United States presidential approval rating

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Approval ratings of Barack Obama by state, 2015. Approval of the president is highest in Hawaii, at 58 percent, and lowest in West Virginia, at 24 percent.
  50%+
  40–49%
  30–39%
  Less than 30%

In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (probably 1937) to gauge public support for the President of the United States during his term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a political figure based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A typical question might ask:

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack Obama is handling his job as President?"[1]

Like most surveys that predict public opinion, the approval rating is subjective. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that skew popular opinion. However, the approval rating is generally accepted as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular US mood regarding a president.

President Barack Obama[edit]

Most recent polls for President Barack Obama:[2][3][4]

Polling Group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Sample Size
Gallup Poll[a] September 8-11, 2016 50% 46% 4% ~1,500
Rasmussen Reports[b] September 6-9, 2016 51% 48% 3% ~1,500
ABC News/The Washington Post September 5-8, 2016 58% 40% 18% 1,002
CNN/ORC September 1-4, 2016 51% 48% 3% 1,001
FOX News[c] August 28-30, 2016 54% 43% 11% 1,011
Quinnipiac University August 18-24, 2016 54% 44% 10% 1,498
Pew Research Center August 9-16, 2016 53% 42% 11% 2,010
Bloomberg Politics[d] August 5-8, 2016 50% 44% 6% 1,007
NBC/The Wall Street Journal[e] July 31-August 3, 2016 52% 44% 8% 800
CBS News June 9-13, 2016 53% 41% 12% 1,600

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each President since 1937:[5][f]

Order President Highest Approval Lowest Approval High–Low Highest Disapproval Approval Average[5]
44[6] Obama[g] 76 (1/22–24/09) 37 (8/20–29/11), (10/4–17/11), (9/1–3/14) 39 57 (9/4-–/2014) 47.0[7]
43[8] Bush (G.W.)[h] 92 (9/21/01) 19 (10/3–5/08, 10/10–12/08, 10/31–11/2/08) 73 77 (10/10–12/08) 49.4
42[10] Clinton[i] 73 (12/19/98) 36 (5/26/93) 36 54 (9/6–7/94) 55.1
41[11] Bush (G.H.W.) 89 (2/28/91) 29 (7/31/92) 60 60 (7/31/92) 60.9
40[12] Reagan 68 (5/16/86) 35 (1/28/83) 33 56 (1/28/83) 52.8
39[13] Carter 75 (3/18/77) 28 (6/29/79) 47 59 (6/29/79) 45.5
38[14] Ford 71 (8/16/74) 37 (3/28/75) 34 46 (4/18/75, 11/21/75) 47.2
37[15] Nixon 67 (1/26/73) 24 (8/2/74) 43 66 (8/2/74) 49.1
36[16] Johnson 79 (2/28/64) 35 (8/7/68) 44 52 (8/7/68, 3/10/68) 55.1
35[17] Kennedy 83 (3/8/62) 56 (9/12/63) 27 30 (9/12/63, 11/8/63) 70.1
34[18] Eisenhower 79 (12/14/56) 48 (3/27/58) 31 36 (3/27/58) 65.0
33[19] Truman 87 (6/1/45) 22 (2/9/52) 65 67 (1/6/52) 45.4
32[20] Roosevelt 84 (1/8/42) 48 (8/18/39) 36 46 (5/22/38, 5/29/38, 11/7/38) 63

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for Presidents of the United States:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rolling 3-day average.
  2. ^ Rolling 3-day average of 500 likely voters each day.
  3. ^ Conducted by Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R).
  4. ^ Conducted by Selzer and Co.
  5. ^ Conducted by the polling organizations of Peter D. Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R).
  6. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included, as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  7. ^ Including all polling agencies, Obama's highest approval was 76% in a CNN poll held February 7-8, 2009, his lowest approval was 37% in a USA Today/Gallup poll of September 2011 and a CBS poll of November 2013, which alongside a Quinnipiac University poll of December 2013 also registered his highest disapproval of 57%.[2]
  8. ^ Including all polling agencies, G.W. Bush's highest approval was 92% in an ABC poll held October 8-9, 2001, his lowest approval was 19% in five polls held in February, September and October 2008 (3 CBS and 2 American Research Group polls), and his highest disapproval was 77% in three of those polls in 2008[9]
  9. ^ Including all polling agencies, Clinton's highest approval was 73% at six occasions in 1998 and 1999, his lowest approval was 36% in a Yank/TIME/CNN poll on May 26-27, 1993, and his highest disapproval was 54% in the September 6-7, 1994 Gallup poll.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Barack Obama". gallup.com. Retrieved December 1, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "President Obama: Job Ratings at PollingReport.com". Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Gallup Daily: Obama Job Approval". Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  6. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  7. ^ http://www.gallup.com/poll/116479/barack-obama-presidential-job-approval.aspx
  8. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011. 
  9. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Bush (G.W.) at the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research.
  10. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Clinton at the Roper Center.
  11. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Bush (G.H.W.) at the Roper Center.
  12. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Reagan the Roper Center.
  13. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Carter at the Roper Center.
  14. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Ford at the Roper Center.
  15. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Nixon at the Roper Center.
  16. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Johnson at the Roper Center.
  17. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Kennedy at the Roper Center.
  18. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Eisenhower at the Roper Center.
  19. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Truman at the Roper Center.
  20. ^ Job Performance Ratings for President Roosevelt at the Roper Center.

External links[edit]