Tuscan Archipelago

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Tuscan Archipelago
Native name: Arcipelago Toscano
Tuscan archipelago.png
Location between Ligurian Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea
Archipelago Tuscan Archipelago
Total islands 7
Major islands Elba, Pianosa, Capraia, Montecristo, Giglio, Gorgona, Giannutri
Area 295 km2 (114 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,018 m (3,340 ft)
Highest point Monte Capanne
Region Tuscany
Province Livorno, Grosseto
Largest settlement Portoferraio (pop. 15,000)
Population 34,250
Density 108 /km2 (280 /sq mi)

The Tuscan Archipelago is a chain of islands between the Ligurian Sea and Tyrrhenian Sea, west of Tuscany, Italy.

The archipelago contains the islands of Gorgona, Capraia, Elba (the largest island of the group), Pianosa, Montecristo, Giglio, and Giannutri; all of which are protected as part of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park.

The islands' proximity to several major cities has made them a favourite tourist location. History and literature have ensured that most people are familiar with the islands of Elba and Montecristo.

Island Area
in km²
31 Dec 2011
Elba 225.7 32,160
Giglio 21.21 1,430
Capraia 19.26 420
Montecristo 10.39 2
Pianosa 10.25 10
Gorgona 2.25 220
Giannutri 2.60 10
Other 3.34 0
Total: 295 34,250

There are several smaller islets in the archipelago, of which the most important is Palmaiola. Others include Scoglio d'Africa, Formiche di Grosseto, Cerboli, Gemini, Scoglietto di Portoferraio, La Scola, Argentarola, Sparviero and Isolotto di Porto Ercole.

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Coordinates: 42°45′N 10°18′E / 42.750°N 10.300°E / 42.750; 10.300