Kishangarh

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This article is about city in Ajmer district. For other uses, see Kishangarh (disambiguation).
Kishangarh
किशनगढ़
Madanganj-Kishangarh
city
Foolmahal palace.jpg
A marble factory in Kishangarh
Nickname(s): Marble city
Kishangarh is located in Rajasthan
Kishangarh
Kishangarh
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 26°34′N 74°52′E / 26.57°N 74.87°E / 26.57; 74.87Coordinates: 26°34′N 74°52′E / 26.57°N 74.87°E / 26.57; 74.87
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Ajmer
Government
 • Type Rajasthan government
Area
 • Total 895.78 km2 (345.86 sq mi)
Elevation 433 m (1,421 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 116,156
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 305801
Telephone code 01463
Vehicle registration RJ-42

Kishangarh is a city and a municipality in Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It lies 18 miles north-west of Ajmer. It is well connected via Indian Railways and National Highway #8. It is the birthplace of the Kishangarh style of painting, which is known for the beautiful depiction of a courtesan known as Bani Thani. In recent years, Kishangarh has come to be known as the marble city of India. It is purported to be the only place in the world with a temple of nine planets.

Princely history[edit]

Main article: Kishangarh State

Kishangarh State was founded by the Jodhpur prince Kishan Singh in 1609.

Kishangarh was the capital of the eponymous princely state during the British Raj, which was located in the Rajputana Agency. It had an area of 2210 km² (858 miles²) and a population in 1901 of 90,970. This figure for population represented a decrease of 27% over the census figure of 1891, something presumably attributable to the famine of 1899-1900. The state enjoyed an estimated revenue of Rs.34,000/- and paid no tribute to the British Raj. In 1840, Prithvi Singh, became the 15th Maharaja of Kishangarh, and reigned till his death in 1879, after which he was succeeded by his son, Sardul Singh.[1]

Prithvi Singh (r.1840-1879), 15th Maharaja of Kishangarh, early 1870s.

Maharaja Madan Singh ascended the throne in 1900 at the age of sixteen, at a time when the state was reeling from the impact of a devastating drought. The administration under him and his diwan was widely deemed worthy of approbation; irrigation from tanks and wells was extended and factories for ginning and pressing cotton were started. A social reform movement for discouraging excessive expenditure on marriages made remarkable impact during his reign.

The present maharaja (sic) is Brijraj Singhji.[citation needed] The town of Kishangarh has a beautiful palace-hotel known as PhoolMahal and a massive Fort. The city also has a large lake known as the Gond Talav. There are many picnic and religious places situated at the banks of Gond Talav such as Mukham Vilas and Bhairu Ghat. The city also have a small temple of nine planets known as NavGarh. The Kishangarh Fort is being surrounded by canal that was built by Kishan Singh.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Kishangarh had a population of 116,156. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Kishangarh has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 64%. In Kishangarh, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Kishangarh economy mainly depends on the marble trading. Kishangarh has more than 1,000 gangsaws, 5,000 edge cutting machines, around 25,000 godowns and more than 25,000 marble traders and it gives employment to around 1 lac peoples. It also have good market for power-loom and ball mills sector.

Main attractions of the city[edit]

  • Pitamber ki gaal

pitmber ki gaal is near silora

Barefoot College, Tilonia[edit]

Tilonia is a small village near Kishangarh on Kishngarh-Jaipur Highway. It is home of the NGO, Barefoot College founded by renowned social worker Bunker Roy. Since it was founded, this village has become a model for all remote villages for economic and social development.

Khoda Ganesh Ji Temple[edit]

Khoda Ganesh Ji Temple is Gajanan ji Temple located nearly 15 Km from Kishangarh in Ajmer District of Rajasthan. It was built by Kishangarh Royal family nearly 250 years ago.

The temple is considered Holy place in Kishangarh region. It is often visited by newly wedded couples to seek Lord Ganesha's blessings. Wednesday being Lord Ganesh's day, it attracts lot of locales.

Kishangarh Fort[edit]

Built in 1649 by Maharaja Roop Singh, the enticing fort of Kishangarh is an epitome of the Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture. An excellent showcase of the tremendous glory of both the solemn styles, the fort is also named after its ruler and is popularly called Roopangarh Fort. The fort lies about 27 km away from Ajmer city. The nine turreted fortifications of the fort encompass within it several battlements, jails, granaries, armories, and foundries. The colossal double storied Durbar Hall has latticed windows above for the queens to view the proceedings below. The fort is enveloped by a deep moated wall which makes it one of the most formidable forts of Rajasthan. The exquisite cravings on the walls and ceilings make Kishangarh Fort one of the most outlandish structures of Ajmer. Rather, the fort is one of the few unconquered forts in Rajput history.

Another structure which offers a magnetic appeal to the fort is the Phool Mahal or the Flower Palace. The palace is a living example of the splendor of the Rathore Rajputs. The walls of the beautiful palace are adorned by striking frescoes and gorgeous murals. This enchanting Phool Mahal is now converted into a heritage hotel. As you further approach Kishangarh Fort, what greets you are the massive beautiful courtyard and eye-catching fountains. You can feel the mirth of spring here, witnessing the inevitable beauty of the same. The panoramic view you are likely to get of the Kishangarh town from the roof of the fort is simply astounding and incredible. One also finds some of the outstanding miniature paintings of the 18th century displayed in the fort. With every step inside the fort, you discover unique, outstanding, and breathtaking art pieces which compel you to fall in love with its magnificent beauty.

The fort has witnessed many patronizing deeds of its rulers towards art, architecture, music, and poetry. Kishangarh Fort has played a pivotal role in enriching the arts and culture of Rajasthan. The Kishangarh School of Art, which produced the Bani Thani style of miniature paintings and is renowned world over, originated here in the 18th century. Many of these beautiful miniature paintings are now on display in the fort. For many art lovers, these paintings are a major draw at the fort. Kishangarh Fort is worth a call when one visits the city of Ajmer. In the vicinity of the, a stunning lake with numerous rare birds thronging with their chirping sweet sound await you. A wondrous ambience to experience! A visit to the spectacular Kishangarh Fort definitely serves as an awesome lifetime memory and hence, attracts a large number of tourists all around the year.

  • Mokham vilas (Jannat)

Phool Mahal Palace[edit]

The Phool Mahal Palace, which was constructed in 1870, served as the royal palace of the Kishangarh Maharaja. It is located in the centre of the city and has now been converted into a boutique hotel for tourists. This hotel is laden with all the modern day facilities and amenities.

The hotel rooms are decorated with beautiful paintings and ancient royal and British furniture. The guests can enjoy delicious Indian, Chinese and western cuisines here. The landscaped lawn and a man made lake enhance the beauty of this palace. The tourists can avail various facilities like library, jogging tracks, laundry services and so on at this boutique hotel. Tourists can enjoy the Rajasthani music, dance and witness Rajasthani art in this hotel. Daily yoga classes are also held for those enthusiastic tourists, who wish to rejuvenate themselves. With all these facilities present here, it is a must visit attraction in Kishangarh. It is beautiful place.

  • Sumer niwas
  • LNT (laxmi narayan temple)

*Gondulav lake[edit]

This paper published in the South Asian Journal of Tourism and Heritage describes the water quality status of Gundolav Lake in Rajasthan, which was once used for drinking water as well as for recreational activities under the tutelage of the princely state of Kishangarh. This has now become a site of wastewater disposal and facing a critical threat for its sustenance. Recent years have led to an increasing awareness of the importance of water bodies and the need for conservation of water bodies, especially freshwater wetlands. The Ramsar Convention (2002) identifies wetlands as the starting point for integrated water management strategies. This is because they are the source of fresh water, maintain the health of the water course and water bodies, have the capacity to supply water to meet the human needs and are a key to future water security. The study aims at understanding the present situation and ecology of the lake, which can help in making attempts at restoring the balance between ecosystem and human activities in order to secure a continuous and sustainable improvement in the lake. The physico-chemical and planktonic composition of the lake reveals that it is tending, fast towards 'eutrophism' . The quality of water is deteriorating day by day due to inflow of domestic sewage, municipal waste, agricultural runoff and effluents of organic waste of animal and human origin into the lake. This deterioration of water quality and eutrophication are assuming alarming proportions and can be attributed to the casual attitude of people concerned, with the development of the urban population. The study argues for the urgent need to regularly monitor the water quality of the lake and to make attempts at diverting the city sewage away from the lake to preserve the flora and fauna of this ecosystem. Location

  • Hamir sagar
  • Thilonia"s Barefoot College
  • Central University of Rajasthan

Kishangarh Painting[edit]

Bani Thani, a miniature in Kishangarh-style of Rajasthani Painting.

Kishangarh painting[3] emerged as a distinctive style in the middle of 18th century under the patronage of Maharaja Sawant Singh. Nihal Chand, a gifted artist in the Maharaja's court, produced some highly individualistic Radha and sophisticated works. The chief characteristics of the Kishengarh paintings were the elongation of human faces, lavish use of green and depiction of panoramic landscapes. Portrayal of Radha and Krishna in elongated faces is a common subject of Kishangarh paintings. The elongated neck, the long stylised eyes with drooping eyelids, the thin lips and pointed chin of Radha standing in a graceful pose with her head covered with a muslin odhni, is undoubtedly the most striking creation of the Kishangarh school. This style continued into the 19th century and a series of paintings of the Gita Govinda were produced in 1820.

Bani Thani[edit]

The most famous Kishangarh painting is called Bani Thani. The Indian government has engraved it on one of its postal stamps. The Bani Thani style of painting got its name from a story with a twist of romance to it. In the Kishangarh court during the 18th century there ruled a poet-king called Raja Samant Singh (1699–1764) who had eyes only for Bani Thani, a court singer and poet. Bani Thani’s eyes were what drew Samant Singh to her, and so did her singing. Seeing Bani Thani singing in his court each day helped the king’s heart grow fonder. Now Samant Singh wrote poetry under the name of Nagari Das, and since Bani Thani was a poet in her own right too, love was not far behind.

Transport[edit]

Kishangarh railway station is on the Jaipur-Ahmedabad line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kishangarh British Library.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ Kishangarh Painting

External links[edit]