Crittenden County, Arkansas
|Crittenden County, Arkansas|
Crittenden County Courthouse in Marion, Arkansas
Location in the state of Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||October 22, 1825|
|Named for||Robert Crittenden|
|Largest city||West Memphis|
|• Total||636.69 sq mi (1,649 km2)|
|• Land||610.17 sq mi (1,580 km2)|
|• Water||26.52 sq mi (69 km2), 4.17%|
|• Density||83/sq mi (32.2/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas and lies within Arkansas's 1st congressional district. Crittenden County is Arkansas's twelfth county, formed October 22, 1825, and named for Robert Crittenden, the first Secretary of the Arkansas Territory. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,902. The county seat is Marion, and the largest city is West Memphis.
Crittenden County is part of the Memphis, TN–MS–AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Most of the county's media comes from Memphis, although some Little Rock TV (Arkansas Educational Television Network, KATV) is imported by Comcast Cable.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Transportation
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Healthcare
- 6 Cities, towns, and townships
- 7 See also
- 8 References
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 636.69 square miles (1,649.0 km2), of which 610.17 square miles (1,580.3 km2) (or 95.83%) is land and 26.52 square miles (68.7 km2) (or 4.17%) is water.
Crittenden County is served by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM), a General Aviation facility with a Control Tower and Instrument Landing capabilities. General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis.
Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River. The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the 4th largest inland port in the United States.
- Mississippi County (northeast)
- Tipton County, Tennessee & Shelby County, Tennessee (east)
- DeSoto County, Mississippi (southeast)
- Tunica County, Mississippi (south)
- Lee County (southwest)
- St. Francis County & Cross County (west)
- Poinsett County (northwest)
National protected area
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,902 people residing in the county. 51.2% were Black or African American, 46.1% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).
As of the census of 2000, there were 50,866 people, 18,471 households, and 13,373 families residing in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 20,507 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 47.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 18,471 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 21.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the county the population was spread out with 31.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,109, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,424. About 21.00% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.
Ełementary and secondary education
Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from Earle School District, which leads to graduation from Earle High School. The Old Earle High School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Crittenden County is served by Mid-South Community College in West Memphis. The college offers Bachelor's and Master's Degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, The University of Arkansas, The University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University.
Due to its proximity to Memphis, the following Schools, Colleges and Universities are nearby in Memphis, Tennessee:
- Baptist College of Health Sciences
- Christian Brothers University
- LeMoyne-Owen College
- Memphis College of Art
- Rhodes College (formerly Southwestern at Memphis)
- Southern College of Optometry
- Southwest Tennessee Community College
- Union University - Germantown campus
- University of Memphis (formerly Memphis State University)
- University of Tennessee Health Science Center (Colleges of Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Graduate Health Sciences and Allied Health Sciences).
- Victory University
- Visible Music College
- Memphis School of Preaching
- Memphis Theological Seminary
- Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary
- Harding School of Theology
Crittenden County is served by 152 Bed Crittenden Regional Hospital in West Memphis. The hospital operates a number of outpatient clinics in Marion and West Memphis and a Pediatric Dental Clinic in cooperation with the UT Dental School. In partnership with Delta AHEC  and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Rural Hospital Program, Crittenden Regional Hospital provides patient education programs to the public.
Cities, towns, and townships
Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Crittenden County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. 
- Black Oak
- Bob Ward (Anthonyville, Edmondson, small part of Jennette)
- Fogleman (Gilmore, Turrell)
- Jackson (Crawfordsville, part of Marion, part of West Memphis small part of Jennette)
- Jasper (Sunset, most of Marion, part of West Memphis, small part of Clarkedale)
- Lucas (Horseshoe Lake)
- Mississippi (most of West Memphis, part of Marion)
- Mound City (part of Marion, part of West Memphis, small part of Clarkedale)
- Proctor (part of West Memphis)
- Tyronza (Earle, most of Jennette)
- Wappanocca (Jericho, most of Clarkedale)
- List of lakes in Crittenden County, Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Crittenden County, Arkansas
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crittenden County, Arkansas.|
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013.
- Based on 2000 census data
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crittenden County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05035_crittenden/BAS11C20503500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110820.
||Poinsett County||Mississippi County|
|St. Francis County and Cross County||Tipton County, Tennessee and Shelby County, Tennessee|
|Lee County||Tunica County, Mississippi||DeSoto County, Mississippi|