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Annotated List of Regents[edit]

This is a list of people who were designated, acted or served as "Regent" in the various monarchies or polities in Europe during the Medieval Age. (There is already an article Regent which I hope to expand upon after organizing my data in this User Subpage based on a 48-page list I have collected over the years.)

This list will be organized by "state" or polity which existed in the past and are now within the territorial boundaries of modern-day countries (i.e., France, Italy, Germany, Poland, etc.). Other territories outside of Europe will be added later.

Austria & Austrian States[edit]

Balkan States[edit]

  • Lordship of Lesbos
    • 1384-? Niccolo I Gattilusio, Lord of Ainos; Regent of Lesbos for his nephew, Francesco II Gattilusio [3]
  • Refererences & External Links
    • Medieval Lands: Bosnia
    • The Lesbian ancestors of Prince Rainier of Monaco, Dr. Otto von Habsburg, Brooke Shields and the Marquis de Sade. [4]

British Isles[edit]

    • Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland, 1406-1420, during his nephew James I of Scotland‘s captivity in England.
    • Sigismund of Liechtenstein (145_-1507), Regent of Vaduz and Schellenberg, Feb-Oct, 1499.
    • Ealstan, Bishop of Sherborne, Regent for Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, when he went to Rome.
    • Ethelbald of Wessex, Regent, for his father Ethelwulf when he went to Rome.
    • George Augustus Frederick of Hanover (1762), Prince of Wales. "Prinny", as he was called by his intimates, was an impulsive, pleasure loving, and given to extravagance and excess. At 18, he spent 10,000 pounds annually on clothes. At 22 he was 160,000 pounds in debt. At 33 he was 630,000 pounds in debt and married Caroline of Brunswick, against his inclination, in order to gain an increase in his income. The Prince of Wales was furious when Parliament increased his income to 125,000 pounds on his marriage, but set aside 65,000 pounds plus the 13,000 pound income from the Duchy of Cornwall as payments on his debts leaving him with an annual income of 60,000 pounds when his annual income as a bachelor had been 78,000 pounds. The Duke of Wellington referred to George the III's sons as "The damnedest millstones about the neck of any Government that can be imagined." Source:
    • Swithin the Saint, Bishop of Winchester, Regent for Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, when he went to Rome.

Byzantine Empire[edit]

References & External Links

Central Europe[edit]

  • [Ziebice]


  • The rule on regency: "The kings of Cyprus, being men of action frequently at war, often died young and left their kingdom to a young child. Hence there were constant minorities and the necessity for choosing a regent. The rule laid down in the Assizes was that the mother of the heir should be his guardian, and in case of her death the nearest next of kin to the king. If no such person could be found, a regent was chosen by the High Court of the kingdom." [14]

France & French States[edit]

  • Bearn
    • Talese of Aybar, Regent of Bearn, Married Gaston IV (d.1131), Viscount of Bearn, 1090-1131 who acquired Montaneres through her. Regent for their young son Centulle VI.
  • Bourbon
    • Marie of Berry, Regent of Bourbon, during the imprisonment in England of her husband John I (1410-56), Duke of Bourbon, 1434-1456.
  • Ponthieu
    • 1054-1056: Guy of Ponthieu, Bishop of Amiens, 1058-75; Regent of Ponthieu for his nephew, Guy I, who was captured and imprisoned by Henri I of France.

Germany & German States[edit]

  • Bavaria
    • 1886-1912: Luitpold of Bavaria (1821-1912), Regent of Bavaria for his nephew Ludwig II who was declared mentally incompetent and who died mysteriously, and for Ludwig II‘s brother, King Otto, who was also insane
    • 1912-1913: Ludwig III of Bavaria, Regent of Bavaria for his insane cousin, King Otto. He then became King of Bavaria, 1913-1921
  • Ravensberg
    • Rupert, Regent of Ravensberg, 1389-1395 [41]
    • Adolf, Regent of Ravensberg, 1395-1402
    • William, Regent of Ravensberg, 1402-1428
  • Saxony
    • George of Saxony (1471-1539), Duke of Saxony, 1500-39. As early as 1488, when his father, Albrecht the Brave, was in Friesland fighting on behalf of the emperor, George was regent of the ducal possessions, which included the Margraviate of Meissen with the cities of Dresden and Leipzig. When regent, during the lifetime of his father, the difficulties arising from conflicting interests and the large demands on his powers had often brought the young prince to the verge of despair.


Italy & Italian States[edit]

  • Piombino
    • Elena Salviati (d.1511), Princess-Regent of Piombino, 1545-1548, for her son Iacopo VI. She died shortly after taking office.
    • Alfonso d’Appiano of Piombino (1535-90), Regent of Piombino, 1589, for his nephew, Iacopo VII (d.1603), Prince of Piombino, 1589-1603
  • Tuscany
    • Christine of Lorraine (1565-1637), Regent of Tuscany, 1609, Co-Regent of Tuscany, 1621-28 (jointly with her daughter-in-law, Maria Magdalene of Austria), for her grandson Ferdinando II who was only ten years old.


Low Countries[edit]

  • Ghent
    • Petronella of Kortrijk, Regent of Ghent, 1200-08, for her husband, Zeger II (d.1202), who was Knight Templar, and then for their son, Zeger III (1190-1227).
  • Vianden
    • ?-1324: Gerhard of Julich, Regent of Vianden for the minor children of his brother-in-law Philip II, Count of Vianden, 1310-1315/16





Spain & Spanish States[edit]

Other Areas[edit]

  • Aleppo
    • Lulu, Regent of Aleppo.
  • Antioch
    • Tancred, Prince of Galilee, (1072-1112), Regent of Antioch, 1101-1103, when Bohemund I was taken prisoner by the Danishmends, and 1105-1112, in the name of the young Bohemund II
    • Roger of Salerno (d.1119), Regent of Antioch, 1112-1119, for Bohemund II who was still a child.
    • Alice of Rethel (1110-36), Lady of Laodicea and Gibel, in her own right. Regent of Antioch, 1130, 1135-1136
  • Edessa
    • Riccardo of Salerno (c1060-1144), Regent of Edessa, 1104-1108. He was bitterly hated by the citizens of Edessa for being ruthless and greedy.

References and External Links[edit]