|• Hebrew||כָּבּוּל, כאבול|
|• ISO 259||Kabbul|
|• Also spelled||al-Kabul (official)|
|• Type||Local council (from 1974)|
|• Total||7,149 dunams (7.149 km2 or 2.760 sq mi)|
Kabul is the Biblical Cabul mentioned by Joshua. It was assigned to the Tribe of Asher (Joshua 19:27). King Solomon handed it over to Hiram I, the king of Phoenicia, because he helped Solomon build his temple in Jerusalem. The name "Kabul" derives from the Aramatic word mekubbal which means "clad", as in the inhabitants were "clad" in gold and silver. According to I Kings 9:13, the name was given by Hiram I because he was displeased with them and called them "good for nothing," which is the Hebrew definition of "Kabul." In Roman times, Josephus calls the town "Chabolo" and camped there. He described it as a post from which incursions were made into the Galilee.
Al-Muqaddasi visited Kabul in 985 CE, while it was under Abbasid rule. He writes that "it is a town in the coastal district. It has fields of sugarcanes, and they make the best sugar — better than in all the rest of Syria." Ali of Herat reports in 1173, that two sons of Jacob are buried in the town, namely Reuben and Simeon. Another tradition states that the tomb of Micah is located here. Kabul was one of the principal cities of Jund al-Urrdun. Its Crusader name was "Cabor". In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, it was a place for Jewish pilgrimage for containing the tombs of the Jewish scholars and philosophers Abraham ibn Ezra, Judah Halevi, and Solomon ibn Gabirol.
In the late nineteenth century, Kabul was described as a moderate sized village, with olives to the north and south.
The village was captured by Israel on July 15, 1948 during Operation Dekel by the Sheva Brigade. Israeli forces did not attack Kabul and very few of Kabul's residents fled the village. On 8 January 1949 villagers from Kabul with others from I'billin were amongst a group of Arabs, 97 men with 31 women and children, who were expelled to the West Bank at 'Ara. All the Arab villages in the Galilee remained under Martial Law until 1966. Anyone not registered in the November 1948 census was "illegal" and could be deported.
In 1859 the population was estimated as being 400. In a 1922 census by the British Mandate of Palestine, Kabul had 365 inhabitants, rising to 457 in 1931. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the town of Kabul had a population of 7,134 in 1995, rising to 9,400 in 2005. Its inhabitants are mostly Muslims. Kabul's prominent families are, Rayan, Hamoud, Taha,morad, hamdony, Ibrahim, Hebi, Uthman, Ashkar, Sharari, Akari, Badran, and Bouqai. The town hosts a large number of Internally displaced Palestinians from the nearby destroyed villages of al-Birwa, al-Damun, Mi'ar and al-Ruways. All of the inhabitants are Arabs, mostly adherents of Islam.
- Vilnay, Zev. (2003). Legends of Palestine. Kessinger Publishing, p.406.
- Robinson, 1856, p.88.
- le Strange, 1890, p.467
- מיכה הנביא
- le Strange, 1890, p.39
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p.271
- Morris, Benny (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949 - 1956. Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-827850-0. p.145
- Welcome to Kabul Palestine Remembered.
- Gutterman, Dov. Kabul (Israel) CRW Flags.
- Palestinian Internally Displaced Persons inside Israel: Challenging the Solid Structures BADIL, p.5.[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kabul (Israel).|
- Abu Raya, Rafeh (2013-03-06), Kabul (125), Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel
- Abu-‘Uqsa, Hanaa (2007-07-24), Kabul (119), Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 1. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Guérin, Victor (1880). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 3; Galilee, pt. 1. (pp.422-423)
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center p. 40
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p.193
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Petersen, Andrew (2001). A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine: Volume I (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-727011-0. p.192-3
- Robinson, Edward, Eli Smith (1856): Biblical Researches in Palestine and the Adjacent Regions, A journal of travels 1838 & 1852 J. Murray, vol 3
- le Strange, Guy (1890), Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund
- Zidan, Omar; Alexandre, Yardenna (2012-12-31), Kabul -final report (124), Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel