Edgefield County, South Carolina

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Edgefield County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Edgefield County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1785
Seat Edgefield
Largest city Edgefield
Area
 • Total 507 sq mi (1,313 km2)
 • Land 502 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.92%
Population
 • (2010) 26,985
 • Density 54/sq mi (20.7/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.edgefieldcounty.sc.gov

Edgefield County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 26,985.[1] Its county seat is Edgefield.[2]

Edgefield County is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The origin of the name Edgefield is unclear; the South Carolina State Library's information on the county's history suggests that the name "is usually described as 'fanciful.'"[3] There is a village named Edgefield in Norfolk, England.

Edgefield District was created in 1785.[3][4][5] It was formed from the southern section of the former Ninety-Six District when it was divided into smaller districts or counties by an act of the state legislature.[3][4][5] Parts of the district were later used in the formation of other neighboring counties, specifically:[3]

In his study of Edgefield County, South Carolina, Orville Vernon Burton classified white society as comprising the poor, the yeoman middle class, and the elite planters.[6] A clear line demarcated the elite, but according to Burton, the line between poor and yeoman was never very distinct. Stephanie McCurry argues that yeomen were clearly distinguished from poor whites by their ownership of land (real property). Edgefield's yeomen farmers were "self-working farmers," distinct from the elite because they worked their land themselves alongside any slaves they owned. By owning large numbers of slaves, planters took on a managerial function and did not work in the fields.[7]

During Reconstruction, Edgefield County had a slight black majority and became a center of political tensions following amendments that gave freedmen civil rights under the US constitution. Whites conducted an insurgency to maintain white supremacy, particularly with paramilitary groups known as the Red Shirts using violence and intimidation during election seasons from 1872 on. In the disputed 1876 gubernatorial election, 2,000 more votes were counted in the county than the total registered voters, giving victory to Democratic candidate Wade Hampton.[8] In addition, black Republican voting had been suppressed by violence here and in nearby Aiken County, including the Hamburg Massacre of July 1876.[8] Eventually the election was decided in his favor, and the Democrats also took control of the state legislature. Federal troops were withdrawn in 1877 from South Carolina, ending Reconstruction.

Government[edit]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons Federal Correctional Institution, Edgefield is in the county; it is partially within the city limits of Edgefield, and partially in an unincorporated area.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 506.7 square miles (1,312.3 km2), of which 500.4 square miles (1,296.0 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16.3 km2) (1.2%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 13,289
1800 18,130 36.4%
1810 23,160 27.7%
1820 25,119 8.5%
1830 30,509 21.5%
1840 32,852 7.7%
1850 39,262 19.5%
1860 39,887 1.6%
1870 42,486 6.5%
1880 45,844 7.9%
1890 49,259 7.4%
1900 25,478 −48.3%
1910 28,281 11.0%
1920 23,928 −15.4%
1930 19,326 −19.2%
1940 17,894 −7.4%
1950 16,591 −7.3%
1960 15,735 −5.2%
1970 15,692 −0.3%
1980 17,528 11.7%
1990 18,375 4.8%
2000 24,595 33.9%
2010 26,985 9.7%
Est. 2012 26,347 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 24,595 people, 8,270 households, and 6,210 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 9,223 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.77% White, 41.51% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. 2.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,270 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 32.10% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 112.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,146, and the median income for a family was $41,810. Males had a median income of $32,748 versus $23,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,415. About 13.00% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

Edgefield has one newspaper, published in the town of the same name:

The local radio station is located in the town of Johnston:

Edgefield is also served by the following television stations:

Notable people[edit]

Edgefield County is the birthplace of the following people:

Governors[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Morgan, Mary (2007-03-22). "Edgefield County". South Carolina State Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-19. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  4. ^ a b "The Edgefield County Court House: A Brief History, 1785-1997". County of Edgefield. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  5. ^ a b "Edgefield County Chamber of Commerce Home Page". Edgefield County Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  6. ^ Orville Vernon Burton, In My Father's House Are Many Mansions: Family and Community in Edgefield, South Carolina (U. of North Carolina Press, 1985)
  7. ^ Stephanie McCurry, Masters of Small Worlds: Yeoman Households, Gender Relations, and the Political Culture of the Antebellum South Carolina Low Country (1995)
  8. ^ a b Melinda Meeks Hennessy, “Racial Violence During Reconstruction: The 1876 Riots in Charleston and Cainhoy”, South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 86, No. 2, (April 1985), 104-106 (subscription required)
  9. ^ "FCI Edgefield Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
  10. ^ "Edgefield town, South Carolina." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 27, 2010.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 23, 2013. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°46′N 81°58′W / 33.77°N 81.97°W / 33.77; -81.97