United States presidential approval rating

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In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were by George Gallup (estimated to be 1937) to gauge public support for the president of the United States during their term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A question might ask: "Do you approve or disapprove of the way that the current president is handling their job as president?"[1]

Like most surveys that measure opinions, individual poll results may be inaccurate. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that show inaccurate statistics. Examples that self select, such as online questions are of this type. However, the aggregate approval rating is generally accepted by statisticians, as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Joe Biden's approval ratings[edit]

FiveThirtyEight[2] All polls 53.4% 38.8%
RealClearPolitics[3] All polls 54.6% 39.9%

  majority approve   plurality approve   plurality disapprove   majority disapprove

Most recent polls for President Joseph R. Biden as of March 22, 2021
Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net
Gallup March 18, 2021 54% 42% +12
Harris Interactive (for The Hill) March 2021 61% 39% +22
Rasmussen Reports March 24, 2021 48% 50% -2
Morning Consult March 24, 2021 57% 40% +17
Echeloninsights March 24, 2021 51% 44% +7
ClimateNexus March 22, 2021 53% 39% +14
GQRResearch March 19, 2021 52% 37% +15
Reuters March 19, 2021 59% 39% +20

Historical Gallup polling comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937[4][5][6][a]
Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[4]
Polls
per year
46 Biden 57 (2021-02-02, 2021-04-21) [7] 54 (2021-03-18) [8] 42 (2021-03-18) [9] 4 [10]
45

[11][12][13][14]

Trump 49 (2020-05-13)[11] 34 (2021-01-15)[11] 15 62 (2021-01-15)[11] 4 (2020-03-22)[11] −28 (2021-01-15)[11] 34 (2021-01-15)[11] 41[11] 40
44[15][16] Obama 67 (2009-01-25) 40 (2014-09-05)[b] 27 55 (2014-06-22, 2014-10-12) 56 (2009-01-23, 2009-01-24) −18 (2014-10-10) 59 (2017-01-19) 47.9 48.4
43[17] G. W. Bush 90 (2001-09-21) 25 (2008-10-05, 2008-10-12, 2008-11-02) 65 71 (2008-10-10) 83 (2001-09-22) −46 (2008-10-12) 34 (2009-01-11) 49.4 33.7
42[18] Clinton 73 (1998-12-19) 37 (1993-06-06) 36 54 (1994-09-07) 45 (2000-12-17) −14 (1994-09-07) 66 (2001-01-14) 55.1 28.5
41[19] G. H. W. Bush 89 (1991-02-28) 29 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 60 60 (1992-07-31) 82 (1991-03-03) −30 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 56 (1993-01-11) 60.9 39.5
40[20] Reagan 71 (1986-01-30) 35 (1983-01-31) 36 56 (1983-01-28) 52 (1986-01-30) −21(1983-01-31) 63 (1988-12-29) 52.8 37.0
39[21] Carter 74 (1977-03-15) 28 (1979-06-26, 1979-10-02) 46 59 (1979-06-26) 66 (1977-03-15) −31 (1979-06-26) 34 (1980-12-08) 45.5 22.7
38[22] Ford 70 (1974-08-13) 36 (1975-03-25) 34 46 (1975-04-15, 1975-11-18) 67 (1974-08-13) −7 (1975-02-25, 1975-03-25, 1975-04-15) 53 (1976-12-13) 47.2 14.7
37[23] Nixon 66 (1973-01-23) 24 (1974-01-02) 42 66 (1974-08-05) 57 (1969-03-17) −42 (1974-08-05) 24 (1974-08-05) 49.1 17.7
36[24] Johnson 79 (1964-03-05) 34 (1968-08-12) 45 52 (1968-08-12) 75 (1963-12-10) −18 (1968-08-12) 49 (1969-01-06) 55.1 15.3
35[25] Kennedy 83 (1962-03-05) 56 (1963-09-10) 27 30 (1963-09-12, 1963-11-08) 78 (1962-03-05) 27 (1963-09-10) 58 (1963-11-13) 70.1 13.7
34[26] Eisenhower 77 (1955-11-22, 1956-12-19) 47 (1958-03-25) 30 36 (1958-03-25) 66 (1953-04-02, 1956-12-19) 12 (1958-03-25) 59 (1960-12-13) 65.0 14.4
33[27] Truman 87 (1945-06-05) 22 (1951-11-16, 1952-02-14) 65 67 (1952-01-06) 85 (1945-08-22) −43 (1952-01-04) 32 (1952-12-16) 45.4 8.4
32[28] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (1942-01-23) 48 (1939-08-18) 35 46 (1938-05-22, 1938-05-29, 1938-11-07) 73 (1942-01-23) 65 (1943-12-15) 63 8

Approval at the beginning of the presidency[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937[4][29][30][c][31]
Order President Highest approval Lowest disapproval
46 Biden 63 (2021-05-11) 37 (2021-02-02)
45 Trump 49 (2020-05-13) 45 (2017-01-22)
44 Obama 68 (2009-01-23) 12 (2009-01-23)
43 Bush 57 (2001-02-05) 25 (2001-02-05)
42 Clinton 58 (1993-01-24) 20 (1993-01-24)
41 G. H. W. Bush 51 (1993-01-26) 6 (1989-01-26)
40 Reagan 51 (1981-02-02) 13 (1981-02-02)
39 Carter 66 (1977-01-07) 8 (1977-01-07)
38 Ford 71 (1974-08-19) 3 (1974-08-19)
37 Nixon 59 (1969) 5 (1969)
36 LBJ 78 (1963) 2 (1963)
35 Kennedy 72 (1961) 6 (1961)
34 Eisenhower 68 (1953) 7 (1953)
33 Truman 87 (1945) 3 (1945)

Graphs[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  2. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.
  3. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "How Popular Is Joe Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  3. ^ "President Biden Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  5. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  6. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  7. ^ "Biden Job Approval a Respectable 57% at 100 Days". Gallup.com. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  8. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  9. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  10. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  12. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  13. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  14. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  15. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  16. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  17. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  18. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  19. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  20. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  21. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  22. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  23. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  24. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  25. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  26. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  27. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  28. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.
  29. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  30. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  31. ^ Inc, Gallup (February 4, 2021). "Biden Begins Term With 57% Job Approval". Gallup.com.

External links[edit]