Dholpur District has an area of 3084 km². The Chambal River forms the southern boundary of the district, across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. The district is bounded by the state of Uttar Pradesh on the east and northeast, by Bharatpur District of Rajasthan on the northwest, and Karauli District of Rajasthan on the west. All along the bank of the Chambal River the district is deeply intersected by ravines; low ranges of hills in the western portion of the district supply quarries of fine-grained and easily worked red sandstone.
Administratively the district is divided into four subdivisions, Dholpur, Bari, Rajakhera, and Baseri, and five tehsils, Dholpur, Badi, Rajakhera, Basedi, and Saipau.
The economy of the district is primarily agricultural.