Drunk in Love

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"Drunk in Love"
Single by Beyoncé featuring Jay Z
from the album Beyoncé
Released December 17, 2013 (2013-12-17)
Recorded 2013; Jungle City Studios (New York City); Oven Studios (New York City)
Genre
Length 5:23
Label
Writer(s)
Producer(s)
  • Detail
  • Beyoncé Knowles
  • Timbaland
  • Jerome Harmon
  • Boots
  • Brian Soko
Beyoncé singles chronology
"XO"
(2013)
"Drunk in Love"
(2013)
"Part II (On the Run)"
(2014)
Jay-Z singles chronology
"Know Bout Me"
(2013)
"Drunk in Love"
(2013)
"The Devil Is a Lie"
(2013)

"Drunk in Love" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé featuring rapper Jay-Z. The duo along with Detail, Andre Eric Proctor, Rasool Diaz, Brian Soko, Timbaland, Jerome Harmon, and Boots composed the song for Beyoncé's self-titled fifth studio album (2013). Columbia Records released "Drunk in Love" as one of the two lead singles from Beyoncé on December 17, 2013. The song is dominated by trap beats in chunks and bass. Its lyrics, which depict female sexuality, are sung by Beyoncé with sensual and confident vocals.

Contemporary music critics wrote generally positive reviews for "Drunk in Love", many of whom called it a follow-up to Beyoncé's and Jay-Z's song "Crazy in Love" (2003). They also commended its appeal to urban radio and the pair's vocals. "Drunk in Love" peaked at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart and number one on the US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Despite only being officially released in the US and the UK, it managed to appear on some international charts; it reached the top ten in France, Ireland, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

The song's music video was directed by Hype Williams and shot in black-and-white in Golden Beach, Florida at a beach front manse. The visual, which features scenes of the pair singing the song together, received praise by critics for its sexual nature and simplicity. "Drunk in Love" was performed by Beyoncé and Jay-Z at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards. It was later added to the set lists of the second European leg of Beyoncé's The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour and the pair's joint On the Run Tour in 2014. Numerous remixes and cover versions of the song were made, most notably the official rework by rapper Kanye West.

Conception and release[edit]

Jay-Z is credited as a co-writer and featured artist.

"Drunk in Love" was written by Beyoncé, Detail and Jay-Z, who appears as the featuring artist on the track. Production of the song was helmed by the Boots and Beyoncé as well as Noel Fisher under his production name Detail. "Drunk in Love" was recorded at Jungle City Studios and at Oven Studios in New York City.[1] Detail approached Beyoncé with a beat he had created called "Drunk" inspired by different situations from being affected by alcohol.[2][3] Beyoncé further helped in the production of the song, adding elements that Detail had missed.[3] She and Jay-Z later free-styled their verses for the song and Timbaland contributed keyboards. Elaborating on the conception of the song, Beyoncé said:

We just kinda had a party. It was so great, because it wasn't about any ego, we weren't trying to make a hit record [...] we were just having fun...and I think you can hear that in the record.[2]

"Drunk in Love" was subsequently included on Beyoncé's self-titled fifth studio album Beyoncé (2013) which was released on iTunes Store with no promotion having taken place beforehand.[1][4] Following the album's release, Billboard reported that "Drunk in Love" would be sent to urban contemporary radios in the US exclusively.[4] "XO" impacted CHR, hot adult contemporary and rhythmic contemporary radio in the US on December 16, 2013 as the first single from the album.[5][6][7] "Drunk in Love" impacted urban contemporary radio stations on December 17, 2013,[8] serving as one of the two lead singles from Beyoncé. On March 24, 2014, "Drunk in Love" impacted BBC Radio 1's C-List in the UK.[9]

Composition[edit]

A trap and R&B song, "Drunk in Love" features a heavy bass and explicit lyrics about love-making. Beyoncé uses a low vocal reminiscing a growl further adopting "eccentrical... wild" timbral shifts.[10][11]

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Musically, the song consists of bass,[12] skittering drums,[13] vague synthesizers, scintillating strings,[14] finger snaps[15] and a substantial amount of trap beats.[16] Elements of hip hop music are also present in "Drunk in Love".[17] Written in the key of A major, the track contains a moderately slow tempo of 70, while also following a chord progression of Fm—Bm—E—A. Beyoncé and Jay-Z's vocals range from F3 to Eb5.[18] Many contemporary critics viewed "Drunk in Love" as a sequel or an extension to Beyoncé's own 2003 collaboration with Jay-Z, "Crazy in Love".[19][20][21] Jody Rosen from Vulture found trademark Timbaland synths in the song and further went on to describe its production as "skittering, blaring".[22]

Keeping in with the most prominent theme of Beyoncé, "Drunk in Love" explores female sexuality.[23][24][25] Its lyrics express "unbridled lust"[26] and love-making with a wholly committed lover.[23] As she sings about how much she likes sex with her partner,[27] Beyoncé uses several double entendres,[25][28] including the line, "grainin' on that wood", where she is supposedly referencing a surfboard. The singer displays much attitude through her vocal inflections that were described as "sassy" by critics.[23][29] Her vocal performance in the song was described as conversational, half-sung half-rapped, "talk-over-the-beat" styled further conveying spontaneity and truth-telling.[11][30] Her singing is further ornamented by Arabic-scale vocal arpeggios.[14] Beyoncé's vocal performance in the song has been noted for containing a flow similar to rappers Drake and 2 Chainz.[31][32] The Verge's Trent Wolbe found Animal Collective-esque vocal filtering.[33]

On the bridge, Beyoncé sings about having drunken sex in the kitchen: "We woke up in the kitchen saying / How the hell did this shit happen / Oh baby, drunk in love, we be all night / Last thing I remember is our beautiful bodies grinding off in that club".[28] The second verse of the song is half-rapped by her.[23] Jay-Z later appears to provide his rapped verse as he compares his relationship with Beyoncé to that of Ike and Tina Turner.[34] He forgoes subtlety as he raps, "Foreplay in a foyer, fucked up my Warhol/ Slid the panties right to the side/ Ain’t got the time to take drawers off on sight... your breasteses is my breakfast".[23][25][35] Similarly to Beyoncé, Jay-Z sings about the places they have had sex in their house.[36]

Critical reception[edit]

Music critics generally enjoyed the collaboration of Beyoncé and Jay-Z on "Drunk in Love". Mikael Wood of the Los Angeles Times wrote that Beyoncé "trades terrifically raunchy come-ons with Jay Z [on 'Drunk in Love']; it's like an NC-17 sequel to their 2003 smash 'Crazy in Love'".[37] Rob Sheffield of Rolling Stone chose the "sex song" as the album's best one, commenting that it is a "superb duet".[36] Jon Dolan from the same publication also chose it as the album's best further comparing it with "Crazy in Love" with "100 percent more drunkenness".[21] Andrew Hampp of Billboard called the track a "potential smash" as he praised its appeal to R&B radios and its "infectious, wailing of 'loooove' on the chorus". He also commended Beyoncé's and Jay-Z's rapped verses.[23] Andrew Barker from Variety wrote in his review of Beyoncé, "a radio-ready pop single [is] buried somewhere within the Jay Z feature 'Drunk In Love,' yet Beyonce and Boots embellish it with enough strange grace notes and recitatives to create a much stranger monster than one might expect".[38]

Jody Rosen writing for Vulture described the song as an "appealing" record and one of the best collaborations between the duo throughout their careers. He concluded that "Jay’s rap is goofy but not embarrassing."[22] Nick Catucci of Entertainment Weekly termed Beyoncé's rap as "truculent" and noted that "Drunk in Love" is one of the few songs of the album that displays scale-busting.[12] Kitty Empire of The Observer wrote that "Drunk in Love" finds Beyoncé "rapping lasciviously and making eyes at her husband. It's about 100 times better than that description allows for."[39] Julia Leconte from Now praised the singer's "perfect" growling vocals.[20] Chris Kelly of FACT magazine dubbed the song as the "requisite duet with Jay Z (whose Ike Turner-referencing verse caps off a year of cringeworthy efforts)".[40] Pitchfork Media's Carrie Battan felt that the lines in which Beyoncé ab-libbed "surfboard" were "some of the most infectious snippets of pop music in 2013", elaborating "the single word serving as both shorthand for woman-on-top and a neat summation of an entire era of trends in rap cadence".[41] Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune described the track as a "frisky reverie".[34] Likewise, Evan Rytlewski of The A.V. Club wrote:

The D'Angelo-indebted grind session 'Rocket' and frisky 'Drunk In Love' are similarly sexy, but they’re not sexy like a glamour shot or a steamy video. They’re sexy like an overeager, pre-shower quickie, or a hushed morning make-out session before the baby wakes up. These are the most unapologetically raunchy songs she's ever sung, and in many ways also the most romantic.[42]

Philip Matusavage of musicOMH noted that though "Drunk in Love" does not have a chorus, it absolutely manages to be "thrilling", further writing that it is "packed with ideas and touches" which listeners would understand after repeated listens.[43] Anupa Mistry of Spin considered the song to be one of Beyoncé's "elbows-up boom-trap anthems... ready to soundtrack both dive-bar antics and bottle-service quasi-sophistication."[31] Philip Cosores of Paste highlighted that the track was highly evocative but found its lyrics to be "half-baked at best".[29] Ryan Dennehy of AbsolutePunk wrote that "unconditional love has to be reciprocated to explain Jay Z's odious verse on 'Drunk in Love'".[44] Stereogum's Tom Breihan criticized Jay-Z's "pretty bad" verse in the song.[45] Philadelphia Media Network writer Dan DeLuca panned "Drunk in Love" as Beyoncé's biggest "misstep" due to Jay-Z's contribution.[46]

Although being praised by media outlets, "Drunk in Love" sparked controversy for its lyrics referencing domestic violence. On the song, Jay-Z rapped the lyrics "I'm Ike, Turner, turn up / Baby no I don't play / Now eat the cake, Anna Mae / I said eat the cake, Anna Mae" which alludes to Tina Turner's abusive relationship with her former husband, Ike Turner.[47][48][49] The lyric specifically refers to a scene from her biopic What's Love Got to Do with It (1993), which is based on Tina Turner's real-life experience with a jealous and violent husband.[48] Rolling Stone's Rob Sheffield described the reference as "tasteless" in his review of the song and The Guardian writer Tshepo Mokoena called the song's lyrics "disturbing" and "distasteful".[36][47] British radio station Bang Radio aired an edited version of the song excluding the lyrics.[50]

Recognition and accolades[edit]

In the annual Pazz and Jop mass critics poll of the year's best in music in 2013, "Drunk in Love" was ranked at number 162.[51] The song was nominated for Top R&B Song at the 2014 Billboard Music Awards.[52] At the 2014 BET Awards, it won Best Collaboration and was nominated for Viewer's Choice, losing to "I Luv This Shit" by August Alsina and Trinidad James.[53][54]

Chart performance[edit]

In the US, "Drunk in Love" debuted at number 48 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart dated December 28, 2013. It was also the greatest gainer, with a 3.4 million audience impression across 46 reporters.[55] For the week ending January 4, 2014, the song soared to number 9 on the airplay chart[56] and went on to debut at number 2 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, the singer's highest debut on that chart with 61,000 downloads and 23.3 million audience impression.[57][58] Being attributed the greatest airplay gainer for the third consecutive week, the single moved to number 6 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart.[59] "Drunk in Love" topped the chart for the week ending February 1, 2014, becoming Beyoncé's sixth number-one song on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart.[60] It spent eight consecutive weeks atop the chart.[61] "Drunk in Love" also became Beyoncé's seventh number-one on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart and eighth number-one on the Rhythmic Songs chart.[62][63]

On the Billboard Hot 100, "Drunk in Love" debuted at number 12 for the week ending January 4, 2014 and equalled the performance of Beyoncé's 2006 single, "Ring the Alarm", for her highest debut position on the chart.[57] Following the couple's performance of the single at the 56th Annual Grammy Awards, it climbed to a new peak of number two, becoming Beyoncé's first top-ten hit since "Telephone" (2010) and her highest charting song since "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" (2008). "Drunk in Love" became her fifteenth top-ten Hot 100 single as a solo artist.[62] The song spent eight consecutive weeks in the top ten and was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) in April.[64] As of June 2014, "Drunk in Love" has sold 1.6 million copies in the US.[65]

The song debuted at number 57 on the UK Singles Chart and number six on the UK R&B Chart for the issue dated December 28, 2013.[66][67] It eventually peaked at numbers nine and three respectively in February 2014;[68][69] it marked Beyoncé's seventeenth top ten hit on the UK Singles Chart as a solo artist.[70] "Drunk in Love" was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) on July 4, 2014 for shipment of 400,000 copies in that country.[71] On the Irish Singles Chart, the song reached number 10 on February 6, 2014.[72] It debuted at number 35 on the French Singles Chart on December 28, 2013 and peaked at number 9 on March 1, 2014.[73]

On the New Zealand Singles Chart, "Drunk in Love" debuted at number 40 on January 13, 2014, and peaked at number seven on February 10, 2014, becoming Beyoncé's sixteenth top-ten single in New Zealand.[74] It was certified gold by Recorded Music NZ (RMNZ) on March 3, 2014 for selling 7,500 digital copies.[75] On the ARIA Singles Chart in Australia, the song peaked at number 22,[76] receiving a gold certification by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) in March 2014 for shipment of 35,000 copies.[77] For the week ending December 21, 2013, "Drunk in Love" debuted at number 25 on the South Korea Gaon International Chart with digital sales of 5,608 copies.[78] On the Canadian Hot 100, the single peaked at number 22 and was certified Gold by Music Canada for shipment of 40,000 copies in that country.[79]

Music video[edit]

Background and synopsis[edit]

"[We were] much freer than anything I’d done in the past. We really just tried to trust our instincts, embrace the moment, and keep it fun... We were in Miami for Jay's concert, and it was just the two of us, on the beach, amazing weather, and one outfit! It's beautiful in its simplicity. If you want something to feel real and urgent, you can't overthink it."

Beyoncé talking about the filming of the video for "Drunk in Love"[80]

The video was filmed on August 15, 2013 in Golden Beach, Florida at a beach front manse that Beyoncé rented out for the shoot.[81][82] It was directed by Hype Williams and shot in black-and-white; the clip depicts Beyoncé and Jay-Z "madly in love".[82] The black-and-white shoot was meant to reference the work of fashion photographer Herb Ritts.[83] Talking about the video in an iTunes Radio session, Beyoncé said, "The shoot was extremely effortless and spontaneous and we completely captured the energy of the song."[82] She also went on to say that it was the most organic shoot she had ever done and further added: "I wanted to carry this idea of being in the moment and embracing mistakes and effortlessness into the video. I wish every video was like 'Drunk [in Love]'."[2] The clip was first released on the iTunes Store on the visual album itself on December 13, 2013, which contained a previously filmed music video for every song and was later uploaded to Beyoncé's Vevo channel three days later, on December 16, 2013.[82][84]

The visual is almost six and a half minutes long. As the video begins, waves are seen crashing on a night time beach. Nearly a minute later, Beyoncé appears; she is strolling on a beach at night and she seemingly carries a massive trophy while an eerie music is playing in the background. Sporting a sheer negligee that reveals her bra and panties beneath, she twists her body in the sand. The singer also dances seductively against a backdrop of smoke and mouths the song's lyrics, staring at the camera. Beyoncé is later joined by husband Jay-Z, who is wearing a T-shirt and a backwards baseball cap. He raps with his eyes down holding a glass with alcohol in his hand while Beyoncé mouths the words behind him, smiling. The last seconds of the video show Beyoncé dancing and it concludes with close-up shots of the singer's face.

Reception[edit]

On a review of the clip, Kory Glow of Rolling Stone wrote, "The video, as metaphorical as it is, perfectly captures the feeling of the track."[15] A writer for DJ Booth described the video as an "equally steamy cinematic accompaniment" to the song.[14] Carrie Battan of Pitchfork Media commented that the video "brings the #surfboard line into clear focus".[85] Vanity Fair writer Michelle Collins described the scene where the singer sings the line "surfboard" as hilarious.[35] An editor writing for Rap-Up commended the "intoxicating visuals".[82] USA Today's Elysa Gardner felt that the clip was "sultry" showing the pair "romp and caress on a beach, recalling a night of connubial bliss that lasted into morning" as the song's lyrics.[86] Gerrick D. Kennedy from the Los Angeles Times interpreted the scenes showing the trophy as representing the singer as a "trophy wife".[87] Joe Lynch of Fuse compared Beyoncé's dancing in the sand with Madonna's visual for Cherish (1989).[88]

Jon Dolan from Rolling Stone described the video as the second most NSFW from the whole album.[21] An editor from the website Consequence of Sound described Beyoncé's dancing as an R-rated version of Bo Derek's role in the film 10 (1978).[89] In her review, Toronto Star's Malene Arpe called the video "porny".[90] HitFix reviewer Whitney Phaneuf felt that Beyoncé was looking in the camera with pure lust concluding that when Jay-Z appears later, "it's clear that her gaze has been fixed on him".[91] Claire Lobenfeld from Complex felt that the pair "get wet and wild" in the video further elaborating, "For an album that is rooted in love, marriage, and sex, unleashing a video featuring her and her husband frolicking euphorically on the beach is the best first taste."[92] Slate's Forrest Wickman called the clip one of the simplest on the album and noted, "It's not the album's peak, musically or visually, but unconstrained by heavy choreography... it legitimately looks like they're having fun."[17] Maura Johnston of Spin placed the video at number 5 on the magazine's list of the best music videos in 2013 saying that it was a "worthy addition" to the collaborations between Beyoncé and Jay-Z.[93]

The video was nominated in the categories for Best Female Video and Best R&B Video at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards Japan.[94][95] It was also nominated for Video of the Year at the 2014 BET Awards.[53] At the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards the video is currently nominated in the categories for Video of the Year and Best Collaboration.[96]

Live performances[edit]

On January 26, 2014 the couple opened the 56th Annual Grammy Awards in Los Angeles, performing the song live together for the first time.[97] The performance opened with Beyoncé sporting wet-look hair in a leotard and a leather basque, sitting on a chair with her back to the audience.[97][98][99] She conctinued seductively dancing cabaret-style, singing and gyrating on the dark stage surrounded by smoke.[100][101][102] Jay-Z appeared to rap his verses dressed in a suit and bow tie.[97][101] The sexually-charged performance ended with a kiss and the two walked off with their arms around each other. Beyoncé's chair dance received comparisons with scenes from the movie Flashdance, the song's music video and the video for "Partition";[100][103][104] VH1's Emily Exton felt that it was one of the best chair dances of all time.[102] The duet was described as "scorching" and "chill inducing" with many critics considering the performance to be a show highlight;[103][105] Lily Harrison of E! added that the pair "set the bar impossibly high".[98] A Rolling Stone editor felt it was "near flawless".[97] Nadeska Alexis writing for MTV News noted that when the singer started singing the first verses of the song, "you could almost taste the aroma of sex appeal in the air".[100] A negative review came from Beverly Beckham of The Boston Globe who felt that the pair failed to showcase love in the lyrics and performance.[106]

Beyoncé performing "Drunk in Love" during a stop in the UK of The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour (2014)

The performance sparked criticisms from some parents on social media who believed the performance was "provocative" and "inappropriate" due to its risqué nature; Melissa Henson, a representative of the Parents Television Council said in a statement that the performance was "suggestive" before adding, "We have seen pretty consistently enough inappropriate material [on awards shows lately], that a lot of parents have written these off."[107] Contrastingly, writing for ThinkProgress, Alyssa Rosenberg said of the controversy: "This may not be the vision of marriage conservatives intended to try to promote [but] if marriage is a product that conservatives desperately want to sell, the smartest thing they could do right now is to hire Beyoncé and Jay-Z as a product spokescouple... they made marriage look fun, and sexy, and a source of mutual professional fulfillment."[108] On public reaction to the sexual performance, Lavanya Ramanathan of The Washington Post wrote: "The Internet exploded, and it's not surprising. This is a couple who sat separately at awards ceremonies when they were dating several years ago."[109] On February 1, 2014, the couple performed the song again during Jay Z's performance at the DirecTv pre-Super Bowl party.[110] Christopher R. Weingarten of Rolling Stone referred to the pair's chemistry as the highlight of the event and said the performance was "smiles and hugs and laughs, with one of the most famous rappers in the world gladly playing hypeman" in contrast to the Grammy performance.[110] Nekesa Mumbi Moody writing for the Associated Press felt that it was the set's highlight.[111]

The song was added to the set list and performed live during the second European leg of The Mrs. Carter Show World Tour in February and March 2014.[112] For the performance, Beyoncé danced on a chair in a catsuit as kaleidoscope of lights illuminated her.[113][114] Digital Spy's Robert Copsey felt that the track became a stadium sing-along like the other hits performed by the singer.[115] Kitty Empire of The Observer wrote that the singer's ad libs made listeners feel like she "got tipsy and had the hots for her husband".[116] Jay-Z joined her on stage to perform the song together at all six London shows of the leg, as well as at the final tour stop in Lisbon.[117][118] "Drunk in Love" was part of the set list of Beyoncé and Jay-Z's co-headlining On the Run Tour (2014). For the performance of the song, Beyoncé performed a chair dance and was accompanied by Jay-Z for his part which contained a short snippet of Kanye West's "On Sight".[119][120] While reviewing the opening concert of the tour, Rebecca Thomas writing for MTV News described the performance of the song as "intoxicating".[121]

Remixes[edit]

Kanye West (pictured) released an official remix of "Drunk in Love" in February 2014.

The popularity of the song has led to several remixes. In December 2013, American singer Rico Love and American rapper Plies released a remix of "Drunk in Love" in which they sang about their sex experiences.[122] On January 16, 2014, English musician James Blake debuted a remix of the song on BBC Radio 1 using his alter ego Harmonimix considerably altering Beyoncé's voice.[123] Future utilized Auto-Tune on his version of the song, which he released in late January 2014.[124] At BBC Radio 1's Live Lounge, American rapper Angel Haze performed "Drunk in Love", substituting Jay Z's verses with new lines that discuss empowerment and braggadocio.[125] She later released a studio version in April leaving some vocals by Beyoncé from the original; this version was noted for containing more aggression than her live rendition.[126]

On February 13, 2014, Detail released a seven-minute version of the song on which he worked for three weeks. It was titled "Drunken Love" and it included unreleased audio elements from the recording of the song during which several variables of it existed.[3] Pitchfork Media's Carrie Battan described his version as "chopped-up, stretched out, cathedral-ready".[127] On February 14, 2014, American rapper Kanye West, frequent collaborator of Jay-Z, released the official remix of "Drunk in Love", featuring an explicit verse by himself and a slightly modified instrumental produced by Mike Dean. In his lines, West rapped about his wife Kim Kardashian and referenced the video for his own song, "Bound 2" (2013). A day after the release of the remix, Beyoncé uploaded a 30-second clip in which she played a cowgirl corralling horses as West's vocals played in the background.[128] Diplo produced an EDM-influenced remix of the song, which he released on February 15, 2014.[129] Canadian singer The Weeknd and American rapper T.I. both released their respective remixes on the same date; the former's version featured lyrics about drug use and corruption.[130][131] On February 18, 2014, American rapper Cassidy released a song titled "Surfboard", with the tag "Drunk in Love G-Mix", which heavily samples "Drunk in Love".[132]

Cover versions[edit]

English singer Katy B performed a medley of "Drunk in Love" and Tinashe's "Vulnerable" during Rinse FM sessions at London's Metropolis Studios in late February 2014.[133] Sevyn Streeter covered the song live during a concert in March.[134] Ed Sheeran also performed an acoustic cover version on the Elvis Duran and the Morning Show broadcast on April 11 and on 4Music on May 9, 2014.[135][136] He had sung the beginning of the song for several seconds the month before during On Air with Ryan Seacrest and decided to fully cover it following fan demands.[137] Alternative rock band Grouplove performed a rock-infused cover of the song at the 2014 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival.[138] The writers of Billboard magazine described it as "earnest and uneven".[139] Rita Ora covered "Drunk in Love" on May 25, 2014 during Radio 1's Big Weekend in Glasgow and on the French television show Le Before du Grand Journal the following day.[140][141] During her performance at the G-A-Y club in London in April 2014, British singer Lily Allen appeared wearing a black bikini and a blond wig emulating the singer's look from the song's video, lip-syncing the lyrics for a drag performance. She appeared on the stage with a trophy in her hand, getting spilled with water from a bucket and danced in a similar way to the singer.[142] Several media outlets and fans on social media alike called it a "mocking" of Beyoncé which Allen further denied on Twitter.[143]

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from Beyoncé's website.[1]

Song credits[edit]

  • Written by Noel "Detail" Fisher, Beyoncé Knowles, Shawn Carter, Andre Eric Proctor, Rasool Diaz, Brian Soko, T.Mosley, J.Harmon
  • Beyoncé Knowles – vocals, production, vocal production
  • Boots – additional production, additional vocals, instruments
  • Stuart White – recording, mixing
  • Ramon Rivas – assistant engineering
  • Tony Maserati – mixing
  • Tyler Scott – assistant mix engineering
  • Justin Hergett – assistant mix engineering
  • James Krausse – mix engineering
  • Derek Dixie – mix consultation, additional sounds
  • Tom Coyne – mastering
  • Aya Marrill – mastering

Video credits[edit]

  • Director – Hype Williams
  • Creative Director – Todd Tourso
  • Director of Photography – Jeffrey Kelly
  • Executive Producer – Erinn Williams
  • Producer – Hype Williams
  • Production Company – Parkwood Entertainment, HW Worldwide LLC
  • Stylist – Lysa Cooper
  • Additional Styling – TY Hunter, Raquel Smith
  • Choreography – Kwasi Fordjour
  • Editor – Josiah Spencer for Wild Child Editorial
  • Brand Manager – Melissa Vargas
  • Hair – Neal Farinah
  • Make-Up – Francesca Tolot
  • Nails – Lisa Logan
  • Color Correction – Wild Child
  • VFX – Light of Day, Wild Child
  • Photography – Mason Poole

Charts[edit]

Chart (2013–14) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[76] 22
Australia Urban (ARIA)[144] 5
Belgium (Ultratop Flanders)[145] 13
Belgium (Ultratop Flanders Urban)[145] 4
Belgium (Ultratop Wallonia)[146] 23
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[147] 23
Czech Republic (Rádio Top 100)[148] 83
Denmark (Tracklisten)[149] 15
Finland (The Official Finnish Charts)[150] 19
France (SNEP)[73] 9
Germany (Media Control AG)[151] 70
Ireland (IRMA)[72] 10
Japan (Billboard Japan Hot 100)[152] 92
Lebanon (The Official Lebanese Top 20)[153] 5
Netherlands (Mega Single Top 100)[154] 39
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[155] 7
Slovakia (Rádio Top 100)[156] 46
South Africa (EMA)[157] 1
South Korea International Singles (Gaon)[78] 25
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[158] 16
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[159] 40
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[69] 9
UK R&B (Official Charts Company)[68] 3
US Billboard Hot 100[160] 2
US Hot Dance Club Songs (Billboard)[161] 12
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[162] 1
US Mainstream Top 40 (Billboard)[163] 13
US Rhythmic (Billboard)[164] 1

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[77] Gold 35,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[79] Gold 40,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[75] Gold 7,500*
United Kingdom (BPI)[71] Gold 400,000^
United States (RIAA)[165] Platinum 1,600,000[65]
Streaming
Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[166] Gold 900,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Country Date Format Label
United States[8] December 17, 2013 Urban contemporary radio Columbia
United Kingdom[9] March 24, 2014 Contemporary hit radio RCA

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Beyonce Album Credits". Beyonce.com. December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 15, 2013. 
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External links[edit]