Kershaw County, South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Kershaw, South Carolina. ‹See Tfd›
Kershaw County, South Carolina
Kershaw courthouse 0077.jpg
Kershaw County, South Carolina, original courthouse in Camden, South Carolina by Robert Mills built about 1827, now home of the Chamber of Commerce Visitor Center
Map of South Carolina highlighting Kershaw County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1801
Named for Joseph Kershaw
Seat Camden
Largest city Camden
Area
 • Total 740 sq mi (1,917 km2)
 • Land 726 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Water 14 sq mi (36 km2), 1.89%
Population
 • (2010) 61,697
 • Density 85/sq mi (32.8/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.kershaw.sc.gov

Kershaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 61,697.[1] Its county seat is Camden.[2]

Kershaw County is part of the Columbia, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Kershaw County was named for Joseph Kershaw (1727-1791), an early settler. Originally part of Camden District, Kershaw County was formed in 1791 from parts of Claremont, Lancaster, Fairfield, and Richland counties. The county seat is Camden, which is the oldest inland city in South Carolina. This site was settled around 1732 by English traders and farmers who moved inland from Charleston.

During the American Revolutionary War, the British occupied Camden from June 1780 to May 1781. Fourteen battles took place in the area, including the Battle of Camden (August 16, 1780) and the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill (April 25, 1781).

Kershaw County has a rich military history, producing several notable soldiers. The county produced six men who served in the American Civil War as Confederate generals: Joseph Brevard Kershaw (1822-1894), James Chesnut (1815-1885), James Cantey (1818-1873), Zack Cantey Deas (1819-1882), John Bordenave Villepigue (1830-1862), and John Doby Kennedy (1840-1896). Confederate soldier, and hero at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Richard Rowland Kirkland was also from Kershaw County, and served under General Kershaw. Union troops under Gen. William T. Sherman burned parts of Camden in February 1865.

During World War I, two Kershaw County men were awarded the Medal of Honor in two separate actions while fighting in France in October, 1918. The first was Richmond Hobson Hilton, awarded his medal for actions taking place on October 11, 1918, during which he lost an arm. The second was John Canty Villepigue on October 15, 1918, in an action that resulted in his death months later from injuries received. Villepigue was a descendant of General John Bordenave Villepigue mentioned above.

Statesman and financier Bernard M. Baruch (1870-1965) and labor leader Lane Kirkland were born in Kershaw County, as was the first African-American baseball player in the American League, Larry Doby. Former South Carolina Governor John C. West was also from Kershaw County.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 740.4 square miles (1,917.6 km2), of which 726.6 square miles (1,881.9 km2) is land and 13.8 square miles (35.7 km2) (1.89%) is water.[4]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 7,340
1810 9,867 34.4%
1820 12,432 26.0%
1830 13,545 9.0%
1840 12,281 −9.3%
1850 14,473 17.8%
1860 13,086 −9.6%
1870 11,754 −10.2%
1880 21,538 83.2%
1890 22,361 3.8%
1900 24,696 10.4%
1910 27,094 9.7%
1920 29,398 8.5%
1930 32,070 9.1%
1940 32,913 2.6%
1950 32,287 −1.9%
1960 33,585 4.0%
1970 34,727 3.4%
1980 39,015 12.3%
1990 43,599 11.7%
2000 52,647 20.8%
2010 61,697 17.2%
Est. 2012 62,343 1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 52,647 people, 20,188 households, and 14,918 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 22,683 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.61% White, 26.29% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,188 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were married couples living together, 13.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,804, and the median income for a family was $44,836. Males had a median income of $32,246 versus $22,714 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,360. About 9.70% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ South Carolina State Library Reference Room
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°20′N 80°35′W / 34.34°N 80.59°W / 34.34; -80.59