Bullying and suicide
Bullying is an undesirable, attacker behavior that often happens among school aged children and adolescents. This behavior happens more than one time. Both children who bully or are bullied may have serious mental problems. There are different types of bullying such as verbal, social, physical and cyber.
Bullying and suicide are considered together when the cause of suicide is attributable to the victim having been bullied, either in person or via social media. Writers Neil Marr and Tim Field wrote about it in their 2001 book Bullycide: Death at Playtime.
Up till now, there is little evidence that the effects of bullying participation in childhood on adult functioning, even as a bystander, have been considered as aetiological or remediable factors by adult mental health services in their responses to suicidal behaviour.
Legal analysts criticise the term bullycide because it links a cause with an effect under someone else's control. Research shows those who are bullied have a higher probability of considering or performing suicide than those who are not. However, there are victims of bullying who do not end up committing suicide, and some of them share their experiences in order to send a positive message to bullying victims that suicide is not the only option.
In 2010, the suicides of teenagers in the United States who were bullied because they were gay or perceived to be led to the establishment of the It Gets Better project by Dan Savage. The online event, Spirit Day, was created in which participants were asked to wear purple as a symbol of respect for the deceased victims of bullying, particularly cyberbullying, and to signify opposition to the bullying of the LGBT community.
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The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states that almost 45,000 deaths occur from suicide each year. There are about 100 non-fatal suicide attempts to every 1 suicide. A little over 14% of students in high school consider suicide and approximately 7% of them attempt suicide. Students that are bullied are around 2 to 9 times more likely to consider suicide than non-victims. A study in Britain found that at least half of suicides among young people are related to bullying. 10 to 14 year old teen girls are most likely to commit suicide based on this study. According to ABC News, nearly 30% of students are either victims of bullies or bullies themselves and 160,000 kids stay home from school every day because they are scared of being bullied.
Cyberbullying is a form of aggression by using the internet and/or electronic communication, such as mobile phones, e-mail, and text message, to cause humiliation, terrorization, embarrassment, and/or psychological distress to a peer. In comparison to verbal bullying, a research study showed that adolescents who reported cyberbullying were 11.5 times more likely to have suicidal ideation, while those who have reported verbal bullying were only 8.4 times more Iikely. In another study, 75% of adolescents who experienced cyberbullying presented with higher suicidal ideation than those who have experienced verbal bullying.
Circumstances that can affect a person's vulnerability
- Emotional Distress
- Exposure to Violence
- Family Problems
- Problems within a relationship
- Lack of being connected to school
- Lack of a supportive school environment
- Alcohol and drug use
- Lack of access to support
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBTQ+) youth
US lesbian, gay, and bisexual students attempt suicide 2-7 times more than heterosexuals and up to one third of transgender people has made an attempt on their life. Young adults of the LGBT community "must cope with developing sexual minority identity along with negative comments, jokes, and threats of violence". A research identified that 19 studies were linked to suicidal behavior in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students to bullying at school. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender students experience more bullying than heterosexual students.
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