South West Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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South West Hertfordshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of South West Hertfordshire in Hertfordshire.
Outline map
Location of Hertfordshire within England.
County Hertfordshire
Electorate 78,269 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Berkhamsted, Rickmansworth and Tring
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament David Gauke (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from West Hertfordshire (minor 1997 additions)
Watford or more formally Hertfordshire Western (1885-1950)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

South West Hertfordshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by David Gauke, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

This seat forms a thin strip along the south-west border of Hertfordshire from South Oxhey (near Watford) in the south, through interspersed settlements and countryside to Tring in the north. Settlements in the constituency include Chipperfield, Chorleywood, Croxley Green, Moor Park, and Rickmansworth.

The seat has electoral wards:

Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies[edit]

Changes for 2010 saw only a small fraction (of just over 1,000 voters of more than 5,000) in one ward move, namely the formerly shared ward of Bovingdon, Flaunden and Chipperfield, from Hemel Hempstead to join their neighbours in this seat.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

Elevated and bordering Greater London and Buckinghamshire, this part of Hertfordshire is for its residents mostly middle-class surburbia, an established haven for commuters who travel from the outer reaches of London Underground's Metropolitan line or two railways from London which serve difference parts of the seat: the West Coast Main Line and Aylesbury Line. A substantial proportion of land is occupied by farms and hillside woodland.[3]

Further from London in the north of the seat, the brewing town of Tring has a distinctive compact, and architecturally rich identity,[3] nestled between steep hills of the Chilterns. Similarly Chorleywood is extremely affluent.[4]

Workless claimants were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.6% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[5]

History[edit]

Following the 2010 election, every seat in Hertfordshire had a Conservative MP, and 'South West Herts' was the third safest of these.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1950 Sir Gilbert Longden Conservative
Feb 1974 Geoffrey Dodsworth Conservative
1979 Richard Page Conservative
2005 David Gauke Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
UKIP Mark Anderson
Liberal Democrat
Labour Simon Diggins
Majority
Turnout
[[|N/A]] hold Swing
General Election 2010: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Gauke 30,773 54.2 +7.2
Liberal Democrat Christopher Townsend 15,853 27.9 -2.1
Labour Harry Mann 6,526 11.5 -9.3
UKIP Mark Benson 1,450 2.6 +0.4
BNP Deirdre Gates 1,302 2.3 N/A
Independent James Hannaway 846 1.5 +1.5
Majority 14,920 26.29
Turnout 72.53
Conservative hold Swing 4.66

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Gauke 23,494 46.9 +2.6
Liberal Democrat Edward Featherstone 15,021 30.0 +3.7
Labour Kerron Cross 10,466 20.9 -6.1
UKIP Colin Rodden 1,107 2.2 +0.4
Majority 8,473 16.9 -0.4
Turnout 50,088 68.5 +4.0
Conservative hold Swing -0.5%
General Election 2001: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 20,933 44.3 -1.7
Labour Graham Dale 12,752 27.0 -0.9
Liberal Democrat Edward Featherstone 12,431 26.3 +4.0
UKIP Colin Dale-Mills 847 1.8 N/A
ProLife Alliance Julia Goffin 306 0.6 N/A
Majority 8,181 17.3
Turnout 47,269 64.5 -12.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 25,462 46.0 -11.0
Labour Mark Wilson 15,441 27.9 +8.5
Liberal Democrat Ann Shaw 12,381 22.3 -0.8
Referendum Party Timothy Millward 1,853 3.3 N/A
Natural Law Christopher Adamson 274 0.5 0.0
Majority 10,021 18.1
Turnout 55,411 77.3 -6.5
Conservative hold Swing -9.8
General Election 1992: South West Hertfordshire[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 33,825 57.0 +1.2
Liberal Democrat Mrs A Shaw 13,718 23.1 −5.8
Labour AP Gale 11,512 19.4 +4.1
Natural Law CJ Adamson 281 0.5 +0.5
Majority 20,107 33.9 +7.0
Turnout 59,336 83.7 +6.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 32,791 55.80
Liberal IM Blair 17,007 28.94
Labour I Willmore 8,966 15.26
Majority 15,784 26.86
Turnout 77.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 30,217 53.61
Liberal IM Blair 18,023 31.98
Labour E Playfair 7,818 13.87
Independent M Luton 307 0.54
Majority 12,194 21.63
Turnout 75.79
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

By-Election 13 December 1979: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Page 17,031 45.9 -8.8
Labour Susan Reeves 10,259 27.7 ...
Liberal Dane Clouston 8,752 23.6 +7.4
Ecology Nigel Jeskins 602 1.6 N/A
ACMFT David Bundy 288 0.8 N/A
Independent Nigel Ffooks 143 0.4 N/A
Majority 6,772 18.2 -8.8
Turnout 37,075 48.3 -31.4
Conservative hold Swing
Registered electors 76,776
  • Note: ACMFT stands for the Anti Common Market and Free Trade Party.
  • Resignation of Dodsworth 24 October 1979
General Election 1979: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Dodsworth 33,112 54.69
Labour AJ Colman 16,784 27.72
Liberal G Cass 9,808 16.20
National Front P Graves 839 1.39
Majority 16,328 26.97
Turnout 79.74
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Dodsworth 24,939 42.63
Labour ALC Cohen 19,098 32.64
Liberal JES Jarrett 14,470 24.73
Majority 5,841 9.98
Turnout 76.99
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Geoffrey Dodsworth 26,563 42.15
Labour JE Mitchell 18,465 29.30
Liberal JES Jarrett 17,987 28.54
Majority 8,098 12.85
Turnout 83.78
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 32,661 50.32
Labour BJ Grocott 24,214 37.31
Liberal JWS Jarrett 7,489 11.54
Independent Resident R Skilton 542 0.84
Majority 8,447 13.01
Turnout 75.66
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 28,378 45.66
Labour SJ Chapman 25,186 40.52
Liberal PAS Benton 8,590 13.82
Majority 3,192 5.14
Turnout 83.12
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 28,308 45.77
Labour SJ Bidwell 22,237 35.96
Liberal RD Brown 11,301 18.27
Majority 6,071 9.82
Turnout 83.01
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959

Electorate 69,291

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 29,724 50.8
Labour AJ Whiteside 19,487 33.3
Liberal Desmond Anderson Harvie Banks 9,278 15.9
Majority 10,237 17.5
Turnout 58,489 84.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 28,847 56.87
Labour W Thomas 21,878 43.13
Majority 6,969 13.74
Turnout 81.31
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 27,049 58.75
Labour L Allaker 18,991 41.25
Majority 8,058 17.50
Turnout 85.02
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: South West Hertfordshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Gilbert Longden 23,608 55.37
Labour L Allaker 14,913 34.98
Liberal GC Middleton 4,114 9.65
Majority 8,695 20.39
Turnout 86.10
Conservative hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Outlying locality of Rickmansworth not to be confused with the Ashridge country estate directly east of Tring, in the Hemel seat.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  3. ^ a b OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked
  4. ^ Chorleywood West ward was rated 8413 out of 8414 for deprivation in IMD2000, with its other ward similarly placed in the list.
  5. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Coordinates: 51°44′N 0°32′W / 51.733°N 0.533°W / 51.733; -0.533