Basildon (UK Parliament constituency)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2008)|
|Former Borough constituency|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Basildon in Essex in 2005.
Location of Essex within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Basildon and Billericay, South Basildon and East Thurrock|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
Basildon was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
It was created in 1974, mostly from the seat of Billericay. It was one of the best known bellwether constituencies in the Britain, having voted for the winning party in each election since its creation. The failure of the Labour Party to win it in the 1992 election — Basildon would be the first to declare of all the marginal seats — foreshadowed Labour's fourth straight defeat at the hands of the Conservative Party.
From 1983 to 1997 the constituency was made up of eight electoral wards of the District of Basildon: Fryerns Central; Fryerns East; Langdon Hills; Lee Chapel North; Nethermayne; Pitsea East; Pitsea West; and Vange. The Conservative David Amess held the seat during this period.
The boundaries used at the 2005 election were first introduced in 1997. The constituency was not entirely located within the Basildon district, taking in the area around Stanford-le-Hope and Corringham from Thurrock. The constituency also did not contain the urban wards to the east and west of Basildon such as Pitsea and parts of Laindon Park, these being located in the Billericay constituency.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England made radical changes to all parliamentary constituencies in the county for the 2010 General Election, and the Basildon constituency was divided. The majority of the seat formed the basis of the new South Basildon and East Thurrock constituency, while the wards around central Basildon were merged with the bulk of the current Billericay constituency to form a new seat called Basildon and Billericay.
Basildon was a (famously) Conservative seat between 1979 and 1997 as the quintessential "Essex man" constituency based on the new town of Basildon. Much of its population has its origins in the East End of London, who as a group traditionally voted for the Labour Party.
However, throughout the 1980s and until the Labour landslide victory of 1997, many voters in the area transferred their loyalties to the Conservative Party. The MP throughout that period was David Amess, who himself originated from east London (Plaistow), and now holds the safer seat of Southend West.
Labour took the seat in 1997 and 2001 with a large majority, and in 2005 with a reduced majority. Basildon thus proved to be a "bellwether" seat, voting for the eventual winning party since 1974.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Eric Moonman||Labour|
|1997||Angela Smith||Labour Co-op|
|2010||constituency abolished: see Basildon and Billericay|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||Angela Smith||18,720||43.4||-9.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Thompson||4,473||10.4||+1.4|
|English Democrats||Kim Gandy||510||1.2||+1.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||-5.8|
|General Election 2001: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||Angela Smith||21,551||52.7||-3.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Jane Smithard||3,691||9.0||+0.3|
|Socialist Alliance||Dick Duane||423||1.0||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||Angela Smith||29,646||55.8||+15.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Lindsay Granshaw||4,608||8.7||-6.5|
|Referendum Party||Craig Robinson||2,462||4.6||N/A|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||14.7|
Due to constituency boundary changes between 1992 and 1997, the changes in percentage of vote share in 1997 are given relative to the notional 1992 results, which reflect what the results would have been in 1992 had the election been fought with the 1997 boundaries.
|General Election 1992: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||John Russell Potter||22,679||42.2||+3.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Geoffrey Williams||6,967||12.9||-5.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||Julian George Holder Fulbrook||19,209||38.3||+2.7|
|Liberal||Raymond Michael Auvray||9,139||18.2||-7.5|
|General Election 1983: Basildon|
|Labour Co-op||Julian George Holder Fulbrook||16,137||35.6|
|Social Democrat||Sue Slipman||11,634||25.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Notes and references
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.