List of space travelers by nationality

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Countries whose citizens have flown in space as of March 2011.
Countries capable of manned spaceflight or actively developing the capability.

This is an alphabetical list of space travelers, people who have traveled in space, organized by nationality.

The criteria for determining who has achieved human spaceflight vary. The FAI defines spaceflight as any flight over 100 kilometres (62 mi). In the United States, professional, military, and commercial astronauts who travel above an altitude of 80 kilometres (50 mi) are awarded astronaut wings. The majority of people who have flown into space have done so by entering Earth orbit. This list includes persons meeting all three criteria, in separate subdivisions.

The flags indicate the space traveler's nationality at the time of their flight or flights. In cases of dual citizenship, the space traveler is listed under their primary residence. A secondary list appended to the entry for the Soviet Union. shows the birth countries of space travelers not born in Russia. A similar list after the entry for the United States shows the birth countries of space travelers who are or were citizens of the U.S. but were born elsewhere. Flags shown in the secondary lists are those in use at the time of the space travelers' birth.

Names in italic are space travelers who are not part of any national astronaut program or astronaut corps (Toyohiro Akiyama, Helen Sharman, the Space Adventures customers and the sub-orbital SpaceShipOne pilots).

Except for the SpaceShipOne pilots, all of the space travellers have been crew or participants aboard flights launched by China, the Soviet Union/Russia or the United States.

Contents

Statistics[edit]

As of September 26, 2013, people from 35 countries have traveled in space.[1] 532 people have reached Earth orbit. 535 have reached the altitude of space according to the FAI definition of the boundary of space, and 541 people have reached the altitude of space according to the American definition. Only 24 people have traveled beyond low Earth orbit.

Of the 35 countries whose citizens have traveled into Earth orbit, 24 have only flown a single space traveler. Over 94% of all space travelers have been contributed by the following eight nations:

 United States
  
333 (62.59%)
 Russia1
  
116 (21.80%)
 China
  
10 (1.88%)
 Germany2,3
  
10 (1.88%)
 Canada
  
9 (1.69%)
 France2
  
9 (1.69%)
 Japan
  
9 (1.69%)
 Italy2
  
6 (1.13%)
- Other countries
  
30 (5.64%)

1 Includes 61 Soviet cosmonauts and 11 cosmonauts who flew for both Russia and the Soviet Union.
2 Includes both national space programme activity and European Space Agency participation.
3 Includes astronauts from the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic.

Suborbital space fliers[edit]

The following persons flew or were launched into the upper atmosphere, above 100 km, which counts as a space flight by FAI guidelines:

The following persons flew into the upper atmosphere between 80 and 100 km, which counts as space flight by United States guidelines:

Orbital space travelers[edit]

Afghanistan Afghanistan[edit]

Brazil Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria Bulgaria[edit]

Canada Canada[edit]

  1. Roberta BondarSymbol venus.svg, first Canadian woman in space. — STS-42
  2. Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space. — STS-41-G, STS-77, STS-97
  3. Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space. — STS-74, STS-100, Soyuz TMA-07M
  4. Guy Laliberté, space tourist — Soyuz TMA-16/14
  5. Steven MacLeanSTS-52, STS-115
  6. Julie PayetteSymbol venus.svgSTS-96, STS-127
  7. Robert ThirskSTS-78, Soyuz TMA-15
  8. Bjarni Tryggvason, born in Iceland — STS-85
  9. Dafydd WilliamsSTS-90, STS-118

China China[edit]

  1. Fei JunlongShenzhou 6
  2. Jing HaipengShenzhou 7, Shenzhou 9
  3. Liu BomingShenzhou 7
  4. Liu WangShenzhou 9
  5. Liu YangSymbol venus.svg, first Chinese woman in space — Shenzhou 9
  6. Nie HaishengShenzhou 6, Shenzhou 10
  7. Wang YapingSymbol venus.svgShenzhou 10
  8. Yang Liwei, first Chinese national in space — Shenzhou 5
  9. Zhang XiaoguanShenzhou 10
  10. Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese national to walk in space — Shenzhou 7

Cuba Cuba[edit]

Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia[edit]


European Space Agency members[edit]

Some of these astronauts participated in national space programme activity unrelated to their home country's contemporary or subsequent membership of the European Space Agency.

  1. Austria Austria[edit]

  2. Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space. — Soyuz TM-13/12

    Belgium Belgium[edit]

  3. Frank De Winne, EAC — Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34, Soyuz TMA-15
  4. Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space. — STS-45

    France France[edit]

  5. Patrick Baudry, second Frenchman in space, born in Douala, Cameroon — STS-51-G
  6. Jean-Loup Chrétien, CNES (Intercosmos), first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space — Soyuz T-6, Soyuz TM-7/6, STS-86
  7. Jean-François Clervoy, EAC — STS-66, STS-84, STS-103
  8. Léopold Eyharts, EAC — Soyuz TM-27/26, STS-122/123
  9. Jean-Jacques Favier, born in Kehl, Germany — STS-78
  10. Claudie André-Deshays HaigneréSymbol venus.svg, EAC, first Frenchwoman in space (Mir, 1996) — Soyuz TM-24/23, Soyuz TM-33/32
  11. Jean-Pierre Haigneré, EAC — Soyuz TM-17/16, Soyuz TM-29
  12. Philippe Perrin, EAC, born in Meknes, Morocco — STS-111
  13. Michel Tognini, EAC — Soyuz TM-15/14, STS-93

    Germany Germany[edit]

  14. Reinhold Ewald, EAC — Soyuz TM-25/24
  15. Klaus-Dietrich FladeSoyuz TM-14/13
  16. Reinhard Furrer, born in Wörgl, Austria (1940–1995) — STS-61-A (flew for West Germany)
  17. Sigmund Jähn (Intercosmos), first German in space — Soyuz 31/29 (flew for East Germany)
  18. Ulf Merbold, EAC — STS-9, STS-42, Soyuz TM-20/19 (flew for both West Germany and united Germany)
  19. Ernst MesserschmidSTS-61-A (flew for West Germany)
  20. Thomas Reiter, EAC, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS. — Soyuz TM-22, STS-121/116
  21. Hans Schlegel, EAC — STS-55, STS-122
  22. Gerhard Thiele, EAC — STS-99
  23. Ulrich WalterSTS-55

    Italy Italy[edit]

  24. Maurizio Cheli, EAC — STS-75
  25. Umberto Guidoni, EAC — STS-75, STS-100
  26. Franco Malerba, first Italian in space. — STS-46
  27. Paolo A. Nespoli, EAC — STS-120, Soyuz TMA-20
  28. Luca Parmitano, EAC, first Italian to walk in space.[2]Soyuz TMA-09M
  29. Roberto Vittori, EAC — Soyuz TM-34/33, Soyuz TMA-6/5, STS-134

    Netherlands Netherlands[edit]

  30. André Kuipers, EAC — Soyuz TMA-4/3, Soyuz TMA-03M
  31. Wubbo Ockels, EAC, first Dutchman in space. — STS-61-A

    Poland Poland[edit]

  32. Mirosław Hermaszewski (Intercosmos), first Pole in space. — Soyuz 30

    Romania Romania[edit]

  33. Dumitru Prunariu (Intercosmos), first Romanian in space. — Soyuz 40

    Spain Spain[edit]

  34. Pedro Duque, EAC, first Spaniard in space. — STS-95, Soyuz TMA-3/2

    Sweden Sweden[edit]

  35. Christer Fuglesang, EAC, first Swede in space. — STS-116, STS-128

    Switzerland Switzerland[edit]

  36. Claude Nicollier, EAC, first Swiss in space. — STS-46, STS-61, STS-75, STS-103

    United Kingdom United Kingdom[edit]

  37. Helen SharmanSymbol venus.svg, first Briton in space. — Soyuz TM-12/11

Additionally, Michael Foale, born in England to a British father and American mother and a dual citizen of the United Kingdom and the United States, and was raised and educated in England; however, he is a member of NASA's Astronaut Corps and flew as an American.[3]


Hungary Hungary[edit]

India India[edit]

Israel Israel[edit]

Japan Japan[edit]

  1. Toyohiro Akiyama, first Japanese man in space. — Soyuz TM-11/10
  2. Takao Doi, first Japanese man to walk in space. — STS-87, STS-123
  3. Akihiko HoshideSTS-124, Soyuz TMA-05M
  4. Mamoru MohriSTS-47, STS-99
  5. Chiaki MukaiSymbol venus.svg, first Japanese woman in space. — STS-65, STS-95
  6. Soichi NoguchiSTS-114, Soyuz TMA-17
  7. Koichi WakataSTS-72, STS-92, STS-119/127, Soyuz TMA-11M
  8. Naoko YamazakiSymbol venus.svgSTS-131
  9. Satoshi FurukawaSoyuz TMA-02M

Malaysia Malaysia[edit]

Mexico Mexico[edit]

Mongolia Mongolia[edit]

Russia Russia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Soviet Union[edit]

The Soviet space program came under the control of the Russian Federation in December 1991; the new program, now called the Russian Federal Space Agency, retained continuity of equipment and personnel with the Soviet program. While all Soviet and RKA cosmonauts were born within the borders of the U.S.S.R., many were born outside the boundaries of Russia, and may be claimed by other Soviet successor states as nationals of those states. These cosmonauts are marked with an asterisk  • and their place of birth is shown in an appended list. All, however, claimed Soviet or Russian citizenship at the time of their space flights.
  1. A[edit]

  2. Viktor Mikhaylovich AfanasyevSoviet Union Soyuz TM-11, Russia Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-29, Soyuz TM-33/32
  3. Vladimir AksyonovSoviet Union Soyuz 22, Soyuz T-2
  4. Aleksandr Pavlovich AleksandrovSoviet Union Soyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-3
  5. Anatoly Artsebarsky* — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-12
  6. Yuri Artyukhin (1930–1998) — Soviet Union Soyuz 14
  7. Oleg AtkovSoviet Union Soyuz T-10/11
  8. Toktar Aubakirov* — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-13/12
  9. Sergei AvdeyevRussia Soyuz TM-15, Soyuz TM-22

    B[edit]

  10. Aleksandr BalandinSoviet Union Soyuz TM-9
  11. Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space. — Russia Soyuz TM-28/27, Soyuz TM-32/31
  12. Pavel Belyayev (1925–1970) — Soviet Union Voskhod 2
  13. Georgi Beregovoi* (1921–1995) — Soviet Union Soyuz 3
  14. Anatoly BerezovoySoviet Union Soyuz T-5/7
  15. Andrei BorisenkoRussia Soyuz TMA-21
  16. Nikolai BudarinRussia STS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-27, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  17. Valery BykovskySoviet Union Vostok 5, Soyuz 22, Soyuz 31/29

    D[edit]

  18. Vladimir N. DezhurovRussia Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  19. Georgi Dobrovolski* (1928–1971), died on reentry. — Soviet Union Soyuz 11
  20. Lev Dyomin (1926–1998) — Soviet Union Soyuz 15
  21. Vladimir Dzhanibekov* — Soviet Union Soyuz 27/26, Soyuz 39, Soyuz T-12, Soyuz T-13

    F[edit]

  22. Konstantin Feoktistov (1926–2009) — Soviet Union Voskhod 1
  23. Anatoly FilipchenkoSoviet Union Soyuz 7, Soyuz 16

    G[edit]

  24. Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968), first person in space. — Soviet Union Vostok 1
  25. Yuri Gidzenko* — Russia Soyuz TM-22, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TM-34/Soyuz TM-33
  26. Yuri Glazkov (1939–2008) — Soviet Union Soyuz 24
  27. Viktor GorbatkoSoviet Union Soyuz 7, Soyuz 24, Soyuz 37/36
  28. Georgi GrechkoSoviet Union Soyuz 17, Soyuz 26/27, Soyuz T-14/13
  29. Aleksei GubarevSoviet Union Soyuz 17, Soyuz 28

    I[edit]

  30. Aleksandr IvanchenkovSoviet Union Soyuz 29/31
  31. Anatoli IvanishinRussia Soyuz TMA-22

    K[edit]

  32. Aleksandr Kaleri* — Russia Soyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-24, Soyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-3, Soyuz TMA-01M
  33. Yevgeny Khrunov (1933–2000) — Soviet Union Soyuz 5/4
  34. Leonid Kizim* (1941–2010) — Soviet Union Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  35. Pyotr Klimuk* — Soviet Union Soyuz 13, Soyuz 18, Soyuz 30
  36. Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967), died during reentry of first Soyuz spacecraft. — Soviet Union Voskhod 1, Soyuz 1
  37. Yelena V. KondakovaSymbol venus.svgRussia Soyuz TM-20/STS-84
  38. Dmitri KondratyevRussia Soyuz TMA-20
  39. Oleg Kononenko* — Russia Soyuz TMA-12, Soyuz TMA-03M
  40. Mikhail KorniyenkoRussia Soyuz TMA-18
  41. Valery KorzunRussia Soyuz TM-24, STS-111/113
  42. Oleg Kotov* — Russia Soyuz TMA-10, Soyuz TMA-17, Soyuz TMA-10M
  43. Vladimir Kovalyonok* — Soviet Union Soyuz 25, Soyuz 29/31, Soyuz T-4
  44. Konstantin KozeyevRussia Soyuz TM-33/32
  45. Sergei Krikalev, six space flights and, as of 2006, holds record for longest total time in space: 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes. — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-12/Russia Soyuz TM-13, STS-60, STS-88, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102, Soyuz TMA-6
  46. Valeri KubasovSoviet Union Soyuz 6, Soyuz 19, Soyuz 36/35

    L[edit]

  47. Aleksandr LaveykinSoviet Union Soyuz TM-2
  48. Vasili Lazarev (1928–1990) — Soviet Union Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a
  49. Aleksandr LazutkinRussia Soyuz TM-25
  50. Valentin LebedevSoviet Union Soyuz 13, Soyuz T-5/7
  51. Aleksei Leonov, first person to "walk in space" (to make an EVA). — Soviet Union Voskhod 2, Soyuz 19
  52. Anatoli Levchenko* (1941–1988) — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4/3
  53. Yuri Lonchakov* — Russia STS-100, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34, Soyuz TMA-13
  54. Vladimir Lyakhov* — Soviet Union Soyuz 32/34, Soyuz T-9, Soyuz TM-6/5

    M[edit]

  55. Oleg Makarov (1933–2003) — Soviet Union Soyuz 12, Soyuz 18a, Soyuz 27/26, Soyuz T-3
  56. Yuri Malenchenko* — Russia Soyuz TM-19, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2, Soyuz TMA-11, Soyuz TMA-05M
  57. Yuri Malyshev (1941–1999) — Soviet Union Soyuz T-2, Soyuz T-11/10
  58. Gennadi ManakovSoviet Union Soyuz TM-10, Russia Soyuz TM-16
  59. Musa Manarov* — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-4/6, Soyuz TM-11
  60. Boris MorukovRussia STS-106
  61. Talgat Musabayev* — Russia Soyuz TM-19, Soyuz TM-27, Soyuz TM-32/31

    N[edit]

  62. Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004), first astronaut of Chuvash descent — Soviet Union Vostok 3, Soyuz 9
  63. Oleg Novitski* — Russia Soyuz TMA-06M

    O[edit]

  64. Yuri Onufrienko* — Russia Soyuz TM-23, STS-108/111

    P[edit]

  65. Gennady PadalkaRussia Soyuz TM-28, Soyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-14, Soyuz TMA-04M
  66. Viktor Patsayev* (1933–1971), died in reentry. — Soviet Union Soyuz 11
  67. Aleksandr PoleshchukRussia Soyuz TM-16
  68. Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-6/7, Russia Soyuz TM-18/20
  69. Leonid Popov* — Soviet Union Soyuz 35/37, Soyuz 40, Soyuz T-7/5
  70. Pavel Popovich* (1930–2009) — Soviet Union Vostok 4, Soyuz 14

    R[edit]

  71. Sergei RevinRussia Soyuz TMA-04M
  72. Roman RomanenkoRussia Soyuz TMA-15, Soyuz TMA-07M
  73. Yuri RomanenkoSoviet Union Soyuz 26/27, Soyuz 38, Soyuz TM-2/3
  74. Valery RozhdestvenskySoviet Union Soyuz 23
  75. Nikolai Rukavishnikov (1932–2002) — Soviet Union Soyuz 10, Soyuz 16, Soyuz 33
  76. Sergei RyazanskiRussia Soyuz TMA-10M
  77. Valery RyuminSoviet Union Soyuz 25, Soyuz 32/34, Soyuz 35/37, Russia STS-91

    S[edit]

  78. Aleksandr SamokutyayevRussia Soyuz TMA-21
  79. Gennadi Sarafanov (1942–2005) — Soviet Union Soyuz 15
  80. Viktor SavinykhSoviet Union Soyuz T-4, Soyuz T-13/14
  81. Svetlana SavitskayaSymbol venus.svg, first woman to walk in space. — Soviet Union Soyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-12
  82. Aleksandr Serebrov (1944-2013) — Soviet Union Soyuz T-7/5, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-8, Russia Soyuz TM-17
  83. Vitali Sevastyanov (1935–2010) — Soviet Union Soyuz 9, Soyuz 18
  84. Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonautRussia Soyuz TMA-5/4
  85. Salizhan Sharipov* — Russia STS-89, Soyuz TMA-5
  86. Vladimir Shatalov* — Soviet Union Soyuz 4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  87. Anton ShkaplerovRussia Soyuz TMA-22
  88. Georgi Shonin* (1935–1997) — Soviet Union Soyuz 6
  89. Oleg SkripochkaRussia Soyuz TMA-01M
  90. Aleksandr SkvortsovRussia Soyuz TMA-18
  91. Anatoly Solovyev* — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-5/4, Soyuz TM-9, Russia Soyuz TM-15, STS-71/Soyuz TM-21, Soyuz TM-26
  92. Vladimir SolovyovSoviet Union Soyuz T-10/11, Soyuz T-15
  93. Gennadi Strekalov (1940–2004) — Soviet Union Soyuz T-3, Soyuz T-8, Soyuz T-11/10, Soyuz TM-10, Russia Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  94. Maksim SurayevRussia Soyuz TMA-16

    T[edit]

  95. Yevgeni TarelkinRussia Soyuz TMA-06M
  96. Valentina TereshkovaSymbol venus.svg, first woman in space. — Soviet Union Vostok 6
  97. Gherman Titov (1935–2000), the second person to make a space flight and the first to stay up for a day. — Soviet Union Vostok 2
  98. Vladimir TitovSoviet Union Soyuz T-8, Soyuz TM-4/6, Russia STS-63, STS-86
  99. Valeri TokarevRussia STS-96, Soyuz TMA-7
  100. Sergei TreshchovRussia STS-111/113
  101. Vasili Tsibliyev* — Russia Soyuz TM-17, Soyuz TM-25
  102. Mikhail TyurinRussia STS-105/108, Soyuz TMA-9, Soyuz TMA-11M

    U[edit]

  103. Yuri UsachovRussia Soyuz TM-18, Soyuz TM-23, STS-101, STS-102/STS-105

    V[edit]

  104. Vladimir Vasyutin* (1952–2002) — Soviet Union Soyuz T-14
  105. Aleksandr Viktorenko* — Soviet Union Soyuz TM-3/2, Soyuz TM-8, Russia Soyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-20
  106. Pavel VinogradovRussia Soyuz TM-26, Soyuz TMA-8
  107. Igor Volk* — Soviet Union Soyuz T-12
  108. Alexander Volkov* — Soviet Union Soyuz T-14, Soyuz TM-7, Soyuz TM-13, Russia Soyuz TM-13
  109. Sergei Aleksandrovich Volkov* — Russia Soyuz TMA-12, Soyuz TMA-02M
  110. Vladislav Volkov (1935–1971), died on reentry. — Soviet Union Soyuz 7, Soyuz 11
  111. Boris VolynovSoviet Union Soyuz 5, Soyuz 21

    Y[edit]

  112. Boris Yegorov (1937–1994) — Soviet Union Voskhod 1
  113. Aleksei YeliseyevSoviet Union Soyuz 5/4, Soyuz 8, Soyuz 10
  114. Fyodor Yurchikhin* — Russia STS-112, Soyuz TMA-10, Soyuz TMA-19, Soyuz TMA-09M

    Z[edit]

  115. Sergei ZalyotinRussia Soyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-1/TM-34
  116. Vitali Zholobov* — Soviet Union Soyuz 21
  117. Vyacheslav ZudovSoviet Union Soyuz 23

Soviet and Russian cosmonauts born outside Russia[edit]

All of the locations below were part of the former U.S.S.R. at the time of the cosmonauts' birth.

Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic Azerbaidzhan S.S.R. / Azerbaijan Azerbaijan[edit]
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussian S.S.R. / Belarus Belarus[edit]
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic Georgian S.S.R. / Georgia Georgia (country)[edit]
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic Kazakh S.S.R. / Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[edit]
Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic Kirghiz S.S.R. / Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[edit]
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Latvian S.S.R. / Latvia Latvia[edit]
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic Turkmen S.S.R. / Turkmenistan Turkmenistan[edit]
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian S.S.R. / Ukraine Ukraine[edit]
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic Uzbek S.S.R. / Uzbekistan Uzbekistan[edit]

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia[edit]

Slovakia Slovakia[edit]

South Africa South Africa[edit]

South Korea South Korea[edit]

Syria Syria[edit]

Ukraine Ukraine[edit]

United States United States[edit]

 • Asterisked space travelers were born outside the United States

Non-NASA space travelers[edit]

NASA astronauts[edit]

^ still on active service

  1. A[edit]
  2. Joseph M. Acaba^ — STS-119, Soyuz TMA-04M
  3. Loren ActonSTS-51-F
  4. James C. AdamsonSTS-28, STS-43
  5. Thomas AkersSTS-41, STS-49, STS-61, STS-79
  6. Buzz Aldrin, the second person to walk on the Moon — Gemini 12, Apollo 11
  7. Andrew M. AllenSTS-46, STS-62, STS-75
  8. Joseph P. AllenSTS-5, STS-51-A
  9. Scott Altman^ — STS-90, STS-106, STS-109, STS-125
  10. William Anders* — Apollo 8
  11. Clayton Anderson^ — STS-117/120, STS-131
  12. Michael P. Anderson (1959–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-89, STS-107
  13. Dominic A. Antonelli^ — STS-119, STS-132
  14. Jerome AptSTS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79
  15. Lee Archambault^ — STS-117, STS-119
  16. Neil Armstrong (1930–2012), first person to walk on the Moon — Gemini 8, Apollo 11
  17. Richard R. Arnold^ — STS-119
  18. Jeffrey AshbySTS-93, STS-100, STS-112
    B[edit]
  19. James P. BagianSTS-29, STS-40
  20. Ellen S. BakerSymbol venus.svgSTS-34, STS-50, STS-71
  21. Michael A. BakerSTS-43, STS-52, STS-68, STS-81
  22. Michael R. Barratt^ — Soyuz TMA-14, STS-133
  23. Daniel T. BarrySTS-72, STS-96, STS-105
  24. John-David F. BartoeSTS-51-F
  25. Alan BeanApollo 12, Skylab 3
  26. Robert L. Behnken^ — STS-123, STS-130
  27. John E. BlahaSTS-29, STS-33, STS-43, STS-58, STS-79/81
  28. Michael J. BloomfieldSTS-86, STS-97, STS-110
  29. Guion Bluford, first African-American in space — STS-8, STS-61-A, STS-39, STS-53
  30. Karol J. Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut — STS-6, STS-51-D, STS-51-J
  31. Eric A. Boe^ — STS-126, STS-133
  32. Charles BoldenSTS-61-C, STS-31, STS-45, STS-60
  33. Frank Borman, commanded the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon — Gemini 7, Apollo 8
  34. Stephen G. Bowen^ — STS-126, STS-132, STS-133
  35. Ken BowersoxSTS-50, STS-61, STS-73, STS-82, STS-113/Soyuz TMA-1
  36. Charles E. Brady, Jr. (1951–2006) — STS-78
  37. Vance D. BrandApollo-Soyuz Test Project, STS-5, STS-41-B, STS-35
  38. Daniel BrandensteinSTS-8, STS-51-G, STS-32, STS-49
  39. Randolph Bresnik^ — STS-129
  40. Roy D. Bridges, Jr.STS-51-F
  41. Curtis BrownSTS-47, STS-66, STS-77, STS-85, STS-95, STS-103
  42. David McDowell Brown (1956–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-107
  43. Mark N. BrownSTS-28, STS-48
  44. James BuchliSTS-51-C, STS-61-A, STS-29, STS-48
  45. Jay C. BuckeySTS-90
  46. Daniel C. Burbank^ — STS-106, STS-115, Soyuz TMA-22
  47. Daniel W. BurschSTS-51, STS-68, STS-77, STS-108, STS-111
    C[edit]
  48. Robert D. CabanaSTS-41, STS-53, STS-65, STS-88
  49. Charles CamardaSTS-114
  50. Kenneth D. CameronSTS-37, STS-56, STS-74
  51. Duane G. CareySTS-109
  52. Scott Carpenter (1925-2013) — Mercury 7
  53. Gerald P. CarrSkylab 4
  54. Sonny Carter (1947–1991) — STS-33
  55. John CasperSTS-36, STS-54, STS-62, STS-77
  56. Christopher CassidySTS-127
  57. Robert J. CenkerSTS-61-C
  58. Gene CernanGemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo 17
  59. Gregory Chamitoff* — STS-124/126, STS-134
  60. Franklin Chang-Diaz* — STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111
  61. Kalpana ChawlaSymbol venus.svg* (1961–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-87, STS-107
  62. Leroy ChiaoSTS-65, STS-72, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-5
  63. Kevin P. ChiltonSTS-49, STS-59, STS-76
  64. Laurel ClarkSymbol venus.svg (1961–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-107
  65. Mary L. CleaveSymbol venus.svgSTS-61-B, STS-30
  66. Michael R. CliffordSTS-53, STS-59, STS-76
  67. Michael CoatsSTS-41-D, STS-29, STS-39
  68. Kenneth CockrellSTS-56, STS-69, STS-80, STS-98, STS-111
  69. Catherine ColemanSymbol venus.svgSTS-73, STS-93, Soyuz TMA-20
  70. Eileen CollinsSymbol venus.svgSTS-63, STS-84, STS-93, STS-114
  71. Michael Collins* — Gemini 10, Apollo 11
  72. Pete Conrad (1930-1999) — Gemini 5, Gemini 11, Apollo 12, Skylab 2
  73. Gordon Cooper (1927–2004), the first American to fly in space for a day and first person to go into orbit twice — Mercury 9, Gemini 5
  74. Richard O. CoveySTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-38, STS-61
  75. Timothy CreamerSoyuz TMA-17
  76. John Oliver CreightonSTS-51-G, STS-36, STS-48
  77. Robert Crippen, flew on first Space Shuttle mission — STS-1, STS-7, STS-41-C, STS-41-G
  78. Roger K. CrouchSTS-83, STS-94
  79. Frank L. Culbertson, Jr.STS-38, STS-51, STS-105/108
  80. Walter CunninghamApollo 7
  81. Robert CurbeamSTS-85, STS-98, STS-116
  82. Nancy CurrieSymbol venus.svgSTS-57, STS-70, STS-88, STS-109
    D[edit]
  83. Jan DavisSymbol venus.svgSTS-47, STS-60, STS-85
  84. Lawrence J. DeLucasSTS-50
  85. B. Alvin DrewSTS-118, STS-133
  86. Brian DuffySTS-45, STS-57, STS-72, STS-92
  87. Charles Moss Duke, Jr.Apollo 16
  88. Bonnie J. DunbarSymbol venus.svgSTS-61-A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71, STS-89
  89. Samuel T. DurranceSTS-35, STS-67
  90. James DuttonSTS-131
  91. Tracy Caldwell DysonSymbol venus.svgSTS-118, Soyuz TMA-18
    E[edit]
  92. Joe F. Edwards, Jr.STS-89
  93. Donn F. Eisele (1930–1987) — Apollo 7
  94. Anthony W. EnglandSTS-51-F
  95. Joseph Henry EngleSTS-2, STS-51-I
  96. Ronald Evans (1933–1990) — Apollo 17
    F[edit]
  97. John M. FabianSTS-7, STS-51-G
  98. Christopher FergusonSTS-115, STS-126, STS-135
  99. Martin J. FettmanSTS-58
  100. Andrew J. FeustelSTS-125, STS-134
  101. Michael FinckeSoyuz TMA-4, Soyuz TMA-13, STS-134
  102. Anna Lee FisherSymbol venus.svgSTS-51-A
  103. William Frederick FisherSTS-51-I
  104. Michael Foale* — STS-45, STS-56, STS-63, STS-84/86, STS-103, Soyuz TMA-3
  105. Kevin A. FordSTS-128, Soyuz TMA-06M
  106. Michael ForemanSTS-123, STS-129
  107. Patrick G. ForresterSTS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  108. Michael E. FossumSTS-121, STS-124, Soyuz TMA-02M
  109. Stephen FrickSTS-110, STS-122
  110. C. Gordon Fullerton (1936-2013) — STS-3, STS-51-F
    G[edit]
  111. F. Drew GaffneySTS-40
  112. Ronald J. Garan, Jr.STS-124, Soyuz TMA-21
  113. Dale GardnerSTS-8, STS-51-A
  114. Guy GardnerSTS-27, STS-35
  115. Jake Garn, ex-U. S. Senator, first politician in space — STS-51-D
  116. Owen K. GarriottSkylab 3, STS-9
  117. Charles D. GemarSTS-38, STS-48, STS-62
  118. Michael L. GernhardtSTS-69, STS-83, STS-94, STS-104
  119. Edward GibsonSkylab 4
  120. Robert L. GibsonSTS-41-B, STS-61-C, STS-27, STS-47, STS-71
  121. John Glenn (born 1921), first American in Earth orbit, U.S. Senator, and oldest person to make a spaceflight — Mercury 6, STS-95
  122. Linda M. GodwinSymbol venus.svgSTS-37, STS-59, STS-76, STS-108
  123. Michael T. GoodSTS-125, STS-132
  124. Richard F. Gordon, Jr.Gemini 11, Apollo 12
  125. Dominic L. Pudwill GorieSTS-91, STS-99, STS-108, STS-123
  126. Ronald J. GrabeSTS-51-J, STS-30, STS-42, STS-57
  127. Frederick D. GregorySTS-51-B, STS-33, STS-44
  128. William G. GregorySTS-67
  129. S. David Griggs (1939–1989) — STS-51-D
  130. Gus Grissom (1926–1967), first person to go into space twice. Died in the Apollo 1 launchpad fire — Gemini 3
  131. John M. GrunsfeldSTS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125
  132. Sidney M. GutierrezSTS-40, STS-59
    H[edit]
  133. Fred HaiseApollo 13
  134. James D. HalsellSTS-65, STS-74, STS-83, STS-94, STS-101
  135. Kenneth HamSTS-124, STS-132
  136. L. Blaine HammondSTS-39, STS-64
  137. Gregory J. HarbaughSTS-39, STS-54, STS-71, STS-82
  138. Bernard A. Harris, Jr., first African-American to walk in space. — STS-55, STS-63
  139. Terry HartSTS-41-C
  140. Henry HartsfieldSTS-4, STS-41-D, STS-61-A
  141. Frederick HauckSTS-7, STS-51-A, STS-26
  142. Steven HawleySTS-41-D, STS-61-C, STS-31, STS-82, STS-93
  143. Susan J. HelmsSymbol venus.svgSTS-54, STS-64, STS-78, STS-101, STS-102/105
  144. Karl Gordon Henize (1926–1993) — STS-51-F
  145. Thomas J. HennenSTS-44
  146. Terence T. HenricksSTS-44, STS-55, STS-70, STS-78
  147. José HernándezSTS-128
  148. John Herrington, first Native American in space. — STS-113
  149. Richard HiebSTS-39, STS-49, STS-65
  150. Joan HigginbothamSymbol venus.svgSTS-116
  151. David C. HilmersSTS-51-J, STS-26, STS-36, STS-42
  152. Kathryn P. HireSymbol venus.svgSTS-90, STS-130
  153. Charles O. HobaughSTS-104, STS-108, STS-129
  154. Jeffrey A. HoffmanSTS-51-D, STS-35, STS-46, STS-61, STS-75
  155. Michael S. HopkinsSoyuz TMA-10M
  156. Scott J. HorowitzSTS-75, STS-82, STS-101, STS-105
  157. Millie Hughes-FulfordSymbol venus.svg, first female Payload SpecialistSTS-40
  158. Douglas G. HurleySTS-127, STS-135
  159. Rick Husband (1957–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-96, STS-107
    I[edit]
  160. James Irwin (1930–1991) — Apollo 15
  161. Marsha IvinsSymbol venus.svgSTS-32, STS-46, STS-62, STS-81, STS-98
    J[edit]
  162. Mae JemisonSymbol venus.svg, first African-American woman in space — STS-47
  163. Tamara E. JerniganSymbol venus.svgSTS-40, STS-52, STS-67, STS-80, STS-96
  164. Brent W. Jett, Jr.STS-72, STS-81, STS-97, STS-115
  165. Gregory C. JohnsonSTS-125
  166. Gregory H. Johnson* — STS-123, STS-134
  167. Thomas David JonesSTS-59, STS-68, STS-80, STS-98
    K[edit]
  168. Janet L. KavandiSymbol venus.svgSTS-91, STS-99, STS-104
  169. James M. KellySTS-102, STS-114
  170. Mark E. KellySTS-108, STS-121, STS-124, STS-134
  171. Scott J. KellySTS-103, STS-118, Soyuz TMA-01M
  172. Joseph P. KerwinSkylab 2
  173. Robert S. KimbroughSTS-126
  174. Timothy L. KopraSTS-127/128
  175. Kevin R. KregelSTS-70, STS-78, STS-87, STS-99
    L[edit]
  176. Wendy B. LawrenceSymbol venus.svgSTS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114
  177. Mark C. LeeSTS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-82
  178. David LeestmaSTS-41-G, STS-28, STS-45
  179. William B. Lenoir (1939-2010) — STS-5
  180. Frederick W. Leslie* — STS-73
  181. Byron Lichtenberg, first NASA Payload Specialist. — STS-9, STS-45
  182. Don L. LindSTS-51-B
  183. Steven W. LindseySTS-87, STS-95, STS-104, STS-121, STS-133
  184. Jerry M. LinengerSTS-64, STS-81/84
  185. Richard M. LinnehanSTS-78, STS-90, STS-109, STS-123
  186. Gregory LinterisSTS-83, STS-94
  187. Paul LockhartSTS-111, STS-113
  188. Michael Lopez-Alegria* — STS-73, STS-92, STS-113, Soyuz TMA-9
  189. John M. LoungeSTS-51-I, STS-26, STS-35
  190. Jack R. LousmaSkylab 3, STS-3
  191. Stanley G. LoveSTS-122
  192. Jim LovellGemini 7, Gemini 12, Apollo 8, Apollo 13
  193. G. David Low (1956–2008) — STS-32, STS-43, STS-57
  194. Ed LuSTS-84, STS-106, Soyuz TMA-2
  195. Shannon LucidSymbol venus.svg* — STS-51-G, STS-34, STS-43, STS-58, STS-76/79
    M[edit]
  196. Sandra MagnusSymbol venus.svgSTS-112, STS-126/119, STS-135
  197. Thomas MarshburnSTS-127, Soyuz TMA-07M
  198. Michael MassiminoSTS-109, STS-125
  199. Richard MastracchioSTS-106, STS-118, STS-131, Soyuz TMA-11M
  200. Ken MattinglyApollo 16, STS-4, STS-51-C
  201. K. Megan McArthurSymbol venus.svgSTS-125
  202. William S. McArthurSTS-58, STS-74, STS-92, Soyuz TMA-7
  203. Jon McBrideSTS-41-G
  204. Bruce McCandless IISTS-41-B, STS-31
  205. William C. McCool (1961–2003), died on the ColumbiaSTS-107
  206. Michael J. McCulleySTS-34
  207. James McDivittGemini 4, Apollo 9
  208. Donald R. McMonagleSTS-39, STS-54, STS-66
  209. Ronald McNair (1950–1986), died on the ChallengerSTS-41-B
  210. Carl J. MeadeSTS-38, STS-50, STS-64
  211. Bruce E. MelnickSTS-41, STS-49
  212. Pamela MelroySymbol venus.svgSTS-92, STS-112, STS-120
  213. Leland D. MelvinSTS-122, STS-129
  214. Dorothy M. Metcalf-LindenburgerSymbol venus.svgSTS-131
  215. Edgar MitchellApollo 14
  216. Barbara MorganSymbol venus.svgSTS-118
  217. Lee M.E. MorinSTS-110
  218. Richard MullaneSTS-41-D, STS-27, STS-36
  219. Story MusgraveSTS-6, STS-51-F, STS-33, STS-44, STS-61, STS-80
    N[edit]
  220. Steven R. NagelSTS-51-G, STS-61-A, STS-37, STS-55
  221. George NelsonSTS-41-C, STS-61-C, STS-26
  222. Bill NelsonSTS-61-C
  223. James H. Newman* — STS-51, STS-69, STS-88, STS-109
  224. Carlos I. Noriega* — STS-84, STS-97
  225. Lisa NowakSymbol venus.svgSTS-121
  226. Karen L. NybergSymbol venus.svgSTS-124, Soyuz TMA-09M
    O[edit]
  227. Bryan D. O'ConnorSTS-61-B, STS-40
  228. Ellen OchoaSymbol venus.svg, first Hispanic woman in space — STS-56, STS-66, STS-96, STS-110
  229. William OefeleinSTS-116
  230. John D. OlivasSTS-117, STS-128
  231. Ellison Onizuka (1946–1986), died on the ChallengerSTS-51-C
  232. Stephen S. OswaldSTS-42, STS-56, STS-67
  233. Robert F. Overmyer (1936–1996) — STS-5, STS-51-B
    P[edit]
  234. William PailesSTS-51-J
  235. Scott E. ParazynskiSTS-66, STS-86, STS-95, STS-100, STS-120
  236. Ronald A. Parise (1951–2008) — STS-35, STS-67
  237. Robert A. ParkerSTS-9, STS-35
  238. Nicholas Patrick* — STS-116, STS-130
  239. James PawelczykSTS-90
  240. Gary PaytonSTS-51-C
  241. Donald H. PetersonSTS-6
  242. Donald PettitSTS-113/Soyuz TMA-1, STS-126, Soyuz TMA-03M
  243. John L. PhillipsSTS-100, Soyuz TMA-6, STS-119
  244. William R. PogueSkylab 4
  245. Alan G. Poindexter (1961-2012) — STS-122, STS-131
  246. Mark L. PolanskySTS-98, STS-116, STS-127
  247. Charles J. PrecourtSTS-55, STS-71, STS-84, STS-91
    R[edit]
  248. William F. ReaddySTS-42, STS-51, STS-79
  249. Kenneth S. Reightler, Jr.STS-48, STS-60
  250. James F. ReillySTS-89, STS-104, STS-117
  251. Garrett ReismanSTS-123/124, STS-132
  252. Judith ResnikSymbol venus.svg (1949–1986), died on the ChallengerSTS-41-D
  253. Paul W. RichardsSTS-102
  254. Richard N. RichardsSTS-28, STS-41, STS-50, STS-64
  255. Sally RideSymbol venus.svg (1951-2012), first American woman in space — STS-7, STS-41-G
  256. Stephen RobinsonSTS-85, STS-95, STS-114, STS-130
  257. Kent RomingerSTS-73, STS-80, STS-85, STS-96, STS-100
  258. Stuart Roosa (1933–1994) — Apollo 14
  259. Jerry L. RossSTS-61-B, STS-27, STS-37, STS-55, STS-74, STS-88, STS-110
  260. Mario Runco, Jr.STS-44, STS-54, STS-77
    S[edit]
  261. Albert SaccoSTS-73
  262. Robert SatcherSTS-129
  263. Wally Schirra (1923–2007) — Mercury 8, Gemini 6A, Apollo 7
  264. Harrison Schmitt (The last,12th man, who arrive and set foot on the Moon)— Apollo 17
  265. Rusty SchweickartApollo 9
  266. Dick Scobee (1939–1986), died on the ChallengerSTS-41-C
  267. David ScottGemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15
  268. Winston E. ScottSTS-72, STS-87
  269. Paul D. Scully-Power* — STS-41-G
  270. Richard A. SearfossSTS-58, STS-76, STS-90
  271. Margaret Rhea SeddonSymbol venus.svgSTS-51-D, STS-40, STS-58
  272. Ronald SegaSTS-60, STS-76
  273. Piers Sellers* — STS-112, STS-121, STS-132
  274. Brewster H. ShawSTS-9, STS-61-B, STS-28
  275. Alan Shepard (1923–1998), first American in space — Apollo 14
  276. William ShepherdSTS-27, STS-41, STS-52, Soyuz TM-31/STS-102
    Nancy Sherlock – see Nancy Currie
  277. Loren ShriverSTS-51-C, STS-31, STS-46
  278. Deke Slayton (1924–1993) — Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  279. Steven SmithSTS-68, STS-82, STS-103, STS-110
  280. Sherwood C. SpringSTS-61-B
  281. Robert C. SpringerSTS-29, STS-38
  282. Thomas Patten StaffordGemini 6A, Gemini 9A, Apollo 10, Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  283. Heidemarie M. Stefanyshyn-PiperSymbol venus.svgSTS-115, STS-126
  284. Robert L. StewartSTS-41-B, STS-51-J
  285. Susan StillSymbol venus.svgSTS-83, STS-94
  286. Nicole P. StottSymbol venus.svgSTS-128/129, STS-133
  287. Frederick SturckowSTS-88, STS-105, STS-117, STS-128
  288. Kathryn Dwyer SullivanSymbol venus.svg, first American woman to walk in space — STS-41-G, STS-31, STS-45
  289. Steven SwansonSTS-117, STS-119
  290. John "Jack" Swigert (1931–1982) — Apollo 13
    T[edit]
  291. Daniel TaniSTS-108, STS-120/122
  292. Joseph R. TannerSTS-66, STS-82, STS-97, STS-115
  293. Norman ThagardSTS-7, STS-51-B, STS-30, STS-42, Soyuz TM-21/STS-71
  294. Andy Thomas* — STS-77, STS-89, STS-91, STS-102, STS-114
  295. Donald A. ThomasSTS-65, STS-70, STS-83, STS-94
  296. Kathryn C. ThorntonSymbol venus.svg, first woman to make multiple EVAsSTS-33, STS-49, STS-61, STS-73
  297. William E. ThorntonSTS-8, STS-51-B
  298. Pierre ThuotSTS-36, STS-49, STS-62
  299. Eugene Trinh* — STS-50
  300. Richard H. TrulySTS-2, STS-8
    V[edit]
  301. Lodewijk van den Berg* — STS-51-B
  302. James van HoftenSTS-41-C, STS-51-I
  303. Charles Veach (1944–1995) — STS-39, STS-52
  304. Terry VirtsSTS-130
  305. James S. VossSTS-44, STS-53, STS-69, STS-101, STS-102/105
  306. Janice E. VossSymbol venus.svg (1956-2012) — STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99
    W[edit]
  307. Rex J. WalheimSTS-110, STS-122, STS-135
  308. Charles WalkerSTS-41-D, STS-51-D, STS-61-B
  309. David M. Walker (1944–2001) — STS-51-A, STS-30, STS-53, STS-69
  310. Shannon WalkerSymbol venus.svgSoyuz TMA-19
  311. Carl WalzSTS-51, STS-65, STS-79, STS-108/111
  312. Taylor Wang* — STS-51-B
  313. Mary E. WeberSymbol venus.svgSTS-70, STS-101
  314. Paul J. WeitzSkylab 2, STS-6
  315. Jim WetherbeeSTS-32, STS-52, STS-63, STS-86, STS-102, STS-113
  316. Douglas H. WheelockSTS-120, Soyuz TMA-19
  317. Edward Higgins White (1930–1967), first American to perform an EVA. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster — Gemini 4
  318. Peggy WhitsonSymbol venus.svg, holds the American record for time spent in space — STS-111/113, Soyuz TMA-11
  319. Terrence WilcuttSTS-68, STS-79, STS-89, STS-106
  320. Donald WilliamsSTS-51-D, STS-34
  321. Jeffrey WilliamsSTS-101, Soyuz TMA-8, Soyuz TMA-16
  322. Sunita WilliamsSymbol venus.svg, holder of the women's spaceflight record — STS-116/117, Soyuz TMA-05M
  323. Barry E. WilmoreSTS-129
  324. Stephanie WilsonSymbol venus.svgSTS-121, STS-120, STS-131
  325. Peter WisoffSTS-57, STS-68, STS-81, STS-92
  326. David WolfSTS-58, STS-86/89, STS-112, STS-127
  327. Alfred WordenApollo 15
    Y[edit]
  328. John YoungGemini 3, Gemini 10, Apollo 10, Apollo 16, STS-1, STS-9
    Z[edit]
  329. George D. ZamkaSTS-120, STS-130

Americans born abroad[edit]

Naturalized Americans[edit]


Vietnam Vietnam[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other Wikipedia articles count Talgat Musabayev as a Kazakh and Anousheh Ansari as an Iranian-American dual citizen; they may also consider Russia and the Soviet Union, or East, West, and united Germany as distinct countries.
  2. ^ EVA-22: Cassidy and Parmitano complete ISS spacewalk July 9, 2013
  3. ^ "Astronaut Michael Foale retires from Nasa". BBC News. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.