Cherokee County, South Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cherokee County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Cherokee County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1897
Seat Gaffney
Largest city Gaffney
Area
 • Total 397 sq mi (1,028 km2)
 • Land 393 sq mi (1,018 km2)
 • Water 5 sq mi (13 km2), 1.16%
Population
 • (2010) 55,342
 • Density 141/sq mi (54.3/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cherokeecountysc.com

Cherokee County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,342.[1] The county seat is Gaffney.[2] The county was formed in 1897 from parts of York, Union, and Spartanburg Counties.

Cherokee County comprises the Gaffney, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397.2 square miles (1,028.7 km2), of which 392.7 square miles (1,017.1 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (11.7 km2) (1.16%) is water.[3]

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Mountain Peaks[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 21,359
1910 26,179 22.6%
1920 27,570 5.3%
1930 32,201 16.8%
1940 33,290 3.4%
1950 34,992 5.1%
1960 35,205 0.6%
1970 36,791 4.5%
1980 40,983 11.4%
1990 44,506 8.6%
2000 52,537 18.0%
2010 55,342 5.3%
Est. 2012 55,662 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 52,537 people, 20,495 households, and 14,612 families residing in the county. The population density was 134 people per square mile (52/km²). There were 22,400 housing units at an average density of 57 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 46.92% White, 40.56% Black or African American, 10.20% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 2.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.1% were of "American", 6.8% Irish, 5.8% English and 5.6% German ancestry according to Census 2000. Most of those claiming to be of "American" ancestry are actually of Scots-Irish and/or English descent, but have family that has been in the country for so long, in many cases since the early seventeenth century that they choose to identify simply as "American".[6][7][8][9][10]

There were 20,495 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.30% were married couples living together, 15.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,787, and the median income for a family was $39,393. Males had a median income of $30,984 versus $21,298 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,421. About 11.00% of families and 23.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 15.20% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Transportation[edit]

The lifeline of Cherokee County, I-85 runs through the city limits of Gaffney, contributing to much of the growth along Floyd Baker Blvd, the county's main thoroughfare, which bisects I-85. Much of the county's growth occurs along I-85.

The county is also served by US 29 which parallels I-85 and is mostly used for local traffic. US 29 also serves as a major road in the downtown area of Gaffney. Several of the major South Carolina highways that serve the county are: SC Highway 11, SC Highway 150, SC Highway 105, SC Highway 18 serve the Gaffney area. SC Highway 5 serves the Blacksburg area.

With no airports of its own, Cherokee County is served by Charlotte/Douglas International Airport and Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport. A study to determine the feasibility of building an airport in the county revealed that an airport is desperately needed in the county. Previous studies have determined the structure of the airport and possible airport sites have been narrowed down to two sites - one located just south of Gaffney and one located outside of Blacksburg. A major economic feasibility study is now being conducted to determine if the federal government will contribute 95% of the funds needed to construct the airport. If the study fails, then no federal funding will be provided.

Entertainment[edit]

Cherokee County is the only county to have three national parks within its boundaries: The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, Kings Mountain National Military Park and Cowpens National Battlefield. Several historic homes dot the landscape of Cherokee County and, while many of them are not generally open to the public, several annual tours of these homes take place.

Gaffney Little Theatre and Limestone College serve theater enthusiasts, offering plays and musicals ten to twelve times a year.

A major shopping center is Prime Outlets-Gaffney, which attracts almost 3,000,000 visitors per year, and contains over 80 retail outlets. Floyd Baker Boulevard is one of the fastest-growing commercial areas in Cherokee County, with a traffic count of almost 40,000 cars per day and a large number of stores and restaurants. Uptown Gaffney offers many upscale boutiques, shops and cafes. Westlane Bowl is a 16-lane center with a game room and seven 9-foot (2.7 m) pool tables.

The area's newest attraction is the Cherokee County History and Arts Museum. It is located at the old Central school. Cherokee County's history, its contributions to the arts and its role in shaping the culture of the southeast are explored.

Nuclear power plant[edit]

On March 16, 2006 Duke Power announced that a Cherokee County site had been selected for a potential new nuclear power plant, to be called the William States Lee III Nuclear Generating Station. The site is jointly owned by Duke Power and Southern Company. Duke plans to develop the site for two Westinghouse Electric Company AP1000 (advanced passive) pressurized water reactors. Each reactor is capable of producing approximately 1,117 megawatts. (See Nuclear Power 2010 Program.)

On December 14, 2007 Duke Power submitted a Combined Construction and Operating License to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, with an announcement that it will spend $160 million in 2008 on the plant with a total cost of 5-6 billion dollars.[12]

This site will be adjacent to the old Cherokee Nuclear Power Plant site, which was never completed and ultimately abandoned. It was used by James Cameron as a set for the 1989 film The Abyss.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  6. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  7. ^ Reynolds Farley, 'The New Census Question about Ancestry: What Did It Tell Us?', Demography, Vol. 28, No. 3 (August 1991), pp. 414, 421.
  8. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, 'The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns', Social Science Research, Vol. 14, No. 1 (1985), pp. 44-6.
  9. ^ Stanley Lieberson and Mary C. Waters, 'Ethnic Groups in Flux: The Changing Ethnic Responses of American Whites', Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 487, No. 79 (September 1986), pp. 82-86.
  10. ^ Mary C. Waters, Ethnic Options: Choosing Identities in America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), p. 36.
  11. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2005-01-45.xls
  12. ^ "UPDATE 1-Duke Energy files to build new nuclear power plant". Reuters. 13 December 2007. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°03′N 81°37′W / 35.05°N 81.62°W / 35.05; -81.62