Lexington, South Carolina

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Lexington, South Carolina
Town
Lexington, South Carolina Courthouse.jpg
Motto: "Building Partnerships"
Location of Lexington, South Carolina
Location of Lexington, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°58′52″N 81°13′51″W / 33.98111°N 81.23083°W / 33.98111; -81.23083Coordinates: 33°58′52″N 81°13′51″W / 33.98111°N 81.23083°W / 33.98111; -81.23083
Country  United States of America
State  South Carolina
County Lexington County
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Body Lexington Town Council[1]
 • Mayor Steve MacDougall [2]
Area
 • Town 8.8 sq mi (22.97 km2)
 • Land 8.7 sq mi (22.95 km2)
 • Water 0.1 [3] sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 394 ft (120 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Town 17,870 (Lexington Limits)
 • Rank 23rd
 • Density 2,014/sq mi (778/km2)
 • Metro 82,769 (Sub-County)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29071-29073 - 29072
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-41335[5]
GNIS feature ID 1246349[6]
Website www.lexsc.com

Lexington is a town in and the county seat of Lexington County, South Carolina, United States, and is also the largest town in Lexington County.[7] The population was 17,870 at the 2010 census. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated 2013 population is 19,576, a 9.5% population growth since the 2010 census, making it one of the fastest-growing towns in the United States.[3]

History[edit]

In 1735, the colonial government of King George II established eleven townships in backcountry South Carolina, to encourage settlement, and to provide a buffer between Native American tribes to the West and colonial plantations in the Lowcountry. The townships included one named Saxe Gotha, which flourished with major crops of corn, wheat, tobacco, hemp, and flax, as well as beeswax and livestock.

The Battle of Tarrar Springs was fought nearby on November 16, 1781. In 1785, Saxe Gotha was replaced with Lexington County, in commemoration of the Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. The county's first courthouse was built in Granby, but chronic flooding forced the courthouse to move in 1820 to its present location, establishing the community of Lexington Courthouse. The community was incorporated as the Town of Lexington in 1861.

In 1865 Union Army forces destroyed the courthouse and many buildings in the town. But local farms and the lumber industry helped stabilize the economy after Reconstruction. The town grew due to the Columbia to Augusta Railroad and the Lexington Textile Mill, constructed in 1890.

Many current brick buildings were built in the aftermath of severe fires in 1894 and 1916.[8]

The Move Over Law, a law that requires drivers to change lanes when there is a stopped emergency vehicle on the side of the road, originated in Lexington, SC, after a South Carolina Paramedic, James D. Garcia, was struck and injured at an accident scene on Jan. 28, 1994. Garcia was listed at fault, leading to his work to create this law. SC's version (SC 56-5-1538) passed in 1996, and was revised in 2002.[9][10]

A Murphy Express gas station on Augusta Highway in Lexington, SC sold a $400 million winning Powerball ticket on September 18, 2013. This ticket was the fifth largest winning ticket of any United States lottery.[11][12][13]

On November 5, 2013, incumbent Lexington mayor Randy Halfacre lost a reelection bid to Councilman Steve MacDougall by only 18 votes.[14] A recount was initiated but the results remained the same.[2]

Buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[15] include:

A view of Lexington's Main Street.

Geography[edit]

Lexington is located at 33°58′52″N 81°13′51″W / 33.98111°N 81.23083°W / 33.98111; -81.23083 (33.980975, -81.230839).[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which 8.7 square miles (23 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.73%) is water.[3]

Lexington is 12 mi (19 km) away from South Carolina's state capital and largest city, Columbia.[17]

Climate[edit]

The lowest recorded temperature in Lexington was −2 °F (−19 °C) in February 1899. The warmest recorded temperature was 109 °F (43 °C) in June 2012.[18] July averages the most yearly precipitation.[19] Lexington averages 48 in (1.2 m) of rain per year; Lexington averages 2 in (5.1 cm) of snow per year.[20]

Climate data for Columbia, South Carolina (Columbia Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
84
(29)
93
(34)
96
(36)
101
(38)
107
(42)
109
(43)
107
(42)
106
(41)
101
(38)
90
(32)
83
(28)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 56.0
(13.3)
61
(16)
68
(20)
76
(24)
84
(29)
90
(32)
93
(34)
91
(33)
85
(29)
76
(24)
67
(19)
58
(14)
75
(24)
Average low °F (°C) 34
(1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
50
(10)
60
(16)
68
(20)
72
(22)
71
(22)
64
(18)
52
(11)
42
(6)
35
(2)
52
(11)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(−18)
−2
(−19)
4
(−16)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
53
(12)
40
(4)
23
(−5)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.58
(90.9)
3.74
(95)
3.73
(94.7)
2.62
(66.5)
2.97
(75.4)
4.69
(119.1)
5.46
(138.7)
5.26
(133.6)
3.54
(89.9)
3.17
(80.5)
2.74
(69.6)
3.22
(81.8)
44.56
(1,131.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.0
(2.5)
0.8
(2)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.0
(5.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 7.7 10.5 11.8 10.5 7.3 7.0 7.3 9.0 106.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.5 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.6 183.6 238.7 270.0 291.4 279.0 285.2 263.5 240.0 235.6 195.0 173.6 2,829.2
Source: NOAA (extremes 1887–present),[21]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the Town's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[22] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Lexington County 813
2 Lexington School District 1 487
3 Walmart 353
4 Target 149
5 Lowe's 140
6 Town of Lexington 133
7 Kohl's 118
8 Food Lion 88
9 Honda Cars of Columbia 85
10 Kmart 75
Lexingtons "Million Dollar View" of the capital of SC, Columbia, only 12 miles away.

Transportation[edit]

The Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority (CMRTA) bus system stretches in to Lexington, SC, operating two bus stops within the town limits.[23]

Roads and Highways[edit]

Interstates[edit]

  • I-26 (SC).svg I-26 Interstate 26 travels from northwest to southeast and connects the Columbia area to the other two major population centers of South Carolina: the Greenville-Spartanburg area in the northwestern part of the state and North Charleston – Charleston area in the southeastern part of the state.
  • I-20 (SC).svg I-20 Interstate 20 travels from west to east and connects Columbia to Atlanta and Augusta in the west and Florence in the east. It serves the nearby towns and suburbs of Pelion, Lexington, West Columbia, Sandhill, Pontiac, and Elgin. Interstate 20 is also used by travelers heading to Myrtle Beach, although the interstate's eastern terminus is in Florence.

U.S. Routes[edit]

U.S. Highways[edit]

Sights[edit]

Lake Murray Dam

Slightly north of Lexington rests one of South Carolina's major lakes, Lake Murray. The lake is held by a 1.7 mile long dam in which people are free to drive, bike, run, or walk across. The Saluda Dam, or Lake Murray Dam, provides electricity for the surrounding area and is a beacon for the Midlands of South Carolina. There is also a public swimming area that is open during the summer months on the Lexington side of the dam.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 262
1890 342 30.5%
1900 806 135.7%
1910 709 −12.0%
1920 894 26.1%
1930 1,152 28.9%
1940 1,033 −10.3%
1950 1,081 4.6%
1960 1,127 4.3%
1970 969 −14.0%
1980 2,131 119.9%
1990 3,289 54.3%
2000 9,793 197.8%
2010 17,870 82.5%
Est. 2013 19,576 9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]
2012 Estimate[26]

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,870 people, 8,101 households, and 2,558 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,724.4 people per square mile (665.7/km²). There were 4,025 housing units at an average density of 708.7 per square mile (273.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.88% White, 12.48% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 3,644 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 39.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,865, and the median income for a family was $65,694. Males had a median income of $44,883 versus $29,020 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,416. About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit]

Listed below are public schools that have an address labeled in Lexington, South Carolina.[27]

Elementary Schools:

  • Carolina Springs Elementary
  • Lake Murray Elementary
  • Lexington Elementary
  • Midway Elementary
  • Meadow Glen Elementary
  • New Providence Elementary
  • Oak Grove Elementary
  • Pleasant Hill Elementary
  • Red Bank Elementary
  • Saxe Gotha Elementary
  • Rocky Creek Elementary
  • Deerfield Elementary

Middle Schools:

  • Carolina Springs Middle School
  • Lexington Middle School
  • Meadow Glen Middle School
  • Pleasant Hill Middle School

High Schools:

Neighboring Towns and Cities[edit]

This is a list of municipalities within 15 miles of the town center of Lexington, SC:

Traffic[edit]

Since Lexington continues to grow at a rapid pace, the roads are unequipped to handle the heavy amounts of traffic. The Lexington Town Council approved the Unified Traffic Improvement Plan in April 2005, which is supported by $14.5 million through state and federal funding.[28]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.lexsc.com/council_index.htm
  2. ^ a b http://lexington.wistv.com/news/politics/82753-newly-elected-lexington-mayor-sworn-monday
  3. ^ a b c http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45/4541335.html
  4. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ http://www.lexsc.com/lexington_history_index.htm
  9. ^ http://www.lawserver.com/law/state/south-carolina/sc-code/south_carolina_code_title_56_chapter_5
  10. ^ http://www.aikenstandard.com/article/20130105/AIK0101/130109770
  11. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/19/studentnews/powerball-jackpot/index.html
  12. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/09/19/winning-ticket-powerball-jackpot/2835103/
  13. ^ http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/23471822/winning-powerball-ticket-sold-in-lexington-sc
  14. ^ http://www.lexsc.com/election_results_2013.htm
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ http://www.distancebetweencities.net/lexington_sc_and_columbia_sc/
  18. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/monthly/29072
  19. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/29072
  20. ^ http://www.bestplaces.net/climate/county/south_carolina/lexington
  21. ^ "The Weather Channel". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2013-08-15.  "City Date - Lexington, SC". City Data. Retrieved 2013-08-15. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Town of Lexington CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  23. ^ http://www.lex-co.sc.gov/Pages/CMRTA.aspx
  24. ^ http://www.sciway.net/city/lakemurray.html
  25. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 14, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved August 14, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Lexington One Schools". Lexington School District One. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  28. ^ http://www.lexsc.com/traffic_index.htm

External links[edit]