladimir Dybo - specialist in comparative historical linguistics and accentology
- Victor Veselago - Soviet physicist, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences
- Alexander Bogomolets - [pathophysiologist].
- Boris Grabovsky - one of the pioneers of television, invented the first fully electronic TV set (video transmitting tube and video receiver), which was demonstrated in 1928
- Lev Pisarzhevsky - chemist
- Sergei Winogradsky - microbiologist, ecologist and soil scientist who pioneered the cycle-of-life concept
- Yuri Linnik - Soviet mathematician active in number theory, probability theory and mathematical statistics
- Vladimir Lipsky - botanist
- Platon Poretsky -noted Russian Imperial astronomer, mathematician, and logician
- Daniil Zabolotny - epidemiologist and the founder of the world's first research department of epidemiology
- Oleksandr Harmash - Soviet scientist in the field of production line methods in construction (construction engineering)
- Fedir Vovk, anthropologist-archaeologist, the curator of the Alexander III Museum in St. Petersburg
- Evgeny Paton - Soviet mechanical scientist and engineer, famous for his works in electric welding
- Vladimir Betz - anatomist and histologist, famous for the discovery of [[Betz
cell|giant pyramidal neurons]] of primary motor cortex
- Alexander Gorban - physicist and biologist
- Kirill Tolpygo - physicist
- Aleksandr Markevich - zoologist, prolific helminthologist and copepodologist
- Mikhail Maksimovich - professor in plant biology
- Alexander Zaporozhets - Soviet developmental psychologist
- Vladimir Pravdich-Neminsky - physiologist who published the first EEG and the evoked potential of the mammalian brain
- Mikhail Tugan-Baranovsky - economist
- Dmitry Grigorovich - Soviet aircraft designer
- Viktor Sadovnichiy - mathematician, winner of the 1989 USSR State Prize, and since 1992 he has been the rector of Moscow State University
- Osip Bodyansky - Slavist
- Pavel Chubinsky - ethnographer and geographer
- Mikhail Grushevsky- historian
- Anatoly Kashpirovsky - psychotherapist, claimed to be a hypnotist and a psychic healer
- Alexander Bezborodko - Grand Chancellor of Russian Empire and chief architect of Catherine the Great's foreign policy
- Pyotr Zavadovsky - Russian Imperial statesman
- Dmitry Troshchinsky - senior Cabinet Secretary (1793–98), Prosecutor General (1814–17), Privy Councilor, senator, owner of the serf theater
- Andrey Razumovsky - Russian Imperial diplomat who spent many years of his life in Vienna
- Alexey Razumovsky - Acting Chamberlain (1775), Senator (1776–1807), Minister of Public Education (1810–1816). Active Privy Councillor (1807)
- Viktor Kochubey - Russian statesman and a close aide of Alexander I of Russia
- Pyotr Kapnist -Russian Imperial diplomat and ambassador to Austria (1895-1904)
- Mikhail Rodzianko – chamberlain of the Imperial family, Chairman of the State Duma and one of the leaders of the February Revolution of 1917
- Mikhail Tereshchenko - minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Provisional Government (1917)
- Vladimir Antonov-Ovseyenko – Bolshevik leader and diplomat, one of the leaders of the October revolution
- Pavel Dybenko – Bolshevik revolutionary, one of the leaders of the October revolution
- Alexandra Kollontai - revolutionary, politician, diplomat and Marxist theoretician. Serving as the People's Commissar for Welfare in 1917–1918, she was the first woman in history to become an official member of a governing cabinet.
- Nikolai Podvoisky - Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet statesman, one of the leaders of the October revolution
- Stepan Petrichenko - anarcho-syndicalist politician, de facto leader of the Kronstadt Commune, and the leader of the revolutionary committee which led the Kronstadt rebellion of 1921.
- Dmitry Kursky - Prosecutor General of the Russian SFSR (1922-1928)
- Gleb Bokii - Bolshevik revolutionary, headed the "special department" of the Soviet secret police apparatus, believed to have been in charge of the Soviet Union's concentration camp system.
- Boris Shcherbina, a Soviet politician who served as a vice-chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1984 to 1989.Supervisor of Soviet crisis management during 1986 Chernobyl
- Grigory Petrovsky- Old Bolshevik, participated in signing the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR, one of the officials responsible for implementing Stalin's policies such as collectivization.
- Vsevolod Balitsky - Soviet official, Commissar of State Security 1st Class (equivalent to Four-star General) of the NKVD and a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
- Yakov Malik - Soviet diplomat,Soviet ambassador to the United Kingdom, well known for giving the USSR justifications for the occupation of Czechoslovakia at the Security Council in August 1968
- Yuriy Kotsiubynsky - Bolshevik politician
- Vasily Shakhrai - political activist and Bolshevik revolutionary during the Russian Revolution,founder of what came to be called National Communism
- Dmitry Polyansky - Soviet-Russian statesman who was First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union from 1965 to 1973. From 1958 to 1962 he was Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian SFSR, equivalent to a Premier in of one of the 15 Soviet Socialist Republics that comprised the Soviet Union.
- Vladimir Matskevich - Deputy Chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers;the Ambassador of the Soviet Union to Czechoslovakia
- Alexander Zasyadko - Soviet economic, state and party leader
- Semyon Sereda - Peoples's Commissar for Agriculture of Soviet Russia
- Alexander Tsiurupa - Bolshevik leader, Soviet statesman, Vice Chairman and, later, Chief of food of Soviet Russia
- Vasyl' Shakhrai - Bolshevik revolutionary
- Nikolai Podgorny, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1965–1977)
- Zinovie Serdiuk, Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, First Secretary of the Moldavian Communist Party
- Alexander Danieliuk-Stefanski - member of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party
- Pyotr Shelest, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union, Full member of the 22nd, 23rd, 24th Politburo.
- Alexei Kirichenko - Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (17 December 1957 – 5 April 1960)
- Vladimir Ivashko - Soviet politician, briefly acting as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Deputy General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1990-1991)
- Nikolai Demchenko - the first deputy commissar of agriculture of the USSR, People's Commissar of Grain and Livestock Farms of the USSR
- Stepan Chervonenko - Soviet ambassador to Peking
- Igor Gouzenko - cipher clerk for the Soviet embassy to Canada in Ottawa, Ontario
- Grigory Grinko – finance minister of the Soviet Union (1930-1937)
- Vlas Chubar – finance minister of the Soviet Union (1937-1938)
- Ivan Kazanets - the minister of ferrous metallurgy of the Soviet Union
- Vsevolod Murakhovsky - First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union during the Gorbachev Era
- Vitaly Fedorchuk – KGB officer and Minister of Interior Affairs of the Soviet Union
- Nikolai Golushko – KGB officer and the director of the Federal Service of Counter-intelligence of the Russian Federation
- Stepan Chervonenko - Soviet ambassador to Peking
- Vladimir Chub - the governor of Rostov Oblast in Russia from 1991 until 2010
- Vitaly Mukha - politician, who served as the 1st and third Governor of Novosibirsk Oblast from 1991 to 1993 and from 1995 to 2000
- Sergey Kiriyenko (half Ukrainian) – Prime Minister of Russia
- Aleksandr Skorobogatko - billionaire businessman and former deputy member in the State Duma, having represented the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia (2003-2007) and United Russia (2007-2016)
- Georgy Poltavchenko - Former Governor of Saint Petersburg
- Viktor Khristenko - politician who was chairman
of the board of the Eurasian Economic Commission (2012-2016);First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia (1999-2000);Minister of Industry (2004-2012)
- Dmitry Kozak, the Deputy Prime Minister of Russia from 2008 to 2020, Deputy Kremlin Chief of Staff
- Alexander Novak - Deputy Prime Minister of Russia since 2020
- Sergey Kislyak – Russia's Ambassador to the United States (2008–2017)
- Sergey Shakhray - co-author of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
- Irina Yarovaya - Deputy Chairman of the State Duma from United Russia Party and a member of United Russia's General Council
- Anatoly Brovko - Russian politician who served as the Governor of Volgograd Oblast
- Vladimir Timoshenko - career diplomat and is a former ambassador of the Russian Federation to Benin
- Alexei Didenko - politician, deputy of the Tomsk Oblast Duma
- Alexander Prokopchuk - employee of the internal affairs agencies, head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation National Central Bureau of Interpol from 14 June 2011, and Vice-President of Interpol from 10 November 2016
- Vladimir Medinsky – Russia's Minister of Culture (2012–present)
- Alexei Navalny (half Ukrainian) – Russia's main opposition leader
- Aleksey Lebed - elected chairman of the government of Khakassia
- Valentina Matviyenko – Chairman of the Federation Council (2011–present)
Minister of Health of Soviet Union
- Nikolai Semashko – Russian politician, organizer of the health system
- Petro Doroshenko - Hetman of Right-Bank Ukraine(1665-1672) and a Russian voevoda
- Alexander Lebed – late Lieutenant General of Russia, 1996 Presidential candidate (Ukrainian origin)
- Alexei Razumovsky – Field marshal of Russian Imperial Army
- Kirill Razumovski – Field marshal of Russian Imperial Army
- Ivan Paskevich - Imperial Russian military leader
- Nikolai Linevich - career military officer, General of Infantry (1903) and Adjutant general in the Imperial Russian Army in the Far East during the latter part of the Russo-Japanese War.
- Yuri Lysianskyi - officer in the Imperial Russian Navy and explorer
- Ivan Gudovich - Russian noble and military leader
- Vasily Zavoyko - an admiral in the Russian Imperial navy. In 1854, during the Crimean War, he led the successful defence against the Siege of Petropavlovsk by the allied British-French troops.
- Roman Kondratenko- general in the Imperial Russian Army famous for his devout defense of Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905
- Alexey Schastny - Russian naval commander during World War I
- Ivan Kozhedub - Soviet World War II fighter ace, considered to be the highest-scoring Soviet and Allied fighter pilot of World War II
- Pavel Rybalko - commander of armoured troops in the Red Army during and following World War II.
- Alexei Berest - Soviet political officer and one of the three Red Army soldiers who hoisted the Victory Banner
- Fedor Zinchenko - Soviet officer who commanded the 150th Rifle Division's 756th Regiment during the Storming of the Reichstag.
- Dmitry Lavrinenko - Soviet tank commander and Hero of the Soviet Union. He was the highest scoring tank ace of the Allies during World War II.
- Alexander Marinesko – Soviet naval officer and, during World War II, the captain of the submarine S-13 which sank the German military transport ship Wilhelm Gustloff. The most successful Soviet submarine commander in terms of gross register tonnage (GRT) sunk.
- Dmitry Lelyushenko, Soviet military commander, his final actions in 1945 involved directing forces during the Red Army's attacks on both Berlin and Prague.
- Kuzma Derevyanko - general of the Red Army. He was the representative of the Soviet Union at the ceremonial signing of the written agreement that established the armistice ending the Pacific War, and with it World War II
- Semyon Timoshenko – Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Andrey Yeryomenko - Soviet general during World War II and, subsequently, a Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Panteleimon Ponomarenko - a Soviet statesman and politician and one of the leaders of Soviet partisan resistance during WW2
- Fedir Dyachenko - Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with as many as 425 kills.
- Kirill Moskalenko, marshal of the Soviet Union
- Ivan Taranenko - Soviet fighter pilot, flying ace, and regimental commander in World War II who went on to become a general
- Sergei Rudenko (general) - Soviet Marshal of the aviation
- Grigory Kulik, marshal of the Soviet Union
- Pyotr Koshevoy, Soviet military commander and a Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Pavel Batitsky - Soviet military leader awarded the highest honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1965 and promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1968
- Ivan Moshlyak - Soviet major general who received the highest honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union in 1938 for his heroism during the Battle of Lake Khasan
- Pyotr Gnido - Soviet fighter pilot during World War II who was credited with 34 solo and 6 shared aerial victories, and recipient of the title of Hero of Soviet Union
- Nikolay Dyatlenko - Soviet officer, interrogator and translator who was part of a team that attempted to deliver a message of truce (sometimes referred to as an "ultimatum") to the German Sixth Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in January 1943
- Grigory Kravchenko - test pilot who became a flying ace and twice Hero of the Soviet Union in Asia before the start of Operation Barbarossa
- Ivan Golubets - Soviet sailor with the Black Sea Fleet
- Vladimir Sudets - Soviet air commander during World War II, commanding the 17th Air Army, and later became Marshal of the aviation after the war
- Pyotr Vershigora - one of the leaders of the Soviet partisan movement in Ukraine, Belarus and Poland
- Mikhail Tsiselsky - Soviet naval pilot during World War II who was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union
- Ivan Turkenich - Soviet partisan, one of the leaders of the underground anti-Nazi organization Young Guard, which operated in Krasnodon district during World War II between 1941 and 1944
- Dmitry Glinka (aviator) - Soviet flying ace during World War II who was twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for his achievements, having scored 50 individual aerial victories by the end of the war.
- Boris Glinka - Soviet flying ace during World War II with over 20 solo shootdowns.
- Vasily Mykhlik - Ilyushin Il-2 pilot and squadron commander in the 566th Assault Aviation Regiment of the Soviet Air Forces during the Second World War who was twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
- Leonid Beda - ground-attack squadron commander in the Soviet Air Forces during the Second World War who went on to become a Lieutenant-General of Aviation.
- Nikolai Simoniak - General in the Soviet Army during World War II
- Yuri Shvets – KGB officer
- Sergey Sheyko – Hero of the Russian Federation, is a colonel in Russian Naval Infantry
- Grigory Skiruta – WWII Red Army officer
- Zakhar Slyusarenko – WWII tank officer and brigade commander, twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union
- Bogdan Stashinsky – KGB officer and spy who assassinated the Ukrainian nationalist leaders in the late 1950s
- Ivan Stepanenko – Soviet WWII flying ace with over 30 solo victories
- Vladimir Sudets – Soviet WWII air commander, later marshal of aviation
- Pavel Sudoplatov – secret police officer, lieutenant general of the MVD
- Stepan Suprun – Soviet test pilot who tested over 140 aircraft types during his career
- Pavel Taran – WWII Il-4 pilot, twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union
- Ivan Taranenko – Soviet WWII fighter ace, later a general
- Sergey Tereshchenko – Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (1991–1994)
- Semyon Timoshenko – Marshal of the Soviet Union
- Grigory Tkhor – Soviet aviator, Spanish Civil War and Second Sino-Japanese War volunteer, and major general of the Soviet Air Force
- Sergei Trofimenko – Soviet military commander, active in the Russian Civil War and Second World War
- Mikhail Tsiselsky – Soviet WWII naval pilot, awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union
- Ivan Turkenich – Soviet partisan, a leaders of the anti-Nazi Young Guard during WWII
- Yelena Ubiyvovk – WWII partisan and leader of a Komsomol cell
- Nina Ulyanenko – navigator, pilot and flight commander in the women's 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment
- Nikolai Usenko – Red Army soldier, Hero of the Soviet Union
- Grigory Vakulenchuk – sailor, organizer, and leader of the uprising on the Russian battleship Potemkin
- Pyotr Vershigora – Soviet partisan leader in Ukraine, Belarus and Poland
- Andrey Vitruk – Soviet Air Force general
- Ilya Vlasenko – political commissar in the Red Army from WWII
- Vladimir Sergeyevich Vysotsky – Russian admiral and Commander of the Russian Northern Fleet
- Viktor Yanukovych – fourth President of Ukraine
- Viktor Yanukovych Jr – Ukrainian politician and Member of Parliament
- Nikolai Yegipko – Soviet Navy officer, Hero of the Soviet Union
- Andrey Yeryomenko – Soviet general during World War II
- Vitaly Zakharchenko – Former Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
- Yekaterina Zelenko – WWII Soviet Su-2 pilot, flew during Winter War
- Ivan Zaporozhets – Soviet security officer and official of the OGPU-NKVD
- Vasily Zavoyko – Russian admiral, successfully defended against the Siege of Petropavlovsk
- Yevgeniya Zhigulenko – WWII Soviet Air Force pilot and navigator, Hero of the Soviet Union
- Filipp Zhmachenko – Soviet Army general, Hero of the Soviet Union
- Fedor Zinchenko – Soviet officer who commanded the regiment that placed the Victory Banner during the Storming of the Reichstag.
- Fyodor Zozulya – admiral of the Soviet Navy
- Georgy Zozulya – WWII ground-attack pilot in the Soviet Air Force
- Oleksiy Alchevsky – industrialist, established the first finance group in Russia.
- Viktor Bout – arms dealer
- Leonid Fedun – billionaire businessman
- Dmitry Gerasimenko – businessman, industrialist
- Vladimir Ivanenko – businessman, founded first private cable and television network in USSR
- Artur Kirilenko – entrepreneur, property developer
- Sergei Magnitsky – Ukrainian-born Russian tax advisor and prisoner
- Viktor Petrik – businessman
- Petro Prokopovych – founder of commercial beekeeping and the inventor of the first movable frame hive
- Nina Kukharchuk-Khrushcheva – First Lady of USSR, second wife of Nikita Khrushchev
- Lyudmyla Nastenko-Yanukovych – First Lady of Ukraine
- Raisa Titarenko-Gorbacheva – First Lady of USSR, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev
- Asian Russia statistics exclude the Caucasus.
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- The politics of identity in a Russian borderland province: the Kuban neo-Cossack movement, 1989-1996, by Georgi M. Derluguian and Serge Cipko; Europe-Asia Studies; December 1997 URL
- Ukraine and Ukrainians Throughout the World, edited by A.L. Pawliczko, University of Toronto Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8020-0595-0
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- Zhelty Klin website
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- Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации 2010 г. [National composition of the population of the Russian Federation in 2010]. Russian Federation - Federal State Statistics Service (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
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- Kubiyovych, Volodymyr. Entsykolpedia Ukrainoznavstva. 7.
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- Zaremba, S. (1993). From the national-cultural life of Ukrainians in the Kuban (1920 and 1930s). Kyivska starovyna. pp. 94–104.
- Lanovyk, B.; et al. (1999). Ukrainian Emigration: from the past to the present. Ternopil.
- Petrenko, Y. (1993). Ukrainian cossackdom. Kyivska starovyna. pp. 114–119.
- Польовий Р. Кубанська Україна К. Дiокор 2003.
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- Internet site for Ukrainians in Russia
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- Завьялов А. В. Социальная адаптация украинских иммигрантов : монография / А. В. Завьялов. – Иркутск : Изд-во ИГУ, 2017. – 179 с.
- Races of Europe 1942-1943 (in English)
- Hammond's Racial map of Europe 1923 (in English)
- Peoples of Europe / Die Voelker Europas 1914 (in German)
- Ethnographic map of Europe 1914 (in English)
- Ukrainians of Russia by number, sex and share in the population structure, 1926-2010 censuses (in Russian)
- Ukrainian language knowledge in Russia by ethnic groups (in Russian)
- Ukrainians of Russia by their native language, 2010 (in Russian)
- Ukrainians of Russia by languages knowledge, 2002, 2010 (in Russian)
- Distribution of the Ukrainian population of Russia by age and sex, 2010 (in Russian)
- Завьялов А. В. Социальная адаптация украинских иммигрантов : монография / А. В. Завьялов. – Иркутск : Изд-во ИГУ, 2017. – 179 с. (tables The Ukrainian language knowledge by Russian regions, 2010 и Ukrainians in the population structure of Russian regions, 1897–2010) (in Russian)