Hemel Hempstead (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hemel Hempstead
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hemel Hempstead in Hertfordshire.
Outline map
Location of Hertfordshire within England.
County Hertfordshire
Electorate 72,561 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Hemel Hempstead
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Michael Penning (Conservative)
Number of members One
19181983
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Hemel Hempstead is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

For the 1997 general election, the former West Hertfordshire constituency was reduced in area and renamed "Hemel Hempstead". This reflects the growing population around the edge of London and the decision of the Boundary Commission to create an extra constituency within the county of Hertfordshire.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Hertfordshire the Boundary Commission for England have recommended the creation of a modified Hemel Hempstead seat for the 2010 general election formed from the following electoral wards from the district of Dacorum:

With a notional Conservative majority of just 250 approaching the general election, this seat is ranked 8th amongst Labour's target seats in terms of majority to overturn.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1918-1983[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1918 Gustavus Arthur Talbot Coalition Conservative
1920 J. C. C. Davidson Coalition Conservative
1923 John Freeman Dunn Liberal
1924 J. C. C. Davidson Conservative
1937 by-election The Viscountess Davidson Conservative
1959 James Allason Conservative
Oct 1974 Robin Corbett Labour
1979 Nicholas Lyell Conservative

MPs 1997-present[edit]

Election Member[3] Party
1997 Tony McWalter Labour Co-operative
2005 Mike Penning Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Hemel Hempstead [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mike Penning
UKIP Howard Koch
Labour Tony Breslin
General Election 2010: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mike Penning 24,721 50.0 +9.9
Liberal Democrat Richard Grayson 11,315 22.9 +6.0
Labour Ayfer Orhan 10,295 20.8 −18.9
BNP Janet Price 1,615 3.3 N/A
UKIP David Alexander 1,254 2.5 −0.7
Independent Mick Young 271 0.5 N/A
Majority 13,406 27.1 +26.7
Turnout 49,471 68.0 +3.7
Conservative hold Swing +14.4

This was the highest swing from Labour to Conservative in the 2010 general election.

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Mike Penning 19,000 40.3 +1.8
Labour Co-op Tony McWalter 18,501 39.3 −7.3
Liberal Democrat Richard Grayson 8,089 17.2 +4.4
UKIP Barry Newton 1,518 3.2 +1.1
Majority 499 1.1
Turnout 47,108 64.4 +2.1
Conservative gain from Labour Co-op Swing +4.6
General Election 2001: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Tony McWalter 21,389 46.6 +0.9
Conservative Paul Ivey 17,647 38.5 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Neil Stuart 5,877 12.8 +0.5
UKIP Barry Newton 970 2.1 N/A
Majority 3,742 8.1
Turnout 45,883 62.3 −14.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Co-op Tony McWalter 25,175 45.7
Conservative Robert Jones 21,539 39.1
Liberal Democrat Patricia Lindsley 6,789 12.3
Referendum Party Peter Such 1,327 2.4
Natural Law Diana Harding 262 0.5
Majority 3,636 6.6
Turnout 55,092 76.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Lyell 37,953 48.73
Labour Robin Corbett 32,964 42.33
Liberal D Penwarden 6,314 8.11
National Front T Walters 649 0.83
Majority 4,989 6.41
Turnout 84.80
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robin Corbett 29,223 42.69
Conservative James Allason 28,738 41.98
Liberal CAM Baron 10,497 15.33
Majority 485 0.71
Turnout 81.70
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election February 1974: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Allason 27,572 39.03
Labour Robin Corbett 27,385 38.77
Liberal CAM Baron 15,682 22.20
Majority 187 0.26
Turnout 85.23
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Allason 40,417 51.98
Labour PA Fletcher 28,067 36.10
Liberal AJ Wilson 9,274 11.93
Majority 12,350 15.88
Turnout 78.10
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Allason 31,742 44.45
Labour Robin Corbett 29,704 41.59
Liberal AJ Whiteside 9,970 13.96
Majority 2,038 2.85
Turnout 84.71
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Allason 31,119 44.85
Labour GD Hitchcock 26,273 37.87
Liberal AJ Whiteside 11,986 17.28
Majority 4,846 6.98
Turnout 84.52
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Allason 30,189 49.90
Labour BFC Floud 21,954 36.29
Liberal M Neilson 8,358 13.81
Majority 8,235 13.61
Turnout 85.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Viscountess Davidson 25,648 51.02
Labour NI MacKenzie 19,512 38.81
Liberal Edwin Saich 5,111 10.17
Majority 6,136 12.21
Turnout 83.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Viscountess Davidson 25,620 58.44
Labour NI MacKenzie 18,220 41.56
Majority 7,400 16.88
Turnout 83.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Hemel Hempstead
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative The Viscountess Davidson 22,022 50.18
Labour R Moss 15,165 34.56
Liberal Peter Arthur Stevens 6,696 15.26
Majority 6,857 15.63
Turnout 85.07
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hemel Hempstead[5]

Electorate 62,199

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscountess Frances Joan Davidson 19,536 44.2 -13.5
Labour Miss DW Mobbs 14,426 32.6 +18.6
Liberal Wing-Com. Thomas Alfred Trotter 10,219 23.1 -5.2
Majority 5,110 11.6 -17.8
Turnout 71.0 +16.0
Conservative hold Swing -16.0

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Hemel Hempstead by-election, 1937[8]

Electorate 47,281

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Viscountess Frances Joan Davidson 14,992 57.7 -4.8
Liberal Margery Irene Corbett Ashby 7,347 28.3 +6.3
Labour C W James 3,651 14.0 -1.4
Majority 7,645 29.4 -11.2
Turnout 55.0 -14.3
Conservative hold Swing -5.6
General Election 1935: Hemel Hempstead[9]

Electorate 46,290

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir John Colin Campbell Davidson 20,074 62.5 -4.7
Liberal Margery Irene Corbett Ashby 7,078 22.0 -2.6
Labour C W James 4,951 15.4 +7.2
Majority 12,996 40.6 -2.0
Turnout 69.3 -7.9
Conservative hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1931: Hemel Hempstead[10]

Electorate 42,267

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. John Colin Campbell Davidson 21,946 67.2 +
Liberal Charles Thomas Le Quesne 8,021 24.6
Labour A E R Millar 2,677 8.2
Majority 13,925 42.7
Turnout 77.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Hemel Hempstead[11]

Electorate 38,957

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. John Colin Campbell Davidson 15,145 49.8
Liberal Charles Thomas Le Quesne 11,631 38.3
Labour A E R Millar 3,624 119
Majority 3,514 11.5
Turnout 78.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Hemel Hempstead[12]

Electorate 28,106

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. John Colin Campbell Davidson 12,985 57.6
Liberal John Freeman Dunn 7,994 35.5
Labour Amy Sayle 1,553 6.9
Majority 4,991 22.1
Turnout 80.2
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923: Hemel Hempstead[13]

Electorate 26,990

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Freeman Dunn 8,892 50.0 n/a
Unionist Rt Hon. John Colin Campbell Davidson 8,875 50.0 -17.4
Majority 17 0.0 -34.8
Turnout 65.8 -0.2
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing n/a
General Election 1922: Hemel Hempstead[14]

Electorate 26,627

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Colin Campbell Davidson 11,847 67.4 n/a
Labour John Harper Clynes 5,726 32.6 n/a
Majority 6,121 34.8 n/a
Turnout 66.0 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Hemel Hempstead by-election, 1920[15]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Colin Campbell Davidson unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Hemel Hempstead[16]

Electorate 25,752

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Gustavus Arthur Chetwynd-Talbot
10,070 77.6
Labour Jesse Hawkes 2,913 22.4
Majority 7,157 55.2
Turnout 50.4
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Hemel Hempstead". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  3. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/hemelhempstead/
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  6. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  7. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  11. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.

Sources[edit]