Montreal Botanical Garden

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Montreal Botanical Garden
Jardin botanique de Montréal

The main greenhouse near the entrance
Date opened June 9, 1931
Location Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Coordinates 45°33′26.00″N 73°33′24.50″W / 45.5572222°N 73.5568056°W / 45.5572222; -73.5568056
Land area 75 hectares (190 acres)[1]
Number of species 22,000[1]
Annual visitors 695,404 (2011) including Insectarium[2]
Website espacepourlavie.ca/en/botanical-garden
Flower covered Beetle in the Montreal Botanical Garden greenhouse, 2005

The Montreal Botanical Garden (French: Jardin botanique de Montréal) is a large botanical garden in Montreal, Quebec, Canada comprising 75 hectares (190 acres) of thematic gardens and greenhouses. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2008 as it is considered to be one of the most important botanical gardens in the world due to the extent of its collections and facilities.[3][4]

Background[edit]

The botanical garden is located at 4101 Sherbrooke Street East, at the corner of Pie-IX and Sherbrooke Streets, in Maisonneuve Park, facing Montreal's Olympic Stadium. It contains a greenhouse complex full of plants from around the world, and a number of large outdoor gardens, each with a specific theme. The outdoor gardens are bare and covered with snow from about November until about April, but the greenhouses are open to visitors year round, hosting the annual Butterflies Go Free exhibit from February to April.

The garden was founded in 1931, in the height of the Great Depression, by mayor Camillien Houde, after years of campaigning by Brother Marie-Victorin. The grounds were designed by Henry Teuscher, while the Art Deco style administration building was designed by architect Lucien F. Kéroack.[5]

It serves to educate the public in general and students of horticulture in particular, as well as to conserve endangered plant species. The grounds are also home to a botanical research institution, to the Société d'astronomie de Montréal,and to the Montreal Insectarium; offsite, the Garden staff also administer the Ferme Angrignon educational farm and petting zoo.

While it charges admission, city residents can obtain a pass granting free admission to the outdoor gardens, so many people visit regularly, even if only to sit under the trees. The outdoor areas are also free to everyone between 6 pm and nightfall during the summer season (May to September). Many weddings are performed in the gardens every year.[citation needed] The nearest metro station is Pie-IX, which is located on the corner of the Olympic Stadium.

Gardens[edit]

The Magic of Lanterns, The Chinese Garden

The Chinese Garden is constructed along the traditional lines for a Chinese garden. It has many winding paths, an artificial mountain, and a building in the Chinese style housing a collection of bonsai and penjing that have been donated. The garden is populated with Chinese plants. It is the largest Chinese garden in the world outside China.[citation needed]

The Japanese Garden is populated with Japanese plants, and it contains a building in the Japanese style containing an exhibit on tea. The Japanese tea ceremony is performed there during the summer, and anyone can take classes to learn more about it. Other traditional Japanese arts, such as Iaido and Ikebana are occasionally demonstrated there as well. It also includes a large koi pond; visitors often feed the koi. The garden hosts an annual Hiroshima memorial ceremony on August 6, with the hourly ringing of a Japanese Peace Bell made in Hiroshima.

The First Nations Garden is populated with Canadian plants; the maple, birch, and pine trees shade its paths. It has several totem poles and exhibits demonstrating traditional Native American artwork and construction methods.

The Alpine Garden has several paths winding over a rocky outcrop which is covered with tiny, delicate alpine plants.

Other gardens include the poisonous plants garden (which has samples of various poisonous plants along with information on the effects of various doses), the economic plants exhibit, the flowery brook, and an arboretum. The botanical gardens are also the home to some wildlife; primarily squirrels and ducks, other slightly less common animals such as turtles and herons also live there.

Lion de la Feuillée[edit]

Lion de la Feuillée
Lion de bronze, cadeau de la ville de Lyon.jpg
Coordinates 45°33′31″N 73°33′20″W / 45.55868°N 73.55565°W / 45.55868; -73.55565
Location Sherbrooke Street
Type Monument
Material Bronze
Height 1.4 metres (4.6 ft)
Opening date September 28, 1831

The Lion de la Feuillée is a monument located inside the Montreal Botanical Garden. The huge lion that lies at the entrance to the rose garden was donated by the city of Lyon on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of Montreal in 1992.

The first bridge over the Feuillée was open to the public on 28 September 1831 in the heart of the city of Lyon, France. The Feuillée Lion is one of four castings up the original work. During the reconstruction of the bridge in 1910, the four lions were relocated. In 1992, one of them took the road to Montreal.

Sport[edit]

During the 1976 Summer Olympics, it hosted the 20 km walk athletics and the running part of the modern pentathlon event.[6]

Notable directors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About the Botanical Garden". Montreal Botanical Garden. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bilan 2011". Tourisme Montréal. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Montreal Botanical Garden". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Montreal Botanical Garden. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "History of the Montréal Botanical Garden". Montréal Botanical Garden website. Retrieved December 31, 2011. 
  6. ^ 1976 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. p. 162.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°33′26.00″N 73°33′24.50″W / 45.5572222°N 73.5568056°W / 45.5572222; -73.5568056