Uzeir

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Uzeir
עֻזֵיר, עוזייר
عزير
Ozeir.jpg
Uzeir is located in Israel
Uzeir
Uzeir
Coordinates: 32°47′32″N 35°19′51″E / 32.79222°N 35.33083°E / 32.79222; 35.33083Coordinates: 32°47′32″N 35°19′51″E / 32.79222°N 35.33083°E / 32.79222; 35.33083
Grid position 181/243 PAL
District Northern
Council al-Batuf
Population (2015)[1] 3,047
Name meaning El Azeir, Ezra[2]

Uzeir (Arabic: عزير‎‎; Hebrew: עֻזֵיר‎) is an Arab village in northern Israel. Located near Nazareth Illit in the Lower Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Batuf Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 3,047.[1]

History[edit]

Findings from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods have been found in the village.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

In the late Ottoman period, a map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as El Qasr.[4]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin reached the village and described it as consisting of about 20 houses on the side of a hill. A few old columns were remains after an ancient site which had preceded the present village. A Muslim maquam with two small domes, dedicated to "Neby A'ouzeir" was close by.[5] In Palestine Exploration Fund's 1881 Survey of Western Palestine, the village (called El Azeir) was described as:

A stone village at the foot of the hill. The plain to the north is cultivated with cotton, barley, etc. There are about 150 Moslems in the village. Water is supplied by cisterns in the village, and a tank.[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British authorities, 'Uzair had a population of 70, all Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 88, still all Muslim, in 15 houses.[8]

In 1945 the population was 150 while the total land area was 766 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[9] Of this, 737 dunams were allocated for cereals,[10] while 7 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[11]

State of Israel[edit]

In 1948, Uzeir was captured by the Israeli army during the second part of Operation Dekel between 15 and 18 July. The village remained under martial law until 1966.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 124
  3. ^ Cinamon, 2012, ‘Uzeir, West
  4. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 364 ff
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 362
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 76
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 63
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 110
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 160

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]