United States presidential approval rating

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In the USA presidential job approval ratings were introduced by George Gallup in the late 1930s (estimated to be 1937) to gauge public support for the president of the United States during their term. An approval rating is a percentage determined by a polling which indicates the percentage of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. Typically, an approval rating is given to a politician based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked whether they approve or disapprove of that particular political figure. A question might ask

Do you approve or disapprove of the way that the current president is handling their job as president?[1]

Like most surveys that measure opinions, individual poll results may be inaccurate. Many unscientific approval rating systems exist that show inaccurate statistics. Examples that self select, such as online questions are of this type. However, the aggregate approval rating is generally accepted by statisticians, as a statistically valid indicator of the comparative changes in the popular United States mood regarding a president.

President Donald Trump[edit]

As of October 2020, President Donald Trump's overall job approval has averaged 40%, the lowest average in recorded history.

Most recent polls for President Donald Trump[2][3][4]

Polling group Date Approval Disapproval Unsure Net +/− Sample size[4] Population[4][5]
ABC News/Washington post[6] October 6-9, 2020 44% 54% 2% –10% 752 Likely Voters
ABC News/Washington post[7] September 21-24, 2020 44% 53% 3% –9% 1,008 Adults
Rasmussen Reports[8] September 1-3, 2020 52% 48% 0% 4% 1,500 Likely Voters
Harris poll[9] August 31 - September 2, 2020 46% 54% 0% –8% 1,604 Registered Voters
Change Research[10] August 21-23, 2020 45% 54% 1% –9% 2,362 Likely Voters
YouGov[11] August 21-24, 2020 46% 51% 3% –5% 757 Registered Voters
Redfield and Wilton Strategies[12] August 19-20, 2020 42% 47% 11% –5% 2,000 Registered Voters
SurveyMonkey[13] August 10-16, 2020 45% 53% 2% –8% 34,269 All Adults
Morning Consult[14] August 14-16, 2020 39% 59% 2% –20% 1994 Registered Voters
Georgetown University[15] August 1–6, 2020 42% 55% 3% –13% 1,000 Likely voters
Research Co.[16] August 3–4, 2020 43% 54% 3% –11% 1,200 All adults
Reuters/Ipsos[17] August 3–4, 2020 39% 57% 4% –18% 1,115 All adults
Global Strategy Group/GBAO (Navigator Research)[18] July 30–August 3, 2020 39% 59% 2% –20% 1,407 Registered voters
Pew Research Center[19] July 27–August 2, 2020 38% 59% 3% –21% 11,001 All adults
Emerson College/Nexstar Media[20] July 29–30, 2020 45% 51% 4% –6% 964 Likely voters
Investor's Business Daily/TIPP[21] July 25–28, 2020 39% 54% 7% –15% 1,212 All adults
0ptimus[22] July 24–28, 2020 42% 58% 0% –16% 1,039 All adults
Change Research/CNBC[23] July 24–26, 2020 44% 56% 0% –12% 1,039 Likely voters
The Hill/HarrisX[24] July 24–26, 2020 44% 56% 0% –12% 2,842 Registered voters
RMG Research[a][25] July 23–25, 2020 40% 57% 3% –17% 1,200 Registered voters
Zogby Analytics[26] July 21–23, 2020 47% 51% 2% –4% 1,516 Likely voters
Harvard/Harris[27] July 21–23, 2020 44% 56% 0% –12% 1,932 Registered voters
Gallup poll[28] July 1–23, 2020 41% 56% 3% –15% 1,007 All adults
Echelon Insights[29] July 17–22, 2020 37% 60% 3% –23% 1,000 Likely voters
American Research Group[30] July 17–20, 2020 36% 60% 4% –24% 1,100 All adults
Associated Press/NORC[31] July 16–20, 2020 38% 61% 1% –23% 1,057 All adults
Fox News[b][32] July 12–15, 2020 45% 54% 1% –9% 1,104 Registered voters
ABC News/The Washington Post[33] July 12–15, 2020 39% 57% 4% –18% 1,006 All adults
Quinnipiac[34] July 9–13, 2020 36% 60% 4% –24% 1,273 Registered voters
NBC News/The Wall Street Journal[35] July 9–12, 2020 42% 56% 2% –14% 900 Registered voters

Historical comparison[edit]

Historical Gallup Poll approval highs and lows for each president since 1937[36][37][38][c]

Order President Highest approval Lowest approval High –
Low
Highest disapproval Highest margin Lowest margin Final poll Approval
average[36]
Polls
per year
45[39][40][41][42] Trump 49 (2020-01-29, 2020-02-16, 2020-03-22, 2020-04-28, 2020-05-13)[39] 35 (2017-8-27, 2017-10-29, 2017-12-03, 2017-12-17)[39] 14 60 (2017-8-27, 2017-10-29, 2017-12-17, 2018-11-25) [39] 4 (2020-03-22) [39] −25 (2017-10-29, 2017-12-01) [39] 41 (2020-07-23)[39] 40 [39] 40
44[43][44] Obama 67 (2009-01-25) 40 (2014-09-05)[d] 27 55 (2014-06-22, 2014-10-12) 56 (2009-01-23, 2009-01-24) −18 (2014-10-10) 59 (2017-01-19) 47.9 48.4
43[45] G. W. Bush 90 (2001-9-21) 25 (2008-10-05, 2008-10-12, 2008-11-02) 65 71 (2008-10-10) 83 (2001-09-22) −46 (2008-10-12) 34 (2009-01-11) 49.4 33.7
42[46] Clinton 73 (1998-12-19) 37 (1993-06-06) 36 54 (1994-09-07) 45 (2000-12-17) −14 (1994-09-07) 66 (2001-01-14) 55.1 28.5
41[47] G. H. W. Bush 89 (1991-02-28) 29 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 60 60 (1992-07-31) 82 (1991-03-03) −30 (1992-08-02, 1992-10-13) 56 (1993-01-11) 60.9 39.5
40[48] Reagan 71 (1986-01-30) 35 (1983-01-31) 36 56 (1983-01-28) 52 (1986-01-30) −21(1983-01-31) 63 (1988-12-29) 52.8 37.0
39[49] Carter 74 (1977-03-15) 28 (1979-06-26, 1979-10-02) 46 59 (1979-06-26) 66 (1977-03-15) −31 (1979-06-26) 34 (1980-12-08) 45.5 22.7
38[50] Ford 70 (1974-08-13) 36 (1975-03-25) 34 46 (1975-04-15, 1975-11-18) 67 (1974-08-13) −7 (1975-02-25, 1975-03-25, 1975-04-15) 53 (1976-12-13) 47.2 14.7
37[51] Nixon 66 (1973-01-23) 24 (1974-01-02) 42 66 (1974-08-05) 57 (1969-03-17) −42 (1974-08-05) 24 (1974-08-05) 49.1 17.7
36[52] Johnson 79 (1964-03-05) 34 (1968-08-12) 45 52 (1968-08-12) 75 (1963-12-10) −18 (1968-08-12) 49 (1969-01-06) 55.1 15.3
35[53] Kennedy 83 (1962-03-05) 56 (1963-09-10) 27 30 (1963-09-12, 1963-11-08) 78 (1962-03-05) 27 (1963-09-10) 58 (1963-11-13) 70.1 13.7
34[54] Eisenhower 77 (1955-11-22, 1956-12-19) 47 (1958-03-25) 30 36 (1958-03-25) 66 (1953-04-02, 1956-12-19) 12 (1958-03-25) 59 (1960-12-13) 65.0 14.4
33[55] Truman 87 (1945-06-05) 22 (1951-11-16, 1952-02-14) 69 67 (1952-01-06) 85 (1945-08-22) −43 (1952-01-04) 32 (1952-12-16) 45.4 8.4
32[56] F. D. Roosevelt 83 (1942-01-23) 48 (1939-08-18) 35 46 (1938-05-22, 1938-05-29, 1938-11-07) 73 (1942-01-23) 65 (1943-12-15) 63 8

Graphs[edit]

Gallup Poll graphs of approval ratings for presidents of the United States

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ conducted by Scott Rasmussen, founder and President of Rasmussen Reports from 2003 to 2013.
  2. ^ Conducted by Beacon Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R)
  3. ^ Only the results of Gallup polls are included as no other poll results exist for presidents before President Clinton.
  4. ^ Last of eight, sometimes overlapping, 3-day averages.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings – Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "President Trump: Job Ratings". PollingReport.com. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "President Trump Job Approval". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "How (un)popular is Donald Trump?". fivethirtyeight.com. Retrieved December 26, 2018.
  5. ^ Kennedy, Courtney; Deane, Claudia (February 16, 2017). "A Basic Question when Reading a Poll: Does It Include or Exclude Nonvoters?". Pew Research Center.
  6. ^ (PDF) https://www.langerresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/1218a12020ElectionUpdate.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ (PDF) https://www.langerresearch.com/wp-content/uploads/1217a2The2020Election.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ https://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/politics/trump_administration/trump_approval_index_history. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ {{cite web|url=https://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/515192-biden-leads-trump-on-law-and-order-coronavirus-poll}
  10. ^ https://changeresearch.com/post/states-of-play-battleground-wave-12/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ (PDF). August 21–24, 2020 https://docs.cdn.yougov.com/cygyf8fm7b/tabs_Trump_Tweets_20200821.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ . August 19–20, 2020 https://redfieldandwiltonstrategies.com/latest-usa-voting-intention-august-20/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ . August 14–16, 2020 https://www.surveymonkey.com/curiosity/nbc-poll-covid-aug16/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ "National Tracking Poll". August 14–16, 2020.
  15. ^ "Battleground 66 #16639: Weighted Tables". The Tarrance Group. August 1–6, 2020.
  16. ^ Canseco, Mario (August 5, 2020). "Most Americans Think Worst of COVID-19 Pandemic Lies Ahead".
  17. ^ "Core Political Data" (PDF). August 5, 2020.
  18. ^ "Navigator Daily Tracker" (PDF). July 30 – August 3, 2020.
  19. ^ "Views of COVID-19 response by Trump, hospitals, CDC and other officials". August 6, 2020.
  20. ^ "July National Poll: Biden Maintains Lead in Presidential Race; Majority Support Nationwide Mask Mandate in Public Spaces". July 29–30, 2020.
  21. ^ "IBD/TIPP National Poll". July 25–28, 2020.
  22. ^ "Optimus Coronavirus Tracking: Crosstabs Report" (PDF). July 24–28, 2020.
  23. ^ "States of Play: Battleground & National Surveys on COVID-19, Vaccines, and Economic Relief". July 29, 2020.
  24. ^ Schulte, Gabriela (July 29, 2020). "Poll: Trump approval rating dips amid surging COVID-19 cases, deaths". The Hill.
  25. ^ Sheffield, Carrie (July 28, 2020). "With fewer than 100 days before election, Trump's approval rating at 40%, down from 42% in June". Just the News.
  26. ^ "Donald Trump Job Approval Table". July 30, 2020.
  27. ^ "Monthly Harvard-Harris Poll: July 2020" (PDF). July 21–23, 2020.
  28. ^ Brenan, Megan (July 30, 2020). "Congress' Approval Drops to 18%, Trump's Steady at 41%".
  29. ^ "Verified Voter Omnibus Survey" (PDF). July 17–22, 2020.
  30. ^ "Trump Job Approval Down". July 21, 2020.
  31. ^ "The July 2020 AP–NORC Center Poll" (PDF). July 16–20, 2020.
  32. ^ "Fox News Poll" (PDF). July 19, 2020.
  33. ^ "Washington Post/ABC Poll". July 12–15, 2020.
  34. ^ "Biden Widens Lead Over Trump To 15 Points In Presidential Race, Quinnipiac University National Poll Finds; Trump Job Approval Rating Drops To 36 Percent". July 15, 2020.
  35. ^ "Study #200356: NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey" (PDF). July 9–12, 2020.
  36. ^ a b "Presidential Approval Ratings – Gallup Historical Statistics and Trends". Gallup. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  37. ^ Lydia Saad (March 29, 2017). "Trump's Approval Rating Unusually Low, Unusually Early". Gallup. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
  38. ^ The American Presidency Project at UC Santa Barbara.
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h "Gallup Daily: Trump Job Approval". Gallup. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  40. ^ "Trump Job Approval (Weekly)". Gallup. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
  41. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Donald Trump". Gallup. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
  42. ^ Jeffrey M. Jones (April 24, 2018). "Trump's Fifth-Quarter Job Approval Up; Still Historically Low". Gallup.
  43. ^ Graphical display and numbers of Gallup "daily tracking" polls
  44. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Barack Obama".
  45. ^ "Gallup.com". Gallup.com. Retrieved August 16, 2011.
  46. ^ "Presidential Approval Ratings -- Bill Clinton". gallup.com. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  47. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for George H. W. Bush". American Presidency Project.
  48. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Ronald Reagan". American Presidency Project.
  49. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Jimmy Carter". American Presidency Project.
  50. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Gerald Ford". American Presidency Project.
  51. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Richard Nixon". American Presidency Project.
  52. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Lyndon B. Johnson". American Presidency Project.
  53. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for John F. Kennedy". American Presidency Project.
  54. ^ Presidential Job Approval for "Dwight D. Eisenhower". American Presidency Project.
  55. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Harry S. Truman". American Presidency Project.
  56. ^ "Presidential Job Approval for Franklin D. Roosevelt". American Presidency Project.

External links[edit]