Suicide of Phoebe Prince
|Born||Phoebe Nora Mary Prince
November 24, 1994
|Died||January 14, 2010
South Hadley, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Cause of death||Suicide by hanging|
The suicide of Phoebe Prince, on January 14, 2010, led to the criminal prosecution of six teenagers for charges including civil rights violations, as well as to the enactment of stricter anti-bullying legislation by the Massachusetts state legislature.
Prince had moved from Ireland to South Hadley, in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Her suicide, after suffering months of bullying from school classmates, brought international attention to the problem of bullying in American schools. In March 2010, a state anti-bullying task force was set up as a result of her death. The Massachusetts legislation was signed into law on May 3, 2010.
Phoebe Nora Mary Prince was born on 24 November 1994 in Bedford, England, United Kingdom, and moved to the seaside community of Fanore in County Clare, Ireland, when she was two. Prince attended Villiers Secondary School, a private school in County Limerick. She immigrated to the U.S. in the autumn of 2009 with her mother and four siblings. Her mother lived in Boston for a few years. Her father, a British national, remained in nearby Lisdoonvarna.
Bullying incidents and suicide
Having recently moved to the U.S. from Ireland, Prince was taunted and bullied for several weeks by at least two groups of students at South Hadley High School, following disputes with two girls in late December 2009. Her aunt reportedly warned school officials in August 2009, prior to Prince's enrollment at the school, to watch after Prince, as she was "susceptible" to problems including peer pressure and bullying. Investigations later found that Prince was in fact one of four girls bullying a student in Ireland in a dispute over a relationship with a boy. After the victim of that bullying was moved to another school by her parents, Phoebe wrote a letter of apology which was praised by the victim's mother, who blamed the bullying on peer pressure and the lack of action by the school authorities.
On January 14, 2010, three of the accused allegedly engaged in persistent taunting and harassment of Prince at school, in the library and school auditorium. One of the accused allegedly followed Prince home from school in a friend's car, threw an empty can at her, and yelled an insult. It was after this final incident that Prince took her own life by hanging herself in the stairwell leading to the second floor of the family apartment. Her body was discovered by her 12-year-old sister. After her death, many crude comments about her were posted on her Facebook memorial page, most of which were removed. Her parents chose to have Prince buried in Ireland.
A meeting held at the school to discuss the problem of bullying within the school brought parents who stated that bullying of their children had been completely ignored by the school administration. Massachusetts state lawmakers sped up efforts to pass anti-bullying legislation as a result of this incident, and the measure was signed into law on May 3, 2010. Inspired by the Massachusetts bill, similar legislation was introduced in New York State. In efforts to promote national anti-bullying legislation, a "Phoebe's Law" has been proposed. In July 2010, the South Hadley school committee adopted a more comprehensive anti-bullying policy.
The six accused were subjected to bullying and death threats following Prince's death, and her father expressed concern regarding the treatment of the accused who had yet to face trial.
On March 29, 2010, Northwestern District Attorney Elizabeth Scheibel announced at a press conference that two male and four female teenagers from South Hadley High School were indicted as adults on felony charges by a Hampshire County grand jury. Charges ranged from statutory rape for two male teenagers, to violation of civil rights, criminal harassment, disturbance of a school assembly, and stalking. One of the males charged with statutory rape was not involved in the bullying. Additional delinquency complaints were also filed against three of the four females as they were minors at the time of the incident. One minor was also charged with assault with a deadly weapon for throwing an empty can at Phoebe Prince. A separate delinquency complaint was filed against another of the three female minors for assault and battery against another girl at South Hadley High School (a girl who was attacked at school after appearing in a TV news report describing the bullying that took place at South Hadley High School). At least four of these six students reportedly were still attending South Hadley High School when the charges were announced.
In her statement, D.A. Scheibel directly contradicted previous claims by school Superintendent Gus Sayer that school officials had been unaware of the bullying at the school:
"Contrary to previously published reports, Phoebe's harassment was common knowledge to most of the South Hadley High School student body. The investigation has revealed that certain faculty, staff and administrators of the high school also were alerted to the harassment of Phoebe Prince before her death. Prior to Phoebe's death, her mother spoke with at least two school staff members about the harassment Phoebe had reported to her.
Some bystanders, including at least four students and two faculty members, intervened while the harassment was occurring or reported it to administrators. A lack of understanding of harassment associated with teen dating relationships seems to have been prevalent at South Hadley High School. That, in turn, brought an inconsistent interpretation in enforcement in the school's code of conduct when incidents were observed and reported.
In reviewing this investigation, we've considered whether or not the actions or omissions to act by faculty, staff and administrators of the South Hadley public schools individually, or collectively, amounted to criminal behavior. In our opinion, it did not. Nevertheless, the actions or inactions of some adults at the school are troublesome."
Scheibel indicated that the investigation was ongoing and that charges against additional South Hadley students were likely. She urged schools to adopt anti-bullying awareness and training programs for staff and students and expressed the wishes of the Prince family to refrain from vigilantism and to seek justice only through the criminal justice system. "Now is not the time for retributions or reprisals," Scheibel said.
Two days after the District Attorney's news conference, school superintendent Gus Sayer again denied that school administrators had ignored the bullying of Phoebe Prince. South Hadley school officials released a statement that "we have taken disciplinary action with an additional small group of students and they have been removed from the high school." However, the school statement was unclear as to whether any of the accused individuals were actually expelled from the school. At least one news report stated that all of the accused were still at the school.
Three of the accused pleaded not guilty through their lawyers in Hampshire Superior Court on April 6. Another three, minors under Massachusetts law (under age 17), pleaded not guilty to delinquency charges on April 8 in Franklin-Hampshire Juvenile Court in Hadley. The three female minors were also arraigned as youthful offenders on the adult felony charges. Copies of the court documents with the full details of the case against the three female minors were posted on a CNN webpage. All six defendants waived their right to appear in court and did not appear at their arraignment hearings. All were ordered to stay away from the Prince family.
In May 2011, the case was resolved, after agreements to plead guilty to lesser charges. Five of the defendants were placed on probation, with several also sentenced to community service. The charges against a male student were dropped at the request of the Prince family.
Settlement with town
Phoebe Prince's mother, Anne O'Brien, settled with the town of South Hadley in October 2010. She agreed not to sue or reveal details of the settlement for $225,000.
- 2010: The year that was By Herald Staff Sunday, December 26, 2010 Boston Herald
- Bierman, Noah (May 4, 2010). "Grieving family by his side, governor signs legislation". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "Grand jury indicts 9 students in connection with Phoebe Prince bullying case" Gazettenet.com
- DA pushes for speedy bully trial Archived 2011-11-24 at the Wayback Machine. by Jessica Heslam, Boston Herald, Friday, September 24, 2010
- "The Phoebe Prince Case … Will Her Alleged Bullies Plead Not Guilty?". Fox News Insider. September 15, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- Peter Schworm, 'Blind eye to bullying' over, DA says, Boston Globe, May 6, 2011, accessed May 6, 2011.
- "Six face court after death of Bedford-born teenage girl". 2010-09-26. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- "Newsvine - School Bullying and Cyberbullying Suicide Connection". Digits.newsvine.com. 2010-02-09. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Laura Crimaldi, In Ireland, hearts break for Phoebe Prince as for their beloved one has died. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 2, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
- Stephanie Reitz. "9 charged with bullying Mass. teen who killed self". Google.com. The Associated Press. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Drew, April (30 March 2010). "Fun-loving Phoebe Prince remembered by Irish and U.S. friends". IrishCentral. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Contrada, Fred (9 April 2010). "Phoebe Prince bullying story leaves Irish in County Clare reticent to talk about it". The Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Cullen, Keven (5 May 2011). "Actions not taken by peers could have saved young girl's life". Boston.com. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Bazelon, Emily (August 17, 2010). "Did her school in Ireland turn a blind eye to early warnings of her troubles?". Slate. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
- Dara Kelly, Aunt warned school Phoebe Prince was bullied in Ireland 
- "Phoebe Prince's Suicide : Cause of death revealed". Today24News. July 23, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- E. Constantine, Sandra (10 April 2010). "Bullying details outlined". The Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Nate Walsh, Court documents detail bullying of Phoebe Prince "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2010-04-11. Note: additional information appears in the video posted on this news webpage, with glimpses of the actual court documents. The audio commentary for this video is incorrect about Longe throwing a bottle, as the video shot of the court document clearly shows it saying this was an empty can of "Monster Drink"
- Erik Eckholm, Katie Zezima, Documents Detail a Girl's Final Days of Bullying https://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/09/us/09bully.html?src=mv Note: this reference states that it was an empty can of an energy drink
- Cullen, Kevin (January 24, 2010). "The untouchable Mean Girls". The Boston Globe. Boston.com. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- McCabe, Kathy (January 24, 2010). "Teen's suicide prompts a look at bullying". The Boston Globe. Boston.com. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Constantine, Sandra (January 27, 2010). "In wake of Phoebe Prince's apparent suicide, hundreds pack South Hadley meeting to discuss bullying in schools". The Republican. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Vaznis, James (January 26, 2010). "Beacon Hill lawmakers see urgent need for antibullying bill". The Boston Globe. Boston.com. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Dunphy, Mark (May 11, 2010). "Phoebe Prince Death Inspires Anti-Bullying Bill In New York". The Clare Herald. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "Irish teenager Phoebe Prince's suicide outrage sparks mass US backlash". Belfast Telegraph. April 19, 2010. Archived from the original on June 30, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
- "South Hadley, Mass. OK's school bullying policy". The Boston Globe. January 24, 2010.
- The Trials of Phoebe Prince ABC Documentary January 13, 2012
- "Six teenagers, three juveniles charged in 'unrelenting' bullying of Phoebe Prince". Necn.com. 2010-03-29. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
-  Archived April 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Campbell, Matthew. "Teens Charged in Bullying Still At School". CBS 3 Springfield - News and Weather for Western Massachusetts | Local News. CBS 3 Springfield. Archived from the original on April 5, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Stephanie Reitz, 3 girls in Mass. bullying case plead not guilty http://archive.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2010/04/08/3_girls_face_arraignment_in_mass_bullying_case/
- James Vaznis (March 29, 2010). "9 charged in death of South Hadley teen, who took life after bullying". The Boston Globe. Boston.com. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "Northwestern D.A. announces indictments issued in bullying death". WGGB News. March 29, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- CNN Wire Staff (March 29, 2010). "Prosecutor: 9 teens charged in bullying that led to girl's suicide". CNN.com. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- "Statement from Northwestern D.A. Elizabeth D. Scheibel". Boston Herald. March 30, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Crimaldi, Laura (March 29, 2010). "DA: School knew of brutal bullying of Phoebe Prince -". Boston Herald. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010.
- Saulmon, Greg (8 April 2010). "South Hadley Police Chief David J. LaBrie watching threats against Phoebe Prince's alleged bullies; developer of Web sites targeting female defendants declines to name client". The Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Constantine, Sandra (31 March 2010). "South Hadley superintendent Gus Sayer says DA's findings in Phoebe Prince case consistent with school's investigation". The Republican (Springfield, Massachusetts). Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- South Hadley school officials speak out https://wn.com/south_hadley_students_speak_out
- Marie Szaniszlo and Jessica Van Sack, At least two tied to Phoebe Prince’s death expelled "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 1, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
- Principal at South Hadley High School defends his actions http://www.necn.com/news/new-england/_NECN__Principal_at_South_Hadley_High_School_Defends_His_Actions_NECN-252151151.html
- Braude Beat: Deadly bullying case watch video for full details: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- Ray Hershel, Three More Teens Face Arraignment in Phoebe Prince Case https://web.archive.org/web/20110716110820/http://www.wggb.com/story/12280581/three-more-teens-face-arraignment-in-phoebe-prince-case?redirected=true
- O'Neill, Ann (9 April 2010). "Court filing reveals taunted teen's anguish in final hours". CNN. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- Nate Walsh, Court documents detail bullying of Phoebe Prince "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- South Hadley paid Phoebe Prince family $225,000 to avoid lawsuit over bullying