Kerala Congress

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Kerala Congress
Leader K. M. Mani[1]
Chairperson K. M. Mani[1]
Founder K. M. George
Leader in Lok Sabha Jose K. Mani
Leader in Rajya Sabha Joy Abraham
Founded 1964
Headquarters State Committee Office, Near Star Theatre Junction, Kottayam South, Kerala.[2]
Newspaper Pratichaya
Student wing Kerala Students Congress [KSC]
Youth wing Kerala Youth Front [KYF]
Labour wing KTUC
Colours Half white and half red
Alliance

United Democratic Front

National Democratic Alliance
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Two Leaves.png[2]
Party flag
Kerala-Congress-flag.svg
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

Kerala Congress (KEC) is a recognized State political party in Kerala, India and the only regional party in the state. The party was founded by K. M. George in October 1964 after a group of legislators decided to break from the Indian National Congress.

The party has its roots in the erstwhile Travancore region and is traditionally dominated by the farmers, mostly the Saint Thomas Christians, however leaders from all communities are represented. The party distinctively argues for the rights and privileges of Kerala state in a political spectrum which otherwise consists of state bodies of parties owing allegiance to various `high commands' at the national level.

Regions of influence[edit]

Lok sabha constituencies which have lent support to the party through the years include Kottayam, Mavelikkara, Idukki and Pathanamthitta.

Splits and groups during[edit]

The Kerala Congress has suffered severe divisions and several factions (called groups) have emerged, all claiming the name 'Kerala Congress'. Factions included the parent under P. J. Joseph, Kerala Congress (Mani) under K. M. Mani, Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) under R. Balakrishna Pillai, and Kerala Congress (Jacob) under Johnny Nellore. The group that had retained the official recognition by the Election Commission of India to the name is the one led by P. J. Joseph (which is informally called the Joseph group).[3]

Few years back, P. C. Thomas's Indian Federal Democratic Party, which split from the Mani group, merged with the Joseph group. In October 2009, Kerala Congress (Secular) under P. C. George, which split from the Joseph group, merged with the Mani group. Kerala Congress (Socialist), which split from the Kerala Congress (Secular), merged with the Janata Dal (Secular).[4] A section of the Indian Federal Democratic Party under M. P. George retains its own cadre. When the Joseph group merged with the Mani group (see below), a faction under P. C. Thomas dissented and stayed under the LDF, forming the Kerala Congress (Anti-merger Group).

There was a move for a United Kerala Congress from Kerala Congress (Mani), Kerala Congress (Secular), Kerala Congress (Balakrishna Pillai), and Kerala Congress (Jacob), but this was unsuccessful.

Recently few members led by Noble Mathew left Kerala Congress and form new fractional party named as Kerala Congress(Nationalist) on March 11 2014.And the party is in alliance with BJP led National Democratic Alliance.

Union of Kerala Congress (M) and Kerala Congress (J) in 2010[edit]

In an important development in the politics of Kerala, P. J. Joseph announced on 30 April 2010 the intention of his group to leave the Left Democratic Front (LDF), of which his group had been a constituent for two decades, and merge with the group led by K. M. Mani.[5][6] K. M. Mani reciprocated shortly thereafter, welcoming the exit of the Joseph group from the LDF.[7] This reunited the two factions which had split in 1979 to form a single Kerala Congress, and made it the largest constituent of the United Democratic Front (UDF) after the Indian National Congress.

Chairman: K. M. Mani MLA
Working Chairman: P. J. Joseph MLA
Deputy Chairman: C. F. Thomas MLA
Vice Chairman: P. C. George MLA

During the 2011 Kerala Assembly elections, both P. J. Joseph and P. C. Thomas claimed the party symbol Bicycle and party name Kerala Congress. Registration of the name Kerala Congress was temporarily frozen by the election commission as the arguments were inconclusive.[8] The Joseph group which united with the Mani group was asked to adopt the name of Kerala Congress (M) and its symbol Two leaves. The Thomas group was allotted the name Kerala Congress (Anti-merger Group) and the symbol Chair.

Main Leaders of united Kerala Congress[edit]

Francis George, Kerala Congress leader from Muvattupuzha and the son of K. M. George, founder of Kerala Congress.
  1. Francis George formerly in KC(J)
  2. Joy Abraham formerly in KC(M)
  3. T.V Abraham formerly in KC(J)
  4. N. Jayaraj formerly in KC(M)
  5. Chev. Dr. T. U. Kuruvilla formerly in KC(J)
  6. Dr. K. C Joseph formerly in KC(J)
  7. Jose K. Mani formerly in KC(M)
  8. Monce Joseph formerly in KC(J)
  9. T. S. John formerly in KC(Secular)
  10. Thomas Chazhikadan formerly in KC(M)
  11. Joseph M. Puthussery formerly in KC(M)
  12. Thomas Unniyadan formerly in KC(M)
  13. Roshy Augustine formerly in KC(M)
  14. Antony Raju formerly in KC(J)
  15. Victor T. Thomas formerly in KC(M)

Current Members and Ministers of State Assembly and Parliament[edit]

Ministers-State Assembly[edit]

Minister Ministry
K. M. Mani Minister for Finance, State Treasury, Taxes & Duties, Law and Housing
P.J. Joseph Minister for Water Resources, Irrigation and Inland Navigation

State Assembly[edit]

Sl. No: District Constituency Name
1 Kottayam Palai K.M. Mani
2 Kaduthuruthy Monce Joseph
3 Changanassery C. F. Thomas
4 Kanjirappally N.Jayaraj
5 Poonjar P. C. George
6 Idukki Thodupuzha P. J. Joseph
7 Idukki Roshy Augustine
8 Ernakulam Kothamangalam T. U. Kuruvilla
9 Thrissur Irinjalakuda Thomas Unniyadan

Lok Sabha[edit]

District Constituency Name
Kottayam Kottayam Jose K. Mani

Rajya Sabha[edit]

  • Joy Abraham

Current groups other than the united body[edit]

  1. Kerala Congress (B) led by R. Balakrishna Pillai & son K. B. Ganesh Kumar MLA
  2. Kerala Congress (Jacob) led by Johnny Nellore & Anoop Jacob MLA, son of T. M. Jacob
  3. Kerala Congress (Anti-merger Group) led by P. C. Thomas & V. Surendran Pillai
  4. Kerala Congress (Nationalist) led by Noble Mathew

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.eci.gov.in/mis-Political_Parties/organisational_election_state_parties.pdf
  2. ^ a b http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/ElectoralLaws/OrdersNotifications/Symbols_Notification17.09.2010.pdf
  3. ^ Kerala Legislature. "Kerala legislative assembly". Niyamasabha.org. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  4. ^ "Kerala Congress (Socialist) to merge with Janata Dal (S) faction". Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  5. ^ "Setback for Kerala govt as Christian party part ways, NDTV, 1 May 2010". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  6. ^ "Kerala Congress(J) pulls out of LDF, The Hindu, 30 Apr. 2010". Beta.thehindu.com. 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  7. ^ "UDF consent not needed: Mani". Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  8. ^ "KC-order". election commission. 2011-03-25. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 

External links[edit]