United States presidential approval rating

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In the United States, presidential job approval ratings were by George Gallup (estimated to be 1937) to gauge public support for the president of the United States during their term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A question might ask: "Do you approve or disapprove of the way that the current president is handling their job as president?"[1]

Like most surveys that measure opinions, individual poll results may be inaccurate. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that show inaccurate statistics. Examples that self select, such as online questions are of this type; however, the aggregate approval rating is generally accepted by statisticians, as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Joe Biden's approval ratings[edit]

Aggregate polls
Source of poll aggregation Polls included Dates administered Dates updated Approval 1% Disapproval Unsure/no opinion[a] Net
FiveThirtyEight[2] All polls until Aug 30, 2021 Aug 31, 2021 47.2% 47.6% 5.2% −0.4
RealClearPolitics[3] All polls Aug 19–30, 2021 Aug 31, 2021 46.8% 48.7% 4.5% −1.9

  majority approve   plurality approve   plurality disapprove   majority disapprove

Most recent polls for Joseph R. Biden as of August 24, 2021
Polling group Date Sample size[b] Margin of error Approval Disapproval Unsure/no opinion Net
Léger[4] August 27–30, 2021 1,004 (A) ±3.09% 48% 49% 2%[c] −1
Rasmussen Reports/Pulse Opinion Research (R)[5] August 26–30, 2021 1,500 (RV) ±2.5% 42% 56% 2% -14
Morning Consult[6] August 27–29, 2021 15,623 (RV) ±1.0% 48% 49% 3% −1
Ipsos[7] August 25–26, 2021 1,006 (A) ±3.5% 49% 46% 5% +3
YouGov (for The Economist)[8] August 21–24, 2021 1,500 (A) ±2.7% 46% 44% 10% +2
Suffolk University (for USA Today)[9] August 19–23, 2021 1,000 (RV) [d] 41.2% 55.1% 3.7% −13.9
RMG Research (for Scott Rasmussen) (R)[10] August 20–22, 2021 1,200 (RV) [e] 46% 46% 7%[f] Even
HarrisX (for The Hill)[11] August 20–22, 2021 2,846 (RV) ±1.8% 49% 43% 8% +6

Historical Gallup polling comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937[12][13][14][g]
Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[12]
Polls
per year
46 Biden 57 (2021-02-02, 2021-04-21)[15] 43 (2021-09-09)[16] 14 53 (2021-09-09) 20 (2021-02-02) -10 (2021-09-09) NA NA NA
45[17][18][19][20] Trump 49 (2020-01-16, 2020-02-03, 2020-03-13) [17] 34 (2021-01-15)[17] 15 62 (2021-01-15)[17] 4 (2020-03-13)[17] −28 (2021-01-15)[17] 34 (2021-01-15)[17] 41[17] 40
44[21][22] Obama 69 (2009-01-25) 40 (2014-09-05)[h] 31 55 (2014-06-22, 2014-10-12) 56 (2009-01-23, 2009-01-24) −18 (2014-10-10) 59 (2017-01-19) 47.9 48.4
43[23] G. W. Bush 90 (2001-09-21) 25 (2008-10-05, 2008-10-12, 2008-11-02) 65 71 (2008-10-10) 83 (2001-09-22) −46 (2008-10-12) 34 (2009-01-11) 49.4 33.7
42[24] Clinton 73 (1998-12-19) 37 (1993-06-06) 36 54 (1994-09-07) 48 (2000-12-19) −14 (1994-09-07) 66 (2001-01-14) 55.1 28.5
41[25] G. H. W. Bush 89 (1991-02-28) 29 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 60 60 (1992-07-31) 82 (1991-03-03) −30 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 56 (1993-01-11) 60.9 39.5
40[26] Reagan 74 (1986-01-30) 35 (1983-01-31) 36 56 (1983-01-28) 52 (1986-01-30) −21(1983-01-31) 63 (1988-12-29) 52.8 37.0
39[27] Carter 74 (1977-03-15) 28 (1979-06-26, 1979-10-02) 46 59 (1979-06-26) 66 (1977-03-15) −31 (1979-06-26) 34 (1980-12-08) 45.5 22.7
38[28] Ford 73 (1974-08-13) 36 (1975-03-25) 34 46 (1975-04-15, 1975-11-18) 67 (1974-08-13) −7 (1975-02-25, 1975-03-25, 1975-04-15) 53 (1976-12-13) 47.2 14.7
37[29] Nixon 66 (1973-01-23) 24 (1974-01-02) 42 66 (1974-08-05) 57 (1969-03-17) −42 (1974-08-05) 24 (1974-08-05) 49.1 17.7
36[30] Johnson 79 (1964-03-05) 34 (1968-08-12) 45 52 (1968-08-12) 75 (1963-12-10) −18 (1968-08-12) 49 (1969-01-06) 55.1 15.3
35[31] Kennedy 83 (1962-03-05) 56 (1963-09-10) 27 30 (1963-09-12, 1963-11-08) 78 (1962-03-05) 27 (1963-09-10) 58 (1963-11-13) 70.1 13.7
34[32] Eisenhower 81 (1955-11-22, 1956-12-19) 47 (1958-03-25) 30 36 (1958-03-25) 66 (1953-04-02, 1956-12-19) 12 (1958-03-25) 59 (1960-12-13) 65.0 14.4
33[33] Truman 87 (1945-06-05) 22 (1951-11-16, 1952-02-14) 65 67 (1952-01-06) 85 (1945-08-22) −43 (1952-01-04) 32 (1952-12-16) 45.4 8.4
32[34] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (1942-01-23) 48 (1939-08-18) 35 46 (1938-05-22, 1938-05-29, 1938-11-07) 73 (1942-01-23) 65 (1943-12-15) 63 8

Approval at the beginning of the presidency[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937[12][35][36][i][37]
Order President Highest approval Lowest disapproval
46 Biden 57 (2021-02-11) 37 (2021-02-02)
45 Trump 49 (2020-05-13) 45 (2017-01-22)
44 Obama 68 (2009-01-23) 12 (2009-01-23)
43 W. Bush 57 (2001-02-05) 25 (2001-02-05)
42 Clinton 58 (1993-01-24) 20 (1993-01-24)
41 H. W. Bush 51 (1989-01-26) 6 (1989-01-26)
40 Reagan 51 (1981-02-02) 13 (1981-02-02)
39 Carter 66 (1977-01-07) 8 (1977-01-07)
38 Ford 71 (1974-08-19) 3 (1974-08-19)
37 Nixon 59 (1969) 5 (1969)
36 Johnson 78 (1963) 2 (1963)
35 Kennedy 72 (1961) 6 (1961)
34 Eisenhower 68 (1953) 7 (1953)
33 Truman 87 (1945) 3 (1945)

Graphs[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other poll results combined.
  2. ^ Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
  3. ^ Percentages do not sum to 100% due to rounding.
  4. ^ None provided.
  5. ^ None provided.
  6. ^ Percentages do not sum to 100% due to rounding.
  7. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  8. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.
  9. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "How Popular Is Joe Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  3. ^ "President Biden Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  4. ^ "North American Tracker" (PDF). Léger. August 30, 2021.
  5. ^ "Biden Approval Index History". Rasmussen Reports. September 1, 2021.
  6. ^ Yokley, Eli (August 30, 2021). "Amid Afghanistan Withdrawal, Biden's Net Approval Rating Is Underwater for First Time". Morning Consult.
  7. ^ "Core Political Data" (PDF). The Hill. August 26, 2021.
  8. ^ "The Economist/YouGov Poll" (PDF). YouGov. August 24, 2021.
  9. ^ "8-24-2021 National Poll with USA TODAY marginals" (PDF). Suffolk University. August 24, 2021.
  10. ^ Rasmussen, Scott (August 26, 2021). "Biden Approval Down to 46% Amidst Concerns about Afghanistan, Immigration, and the Pandemic". Scott Rasmussen.
  11. ^ Schulte, Gabriela (August 23, 2021). "Poll: Biden's job approval drops 6 points amid Afghanistan fallout". The Hill.
  12. ^ a b c "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  13. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  14. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  15. ^ "Biden Job Approval a Respectable 57% at 100 Days". Gallup.com. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  16. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Joe Biden". Gallup.com. Retrieved September 16, 2021.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  18. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  19. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  20. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  21. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  22. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  23. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  24. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  25. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  26. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  27. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  28. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  29. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  30. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  31. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  32. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  33. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  34. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.
  35. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  36. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  37. ^ Inc, Gallup (February 4, 2021). "Biden Begins Term With 57% Job Approval". Gallup.com.

External links[edit]