List of aircraft of the Royal Air Force

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Many aircraft types have served in the British Royal Air Force since its formation in April 1918 from the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service. This is a list of RAF aircraft, including all currently active and retired types listed in alphabetic order by their RAF type name. For just those aircraft currently in service, see List of active United Kingdom military aircraft. Aircraft operated with the Fleet Air Arm from 1924 until 1939 were operated by the Royal Air Force on behalf of the Navy and are included but not those operated by the Royal Navy after it re-acquired control of the aircraft used to support its operations in 1939 are not, but all aircraft operated in conjunction with the Navy are listed at List of aircraft of the Fleet Air Arm. Army Air Corps aircraft are not included but can be found at List of aircraft of the Army Air Corps.

For aircraft operated before the merger of the RFC and RNAS in 1918:

Regular service with the RAF[edit]

Model Role Origin In Service Withdrawn Notes
Sopwith 1½ Strutter Fighter/bomber/reconnaissance  UK 1916 ? Single-engined biplane
Fairey IIIC, D & F[1] Fleet Spotter  UK 1918 1941 Single-engined biplane
Bristol 138[2] Research  UK 1936 1937 Single-engined monoplane
British Aerospace 125 Transport  UK 1965 n/a Twin-engined jet
British Aerospace 146 VIP transport  UK 1986 n/a Four-engined jet
Short 184 Bomber  UK 1918 1921 Single-engined biplane floatplane
Short 320[3] Torpedo bomber  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane floatplane
Avro 504K & N[4] Trainer/communications  UK 1918 1933 Single-engined biplane
Agusta A109E Liaison  Italy 2006 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Bell Airacobra[5] Fighter/ground attack  US 1941 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Fairey Albacore Torpedo-bomber  UK 1940 1944 Single-engined biplane
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle[6] Bomber/transport/glider tug  UK 1943 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Avro Aldershot[7] Long range day/night bomber  UK 1924 1926 Single-engined biplane
Avro Andover[8] Transport/ambulance  UK 1924 ? Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Andover[9] Transport  UK 1965 n/a Twin-engined turboprop
Avro Anson[10] Bomber/maritime patrol/trainer/transport  UK 1936 1968 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Avro Athena[11] Trainer  UK 1950 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth Argosy[12] Transport  UK 1962 1978 Four-engined turboprop monoplane
Fairchild Argus[13] Transport  US 1941 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[14] Army co-operation/trainer  UK 1927 1935 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Audax[15] Army co-operation  UK 1931 1945 Single-engined biplane
Auster AOP.6/AOP.9[16] Air Observation  UK 1942 1957 Single-engined monoplane
Boulton Paul Balliol[17] Trainer  UK 1950 1957 Single-engined monoplane
Martin Baltimore[18] Medium bomber  US 1941 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Fairey Barracuda Torpedo/dive bomber  UK 1943 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Beagle Basset[19] Communications transport  UK 1965 1974 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Fairey Battle[20] Light bomber  UK 1937 1949 Single-engined monoplane
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2[11] Reconnaissance  UK 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12 Fighter  UK 1918 1918 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Beaufighter[21] Strike fighter/night fighter/target tug  UK 1940 1960 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Beaufort[22] Torpedo bomber  UK 1939 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Short Belfast[23] Cargo  UK 1966 1976 Four-engined turboprop monoplane
Bristol Belvedere[24] Transport  UK 1961 1969 Twin-engined twin-rotor helicopter
Brewster Bermuda[25] Dive bomber  US 1942 1944 Single-engined monoplane
Blackburn Beverley[26] Transport  UK 1955 1967 Four-engined piston monoplane
Avro Bison[27] Fleet spotter  UK 1922 1929 Single-engined biplane
Blackburn Blackburn Fleet spotter  UK 1923 1931 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Blenheim[28] Medium bomber  UK 1937 1944 Twin-engined monoplane
Bristol 130/Bombay[29] Bomber/transport  UK 1939 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Douglas Boston[30] Medium bomber/trainer/night fighter  US 1940 1945 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Blackburn Botha[31] Torpedo bomber/trainer  UK 1939 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Brigand[32] Torpedo fighter/medium bomber/naval strike/trainer  UK 1946 1958 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Fighter[33] Fighter/army cooperation/light bomber  UK 1918 1932 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Britannia[34] Transport  UK 1959 1975 Four-engined turboprop
Hawker Siddeley Buccaneer[35] Naval strike  UK 1969 1994 Twin-engined jet
Bristol Buckingham[36] Medium bomber, transport  UK 1944 1950 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Bristol Buckmaster[37] Trainer  UK 1945 1958 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Brewster Buffalo[38] Fighter  US 1940 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Bristol Bulldog[39] Fighter/trainer  UK 1929 1937 Single-engined biplane
Scottish Aviation Bulldog[40] Basic trainer  UK 1972 2001 Single-engined piston monoplane
Martinsyde Buzzard[41] Fighter  UK 1918 1922 Single-engined biplane
Sopwith Camel[42] Fighter  UK 1918 1920 Single-engined biplane
Fairey Campania Reconnaissance  UK 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
English Electric Canberra[43] Bomber, photo reconnaissance, trainer  UK 1951 2006 Twin-engined jet
Consolidated Catalina[44] Maritime patrol  US 1939 1945 Twin-engined monoplane seaplane
Boeing-Vertol Chinook[45] Transport  US 1980 n/a Twin-engined turbine twin rotor helicopter
De Havilland Chipmunk[46][Notes 1] Trainer  UK 1949 1996 Single-engined piston monoplane
De Havilland Cirrus Moth[47] Communications/trainer  UK 1926 1930 Single-engined biplane
Curtiss Cleveland[48] Dive-bomber  US 1940 1941 Single-engined biplane
Handley Page Clive[49] Transport  UK 1931 ? Twin-engined biplane
Saro Cloud[50] Navigational trainer  UK 1933 1936 Twin-engined monoplane amphibian
De Havilland Comet[Notes 2] Experimental  UK 1935 1936 Twin-engined piston monoplane
De Havilland Comet[51] Transport/reconnaissance  UK 1956 1975 Four-engined jet
Consolidated Coronado[48] Transport  US 1943 1946 Four-engined flying-boat
Fairchild Cornell[52] Trainer  US 1943 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Sopwith Cuckoo[53] Torpedo bomber  UK 1918 1923 Single-engined biplane
Douglas Dakota[54] Transport  US 1942 1970[Notes 3] Twin-engined piston monoplane
Blackburn Dart Torpedo-bomber  UK 1923 1933 Single-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Defiant[55] Fighter/night fighter/Air-sea rescue/target tug  UK 1939 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Hawker Demon[56] Fighter  UK 1931 1939 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Devon[57] Transport  UK 1948 1984 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Airco DH.4A[58] Bomber/transport  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.6 Trainer  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.9[58] Bomber  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.9A[59][Notes 4] Bomber  UK 1918 1931 Single-engined biplane
Airco DH.10 Amiens[60] Bomber  UK 1918 1923 Twin-engined biplane
De Havilland DH.86 Express[61] Transport  UK 1937 ? Four-engined biplane
Sopwith Dolphin[53] Fighter  UK 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
de Havilland Dominie[62][Notes 5] Transport/trainer  UK 1938 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Hawker Siddeley Dominie[63] Navigation trainer  UK 1965 2011 Twin-engined jet
De Havilland Don[64] Trainer/communications/liaison  UK 1938 1939 Single-engined monoplane
Sopwith Dragon[65] Fighter  UK 1919 1919 Single-engined biplane
Westland Dragonfly[66] Transport  UK 1950 1956 Single-engined piston helicopter
Airspeed Envoy[67] Transport  UK 1938 ? Twin-engined piston monoplane
Beechcraft Expeditor[68] Transport/trainer  US ? ? Twin-engined piston monoplane
Miles Falcon[69] Communications/trainer  UK ? ? Single-engined monoplane
Fairey Fawn[70] Day bomber  UK 1924 1929 Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2d[71] Bomber  UK 1918 1918 Single-engined pusher biplane
Felixstowe F.2A[71] Maritime patrol  UK 1918 ? Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Felixstowe F.3[72] Maritime patrol  UK 1918 ? Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Felixstowe F.5[73] Maritime patrol  UK 1918 1925 Twin-engined biplane flying boats
Slingsby Firefly Trainer  UK 1995 2010 Single-engined monoplane
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8[27] Artillery Spotter, Bomber  UK 1918 1919 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Flamingo[64][Notes 6] Transport  UK 1939 1940 Twin-engined monoplane
Boeing Fortress[74] Bomber/maritime patrol/electronic warfare  US 1941 1945 Four-engined monoplane
Fairey Fox[75] Day bomber/trainer  UK 1926 1933 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Fury[76] Fighter  UK 1931 1939 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gamecock[77] Fighter  UK 1926 1931 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gauntlet[78] Fighter  UK 1935 1939 Single-engined biplane
Westland Gazelle[79] Trainer/VIP transport  UK 1973 n/a Single-engined light helicopter
De Havilland Genet Moth[47] Trainer  UK 1927 ? Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Gipsy Moth[80] Trainer/communications  UK 1930 ? Single-engined biplane
Gloster Gladiator[81] Fighter/meteorology  UK 1937 1944 Single-engined biplane
Boeing Globemaster Cargo transport  US 2001[82] n/a Four-engined jet
Folland/Hawker Siddeley Gnat[83] Trainer  UK 1962 1979 Single-engined jet
Fairey Gordon[84] Bomber/trainer  UK 1931 1941 Single-engined biplane
Gloster Grebe[85] Fighter  UK 1923 1931 Single-engined biplane
Bell Griffin Training/search and rescue  Canada 1997 n/a Twin-engined turbine helicopter
Waco Hadrian[86] Infantry glider  US 1943 1947 Glider
Handley Page Halifax[87] Heavy bomber/transport  UK 1940 1952 Four-engined monoplane
Fairey Hamble Baby Reconnaissance  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane floatplane
General Aircraft Hamilcar[88] Transport  UK 1942 1950 Glider
Handley Page Hampden[89] Medium bomber  UK 1938 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Hardy[90] Tropicalized general purpose/bomber  UK 1935 1941 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Harrier[91] Ground attack/reconnaissance/trainer  UK 1969 1994 Single-engined VTOL jet
BAE Harrier II Ground attack/reconnaissance/trainer  UK 1989 2011 Single-engined VTOL jet
Handley Page Harrow Torpedo bomber/reconnaissance  UK 1926 1928 Single-engined biplane
Handley Page Harrow[92] Heavy bomber/transport  UK 1937 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Hart[93] Light bomber/trainer  UK 1930 1943 Single-engined biplane
North American Harvard[94] Trainer  US 1939 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Handley Page Hastings[95] Transport/trainer  UK 1948 1977 Four-engined piston monoplane
Douglas Havoc[96] Medium bomber/night fighter  US 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Siddeley/BAe Hawk[97] Trainer  UK 1976 n/a Single-engined jet
Hawker Hector[98] Army co-operation/glider tug  UK 1937 1942 Single-engined biplane
Fairey Hendon[99] Heavy night bomber  UK 1936 1939 Twin-engined monoplane
Hawker Henley[100] Target tug  UK 1939 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Lockheed Hercules[101] Transport  US 1967 n/a Four-engined turboprop
Handley Page Hereford[89] Medium bomber/trainer  UK 1940 1940 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Heron[57][Notes 7] Transport  UK 1955 1972 Four-engined monoplane
Handley Page Heyford[102] Heavy bomber/trainer  UK 1933 1941 Twin-engined biplane
Handley Page Hinaidi[103] Heavy bomber  UK 1929 1937 Twin-engined biplane
Hawker Hind[104] Light bomber/trainer  UK 1935 1939 Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Hornet[105] Fighter  UK 1945 1955 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Hornet Moth Communications  UK 1938 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Airspeed Horsa[106] Troop glider  UK 1942 1945 Glider
Hawker Horsley[107] Medium bomber/torpedo bomber  UK 1927 1935 Single-engined biplane
General Aircraft Hotspur Trainer  UK 1941 1945 Glider
Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly I[108] Trainer  US 1945 1945 Single-engined piston helicopter
Vought-Sikorsky Hoverfly II[108] Trainer  US 1946 1950 Single-engined piston helicopter
Lockheed Hudson[109] Maritime patrol/bomber/transport  US 1939 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
De Havilland Hummingbird[110][111] Trainer  UK 1924 1927 Single-engined ultralight monoplane
Hawker Hunter[112] Fighter/fighter-bomber/reconnaissance/trainer  UK 1954 1994 Single-engined jet
Hawker Hurricane[113] Fighter/fighter-bomber/night fighter  UK/
 Canada
1937 1947 Single-engined monoplane
Beagle Husky[Notes 8] Trainer  UK 1969 1989 Single-engined piston monoplane
Handley Page Hyderabad[114] Heavy bomber  UK 1925 1933 Twin-engined biplane
Beardmore Inflexible Bomber  UK 1928 1930 Three-engined monoplane
Blackburn Iris[115] Maritime patrol  UK 1930 1934 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Britten-Norman Islander Communications  UK ? n/a Twin-engined piston monoplane
SEPECAT Jaguar[116] Ground-attack/reconnaissance/trainer  UK 1974 2007 Twin-engined jet
Gloster Javelin[117] All-weather fighter/interceptor  UK 1956 1968 Twin-engined jet
BAC Jet Provost[118] Trainer  UK 1955 1993 Single-engined jet
Scottish Aviation Jetstream[119] Trainer  UK 1973 2003 Twin-engined turboprop
Blackburn Kangaroo[25] Torpedo bomber  UK 1918 1919 Twin-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley Kestrel[120] Fighter/ground-attack  UK 1964 1965 Single-engined VTOL jet
Beechcraft Super King Air Trainer  US ? n/a Twin-engined turboprop
Curtiss Kittyhawk Fighter/fighter-bomber  US 1942 ? Single-engined monoplane
Short Knuckleduster Maritime patrol  UK ? ? Twin-engined monoplane flying boat
Avro Lancaster[121] Heavy bomber/reconnaissance/maritime patrol/air-sea rescue  UK/
 Canada
1942 1954 Four-engined monoplane
Avro Lancastrian[122][123] Transport  UK 1945 1950 Four-engined monoplane
Saro Lerwick[124] Maritime patrol  UK 1939 1942 Twin-engined flying boat
Consolidated Liberator[125] Heavy bomber, transport, maritime patrol  US 1941 1947 Four-engined monoplane
English Electric Lightning[126] Fighter/interceptor  UK 1959 1988 Twin-engined jet
Lockheed Lightning[127] Heavy fighter  US 1942 1943 Twin-engined twin-boom monoplane
Avro Lincoln[128] Heavy bomber  UK 1945 1963 Four-engined monoplane
Lockheed Lodestar[127] Transport  US 1941 ? Twin-engined monoplane
Saro London[129] Maritime patrol  UK 1936 1941 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Fairey Long-Range Monoplane[130] Experimental (Distance record)  UK 1928 1933 Single-engined monoplane
Westland Lysander[131] Army co-operation/liaison  UK 1938 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Bristol M.1C Fighter  UK 1918 ? Single-engined monoplane
Miles Magister[132] Trainer  UK 1937 1944? Single-engined monoplane
Avro Manchester[133] Heavy bomber  UK 1940 1942 Twin-engined monoplane
Handley Page Marathon[134] Navigation trainer  UK 1953 1958 Four-engined piston monoplane
Martin Marauder[135] Medium bomber  US 1942 1945 Twin-engined monoplane
Martin Mariner[41] Maritime patrol/transport  US 1943 1947 Twin-engined monoplane seaplane
Miles Martinet[136] Target tug  UK 1942 1950 Single-engined monoplane
Martin Maryland[137] Medium bomber  US 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Miles Master[138] Trainer  UK 1939 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Miles Mentor[69] Trainer/communications  UK 1938 ? Single-engined monoplane
Miles Messenger[139] Liaison  UK 1943 1948 Single-engined monoplane
AgustaWestland Merlin Transport  UK 2001 n/a Three-engined helicopter
Gloster Meteor[140] Fighter/trainer/photo reconnaissance  UK 1944 1977 Twin-engined jet
Armstrong Whitworth Meteor[141] Night fighter  UK 1951 1961 Twin-engined jet
North American Mitchell[142] Medium bomber  US 1942 1950 Twin-engined monoplane
Curtiss Mohawk[143] Fighter  US 1940 1944 Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Mosquito[144] Bomber/reconnaissance/fighter-bomber/night fighter/target tug  UK 1941 1956 Twin-engined monoplane
North American Mustang[145] Fighter/fighter-bomber  US 1942 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Lockheed Neptune[146] Maritime patrol/AEW  US 1952 1957 Twin-engined monoplane
Nieuport Nighthawk[147] Fighter  UK 1920 1923 Single-engined biplane
Miles Nighthawk[69] Trainer  UK 1938 1940 Single-engined monoplane
Nieuport Nightjar[139] Fighter  UK 1922 1924 Single-engined biplane
Hawker Siddeley/BAE Nimrod[148] Maritime patrol/airborne early warning  UK 1969 2011 Four-engined jet
Northrop Nomad[149] Light bomber/trainer  US 1940 1940 Single-engined monoplane
Northrop N-3PB[149] Maritime patrol  US 1941 1943 Single-engined floatplane
Norman Thompson N.T.2B Trainer  UK 1918 ? Single-engined flying-boat
Handley Page O/400[49] Heavy bomber  UK 1918 1920 Twin-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Overstrand[150] Medium bomber/gunnery trainer  UK 1934 1941 Twin-engined biplane
Airspeed Oxford[151] Trainer  UK 1937[152] 1956[153] Twin-engined monoplane
Parnall Panther Fleet reconnaissance  UK 1919 1926 Single-engined biplane
Hunting Percival Pembroke[154] Transport/reconnaissance  UK 1953 1988 Twin-engined monoplane
Blackburn Perth[155] Maritime patrol  UK 1934 1938 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Percival Petrel[156] Communications  UK 1938 1947 Twin-engined monoplane
McDonnell Douglas Phantom[157] Fighter/ground attack/reconnaissance  US 1969 1992 Twin-engined jet
Scottish Aviation Pioneer[158] Transport  UK 1953 1969 Single-engined monoplane
Avro Prefect[8] Trainer  UK 1935 ? Single-engined biplane
Percival Prentice[159] Trainer/communications  UK 1947 1953 Single-engined monoplane
Percival Proctor[160] Trainer/communications  UK 1939 1955 Single-engined monoplane
Percival Provost[161] Trainer  UK 1953 1969 Single-engined monoplane
Westland/Aérospatiale Puma[162] Transport  UK 1971 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Sopwith Pup Fighter  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
De Havilland Puss Moth communications  UK ? ? Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Queen Bee[61] Pilotless target drone  UK ? ? Single-engined biplane
Airspeed Queen Wasp[67] Pilotless target drone  UK 1940 ? Single-engined biplane
Short Rangoon[163] Maritime patrol  UK 1931 1939 Three-engined biplane flying boat
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8[156] Artillery spotting and reconnaissance  UK 1918 1920 Single-engined biplane
Vultee-Stinson Reliant Trainer/communications  US ? ? Single-engined monoplane
Blackburn Roc Carrier fighter, target tug,  UK 1939 1943 Single-engined monoplane
Avro Rota[122] Army co-operation  UK 1934 1945 Autogyro
Canadair Sabre[164] Fighter  Canada 1953 1956 Single-engined jet
Sopwith Salamander[65] Ground attack  UK 1918 1922 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Scapa[165] General reconnaissance  UK 1935 1938 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Nieuport Scout Fighter  France 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5A Fighter  UK 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Short Seaford[42] Maritime patrol  UK 1946 1948 Four-engined flying boat
Westland Sea King[166] Air-sea rescue  UK 1977 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Fairey Seal Fleet spotter  UK 1933 1943 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Sea Otter[167] Air-sea rescue/fleet spotting/communications  UK 1943 1949 Single-engined biplane flying boat
Raytheon Sentinel Battlefield Surveillance  CAN 2008 n/a Twin-engined jet
Stinson Sentinel[168] Liaison  US 1943 1946 Single-engined monoplane
Boeing Sentry Airborne early warning  US 1990 n/a Four-engined jet
Avro Shackleton[169] Maritime patrol/AEW/air-sea rescue/trainer  UK 1951 1991 Four-engined piston monoplane
Beechcraft Shadow Battlefield Surveillance  US ? n/a Twin-engined turboprop monoplane
Blackburn Shark Torpedo bomber  UK 1936 1942 Single-engined biplane
Boulton Paul Sidestrand[170] Medium bomber  UK 1928 1934 Twin-engined biplane
Short Singapore[171] Maritime patrol  UK 1935 1941 Four-engined biplane flying boat
Armstrong Whitworth Siskin[172] Fighter, trainer  UK 1924 1932 Single-engined biplane
Westland Sioux[68] Trainer  UK ? ? Single-engined piston helicopter
Saro Skeeter[173] Air observation/trainer  UK 1958 1964 Single-engined piston helicopter
Blackburn Skua Fighter/dive-bomber  UK 1938 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Douglas Skymaster[13] Transport  US 1944 1946 Four-engined monoplane
Sopwith Snipe[174] Fighter  UK 1918 1926 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Southampton[175] Reconnaissance  UK 1925 1937 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
SPAD S.XIII Fighter  France 1918 ? Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Spitfire[176] Fighter, photo reconnaissance  UK 1938 1954 Single-engined monoplane
Supermarine Spiteful[177] Fighter  UK ? ? Single-engined monoplane
Eurocopter Squirrel Trainer  France ? n/a Single-engined helicopter
Short Stirling[178] Heavy bomber/transport  UK 1940 1946 Four-engined monoplane
Supermarine Stranraer[179] Maritime patrol  UK 1936 1940 Twin-engined biplane flying boat
Short Sunderland[180] Maritime patrol/transport  UK 1938 1959 Four-engined monoplane flying boat
Supermarine Swift[181] Fighter/reconnaissance  UK 1954 1961 Single-engined jet
Fairey Swordfish Torpedo-bomber/reconnaissance  UK 1936 1945 Single-engined biplane
Bristol Sycamore[182] Communications/ambulance/search and rescue  UK 1952 1971 Single-engined piston helicopter
Hawker Tempest[183] Fighter/target tug  UK 1944 1951 Single-engined monoplane
Republic Thunderbolt[184] Fighter/fighter-bomber  US 1944 1945 Single-engined monoplane
De Havilland Tiger Moth[185] Trainer  UK 1932 1951 Single-engined biplane
Curtiss Tomahawk[186] Fighter/fighter-bomber  US 1940 1944 Single-engined monoplane
Hawker Tomtit[187] Trainer  UK 1929 1935 Single-engined biplane
Panavia Tornado[188] Fighter/bomber  EU 1979 n/a Twin-engined jet
Beech Traveller Transport  US ? ? Twin-engined cabin biplane
Lockheed TriStar Transport/tanker  US 1984 2013 Three-engined jet
Shorts Tucano Trainer  UK 1988 n/a Single-engined turboprop monoplane
Avro Tutor[189] Trainer  UK 1930 1937 Single-engined biplane
Grob Tutor Trainer  Germany ? n/a Single-engined piston monoplane
Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer[190] Transport  UK 1958 1969 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Eurocopter Twin Squirrel Transport/communications  France ? n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Hawker Typhoon[191] Fighter/fighter-bomber  UK 1941 1945 Single-engined monoplane
Eurofighter Typhoon Fighter-bomber  EU 2007 n/a Twin-engined jet
Handley Page V/1500 Heavy bomber  UK 1918 1920 Four-engined biplane
Vickers Valentia[192] Bomber/transport  UK 1934 1944 Twin-engined biplane
Vickers Valetta[193] Transport/trainer  UK 1948 1969 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Valiant[194] Strategic bomber/tanker  UK 1955 1965 Four-engined jet
De Havilland Vampire[195] Fighter/night fighter/trainer  UK 1946 1972 Single-engined jet
Vickers Varsity[196] Crew trainer  UK 1951 1976 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers VC10[197][198] Transport/tanker  UK 1966 2013 Four-engined jet
Percival Vega Gull[199] Communications  UK 1938 ? Single-engined monoplane
Vultee Vengeance[200][201] Dive bomber/target tug  US 1942 1948 Single-engined monoplane
de Havilland Venom[202] Fighter-bomber/night fighter  UK 1952 1962 Single-engined jet
Lockheed Ventura[203] Medium bomber/maritime patrol  US 1942 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Vernon[204] Transport  UK 1922 1927 Twin-engined biplane
Handley Page Victor[205] Strategic bomber/tanker/reconnaissance  UK 1957 1993 Four-engined jet
Vickers Victoria[206] Transport  UK 1926 1935 Twin-engined biplane
Vultee Vigilant[168] Army co-operation  US 1941 ? Single-engined monoplane
Vickers Viking[123][207][208][Notes 9] Transport  UK 1946 1959 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Vildebeest[209] Torpedo bomber  UK 1933 1942 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Vimy[210] Heavy bomber  UK 1918 1931 Twin-engined biplane
Vickers Vincent[174] Army co-operation  UK 1934 1941 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Virginia[211] Heavy bomber/parachute training  UK 1924 1937 Twin-engined biplane
Airbus Voyager Tanker/Transport  France/
 Spain
2012 n/a Twin-engined jet
Avro Vulcan[212] Strategic bomber/tanker/reconnaissance  UK 1957 1984 Four-engined jet
Westland Wallace[213] General purpose  UK 1933 1943 Single-engined biplane
Westland Walrus[214] Fleet-reconnaissance  UK 1921 1925 Single-engined biplane
Supermarine Walrus[215] Air-sea rescue, fleet spotting and communications  UK 1936 1946 Single-engined biplane amphibian
Westland Wapiti[216] General purpose/bomber/trainer  UK 1928 1940 Single-engined biplane
Vickers Warwick[217] Bomber/maritime patrol/transport  UK 1943 1946 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Boeing Washington[218] Heavy bomber  US 1950 1958 Four-engined monoplane
Westland Welkin[214] High altitude fighter  UK 1944 1944 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Vickers Wellesley[219] Bomber  UK 1937 1942 Single-engined monoplane
Vickers Wellington[220] Medium bomber/Maritime patrol/transport/trainer/AEW  UK 1938 1953 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Westland Wessex[221] Transport/air-sea rescue  UK 1964 n/a Twin-engined helicopter
Westland Whirlwind[222] Fighter  UK 1940 1943 Twin-engined monoplane
Westland Whirlwind[223] Air-sea rescue, transport  UK 1955 n/a Single-engined helicopter
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley[224] Medium bomber/maritime patrol/transport/trainer  UK 1937 1945 Twin-engined piston monoplane
Hawker Woodcock[225] Night fighter  UK 1924 1928 Single-engined biplane
Avro York[226] Transport  UK 1943 1957 Four-engined monoplane

Aircraft Impressed into RAF Service[edit]

Civil Aircraft[edit]

[227]

Aircraft Type Number
impressed
Unit(s)/location/purpose
Aeronca 50 Chief 1 India
Airspeed AS 5 Courier[228] 9
Airspeed AS 6 Envoy[228] 2
Airspeed Ferry 2 One was used by RAF Halton Station Flight in 1940 and was later used as an instructional aiframe, the second aircraft did not fly with the RAF but was used as an instructional airframe.[229]
Armstrong Whitworth Atlanta[228] 5 No. 31 Squadron RAF in India and Iraq, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Armstrong Whitworth Ensign[228] 2 No. 24 Squadron RAF, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Avro 504N[228] 7 glider tug
Avro 642 Eighteen 1
Avro 652[228] 2 navigation training
Avro Cadet 32 No. 3 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at RAF Hamble and RAF Watchfield
Avro Commodore[228] 1 RAF Cranfield Communications Flight
Avro 619 Five 1 No. 11 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at RAF Hamble
Beech 17 Traveller 4
Bellanca Pacemaker 1
British Aircraft Double Eagle 2
British Aircraft Eagle[228] 4
British Aircraft Swallow[228] 9 some converted into gliders
British Aircraft Company Drone 1 No. 608 Squadron RAF
Blackburn B-2 31 No. 4 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at Brough
Boeing 247D[228] 1 Telecommunications Research Establishment, ex-RCAF
Cessna C-34 Airmaster 1 Used for a few weeks in 1941 by RAF Hucknall Station Flight and then placed in storage, sold in 1942.[230]
Cierva C.30A[228] 5 No. 529 Squadron RAF
Cierva C.40 Rota Mk II 2
Comper Swift[228] 2 1 used by No. 25 Squadron RAF and second by No. 247 Squadron RAF
Curtiss T-32 Condor II 4
De Havilland DH.86B[228] 2 No. 24 Squadron RAF
De Havilland Albatross[228] 2 No. 271 Squadron RAF, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
De Havilland Dragon[228] 17
De Havilland Dragon Rapide[228] 40
De Havilland Dragonfly[228] 15
De Havilland Flamingo[228] 3 No. 24 Squadron RAF, ex-BOAC
De Havilland Fox Moth 2
De Havilland Gipsy Moth[228] 37
De Havilland Hornet Moth[228] 64 25 used for coastal patrol
De Havilland Moth Minor[228] 26 glider tug
De Havilland Leopard Moth[228] 45 communications
De Havilland Moth Major[228] unk.
De Havilland Puss Moth[228] 47 communications
De Havilland Tiger Moth[228] 160 + training
Desoutter Mk.II[231] 4
Douglas DC-2[231] 19 No. 31 Squadron RAF in India, Iraq and Burma, 1941 - 1943[232][233][234]
Douglas DC-3 10 No. 31 Squadron RAF and No. 24 Squadron RAF (2 ex-SABENA).
Fairchild 24 2 RAF Halton Communications Flight
Fairchild 91[231] 1 air-sea rescue in the Middle East
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor 1 The former Danish Air Lines aircraft was not impressed but seized as a War prize at Shoreham Airport after Denmark was invaded by Germany. Originally flown by BOAC it was little used due to the Fighter Command restriction on flying German aircraft types. Subsequently transferred to the Air Transport Auxiliary for multi-engined training, it crashed on the delivery flight to White Waltham and was dismantled and not flown again.[235]
Fokker F.XXII[231] 2 ex-KLM. No. 1 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at Prestwick for navigation training
Fokker F.XXXVI[231] 1 ex-KLM, No. 1 Air Observer Navigation School (AONS) at Prestwick
Ford Trimotor[231] 1 No. 271 Squadron RAF, ex-Guinness family private aircraft
Foster Wikner Warferry[236] 3 No. 24 Squadron RAF, Communications Flights at RAF Cranwell and RAF Northolt
General Aircraft Cagnet[231] 1 School of Army Co-operation
General Aircraft Cygnet[231] 5 Nos. 23, 24, 85, 88 and 510 Squadrons
General Aircraft Owlet[231] 1 No. 23 Squadron RAF
General Aircraft Monospar (ST-6, 10 & 12)[231] 4 Nos 7 and 8 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Units (AACU)
General Aircraft Monospar ST-25[231] 13
General Aircraft Owlet 1 Nos. 23 and 605 Squadrons.
Grumman Goose[49] 2 Operated by 24 Squadron RAF and ATA in 1943
Grumman Widgeon 1 West Africa
Handley Page HP.42[231] 3 No. 271 Squadron RAF, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Harlow PC-5A 5 India
Heston Phoenix[231] 3 No. 24 Squadron RAF
Koolhoven F.K.43 1 Dutch private aircraft
Lockheed Model 10 Electra[231] 4 No. 24 Squadron RAF
Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior[231] 2 No. 24 Squadron RAF
Messerschmitt Aldon[231] 3 Station Flights at RAF Abingdon, RAF Andover and RAF Northolt
Miles Falcon[231] 6 Station Flights at RAF Heston, RAF Northolt and RAF Sealand
Miles Hawk Major[231] 11
Miles Hawk Trainer[231] 11 No. 8 Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS).
Miles Mohawk[231] 1 RAF Andover
Miles Monarch[231] 5 Abingdon and Halton Communications Flights
Miles Whitney Straight[231] 21
Parnall Heck[231] 3 1 at Communications Flight RAF Turnhouse and 1 at No. 24 Squadron RAF
Percival Gull[231] 1
Percival Q.6 Petrel[236] 9
Percival Vega Gull[236] 20
Piper J-4 Cub Coupe[236] 19
Saro Cutty Sark 2 No. 3 Elementary and Reserve Flying Training School (ERFTS)
Savoia-Marchetti S.73[236] 7 Nos. 24 and 271 Squadrons, ex-SABENA
Short Empire[236] 4 Maritime patrol with Nos. 119 and 413 squadrons, ex-Imperial Airways/BOAC
Short G-class[236] 3 Maritime patrol with No. 119 Squadron RAF
Short Mercury[236] 1 No. 320 Squadron RAF
Short Scion[236] 11
Short Scion Senior 1 No. 173 Squadron RAF
Spartan Cruiser 3 No. 6 and 7 Anti-Aircraft Co-operation Units (AACU)
Spartan Executive 1 No. 1 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit RAF
Stampe SV.4B[236] 1 No. 510 Squadron RAF
Stinson Reliant[236] 11
Stinson Voyager[236] 2
Taylorcraft Auster Plus C and Plus D[236] 23
Tipsy B/Trainer 6 No. 18 (Pilots) Advanced Flying Unit RAF
Westland Wessex 1
Zlin 212 1 India

Military Aircraft[edit]

Title
Type Original Operator Number Period Unit(s) Purpose
Bucker Bu 181 Luftwaffe 70 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications
Caudron Simoun L'Armee de l'Air 2 1940- 1 w. No. 267 Squadron RAF Communications
Caproni Ca.148 Regia Aeronautica 1 1940- Khartoum Communications Flight & No. 117 Squadron RAF Transport
Dewoitine D.520 L'Armee de l'Air 3 1940- Fighter
Dornier Do 17Ka Royal Yugoslav Air Force 2 1941 Egypt Bomber/transport
Dornier Do 22Kj Royal Yugoslav Air Force 8 1941-1942 No. 2 (Yugoslav) Squadron with No. 230 Squadron RAF Anti-submarine patrol
Fieseler Fi 156 Luftwaffe 50 ~ 1939-1946 Various Communications/reconnaissance
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 Luftwaffe 9 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications
Fokker T.VIIIW[72] Marinens Flyvevaaben 5 1940-1940 No. 320 Squadron RAF Convoy patrol
Heinkel He 115 Marinens Flyvevaaben 4 1940-1943 Royal Norwegian Navy flight Clandestine operations
Junkers Ju 52/3m Luftwaffe 70 ~ 1945-1946 Various Transport
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 L'Armee de l'Air a few 1940-1942 No. 2 French (Fighter) Flight Fighter
Potez 29 L'Armee de l'Air 2 1940-? Transport
Potez 63 L'Armee de l'Air 6 1940-1941 No. 2 French (Fighter) Flight Fighter
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H Royal Yugoslav Air Force 1 1941- No. 2 (Yugoslav) Squadron
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79K Royal Yugoslav Air Force 4 1941-1942 1 with No.2 Photographic Reconnaissance Unit, 3 with 117 Sqdn Transport
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 Regia Aeronautica 2 1945-1946 Transport
Siebel Si 204 Luftwaffe 65 ~ 1945-1946 Various Communications

Captured or Interned[edit]

Captured or interned examples of the following aircraft were at one time flown by either the RAF or more normally by the Royal Aircraft Establishment for evaluation.

Argentine Aircraft[edit]

German Aircraft 1918-1919[edit]

German Aircraft 1938-1947[edit]

Italian Aircraft 1939-1945[edit]

Japanese Aircraft 1939-1945[edit]

Schneider Trophy Seaplanes[edit]

Aircraft used by the Royal Air Force in support of its efforts in the races, and includes aircraft used solely as trainers.

Training gliders[edit]

The following Gliders are or were flown by RAF training squadrons:

Airships and Balloons[edit]

UAVs and Drones[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ UK variant completely redesigned from Canadian original and shared few interchangeable parts.
  2. ^ Racer evaluated as K5084
  3. ^ One aircraft for training and support with Memorial Flight
  4. ^ The DH-9A wasn't a variant of the DH-9, but was instead entirely redesigned by Westland.
  5. ^ Dominie was the RAF's name for the Dragon Rapide - impressed examples retained original name
  6. ^ Evaluation only, later impressed. RAF name was to have been Hertfordshire
  7. ^ Used by Queen's flight
  8. ^ Single example donated to RAF
  9. ^ Used by Queen's flight

References[edit]

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Hamlin, John F. The Oxford, Consul & Envoy File. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 2001. ISBN 0 85130 2890
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moss, Peter W, Impressments Log Volume 1 United Kingdom. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1962.
  • Moss, Peter W, Impressments Log Volume 3 United Kingdom. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1964.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Owen Thetford: Aircraft of the Royal Air Force since 1918 7th edition. Putnam & Co., London 1978, ISBN 0-370-30186-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald & Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1969 (2nd edition 1976, reprinted 1978). ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Unknown (January 1996). "DH 53 Humming Bird". Wingspan & Planes (Wingspan): 52. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.237-238, 243-245, 587
  2. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.130-131
  3. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.604
  4. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.44-47
  5. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.98-99
  6. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.34-35
  7. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.48-49
  8. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.574
  9. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.370-372
  10. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.53-58
  11. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.576
  12. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.368-369
  13. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.586
  14. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.25-27
  15. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.326-327
  16. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.39-43, 159-160
  17. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.121-122
  18. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.401-402
  19. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.96-97
  20. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.252-255
  21. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.140-145
  22. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.138-139
  23. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.465-466
  24. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.561-562
  25. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.578
  26. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.106-107
  27. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.573
  28. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.132-135, 146-147
  29. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.136-137
  30. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.224-226
  31. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.104-105
  32. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.152-154
  33. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.125-126
  34. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.157-158
  35. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.377-378
  36. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.148-149
  37. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.150-151
  38. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.123-124
  39. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.127-129
  40. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.443-444
  41. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.596
  42. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.605
  43. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.229-236
  44. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.161-162
  45. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.611-612
  46. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.210-211
  47. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.582
  48. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.579
  49. ^ a b c Thetford, 1978, p.592
  50. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.43-434
  51. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.220-221
  52. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.587
  53. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.606
  54. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.227-228
  55. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.118-120
  56. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.324-325
  57. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.585
  58. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.580
  59. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.177-178
  60. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.179-180
  61. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.583
  62. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.185-186
  63. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.372-373
  64. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.584
  65. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.607
  66. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.554-555
  67. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.572
  68. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.577
  69. ^ a b c Thetford, 1978, p.597
  70. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.239-240
  71. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.588
  72. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.589
  73. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.256-257
  74. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.108-111
  75. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.241-242
  76. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.322-323, 335-336
  77. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.261-262
  78. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.263-264
  79. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.568-569
  80. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.181-182
  81. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.265-266
  82. ^ "First of four Boeing C-17s is handed over to the UK RAF". Flight International: 6. 22–28 May 2001. 
  83. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.366-367
  84. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.248-249
  85. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.258-260
  86. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.623
  87. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.296-303
  88. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.622
  89. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, pp.292-295
  90. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.330-331
  91. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.374-376
  92. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.289-291
  93. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.320-321, 328-329
  94. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.415-416
  95. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.304-306
  96. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.222-223
  97. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.381-382
  98. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.337-338
  99. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.250-251
  100. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.347-348
  101. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.397-398
  102. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.287-288
  103. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.285-286
  104. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.332-334
  105. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.204-205
  106. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.620
  107. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.316-317
  108. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.603
  109. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.387-392
  110. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.581
  111. ^ Wingspan, January 1996, p.52
  112. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.358-365
  113. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.339-346
  114. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.283-284
  115. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.100-101
  116. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.447-448
  117. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.277-280
  118. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.91-95
  119. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.445-446
  120. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.594
  121. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.61-66
  122. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.575
  123. ^ a b Air-Britain: Royal Air Force Aircraft SA100 - VZ999, 1985
  124. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.437-438
  125. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.163-170
  126. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.82-88
  127. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.595
  128. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.69-70
  129. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.435-436
  130. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.246-247
  131. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.549-551
  132. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.407-408
  133. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.59-60
  134. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.307-308
  135. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.403-404
  136. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.411-412
  137. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.399-400
  138. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp409-410
  139. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.598
  140. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.267-276
  141. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.36-38
  142. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.419-420
  143. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.171-172
  144. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.187-203
  145. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.417-418, 421-422
  146. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.395-396
  147. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.413-414
  148. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.379-380, 613-614
  149. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.599
  150. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.116-117
  151. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.18-19
  152. ^ Hamlin 2001, p.21
  153. ^ Hamlin 2001, p.61
  154. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.385-386
  155. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.102-103
  156. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.601
  157. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.405-406
  158. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.439-440
  159. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.429-430
  160. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.427-428
  161. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.383-384
  162. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.566-567
  163. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.449-450
  164. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.423-424
  165. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.475-476
  166. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.570
  167. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.497-498
  168. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.609
  169. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.71-76
  170. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.114-115
  171. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.451-452
  172. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.20-24
  173. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.602
  174. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, pp.
  175. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.469-470
  176. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.481-496
  177. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.608
  178. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.459-464
  179. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.479-480
  180. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.453-458
  181. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.499-503
  182. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.155-156
  183. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.353-357
  184. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.431-432
  185. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.183-184
  186. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.173-176
  187. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.318-319
  188. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.425-426
  189. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.50-52
  190. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.441-442
  191. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.349-352
  192. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.519-520
  193. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.535-537
  194. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.540-541
  195. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.206-209, 212-215
  196. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.538-539
  197. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.89-90
  198. ^ flightglobal.com - RAF VC10s to make last operational flight
  199. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.600
  200. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.542-543
  201. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft KA100 - KZ999, Tonbridge 1990
  202. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.216-219
  203. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.393-394
  204. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.506-507
  205. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.309-313
  206. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.513-514
  207. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.608
  208. ^ Air-Britain: Viking - Valetta - Varsity, 1975
  209. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.515-516
  210. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.504-505
  211. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.508-512
  212. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.77-81
  213. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.546-548
  214. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.610
  215. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.477-478
  216. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.544-545
  217. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.531-534
  218. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.112-113
  219. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.521-522
  220. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.523-530
  221. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.563-565
  222. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.552-553
  223. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.556-560
  224. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.28-33
  225. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.314-315
  226. ^ Thetford, 1978, pp.67-68
  227. ^ http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/CivilAircraftinWWIIService.cfm
  228. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Thetford, 1978, p.616
  229. ^ Moss 1962, p. 20
  230. ^ Moss 1962, p. 28
  231. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Thetford, 1978, p.617
  232. ^ Francillon, René: McDonnell Douglas Aircraft since 1920: Volume I, p. 172
  233. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft DA100 - DZ999, 2008
  234. ^ Air Britain: RAF Aircraft HA100 - HZ999, 1998
  235. ^ Moss 1964, p. 110
  236. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Thetford, 1978, p.618
  237. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.590
  238. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.591
  239. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.471-472
  240. ^ a b Thetford, 1978, p.473-474
  241. ^ Thetford, 1978, p.411

External links[edit]