Prince Edward, Duke of Kent

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This article is about the present Duke of Kent. For Queen Victoria's father, see Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn. For other Dukes, see Duke of Kent. For other people named Prince Edward, see Prince Edward.
Prince Edward
Duke of Kent (more)
HRH Duke of Kent.jpg
Spouse Katharine Worsley
 (m. 1961)
Issue George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Lady Helen Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor
Full name
Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick[1]
House Windsor
Father Prince George, Duke of Kent
Mother Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent
Born (1935-10-09) 9 October 1935 (age 79)
3 Belgrave Square, London
Religion Church of England

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent KG GCMG GCVO ADC(P) (Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick; born 9 October 1935), is a grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. He has held the title of Duke of Kent since 1942.

The Duke of Kent carries out royal duties on behalf of his first cousin, Queen Elizabeth II. He is perhaps best known as President of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, presenting the trophies to the Wimbledon champion and runner-up. He also served as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment, retiring in 2001. He is also the President of the Scout Association, the President of the Royal United Services Institute, the President of the Royal Institution of Great Britain and the Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England (since 1967).

At the time of his birth, Prince Edward was 7th in the line of succession to his grandfather, behind his three uncles, his cousins Elizabeth and Margaret, and his father. As of the birth of Zara Phillips' first child, the Queen's fourth great-grandchild, on 17 January 2014, Prince Edward is 33rd in line. As of the death of the 7th Earl of Harewood in 2011, he is the Queen's eldest living paternal cousin, though he is 9 years younger than the Queen herself.

On 21 March 2013, it was reported that the Duke had suffered a mild stroke in the early hours of 18 March 2013.[2]

Early life[edit]

Prince Edward was born on 9 October 1935, at No. 3 Belgrave Square, London. His father was Prince George, Duke of Kent, the fourth son of George V and Mary of Teck. His mother was Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent (née Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark), the daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark, and Grand Duchess Helen Vladimirovna of Russia. As a grandson of a British sovereign in the male line, he was styled as a Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent.

The Prince was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace on 20 November 1935 by the Archbishop of Canterbury Cosmo Lang. His godparents were: King George V and Queen Mary (his paternal grandparents); the Prince of Wales (his paternal uncle); the Princess Royal, Countess of Harewood (his paternal aunt); the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (his great-great-uncle, whose son, Prince Arthur of Connaught, stood proxy); the Duchess of Argyll (his great-great-aunt); and Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (his maternal grandfather).[3]

Education[edit]

Prince Edward began his schooling at Ludgrove, a preparatory school in Berkshire, before going on to Eton College and then Le Rosey in Switzerland. After school he entered the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst where he won the Sir James Moncrieff Grierson prize for foreign languages.

Prince Edward speaks fluent French.

Duke of Kent[edit]

The Duke and Duchess of Kent

On 25 August 1942 Prince Edward's father, the Duke of Kent, was killed when his plane crashed in bad weather in Caithness. Prince Edward, then aged 6, succeeded his father as Duke of Kent,[4] Earl of St Andrews and Baron Downpatrick. He later took his seat in the House of Lords in 1959.

As a member of the royal family, he began performing royal duties at an early age. At the age of 16 he walked behind the coffin of his uncle, George VI, at his state funeral in 1952. In 1953, he attended the coronation of his cousin, Elizabeth II, paying homage at her throne after her crowning (following the Dukes of Edinburgh and Gloucester).

Military service[edit]

HRH The Duke of Kent Allan Warren.jpg
A 1989 photograph of the Duke of Kent,
by Allan Warren
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Years of service 1957–1976
Rank Field Marshal
Service number 443787
Unit Royal Scots Greys

The Duke of Kent graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 29 July 1955 as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Greys,[5] the beginning of a military career that would last over 20 years. He was promoted to captain on 29 July 1961.[6] The Duke of Kent saw service in Hong Kong from 1962–63 and later served on the staff in Eastern Command. He was promoted to Major on 31 December 1967.[7] Later in 1970, the Duke commanded a squadron of his regiment serving in the British Sovereign Base Area in Cyprus, part of the UN force enforcing peace between the Greek and Turkish halves of the island. He was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 30 June 1973.[8] The Duke retired from the Army on 15 April 1976.[9] He was subsequently promoted Major-General on 11 June 1983[10] and Field Marshal on 11 June 1993.[11]

Marriage and issue[edit]

The Duke of Kent married Katharine Worsley at York Minster on 8 June 1961. Katharine is the only daughter of Sir William Arthrington Worsley, 4th Bt., and his wife, Joyce Morgan Brunner. After their wedding, she was styled Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Kent, though in 2002, she ceased to use the style of Royal Highness and has expressed a preference to be known as Katharine, Duchess of Kent, the latter the typical style of a divorced or widowed peeress, which she is not. However she remained legally HRH The Duchess of Kent.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent have three children, none of whom carries out royal duties:

The Duchess of Kent converted to Roman Catholicism in 1994.[2] Because this conversion did not occur until many years after their marriage, it did not cause the Duke to lose his place in the line of succession (the Act of Settlement 1701 only applies where the spouse is a Catholic at the time of marriage). The couple's son Lord Nicholas also converted to Roman Catholicism following his mother's example.

The Duke and Duchess of Kent reside at Wren House, Kensington Palace, in London.[12]

Royal duties[edit]

The Duke of Kent has performed royal duties on behalf of his cousin, the Queen, for over 50 years. The Duke has represented the Queen during independence celebrations in the former British colonies of Sierra Leone, Uganda, Guyana, Gambia and most recently Ghana for their (Ghana's) 50th Independence Anniversary Celebration. He has also acted as Counsellor of State during periods of the Queen's absence abroad.

One of the Duke's major public roles for many years was Vice-Chairman of British Trade International, and later as the United Kingdom's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment. This position saw the Duke travel abroad to represent the British government in fostering trade relations with foreign countries and organisations.

His other interests include serving as the president of the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, a position he succeeded from his late mother, Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent. His other roles include President of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, the RAF Benevolent Fund, the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the Stroke Association, RUSI, the Royal Institution and is Patron of St Mungo's. He also makes the final decision in the award of the Mountbatten Medal.

Edward is President of the Scout Association, and, along with Prince William, visited the Centenary World Scout Jamboree at Hylands Park, Chelmsford in July 2007.

For almost 29 years Edward has been the Patron of Endeavour a national youth organisation. He has also served as Royal Bencher of The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn since 2001, a position previously occupied by his father.

Freemasonry[edit]

On 16 December 1963, the Duke was initiated into Royal Alpha Lodge No. 16 and into Freemasonry.[13] He is the 10th Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England, the governing body of Freemasonry in England and Wales. He has served in that office since 1967, thus being the longest serving Grand Master.[14] In December 2013, he celebrated 50 years as a Freemason.[13]

Scouting[edit]

The Duke has served as the President of The Scout Association since 1975.[15]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 9 October 1935 – 25 August 1942: His Royal Highness Prince Edward of Kent
  • 25 August 1942 – : His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent

The Duke's current full style is Field Marshal His Royal Highness Prince Edward George Nicholas Paul Patrick, Duke of Kent, Earl of Saint Andrews and Baron Downpatrick, Royal Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Grand Master and Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Personal Aide-de-Camp to Her Majesty.

Military ranks[edit]

Honours[edit]

See also List of honours of the British Royal Family by country

Orders
Decorations
Medals

Foreign Honours

Appointments[edit]

Personal
Academic

Honorary military appointments[edit]

Honorary ranks
Appointments
Canada Canada
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Other appointments[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Coat of Arms of Edward, Duke of Kent.svg
Notes
As a descendant of George V, the Duke of Kent's arms are based on the Royal Arms. The following explains the way in which his arms are differenced from those of the Queen.
Coronet
Coronet of a Grandchild of the Sovereign
Crest
On the coronet of children of other sons of the Sovereign, composed of four crosses-patées alternated with four strawberry leaves a lion statant guardant or, crowned with the like coronet and differenced with a label as in the Arms.
Supporters
The Royal Supporters differenced with the like coronet and label.
Orders
The Order of the Garter ribbon.
HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
(Shame be to him who thinks evil of it)
Other elements
The Royal Arms differenced by a label of five points argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a blue anchor, and the second and fourth points with a red cross.
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and fourth quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the third of Ireland.

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Marriage Issue
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews 26 June 1962 9 January 1988 Sylvana Tomaselli Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick
Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor
Lady Amelia Windsor
Lady Helen Taylor 28 April 1964 18 July 1992 Timothy Taylor Columbus Taylor
Cassius Taylor
Eloise Taylor
Estella Taylor
Lord Nicholas Windsor 25 July 1970 4 November 2006 Paola Doimi de Lupis de Frankopan Albert Windsor
Leopold Windsor
Louis Windsor

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As a titled royal, Edward holds no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor.
  2. ^ a b Rayner, Gordon (21 March 2013). "Duke of Kent being treated in hospital after 'mild’ stroke". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings
  4. ^ "Duke of Kent, 77, suffers mini-stroke". Herald Scotland. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41137. p. 4492. 26 July 1957. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42422. p. 5561. 25 July 1961. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44493. p. 75. 29 December 1967. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46046. p. 9389. 7 August 1973. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46877. p. 5659. 15 April 1976. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  10. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49392. p. 8191. 20 June 1983. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  11. ^ a b c The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53342. p. 10183. 14 June 1993. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  12. ^ "Royal residences: Kensington Palace". 
  13. ^ a b "Grand Master celebrates 50 years in the Craft at Royal Alpha Lodge". Freemasonry Today. Grand Lodge Publications. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  14. ^ . UGLE. January 2014 http://www.ugle.org.uk/about/whos-who.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "Royal Support for the Scouting and Guiding Movements". Official Website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 25 July 2008. 
  16. ^ The London Gazette, 27 September 1955
  17. ^ The London Gazette, 30 July 1957
  18. ^ The London Gazette, 29 July 1961
  19. ^ The London Gazette, 2 January 1968
  20. ^ The London Gazette, 7 August 1973
  21. ^ The London Gazette, 20 April 1976
  22. ^ "Svenska Frimurare Orden". Archive. 25 June 2001. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50204. p. 10113. 22 July 1985. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 54453. p. 8917. 1 July 1996. Retrieved 1 July 2009.
  25. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47235. p. 7119. 10 June 1977. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53267. p. 6179. 5 April 1993. Retrieved 1 July 2009.

External links[edit]

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Born: 9 October 1935
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Lyla Gilman
Line of succession to the British Throne
son of George, son of George V
Succeeded by
Lady Amelia Windsor
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Prince George
Duke of Kent
2nd creation
25 August 1942 – present
Incumbent
Heir-apparent:
George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Gloucester
Gentlemen
HRH The Duke of Kent
Succeeded by
Prince Michael of Kent
Masonic offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Scarbrough
Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of England
1967 – present
Incumbent
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Alexander of Tunis
Grand Master of the Order of St Michael and St George
1967 – present
Incumbent