Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
|Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
|3rd King of Bhutan|
|Reign||30 March 1952 – 21 July 1972|
|Coronation||27 October 1952 |
|Born||2 May 1929|
|Birthplace||Thupang Palace, Trongsa|
|Died||21 July 1972(aged 43)|
|Place of death||Nairobi, Kenya|
|Successor||Jigme Singye Wangchuck|
|Consort||Ashi Kesang Choden Wangchuck|
|Royal house||Wangchuck Dynasty|
He began to open Bhutan to the outside world, began modernization, and took the first steps toward democratization. Upon succeeding his father, Jigme Wangchuck, on 27 October 1952, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck put an end to feudalism and slavery and released all remaining serfs. He encouraged certain modern inventions to assist the local peasantry and introduced wheeled vehicles, previously the transportation of crops and people were done manually. He established a High Court and reorganized the judicial system. In 1953, he established the Tshogdu or National Assembly – Bhutan's first unicameral Parliament.
During his reign Bhutan's first planned economic development plan was drafted. In 1961, a five-year economic development plan was launched for the years 1961–1966. Bhutan is still following this economic development plan. He created Bhutan's first Council of Ministers in 1968. In 1963, Bhutan joined the Colombo Plan. During his 20-year reign, 1770 km of roads were constructed, the number of schools rose to 102 and 6 hospitals were established. In 1971, he set up a Planning Commission.
Neighboring Tibet's union with the People's Republic of China in 1951 encouraged the king to foster stronger ties with foreign nations, especially India, and culminated with Bhutan joining the United Nations in 1971. He empowered the National Assembly to remove him or any of his successors with a two-thirds majority.
King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck married Queen Ashi Kesang Choden Wangchuck. Their son, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, succeeded him as King of Bhutan. Jigme Dorji Wangchuck has four daughters, the eldest being HRH Ashi Sonam Choden Wangchuck, who has two children, Dasho Mila and Ashi Maytho. The King's second-eldest daughter, HRH Ashi Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck, has two children, Dasho Zillnon Dorji and Ashi Mendharawa Dorji. The King's third daughter is HRH Ashi Pem Pem, who has one daughter named Ashi Kesang Choden.The King's youngest daughter is HRH Ashi Kesang Wangmo Wangchuck, who has four children, Dasho Jigme Namgyel Dorji, Ashi Tenzin Wangmo, Dasho Singye Palden Yonten and Dasho Ugen Norbu Yonten.
- 1929–1944: Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
- 1944–1946: Trongsa Dronyar Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
- 1946–1952: Paro Penlop Dasho Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
- 1952–1963: Sri Panch Maharaj Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, Maharaja of Bhutan
- 1963–1972: His Majesty Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, Mang-pos Bhur-ba'i rgyalpo, King of Bhutan
- Bhutan :
- United Kingdom :
- India :
Jigme Dorji WangchuckBorn: 2 May 1928 Died: 21 July 1972
|King of Bhutan
Jigme Singye Wangchuck