Surbiton railway station

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Surbiton National Rail
Surbiton station.jpg
Surbiton's art deco façade
Surbiton is located in Greater London
Surbiton
Surbiton
Location of Surbiton in Greater London
Location Surbiton
Local authority Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Managed by South Western Railway
Station code SUR
DfT category B
Number of platforms 4 (facing 5 tracks)
Fare zone 6
National Rail annual entry and exit
2012–13 Increase 9.031 million[1]
2013–14 Increase 9.207 million[1]
2014–15 Increase 9.604 million[1]
2015–16 Decrease 9.443 million[1]
2016–17 Decrease 9.377 million[1]
– interchange   0.730 million[1]
Key dates
21 May 1838 Opened (Kingston)
1845 Resited 700 metres (0.43 mi) west
December 1852 Renamed (Kingston Junction)
1 July 1863 Renamed (Surbiton and Kingston)
1 October 1867 Renamed (Surbiton)
Listed status
Listed feature Surbiton Station
Listing grade II
Entry number 1185071[2]
Added to list 6 October 1983
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°23′33″N 0°18′16″W / 51.3926°N 0.3044°W / 51.3926; -0.3044Coordinates: 51°23′33″N 0°18′16″W / 51.3926°N 0.3044°W / 51.3926; -0.3044
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Surbiton railway station is a National Rail station in Surbiton, south-west London, in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The station is managed and served by South Western Railway, and is in Travelcard Zone 6. It is 12 miles 3 chains (19.4 km) from London Waterloo[note 1] and is situated between Berrylands and Esher on the main line.

It has been considered as one of the finest modernist stations in Great Britain[3] and is a Grade II listed building.[4]

History[edit]

The entrance at night

The London and Southampton Railway intended its line to go via Kingston but Kingston Corporation objected, fearing a deleterious impact on their coaching trade, and the railway passed about 1.5 mi (2.4 km) south of the town with the first Kingston station opening in 1838 on the east side of King Charles Road. In either 1840[5] or in 1845[6] it was resited 0.5 miles (0.80 km) west to Surbiton, then little more than a farm. The Hampton Court Branch was built in 1849, the New Guildford Line which diverges at the same point opened in 1885.

Successive renamings of the station were Kingston Junction in late 1852, Surbiton and Kingston in 1863 when the present Kingston railway station opened on the branch line, and Surbiton in 1867. The station was completely rebuilt in 1937 by the Southern Railway with two island platforms with Southern Railway designed canopies. The buildings were designed by James Robb Scott in an art deco style.[7] In 1984/85 a large mural titled 'Passengers' [8] was painted in the booking hall by artist Graeme Willson. It has since been removed.

The station had a moderately sized goods yard which was situated on the eastern side of the station platforms. Two additional sidings were located on the western 'up' side of the station and were served by a short loading platform. In addition to local goods facilities, the main yard was also used as the loading point for the short lived Surbiton – Okehampton car carrier service that ran between 1960 and 1964.

The main goods yard finally closed in 1971 with all localised freight operations then being moved to the nearby goods yard at Tolworth on the Chessington branch. The former goods yard site at Surbiton ultimately became the main station car park although some land was also subsequently developed into residential flats.

One of the two 'up' sidings remains in place and still sees occasional use with civil engineering stock.

A major incident occurred on 4 July 1971 when a freight train derailed on the points at the London end of platforms 3 & 4. Unaware of the incident, the driver continued through the station with the result that two derailed wagons eventually toppled over south of the platforms and obstructed the down fast through line. At the same time, a down express passed through the station and collided with the derailed wagons at a speed that caused the front of the express to derail and topple over. The leading coach finally came to rest as it struck the road bridge that passes under the line south of the station. Fortunately, there were no fatalities and the cause of the initial derailment was eventually attributed to overloading of some of the ballast wagons in the freight train which resulted in buffer locking when the train initially left Clapham Junction yard that day.[9]

The ticket office at Surbiton is open seven days a week, unlike some stations, so commuters from surrounding areas sometimes go to this station to buy and renew tickets.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour at the station is:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Wimbledon
or
Berrylands
  South Western Railway
Hampton Court Branch
  Thames Ditton or Terminus
    Esher
    Hinchley Wood
Clapham Junction
or
London Waterloo
  South Western Railway
Waterloo to Basingstoke
  Walton-on-Thames
  South Western Railway
Alton Line
  West Byfleet

Platforms[edit]

The platforms

The station has four platforms on two islands. [10]

  • Platform 1: for most services to London Waterloo.
  • Platform 2: for some services to London Waterloo, mostly in the early morning and late evening. Non-stopping up trains use its track.
  • Platform 3: for trains to Basingstoke and the Alton Line.
  • Platform 4 is for trains to Woking, the Hampton Court Branch and the New Guildford Line
  • An additional track for non-stopping down trains lies between Platforms 2 and 3.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 65, 71, 281, 465, K1, K2, K3 and K4 and non-TFL routes 514 and 515 serve the station.

Appearances in media[edit]

The station was used for filming of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince in October 2007.[11]

Surbiton station also appears in Agatha Christie's Poirot: "The Adventure of the Clapham Cook",[12] a TV adaptation of the short story by Agatha Christie and the first episode of the 1989 ITV series. Having been set in the 1930s[13] Art Deco period and external shots of Hercule Poirot's fictional residence Whitehaven Mansions being filmed at Florin Court,[14] the station assists in maintaining the authenticity of the programme and was built within a year of Florin Court.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Railways in the United Kingdom historically are measured in miles and chains. There are 80 chains to one mile.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Historic England. "Surbiton Station (1185071)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  3. ^ Burns & Nice (September, 2009) Surbiton Town Centre Draft Improvement Strategy, p. 12. Retrieved on: 2012-12-21.
  4. ^ "Detailed Record". www.imagesofengland.org.uk. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  5. ^ Gilks, J. Spencer (July 1958). Cooke, B.W.C., ed. "Railway Development at Kingston-upon-Thames—I". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 104 no. 687. Westminster: Tothill Press. p. 447. 
  6. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  7. ^ Goold, David. "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report (May 7, 2018, 2:39 pm)". www.scottisharchitects.org.uk. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2010.  Portrait Viewer website retrieved 11 Nov 2010
  9. ^ Townsend-Rose, A.G. (12 May 1972). "Report on the Derailment and subsequent Collision that occurred on 4th July 1971 at Surbiton in the Southern Region British Railways". The Railways Archive. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. p. 6. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Thales. "Live Departure Boards - National Rail Enquiries". ojp.nationalrail.co.uk. Archived from the original on 31 October 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  11. ^ Husbands, Helen (16 November 2007). "Harry Potter film on location in Surbiton". This is Local London. Archived from the original on 22 January 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2007. 
  12. ^ "The Adventure of the Clapham Cook". Agatha Christie: Poirot. Season 1. Episode 1. 8 Jan 1989. 38:28 minutes in. ITV. 
  13. ^ "Agatha Christie's Poirot - Collection 1". 21 November 2005. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018 – via Amazon. 
  14. ^ "Film and TV". agathachristie.com. Archived from the original on 5 September 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 

External links[edit]