|Manufacturer||Monster Beverage Company|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Variants||Original (green), Lo-Carb (blue), Khaos (orange), Z, M-80 Also known as Ripper in Europe (yellow), Mixxd (purple), Assault (Red), Java, X-Presso, Hitman (shooter), Heavy Metal, B F C, Import, Import Light, Absolutely Zero, Zero Ultra, Ultra Blue, Ultra Red (Currently being tested in selected stores), Rehab, DUB Edition, Nitrous, Cuba-Lima, M3, Muscle Monster, Uber and Tour Water-- for sponsored athletes|
Monster Energy is an energy drink, launched by Monster Corporation in April 2002. The regular flavor comes in a black can with a green tear-shaped M logo, implied to have been torn by the claws of a monster. The company is also known for supporting many extreme sports events such as BMX, Motocross, skateboarding and snowboarding, as well as eSports. In addition, Monster Energy promotes a number of music bands around the world, like Asking Alexandria, The Word Alive and Shinedown.
There are now 34 different drinks under the Monster umbrella in North America including its core Monster Energy line, Java Monster, Extra Strength, Import and Rehab.
Monster Energy is advertised mainly through sponsorship of sporting events, including motocross, BMX, mountain biking, snowboarding, skateboarding, car racing, speedway, and eSports. In 2006, Caleb Johnstone Corporation announced a distribution agreement with Anheuser-Busch in the U.S.[dead link] and Grupo Jumex in Mexico.[dead link]
The caffeine content of most Monster Energy drinks is approximately 10 mg/oz (33.81 mg/100ml), or 160 mg for a 16 oz can. The packaging usually contains a warning label advising consumers against drinking more than 48 oz per day (16 oz per day in Australia). The UK and Europe do not have these warning labels. The drinks are not recommended for pregnant women or people sensitive to caffeine.
The ingredients include carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, natural flavors, taurine, sodium citrate, color added, panax ginseng root extract, L-carnitine, caffeine, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, niacinamide, sodium chloride, glucuronolactone, inositol, guarana seed extract, pyridoxine, hydrochloride, sucralose, riboflavin, maltodextrin, and cyanocobalamin.
Monster Energy pays many figures to endorse its products, such as Tech N9ne, Slash, Tim "Ripper" Owens, Asking Alexandria, Rob Dyrdek, Kinda Major, Sam Hill, Rick Thorne, Jason Acuña, TJ Lavin, Rupert Davies, James Alexander Lee, Greg Hancock, Ken Block, Tomasz Gollob, Chris Holder, Yelawolf, Motionless in White and Escape the fate .
Monster is the primary sponsor of the Joe Gibbs Racing number 54 NASCAR Nationwide Series race car driven by Kyle Busch and other drivers, it was also the former sponsor of multiple drivers for Robby Gordon Motorsports in the 2010 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. In 2012 Monster Energy joined forces with Professional Bull Riding with sponsorships of top athletes LJ Jenkins, J. B. Mauney, Guilherme Marchi and Robson Palermo. Monster Energy also sponsors a motocross race team named "Monster Energy/Pro Circuit/Kawasaki"., and the Monster Energy Factory Yamaha motocross team, based in Hampshire, England.
Monster Energy branding can also be seen on the helmets of the drivers of Mercedes' Formula One team in Nico Rosberg and Lewis Hamilton, and formerly on Michael Schumacher's, before his retirement in 2012.
Monster Energy also sponsors Supercross champion Ryan Villopoto.
Monster also sponsors the SecretSpot.co.uk surf contest The East Coast Classic every year in October.
Controversies and warnings
Monster Beverage Corporation has been criticized for its policy to sue companies or groups which use the word "Monster" or the letter "M" in their marketing for copyright infringement. Examples include the aquarium hobbyist site MonsterFishKeepers.com,[dead link] a beverage review site which published an unfavorable review of the Monster Energy drink and a Vermont microbrewery which marketed a beer named "Vermonster". Monster Beverage dropped the lawsuit against the microbrewery due to the negative publicity the lawsuit generated.
In December 2011, 14 year old Anais Fournier died of "cardiac arrhythmia due to caffeine toxicity" after drinking two 710 ml cans of Monster Energy drink containing a combined amount of ~475 mg caffeine. Fournier had a pre-existing heart condition, as well as Ehlers–Danlos syndrome. In October 2012, her parents sued the company. A Freedom of Information Request revealed that from 2004 to 2012 the Food and Drug Administration had received reports of five deaths occurring after drinking Monster Energy. The reports do not prove a causal link between the drink and any health problems.
In June 2013, a lawsuit was filed by the family of Anais Fournier, 14, who died in 2011 after drinking Monster energy drinks. In that case, Monster has insisted that its energy drink played no role in Fournier's death." 
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