||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014)|
Nair at the 2008 IIFW Masterclass Directors Meet
15 October 1957 |
Rourkela, Odisha, India
|Residence||New York City, New York, U.S.|
|Occupation||Film director, film producer|
|Spouse(s)||Mitch Epstein (divorced)
Mahmood Mamdani (1988–present)
Mira Nair (born 15 October 1957) is an Indian film maker and actress based in New York. Her production company, Mirabai Films, specializes in films for international audiences that act as "native informers" on Indian society, whether in the economic, social or cultural spheres. Among her best known films are Mississippi Masala, Monsoon Wedding, and The Namesake.
Mira Nair was born on 15 October 1957 in Rourkela, Odisha, and grew up with her two brothers in Bhubaneshwar, Odisha. She was enamored of the world of films and glamour, and deeply discontented in the small-town environment of Bhubaneshwar. In 1975, she completed school and moved to Delhi, to study literature at Miranda House. However, theatre and networking took up nearly all of the one year she spent in Delhi before moving in 1976 to Harvard, to attend a one-year course in documentary film-making techniques. This short-term course was to be the only formal post-high-school education she was ever to receive.
First marriage and early career
During her year in Harvard, Nair met and married the photographer Mitch Epstein, and remained in the USA, a country she had idealized from childhood. She also did not pursue a career for nearly a decade, making a couple of forgettable short films as a hobby. In 1979, she produced a short film, "Jama Masjid Street Journal," based on video footage of a single walkabout and casual on-camera chats she had with local people on the street leading to the Jama Masjid mosque in old Delhi. In 1983, she made a short documentary on Indians living abroad, composed of interviews with family members and personal friends living outside India.
These years of relative idleness, and of interaction with her husband's family and other Americans, gave Nair deep insights into the American perception of India, and what kind of film would make a splash in that society. Ironically, just as her marriage was breaking down in the mid-1980s, these insights came together in her debut film, Salaam Bombay!, released after delays in 1988. The film, about utter squalor, grinding poverty, brave persistence and spunky hope among people living in the slums of Mumbai, was exactly calculated to appeal to western film award juries. The story, a cacophonous medley of endemic street violence, daylight banditry, forced prostitution, drug pushing, kidnapping for forced labor and finally murder, purported to represent the life of a young boy growing up on the mean streets of Bombay. Although it provided a rich affirmation of every western stereotype regarding India, the film found only a limited release, after much delay, and did not do well at the box office, perhaps because its darkness was relentless until almost the end of the film. It was however received as gospel and revelation by film-award juries. It won the Golden Camera award at the Cannes Film Festival and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Second marriage and subsequent films
She lives in New York City, near Columbia University, where she is an adjunct professor in the Film Division of the School of Arts, and where her second husband, Professor Mahmood Mamdani, also teaches. Nair and her husband first met in 1988, when she went to Uganda for the first time to research for the film Mississippi Masala.
In 2001 she released Monsoon Wedding (2001), a film about a chaotic Punjabi Indian wedding, with a screenplay by Sabrina Dhawan. It was awarded the Golden Lion award at the Venice Film Festival, making Nair the first female recipient of the award. After the success of Monsoon Wedding, Nair collaborated with writer Julian Fellowes on her 2004 adaptation of Thackeray's novel Vanity Fair, starring Reese Witherspoon. The same year she also founded Maisha Film Lab to help East Africans and South Asians learn to make films. Maisha is headquartered in Nair's adopted home of Kampala, Uganda. Later that year she rejected an offer to direct Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix saying, "... I would prefer someone else make it. I am better suited to emotions, human beings, and less interested in special effects.".
Her next film, The Namesake, premiered in fall 2006 at Dartmouth College, where Nair was presented with the Dartmouth Film Award. Another premiere was held in fall 2006 with the Indo-American Arts Council in New York. The Namesake, adapted by Sooni Taraporevala from the novel by Pulitzer Prize–winner Jhumpa Lahiri, was released in March 2007 and the same year she was honoured with the Pride of India award at the 9th Bollywood Movie Awards for her contributions to the film industry.
She directed a short film in New York, I Love You, a romantic-drama anthology of love stories set in New York and a 12-minute movie on AIDS awareness (funded by The Gates Foundation) called Migration.
For several years, Nair was attached to a big-budget adaptation of the novel Shantaram, but the production was shelved in 2009. Nair has also purchased the rights to Mohsin Hamid's 2007 novel The Reluctant Fundamentalist.
She has won a number of awards, including a National Film Award and various international film festival awards, and was a nominee at the Academy Awards, Golden Globes, BAFTA Awards and Filmfare Awards. She was also awarded the India Abroad Person of the Year-2007. In 2012 she was awarded India's third highest civilian award the Padma Bhushan by President of India, Pratibha Patil.
In July 2013, Nair declined an invitation to the Haifa International Film Festival as a "guest of honor" to protest Israel's policies toward Palestine. In postings on her Twitter account, Nair stated "I will go to Israel when the walls come down. I will go to Israel when occupation is gone...I will go to Israel when the state does not privilege one religion over another. I will go to Israel when Apartheid is over. I will go to Israel, soon. I stand w/ Palestine for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) & the larger Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) Mov’t." Nair was subsequently praised by PACBI, which stated that her decision to boycott Israel "helps to highlight the struggle against colonialism and apartheid." She subsequently tweeted "I will go to Israel, soon."
- Jama Street Masjid Journal (1979)
- So Far From India (1982)
- India Cabaret (1985)
- Children of a Desired Sex (1987)
- Salaam Bombay! (1988)
- Mississippi Masala (1991)
- The Day the Mercedes Became a Hat (1993)
- The Perez Family (1995)
- Kama Sutra: A Tale of Love (1996)
- My Own Country (1998) (Showtime)
- Monsoon Wedding (2001)
- Hysterical Blindness (2002)
- 11'9"01 September 11 (Segment - "India") (2002)
- Still, The Children are Here (2003)
- Vanity Fair (2004)
- The Namesake (2006)
- Migration.. (2007)
- New York, I Love You (Segment - "Kosher Vegetarian") (2009)
- 8 (Segment - "How can it be?") (2008)
- Amelia (2009)
- The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2013)
- Words With Gods (2014)
- The Bengali Detective (2015)
- 1985: Best Documentary Film, Global Village Film Festival: India Cabaret
- 1986: Golden Athena, Athens International Film Festival: India Cabaret
- 1986: Blue Ribbon, American Film Festival: India Cabaret
- 1988: Audience Award, Cannes Film Festival: Salaam Bombay!
- 1988: Golden Camera (Best First Film), Cannes Film Festival: Salaam Bombay!
- 1988: National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi: Salaam Bombay!
- 1988: National Board of Review Award for Top Foreign Films: Salaam Bombay!
- 1988: "Jury Prize", "Most Popular Film" and "Prize of the Ecumenical Jury" at Montreal World Film Festival: Salaam Bombay!
- 1988: New Generation Award, Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards
- 1988: Lilian Gish Award (Excellence in Feature Film), Los Angeles Women in Film Festival: Salaam Bombay!
- 1991: Golden Osella (Best Original Screenplay), Venice Film Festival: Mississippi Masala (with Sooni Taraporevala)
- 1991: Critics Special Award, São Paulo International Film Festival: Mississippi Masala
- 1992: Best Director (Foreign Film), Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists: Mississippi Masala
- 1992: Asian Media Award, Asian American International Film Festival
- 1993: Independent Spirit Award for Best Feature: Mississippi Masala
- 2000: Special Mention (Documentary and Essay), Biarritz International Festival of Audiovisual Programming: The Laughing Club of India
- 2001: Golden Lion (Best Film), Venice Film Festival: Monsoon Wedding
- 2001: Laterna Magica Prize, Venice Film Festival: Monsoon Wedding
- 2002: Audience Award, Canberra International Film Festival: Monsoon Wedding
- 2002: Special Award for International Cinema, Zee Cine Awards: Monsoon Wedding
- 2002: UNESCO Award, Venice Film Festival: 11'9"01 September 11
- 2004: Faith Hubley Web of Life Award, Rochester-High Falls International Film Festival
- 2007: "Golden Aphrodite", Love is Folly International Film Festival (Bulgaria): The Namesake
- 2012 ; Padma Bhushan by Govt. of India
- 1989: Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film: Salaam Bombay!
- 1989: César Award for Best Foreign Film (Meilleur film étranger): Salaam Bombay!
- 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film: Salaam Bombay!
- 1990: BAFTA Film Award Best Film not in the English Language: Salaam Bombay!
- 1990: Filmfare Best Director Award: Salaam Bombay!
- 1990: Filmfare Best Movie Award: Salaam Bombay!
- 1991: Golden Lion (Best Film), Venice Film Festival: Mississippi Masala
- 1996: Golden Seashell, San Sebastián International Film Festival: Kama Sutra: A Tale of Love
- 1999: Best Film, Verzaubert International Gay & Lesbian Film Festival: My Own Country
- 2001: Screen International Award (Best Non-European Film), European Film Awards: Monsoon Wedding
- 2001: Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film: Monsoon Wedding
- 2002: BAFTA Film Award Best Film not in the English Language: Monsoon Wedding
- 2003: Golden Star, International Film Festival of Marrakech: Hysterical Blindness
- 2003: César Award for Best Film from the European Union: 11'9"01 September 11
- 2004: Golden Lion (Best Film), Venice Film Festival: Vanity Fair
- 2007: Gotham Award for Best Film: The Namesake
- Jigna Desai: Beyond Bollywood: The cultural politics of South Asian diasporic film. New York: Routledge, 2004, 280 pp. ill. ISBN 0-415-96684-1 (inb.) / ISBN 0-415-96685-X (hft.)
- Gita Rajan: Pliant and compliant: colonial Indian art and postcolonial cinema. Women. Oxford (Print), ISSN 0957-4042 ; 13(2002):1, pp. 48–69.
- Alpana Sharma: Body matters: the politics of provocation in Mira Nair's films. QRFV : Quarterly review of film and video, ISSN 1050-9208 ; 18(2001):1, pp. 91–103.
- Pratibha Parmar: Mira Nair: filmmaking in the streets of Bombay. Spare rib, ISSN 0306-7971; 198, 1989, pp. 28–29.
- Gwendolyn Audrey Foster: Women Filmmakers of the African and Asian Diaspora: Decolonizing the Gaze, Locating Subjectivity. Carbondale, Ill. : Southern Illinois University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8093-2120-3
- John Kenneth Muir: Mercy in Her Eyes: The Films of Mira Nair. Hal Leonard, 2006. ISBN 1-55783-649-3, ISBN 978-1-55783-649-6.
- Spelling, Ian (1 September 2004). "Director likes to do her own thing". Waterloo Region Record. pp. C4.
- 'Namesake a tribute to Ritwik Ghatak', says Mira Nair - Mira Nair interview The Indian Express, 22 May 2005.
- "Mira Nair - Biography". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
- Crossette, Barabara (23 December 1990). "Homeless and Hungry Youths of India". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
- Faculty Columbia University School of the Arts
- Solomon, Deborah (29 August 2004). "All's Fair". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- Namesake Interview News, Rediff.com, 21 March 2007.
- Mira Nair interview with International Herald Tribune
- Miller, Winter (18 March 2007). "Personal Sound Effects: A Night Out with Mira Nair". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
- Anna Whitney (10 September 2001). "Indian director is first woman to win Golden Lion". The Independent (London). Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Maisha Film Lab
- Borpujari, Utpal (1 December 2004). "Mira Nair rejected Harry Potter offer". Deccan Herald. DH News Service. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Sreenivasan, TP (3 November 2006). "The Namesake is excellent". Rediff. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Bollywood to honour Mira Nair with 'Pride of India' award Hindustan Times, 23 April 2007.
- "Mira Nair, Asha Parekh honoured at Bollywood awards in New York". Malaysia Sun. 28 May 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Mira Nair’s latest film project takes the message to Indian cinema halls
- "Migration". Jaman. Retrieved 13 October 2008.
- " 'Amelia' (2009): Reviews." Metacritic.
- " 'Amelia' Reviews, Pictures." Rotten Tomatoes, IGN Entertainment.
- Debesh Bannerjee (8 December 2009). "Politeness can kill you in movies". Screen. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- [=http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Default/Client.asp?skin=pastissues2&enter=LowLevel&AW=1388468427762 "Bengali Sleuth, Bollywood Style"].
- Mira Nair is India Abroad Person of the Year 2007 News, Rediff.com, 29 March 2008.
- Mira Nair Gets Padma Bhushan News, Reuters, 25 January 2012.
- "Mira Nair's works to be screened at IFFI 2010". NDTV. Press Trust of India. 25 November 2010. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Film director Mira Nair boycotting Haifa festival, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, 21 July 2013.
- Mira Nair turns down invite to Israel film festival, The Times of India, 23 July 2013.
- Mira Nair boycotts Haifa film festival by Harriet Sherwood, The Observer (reprinted in The Guardian), 21 July 2013.
- Prominent filmmaker boycotts Haifa festival to protest Israeli 'apartheid' by Nirit Anderman, Haaretz, 21 July 2013.
- Mira Nair boycotts Israel Film Festival in Palestine’s support, The Express Tribune, 20 July 2013.
- Award-winning director boycotts Haifa Film Festival to protest 'Apartheid', The Jerusalem Post, 21 July 2013.
- "Mira can't wait to start Shantaram". Rediff. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Vashi, Ashish (1 November 2009). "Hollywood says ILU to Gujarati". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- "8 Official website". Retrieved 25 November 2010.
- Taraporevala, Sooni; Mira Nair (1989). Salaam Bombay!. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-012724-0.
- Sloan, Jane (2007). Reel women. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5738-3.
- "Padma Awards". pib. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mira Nair.|
- Mira Nair Bibliography (via UC Media Resources Center Berkeley)
- SAWNET biography
- Mira Nair at the Internet Movie Database
- Maisha Film Lab in Kampala, Uganda
- Video Interview on LX.TV
- A Conversation with Mira Nair - Harvard @ Home program
- Profile of Mira Nair - on MirabaiFilms.com
- Video interview with The Namesake director on Sidewalks Entertainment
- Video: Mira Nair at the Asia Society, 10 Dec 2009
- Mira Nair: A Life in Pictures, BAFTA event video
- The Fabulous Picture Show (part 1, part 2) - Master Class with Mira Nair at the Doha film festival, Al Jazeera English, Dec 2009