The Betawi (Orang Betawi, or "people of Batavia"; also called "Betokaw" in Betawi slang) are the descendants of the people living around Batavia (the colonial name for Jakarta) from around the 17th century. The Betawis are mostly descended from Southeast Asian ethnic groups such as Malay, Sundanese, Javanese, Balinese, Minang, Bugis, Makassar, Ambonese, mixed with foreign ethnic groups such as Mardijker, Portuguese, Dutch, Arab, Chinese and Indian brought to or attracted to Batavia to meet labour needs, including people from Indonesia. They have a culture and language distinct from the surrounding Sundanese and Javanese. The Betawis are known for their music, traditions and food as well as being overtly Islamic, egalitarian, short tempered, direct and open to others.
Betawi people are overwhelmingly Muslims. Islamic teachings and traditions are well embedded and alive in their culture and social system. Ulama (also called kyai or haji) hold important position in Betawi society. However, there is a small enclave of Christian Betawi in Tugu area, North Jakarta who are descendants of Portuguese people.
The artform of the Betawi people demonstrate the influences experienced by them throughout their history. The Ondel-ondel large bamboo masked-puppet is similar to Chinese, Balinese and Sundanese artform of masked dance. The traditional wedding dress of Betawi displays Chinese influence in bride's costume and Arabian influences in groom's costume. The dances costumes shows Chinese and European influences, while the movements such as Yapong dance is derived from Sundanese Jaipongan dance with a hint of Chinese style. Another dance is Topeng Betawi dance. Betawi people borrowed Chinese culture of firecrackers during wedding, circumcisions or any celebrative events. The Gambang kromong and Tanjidor, as well as Keroncong Kemayoran music is derived from the kroncong music of Portuguese Mardijker people of Tugu area, North Jakarta. The tradition of bringing roti buaya (crocodile bread) during wedding is probably a European custom. Pencak Silat is a popular martial art of Betawi people.