Cambridge (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°12′11″N 0°07′52″E / 52.203°N 0.131°E / 52.203; 0.131

Cambridge
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Cambridge in Cambridgeshire.
Outline map
Location of Cambridgeshire within England.
County Cambridgeshire
Population 114,740 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate 75,259 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlements Cambridge
Current constituency
Created 1295
Member of parliament Daniel Zeichner (Labour)
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–present: One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Cambridge is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the U.K. Parliament.[n 1] It has been represented since May 2015 by Daniel Zeichner, a member of the Labour Party.

History[edit]

Before 1885, Cambridge elected two MPs, using the bloc vote system. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, its representation was reduced to one member, with effect from the 1885 general election.

The current MP is Daniel Zeichner of the Labour Party, who was first elected in 2015.

Boundaries[edit]

1983-2010: The City of Cambridge wards of Abbey, Arbury, Castle, Cherry Hinton, Coleridge, East Chesterton, King's Hedges, Market, Newnham, Petersfield, Romsey, and West Chesterton.

2010-present: The City of Cambridge wards of Abbey, Arbury, Castle, Cherry Hinton, Coleridge, East Chesterton, King’s Hedges, Market, Newnham, Petersfield, Romsey, Trumpington, and West Chesterton.

The constituency roughly covers the city of Cambridge, including areas such as Chesterton, Newnham and Cherry Hinton, although one ward in the south of the city (Queen Edith's) is in South Cambridgeshire constituency.

History[edit]

Cambridge returned two Members to Parliament regularly from 1295 onwards. These were generally townsmen who were involved in local government. The representation was reduced to one MP in 1885.

Cambridge was a Conservative constituency from 1967 to 1992, when it was taken by Labour's Anne Campbell, who held onto the seat for 13 years (in this case three Parliamentary terms). In 2005 it was taken by David Howarth of the Liberal Democrats; his successor, Julian Huppert, held the seat for the Liberal Democrats in the 2010 general election. In 2015, Huppert was unseated by the Labour candidate Daniel Zeichner, who took the seat with a thin majority of 599 votes.

Historically, the city of Cambridge was also home to a second constituency representing the Cambridge University. The university seat was created in 1603 as part of the scheme of University constituencies. MPs for the university included Isaac Newton, William Pitt the Younger, Lord Palmerston, George Stokes, Richard Jebb, and Archibald Hill. The Cambridge University constituency was abolished in 1950.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1295)

MPs 1295–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 Robert Brigham John Herries[3]
1388 (Feb) John Cotton John Camp[3]
1388 (Sep) John Blankpayn John Marshall[3]
1390 (Jan) Richard Maisterman Robert Goodrich[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Camp John Payn[3]
1393 John Herries Robert Goodrich[3]
1394 Robert Brigham Robert Goodrich[3]
1395 Robert Brigham John Thriplow[3]
1397 (Jan) Hugh Candlesby John Thriplow[3]
1397 (Sep) Thomas Trivet Simon Bentbow[3]
1399 Hugh Candlesby William Salle[3]
1401
1402 Robert Brigham Thomas Trivet[3]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 John Knapton John Bilney[3]
1407 Simon Bentbow Thomas Beverley[3]
1410
1411 John Bush John Alderhithe[3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Stephen Neel Robert Attilbridge[3]
1414 (Apr) John Beverley John Warwick[3]
1414 (Nov) John Greenlane John Hokington[3]
1415 John Knapton Thomas Beverley[3]
1416 (Mar) John Bilney John Sexton II[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Bilney Robert Attilbridge[3]
1419 John Knapton Henry Topcliffe[3]
1420 John Cappe Henry Topcliffe[3]
1421 (May) John Greenlane John Bilney[3]
1421 (Dec) Richard Andrew William Wedgwood[3]
1447 John Say
1510 No nemes known[4]
1512 John Bury John Erlich[4]
1515  ?
1523  ?
1529 Thomas Brakyn Robert Chapman[4]
1536 Thomas Brakyn Robert Chapman[4]
1539 Thomas Brakyn Robert Chapman[4]
1542 Thomas Brakyn Edward Slegge[4]
1545 John Rust Simon Trew[4]
1547 John Fanne, died
and replaced Jan 1552 by
John Rust
Richard Brakyn[4]
1553 (Mar) Robert Chapman Alexander Ray[4]
1553 (Oct) James Fletcher Richard Brakyn[4]
1554 (Apr) John Rust Richard Brakyn[4]
1554 (Nov) Robert Chapman Richard Brassney[4]
1555 Alexander Ray Lawrence Hawes[4]
1558 John Line Thomas Ventris[4]
1558/1559 Thomas Ventris Roger Slegge[5]
1562/1563 Henry Serle Roger Slegge[5]
1571 (Mar) Robert Shute Roger Slegge[5]
1572 (Apr) Robert Shute, became a judge
and replaced Jan 1581 by
John North
Roger Slegge[5]
1584 (Nov) Henry North Roger Slegge[5]
1586 (Oct) John Edmonds Roger Slegge[5]
1588 (Oct) Nicholas Gaunte Roger Slegge[5]
1593 Thomas Goldsborough Christopher Hodson[5]
1597 (Oct) Robert Wallis John Yaxley[5]
1601 (Oct) Robert Wallis John Yaxley[5]
1604 Robert Wallis John Yaxley
1614 Sir Robert Hitcham Francis Brakin
1621 Richard Foxton Thomas Meautys
1621 (Mar) Sir John Hobart
1624 Francis Brakyn Robert Luckyn
1625 Talbot Pepys Thomas Meautys
1626 Thomas Purchase Thomas Meautys
1628 Thomas Purchase Thomas Meautys
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Oliver Cromwell Thomas Meautys
1640 (Nov) Oliver Cromwell John Lowry
1653 Cambridge not represented in Barebone's Parliament
1654 Richard Timbs (one member only)
1656 Richard Timbs (one member only)
1659 John Lowry Richard Timbs

MPs 1660–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member[6] 1st Party 2nd Member[6] 2nd Party
1660 Sir Dudley North Sir Thomas Wills, Bt
1661 Sir William Compton Roger Pepys
1664 The Lord Alington
1679 Sir Thomas Chicheley
1685 Sir William Wren
1689 Sir John Cotton, Bt
1690 Granado Pigot
1695 John Pepys Isaac Watlington
1696 Sir John Cotton, Bt
1698 Sir Henry Pickering, Bt
1702 Anthony Thompson
1705 Sir John Cotton, Bt
1708 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt Tory Samuel Shepheard
January 1715 Thomas Sclater Tory
May 1715 Samuel Shepheard
January 1722 Thomas Bacon Tory
October 1722 Gilbert Affleck
1727 Sir John Hynde Cotton, Bt
1737 Gilbert Affleck
1741 Viscount Dupplin Whig James Martin
1744 Christopher Jeffreason
1747 Samuel Shepheard
1748 Christopher Jeffreason
1749 Charles Cadogan Whig
1754 Hon. Thomas Bromley Whig
1755 Charles Cadogan Whig
1758 Soame Jenyns Tory
1776 Benjamin Keene None
1780 James Whorwood Adeane Tory
1784 John Mortlock Tory
1788 Francis Dickins Tory
1789 Edward Finch Tory
1791 Robert Manners Tory
1819 Frederick Trench Tory
1820 Charles Madryll Cheere Tory
1825 Marquess of Graham Tory
1832 George Pryme Whig Thomas Spring Rice Whig
1839 John Manners-Sutton Conservative
1840 Sir Alexander Cray Grant, Bt Conservative
1841 Hon. John Manners-Sutton Tory
1843 Fitzroy Kelly Tory
1847 Robert Adair Whig Hon. William Campbell Whig
1852 Kenneth Macaulay Tory John Harvey Astell Tory
1854 Robert Adair Whig Francis Mowatt Whig
1857 Kenneth Macaulay Tory Andrew Steuart Tory
1863 Francis Powell Tory
1865 William Forsyth Tory
1866 John Eldon Gorst Tory
1868 Robert Torrens Liberal William Fowler Liberal
1874 Alfred Marten Conservative Patrick Boyle Smollett Conservative
1880 William Fowler Liberal Hugh Shield Liberal
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[7][6] Party
1885 Robert Uniacke-Penrose-Fitzgerald Conservative
1906 Stanley Buckmaster Liberal
Jan 1910 Almeric Paget Conservative
1917 by-election Sir Eric Geddes Coalition Conservative
1922 by-election Sir George Newton Conservative
1934 by-election Richard Tufnell Conservative
1945 Arthur Symonds Labour
1950 Sir Hamilton Kerr, Bt. Conservative
1966 Robert Davies Labour
1967 by-election David Lane Conservative
1976 by-election Robert Rhodes James Conservative
1992 Anne Campbell Labour
2005 David Howarth Liberal Democrat
2010 Julian Huppert Liberal Democrat
2015 Daniel Zeichner Labour

Elections[edit]

For a complete list of all Cambridge election results covering 1754–present, see Cambridge parliamentary constituency election results. Figures for the most recent elections are below.

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Cambridge[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Daniel Zeichner 18,646 36.0 +11.7
Liberal Democrat Julian Huppert 18,047 34.9 −4.3
Conservative Chamali Fernando 8,117 15.7 −9.9
Green Rupert Read 4,109 7.9 +0.3
UKIP Patrick O'Flynn 2,668 5.2 +2.8
Rebooting Democracy Keith Garrett 187 0.4 N/A
Majority 599 1.2
Turnout 51,774 62.1 −2.9
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat Swing +8.0
General Election 2010: Cambridge[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Julian Huppert 19,621 39.1 −5.6
Conservative Nick Hillman 12,829 25.6 +8.3
Labour Daniel Zeichner 12,174 24.3 −9.7
Green Tony Juniper 3,804 7.6 +4.7
UKIP Peter Burkinshaw 1,195 2.4 +1.0
Cambridge Socialists Martin Booth 362 0.7 N/A
Independent Old Holborn Robert Ambridge[n 2] 145 0.3 N/A
Majority 6,792 13.5
Turnout 50,130 65.0 +6.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing −7.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Cambridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat David Howarth 19,152 44.0 +18.9
Labour Anne Campbell 14,813 34.0 −11.1
Conservative Ian Lyon 7,193 16.5 −6.4
Green Martin Lucas-Smith 1,245 2.9 −0.4
UKIP Helene Davies 569 1.3 +0.1
Respect Tom Woodcock 477 1.1 N/A
Independent Suzon Forscey-Moore 60 0.1 N/A
Independent Graham Wilkinson 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,339 10.0
Turnout 43,569 62.1 +1.5
Liberal Democrat gain from Labour Swing +15.0
General Election 2001: Cambridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Anne Campbell 19,316 45.1 −8.3
Liberal Democrat David Howarth 10,737 25.1 +8.9
Conservative Graham Stuart 9,829 22.9 −3.0
Green Stephen Lawrence 1,413 3.3 +2.0
Socialist Alliance Howard Senter 716 1.7 N/A
UKIP Len Baynes 532 1.2 N/A
ProLife Alliance Clare Underwood 232 0.5 +0.2
Workers Revolutionary Margaret Courtney 61 0.1 −0.1
Majority 8,579 20.0 −7.5
Turnout 42,836 60.6 −10.9
Labour hold Swing −8.6

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Cambridge elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  2. ^ Old Holborn is the name of a popular libertarian blog, and the author of the blog stood for election under the name of his blog, rather than his own name.
References
  1. ^ "Cambridge: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  6. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Cambridge 1660-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.cambridge-news.co.uk/General-election-2015-list-candidates/story-26309665-detail/story.html
  9. ^ "Statement Of Persons Nominated And Notice Of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015. 
  10. ^ Cambridge - Statement of Persons Nominated
Sources

External links[edit]