South West Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|South West Hertfordshire|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of South West Hertfordshire in Hertfordshire.
Location of Hertfordshire within England.
|Electorate||78,269 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Berkhamsted, Rickmansworth and Tring|
|Member of Parliament||David Gauke (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Hertfordshire (minor 1997 additions)
Watford or more formally Hertfordshire Western (1885-1950)
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency Profile
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and References
This seat forms a thin strip along the south-west border of Hertfordshire from South Oxhey (near Watford) in the south, through interspersed settlements and countryside to Tring in the north. Settlements in the constituency include Chipperfield, Chorleywood, Croxley Green, Moor Park, and Rickmansworth.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Aldbury and Wigginton; Berkhamstead: Castle, East and West wards; Bovingdon, Flaunden and Chipperfield; Northchurch; and Tring: Central, East and West in the Borough of Dacorum
- Ashridge[n 3]; Chorleywood: East and West wards; Croxley Green; Croxley Green: North and South wards; Hayling; Maple Cross and Mill End; Moor Park and Eastbury; Northwick; Penn; Rickmansworth; Rickmansworth West and; Sarratt in the Three Rivers District.
Changes for 2010 saw only a small fraction (of just over 1,000 voters of more than 5,000) in one ward move, namely the formerly shared ward of Bovingdon, Flaunden and Chipperfield, from Hemel Hempstead to join their neighbours in this seat.
Elevated and bordering Greater London and Buckinghamshire, this part of Hertfordshire is for its residents mostly middle-class surburbia, an established haven for commuters who travel from the outer reaches of London Underground's Metropolitan Line or two railways from London which serve difference parts of the seat: the West Coast Main Line and Aylesbury Line. A substantial proportion of land is occupied by farms and hillside woodland.
Further from London in the north of the seat, the brewing town of Tring has a distinctive compact, and architecturally rich identity, nestled between steep hills of the Chilterns. Similarly Chorleywood is extremely affluent.
Following the 2010 election, every seat in Hertfordshire had a Conservative MP, and 'South West Herts' was the third safest of these.
Members of Parliament
|1950||Sir Gilbert Longden||Conservative|
|Feb 1974||Geoffrey Dodsworth||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: South West Hertfordshire|
|General Election 2010: South West Hertfordshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Townsend||15,853||27.9||-2.1|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: South West Hertfordshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Edward Featherstone||15,021||30.0||+3.7|
|General Election 2001: South West Hertfordshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Edward Featherstone||12,431||26.3||+4.0|
|ProLife Alliance||Julia Goffin||306||0.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: South West Hertfordshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Ann Shaw||12,381||22.3||-0.8|
|Referendum Party||Timothy Millward||1,853||3.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Christopher Adamson||274||0.5||0.0|
|General Election 1992: South West Hertfordshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs A Shaw||13,718||23.1||−5.8|
|Natural Law||CJ Adamson||281||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: South West Hertfordshire|
|General Election 1983: South West Hertfordshire|
Elections in the 1970s
|By-Election 13 December 1979: South West Hertfordshire|
- Note: ACMFT stands for the Anti Common Market and Free Trade Party.
- Resignation of Dodsworth 24 October 1979
|General Election 1979: South West Hertfordshire|
|National Front||P Graves||839||1.39|
|General Election October 1974: South West Hertfordshire|
|General Election February 1974: South West Hertfordshire|
|General Election 1970: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||32,661||50.32|
|Independent Resident||R Skilton||542||0.84|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||28,378||45.66|
|General Election 1964: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||28,308||45.77|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||29,724||50.8|
|Liberal||Desmond Anderson Harvie Banks||9,278||15.9|
|General Election 1955: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||28,847||56.87|
|General Election 1951: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||27,049||58.75|
|General Election 1950: South West Hertfordshire|
|Conservative||Sir Gilbert Longden||23,608||55.37|
Notes and References
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Outlying locality of Rickmansworth not to be confused with the Ashridge country estate directly east of Tring, in the Hemel seat.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- OS Map with Listed Buildings and Parks marked
- Chorleywood West ward was rated 8413 out of 8414 for deprivation in IMD2000, with its other ward similarly placed in the list.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.