Bikaner district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Bikaner.
Bikaner District in Rajasthan

Bikaner District (Hindi and Rajasthani: ज़िला बिकाणो) (Urdu: ضِلع بِيكانير‎), is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The historic city of Bikaner is the district headquarters. Bikaner is also Division with the four district: Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh.

Geography[edit]

Rajasthan Canal (Indira Gandhi Canal) passing through Thar desert near Chhatargarh Bikaner district

The district is bounded by Ganganagar District to the north, Hanumangarh District to the northeast, Churu District to the east, Nagaur District to the southeast, Jodhpur District to the south, Jaisalmer District to the southwest, and Punjab Province of Pakistan to the northwest.

Bikaner District lies in the Thar Desert. The Indira Gandhi Canal, also known as the Rajasthan Canal, runs through the district from northeast to southwest, providing irrigation water for the district. World famous miracle temple of Karnimata in Deshnok near Bikaner also known as Temple of Rats.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bikaner
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
25.5
(77.9)
31.8
(89.2)
38.2
(100.8)
41.7
(107.1)
41.6
(106.9)
37.8
(100)
36.6
(97.9)
36.7
(98.1)
36.2
(97.2)
30.7
(87.3)
25.3
(77.5)
33.76
(92.78)
Average low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
8.8
(47.8)
15.0
(59)
22.1
(71.8)
26.8
(80.2)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
24.7
(76.5)
19.1
(66.4)
12.1
(53.8)
6.9
(44.4)
18.7
(65.66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
7
(0.28)
10
(0.39)
7
(0.28)
31
(1.22)
46
(1.81)
106
(4.17)
71
(2.8)
34
(1.34)
4
(0.16)
3
(0.12)
1
(0.04)
325
(12.81)
Avg. precipitation days 0.8 1.0 1.5 0.9 2.6 3.2 6.6 5.6 3.0 0.6 0.3 0.5 26.6
Source: HKO

Administrative set-up[edit]

Bikaner district has five sub-divisions: Bikaner, Nokha, Loonkaransar, Khajuwala and Dungargarh. In Bikaner there are two tehsils Bikaner and Kolayat, while in Khajuwala, there are three tehsils: Khajuwala, Chhattargarh and Pugal. Nokha, Loonkaransar and Dungargarh have only one tehsil with the same name.

There are 923 villages and 219 Gram panchayats. There is one Municipal Corporation (Bikaner) and six Municipal Councils :- Deshnok, Nokha, Dungargarh, Khajuwala, Loonkaransar and Napasar. The present Collector of Bikaner is IAS Aarti Dogra.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bikaner district has a population of 2,367,745,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[2] or the US state of New Mexico.[3] This gives it a ranking of 190th in India (out of a total of 640).Area of district is 30247.90sq.km.[1] The district has a population density of 78 inhabitants per square kilometre (200 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 41.42%.[1] Bikaner has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 65.92%.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "New Mexico - 2,059,179" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°01′00″N 73°18′00″E / 28.0167°N 73.3°E / 28.0167; 73.3