Vietnamese Canadians

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Vietnamese Canadians
Total population
(0.6% of Canada's population)
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Windsor, Ottawa, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver
Vietnamese, Canadian English, Quebec French, Vietnamese French
Mahayana Buddhism and Catholicism[2]
Related ethnic groups
Vietnamese, Vietnamese Americans, Vietnamese people in France

Vietnamese Canadians (Vietnamese: Người Canada gốc Việt), (French: Canadiens vietnamiens) are Canadian citizens who have ancestry from Vietnam. There are 157,450 Vietnamese Canadians, many of whom reside in the provinces of Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Quebec.

History and demographics[edit]

Mainstream Vietnamese communities began arriving in Canada in the mid-1970s and early 1980s as refugees or boat people following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975, though a couple thousand were already living in Quebec before then, most of whom were students. Most new arrivees were sponsored by groups of individuals, temples, and churches and settled in areas around Southern Ontario, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Montreal, Quebec. Between 1975 and 1985, 110,000 settled in Canada (23,000 in Ontario; 13,000 in Quebec; 8,000 in Alberta; 7,000 British Columbia; 5,000 in Manitoba; 3,000 in Saskatchewan; and 2,000 in the Maritime provinces). As time passed, most eventually settled in urban centres like Vancouver (2.2% Vietnamese), Calgary (1.6% Vietnamese), Montreal (1.6% Vietnamese), Edmonton (1.6% Vietnamese), Toronto (1.4% Vietnamese), Ottawa (1.0% Vietnamese), and Hamilton (0.8% Vietnamese).[3]

The next wave of Vietnamese migration came in the late 1980s and 1990s as both refugees and immigrant classes of post-war Vietnam entered Canada. These groups settled in urban areas, in particular Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, and Calgary.

Vietnamese immigrants settled mainly in the East Vancouver and in Montreal's downtown and south shore. In Toronto they have settled in the city's Chinatown area near Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street West or to the west in Mississauga.

Vietnamese-Canadian population by province based on the 2011 census:

Province Vietnamese people [4]
 Ontario 100,520
 Quebec 42,480
 British Columbia 35,850
 Alberta 32,510
 Manitoba 4,665
 Saskatchewan 2,775
 Nova Scotia 595
 New Brunswick 525
 Northwest Territories 170
 Yukon 130
 Prince Edward Island 100
 Newfoundland and Labrador 80
 Nunavut 0
Canada Canada 220,420

Canadian metropolitan areas with large Vietnamese-Canadian populations based on the 2011 census:

City Province Vietnamese people [5]
Greater Toronto Area Ontario 70,725
Greater Montreal Quebec 38,960
Greater Vancouver British Columbia 31,075
Calgary Region Alberta 18,430
Edmonton Capital Region Alberta 12,955
Ottawa-Gatineau Ontario, Quebec 9,860
Winnipeg Capital Region Manitoba 4,510
Hamilton Ontario 4,435
Waterloo Region Ontario 4,060
Victoria British Columbia 1,235

Canadian cities with at least 5000 Vietnamese-Canadian population based on the 2011 census:[6]

Rank City Number (2011) Comment
1 Toronto, Ontario 35,985 Growing enclaves near Chinatown or in the York, Etobicoke, and North York districts.
2 Montreal, Quebec 27,735 Settled in Montreal's downtown and south shore.
3 Calgary, Alberta 17,305
4 Vancouver, British Columbia 14,850 Settled mainly in East Vancouver.
5 Mississauga, Ontario 14,095
6 Edmonton, Alberta 12,625
7 Ottawa, Ontario 9,060 Settled near Chinatown and the downtown districts.
8 Surrey, British Columbia 8,685
9 Vaughan, Ontario 7,145 Settled in Maple and Woodbridge communities.
10 Brampton, Ontario 6,525

Notable Canadians of Vietnamese origin[edit]

The flag of South Vietnam is used by the Vietnamese diaspora in North America.







  • Thien LE, fashion designer and founder of the Thien Le




In Canada, local Vietnamese media is dominated by:

  • Viet Nam Thoi Bao - Edmonton magazine[8]
  • Thoi Bao - Toronto newspaper[9]
  • Thoi Bao TV - Toronto[10]
  • Thoi Moi - Toronto newspaper[11]
  • Little Saigon Canada - Toronto newspaper
  • Vietnamville - Montreal[12]
  • Phố Việt Montreal, printed newspaper of
  • Viethomes Magazine - Toronto magazine[13]
  • Culture Magazin - Canadian magazine[14]

In Vancouver, a large population of Vietnamese Canadians are self-employed; they're business owners of a variety of businesses, stores and restaurants throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also brought their cuisine and phở has become a popular food throughout the city. Vietnamese Canadians also resides in Central City, Surrey, which is a rapidly growing suburb of Metro Vancouver.

In the Toronto area, there are 19 Vietnamese owned supermarkets.

In Montreal there are about 40,000 Vietnamese Canadian population among highest median income and education of Vietnamese Canadians in major cities. There are more than 100 Vietnamese restaurants, hundreds of small size manufacturers of different products from clothing to technology, about 80 pharmacies and hundreds of doctors, dentists, over a thousand scientists, engineers and technicians, about sixty convenient stores and groceries. Since November 2006, Ngo Van Tan has started a daring project to promote and build the first Vietnam Town in Canada called Vietnamville near metro Jean Talon including St-Denis, Jean Talon, St-Hubert and Belanger streets with over 130 businesses already opened in the area. Investment opportunities in Vietnam Town are open to Vietnamese worldwide.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Vietnamese Canadian organizations
About Vietnamese Canadians
  1. ^