Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys

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Olímpic Lluís Companys

Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys - Barcelona, Spain - Jan 2007.jpg

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Full name Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Former names Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Location Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Capacity 55,926
Construction
Built 1927
Renovated 1989
Architect Pere Domènech i Roura
Tenants
1992 Summer Olympics
Míting Internacional d´Atletisme Ciutat de Barcelona
American Bowl (1993; 1994)
Barcelona Dragons (1991-92; 1995-2003)
RCD Espanyol (1997-2009)
Catalonia national football team (1999; 2010-)
Catalans Dragons (2012-)

Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys (Catalan pronunciation: [əsˈtaði uˈɫimpiɡ ʎuˈis kumˈpaɲs], formerly known as the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc or Barcelona Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Originally built in 1927 for the 1929 International Exposition in the city (and Barcelona's bid for the 1936 Summer Olympics, which were awarded to Berlin), it was renovated in 1989 to be the main stadium for the 1992 Summer Olympics.[1] The stadium has a capacity of 55,926 (67,007 during the 1992 Olympics), and is located in the Anella Olímpica, in Montjuïc, a large hill to the southwest of the city which overlooks the harbour.

In 2001 the stadium was renamed after the former president of the Generalitat de Catalunya Lluís Companys i Jover, who was executed at the nearby Montjuïc Castle in 1940 by the Franco regime.

History[edit]

Designed by architect Pere Domènech i Roura for the 1929 Expo, the stadium was officially opened on July 4th 1929 when Bolton Wanderers were invited to play a friendly against a Catalan XI.

It was meant to host the People's Olympiad in 1936, a protest event against the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, but the event had to be cancelled due the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War.

In the fifties, the stadium was the centerpiece of the 1955 Mediterranean Games, and in 1957 it hosted the only national football cup final between FC Barcelona and RCD Espanyol, the two local clubs.

In the seventies the stadium was disused, and the stands deteriorated. When the Spanish Grand Prix and other races were held at the Montjuïc racing circuit, the stadium was used as a paddock for the teams. Due to safety concerns, the 1975 F1 race was nearly boycotted by drivers.

Due to the award of the 1992 Summer Olympics to Barcelona, the stadium was renovated with the involvement of Italian architect Vittorio Gregotti. The stadium was gutted, preserving only the original facades, and new grandstands were built. In 1989 the venue was reinaugurated for the World Cup in Athletics, and three years later it hosted the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics competitions of the Olympic Games.[2]

The stadium served as the home of football club RCD Espanyol from 1997 until 2009. The Estadi Olímpic made its final La Liga appearance during the 2008-2009 season, as Espanyol moved to the newly constructed Estadi Cornellà-El Prat.

It also served as the home of the Barcelona Dragons American Football team until 2003. Because the size of the playing surface was slightly shorter than the regulation American Football length, the stadium only had 7-yard end zones, three yards shorter than regulation NFL size in 1991 and 1992. They were later lengthen to the standard 10 yards.

The stadium also played host to the NFL's American Bowl in 1993 and in 1994. The San Francisco 49ers played the Pittsburgh Steelers on August 1, 1993. The second game was played on July 31, 1994 between the Los Angeles Raiders and the Denver Broncos.

The stadium has since 1990 hosted the Míting Internacional d´Atletisme Ciutat de Barcelona an annual track and field meeting.

In 2010, the stadium hosted the 20th European Athletics Championships.

The Olympic Stadium after the 2010 remodeling for the European Athletics Championships.

Sport events[edit]

Musical events[edit]

The stadium has hosted concerts by many famous artists, including Muse, AC/DC,Iron Maiden, Bon Jovi, David Bowie, Coldplay, Deftones, Fiction Plane, Guns N' Roses, Michael Jackson, Jean Michel Jarre, Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park, Madonna, Shakira, Metallica, Mudvayne, Pink Floyd, The Police, Prince & The New Power Generation, RBD, The Rolling Stones, Bruce Springsteen, Mavis Staples, Sting, Tina Turner, U2 and Van Halen, among others.

Concerts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Report of the XXV Games of the Olympiad Barcelona 1992; Volume II; p.127". 
  2. ^ 1992 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 160-7.
  3. ^ a b Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84596-255-5); Chapter 6, Gathering Storms, p129
  4. ^ http://www.rugbyleagueoralhistory.co.uk/subjects/view/the-european-clubs-championship
  5. ^ "AC / DC smashes Montjuïc". Elperiodico.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  6. ^ "The Queen of Pop - conquest Barcelona". Cope.es. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Summer Olympics
Opening and Closing Ceremonies (Olympic Stadium)

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Seoul Olympic Stadium
Seoul
Olympic Athletics competitions
Main Venue

1992
Succeeded by
Centennial Olympic Stadium
Atlanta
Preceded by
Ullevi
Gothenburg
European Championships in Athletics
Main Venue

2010
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Helsinki
Preceded by
Moncton Stadium
Moncton
IAAF World Junior Championships in Athletics
Main Venue

2012
Succeeded by
Hayward Field
Eugene

Coordinates: 41°21′53.14″N 2°9′20.37″E / 41.3647611°N 2.1556583°E / 41.3647611; 2.1556583