- For the given name, see Derek.
|• Mayor||Sebahat Çetinkaya (BDP)|
|• Kaymakam||Hüseyin Avcı|
|• District||1,323.30 km2 (510.93 sq mi)|
|• District density||45/km2 (120/sq mi)|
The town is first mentioned in the late 14th century, however a Roman fort indicates that the area has been inhabited for longer. Prior to the Assyrian and Armenian genocide, Syriacs and Armenians formed the majority in the district. The Armenian population of the county continued to form the majority until the 1930s when they were replaced by Kurds and Turks after systematic state persecution forced many to emigrate, A community still exists in the city regardless.
Geographically the town includes areas from Mazıdağı foot descending towards Ceylanpınar plains. Town area descends from the north to the south. The city center is surrounded by mountains from 3 sides and has a temperate climate with some mediterranean climate effects.
In the 1990s, the nearby forests were cleared as they offered PKK shelter from the Turkish authorities. Currently there is a campaign to reforest the mountains . Here although mostly cereals is being cultivated, in the last years drilling water wells and construction of irrigation ponds lets the industrial plants to be produced as well. Additionally, olive, grape and different kinds of fruit trees/gardens are common.
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Gaunt, David; Bet̲-Şawoce, Jan (2006). Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia During World War I. Gorgias Press LLC. p. 216. ISBN 978-1-59333-301-0. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
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