Clacton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Clacton
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Clacton in Essex for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 67,447 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Clacton, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of Parliament Douglas Carswell (UKIP)
Number of members One
Created from Harwich
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Clacton is a constituency[n 1] created for the 2010 general election. It is represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Douglas Carswell. Carswell defected to the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) on 28 August 2014 from the Conservative Party. He resigned to force a by-election, held on 9 October 2014, in which he stood as the UKIP candidate and was re-elected.[2] [n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission created this as a new seat, consisting of essentially the former Harwich constituency, minus the town of Harwich itself and a few nearby villages, plus St. Osyth and Weeley, moved from the old North Essex constituency. Apart from the North Sea it is surrounded by the Harwich and North Essex constituency on all other sides.

This new seat contains the towns of Clacton, Frinton-on-Sea and Walton-on-the-Naze, as well as surrounding villages.

The electoral wards used to form the Clacton constituency are entirely within the district of Tendring

  • Alton Park, Beaumont and Thorpe, Bockings Elm, Burrsville, Frinton, Golf Green, Hamford, Haven, Holland and Kirby, Homelands, Little Clacton and Weeley, Peter Bruff, Pier, Rush Green, St Bartholomews, St James, St Johns, St Marys, St Osyth and Point Clear, St Pauls and Walton.

Constituency profile[edit]

The new seat is almost completely coastal, comprising seaside resorts along the Tendring peninsula. It shares an inland border with just one constituency - Harwich and North Essex.

Like some other coastal seats, such as Christchurch in Dorset, the electorate is one of the oldest in the country, with a high proportion of retirees, and low numbers of non-white residents.

The stark exception is the village of Jaywick, which suffers from extremely high levels of deprivation.

In the Indices of deprivation 2010 an area of Jaywick was identified as the single most deprived LSOA in all of England, out of around 32,000, with unemployment estimated at almost 50%. Many homes are essentially beach huts and lack basic amenities. In the 2007 Index, this area was the third most deprived in the country.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The constituency's only member of parliament to date has been Douglas Carswell, who had previously sat for the Harwich constituency since gaining that seat for the Conservatives in 2005.

On 28 August 2014 Carswell announced his defection to UKIP.[3] Although not required to seek re-election following a change of allegiance, on 29 August, Carswell was appointed Steward and Bailiff of the Manor of Northstead,[4] thus vacating his seat and triggering a by-election on 9 October 2014 in which he was elected, standing as the UKIP candidate.[5]

Election Member Party
2010 Douglas Carswell Conservative
2014 UKIP

Elections[edit]

General Election 2015: Clacton[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Chris Southall[7]
UKIP Douglas Carswell
Labour Tim Young
By-election 2014: Clacton[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Douglas Carswell 21,113 59.7 N/A
Conservative Giles Watling 8,709 24.6 −28.4
Labour Tim Young[9] 3,957 11.2 −13.8
Green Chris Southall[10] 688 1.9 +0.7
Liberal Democrat Andrew Graham[9] 483 1.3 −11.6
Independent Bruce Sizer 205 0.6 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Alan "Howling Laud" Hope[11] 127 0.4 N/A
Independent Charlotte Rose 56 0.2 N/A
Majority 12,404 35.1
Turnout 35,338 51.2 -13.0
UKIP gain from Conservative Swing +44.1
General Election 2010: Clacton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Douglas Carswell 22,867 53.0 +8.6
Labour Ivan Henderson 10,799 25.0 −10.9
Liberal Democrat Michael Green 5,577 12.9 −0.6
BNP Jim Taylor 1,975 4.6 N/A
Tendring First Terry Allen 1,078 2.5 N/A
Green Chris Southall 535 1.2 N/A
Independent Chris Humphrey 292 0.7 N/A
Majority 12,068 28.0
Turnout 43,123 64.2 +1.6
Conservative hold Swing +9.7

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

Coordinates: 51°50′N 1°09′E / 51.83°N 1.15°E / 51.83; 1.15