Nantou County

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Nantou County
南投縣
County
Top:Shuili Water Creek in Shuili Township, 2nd left:Mount Yu, 2nd right:Nantou County Museum of History in Nantou City, 3rd left:View of Sun Moon Lake, from Xuanzang Temple in Yuchi Township, 3rd right:Evergreen Glassland in Renci Township, Bottom left:Tou George Pond in Taiwan Educational University of Nature, Bottom right:Mount Hehuan
Top:Shuili Water Creek in Shuili Township, 2nd left:Mount Yu, 2nd right:Nantou County Museum of History in Nantou City, 3rd left:View of Sun Moon Lake, from Xuanzang Temple in Yuchi Township, 3rd right:Evergreen Glassland in Renci Township, Bottom left:Tou George Pond in Taiwan Educational University of Nature, Bottom right:Mount Hehuan
Flag of Nantou County
Flag
Coat of arms of Nantou County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Nantou County.svg
Coordinates: 23°54′55.28″N 120°41′4.32″E / 23.9153556°N 120.6845333°E / 23.9153556; 120.6845333Coordinates: 23°54′55.28″N 120°41′4.32″E / 23.9153556°N 120.6845333°E / 23.9153556; 120.6845333
Country Taiwan
Region Central Taiwan
Seat Nantou City
Largest city Nantou City
Boroughs 1 cities, 12 (4 urban, 8 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Chen Chih-ching (acting)
Area
 • Total 4,106.436 km2 (1,585.504 sq mi)
Area rank 2 of 22
Population (Jan. 2014)
 • Total 517,037
 • Rank 15 of 22
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.nantou.gov.tw
Symbols
Flower Plum blossom (Prunus mume)
Tree Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)

Nantou County (Chinese: 南投縣; pinyin: Nántóu Xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lâm-tâu-kōan) is the second largest county of Taiwan.[1] It is also the only landlocked county in Taiwan. Its name derives from the Hoanya Taiwanese aboriginal word Ramtau. Nantou County is officially administered as a county of Taiwan Province.

Its mountainous area makes it a tourist destination; Sun Moon Lake is located in this county. Other well-known areas of the county are Hehuanshan and Sitou. Notable cities in Nantou are Nantou City and Puli Town. Nantou County butterfly is Broad-tailed swallowtail butterfly (Agehana maraho). Nantou's tung-ting tea is one of the most famous and high-quality oolong teas grown in Taiwan.[2]

History[edit]

Before the arrival of Han Chinese to Nantou, the Atayal, Bunun and Tsou tribes were distributed throughout the northern and central Nantou. These groups pioneered the early development of mountain regions in Nantou.[3]

Kingdom of Tungning[edit]

In 1677, Lin Ci, a general under the command of Koxinga, led soldiers to establish residence in Shalianbao. The Han Chinese began to enter Nantou via two main routes, the Zhuoshui River and Maoluo River.[4]

Empire of Japan[edit]

During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, Nantou was administered under Taichū Prefecture together with Changhua County and Taichung City.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Nantou County was administered under Taichung County of Taiwan Province. On 16 August 1950, Nantou County was established by its separation from Taichung County, and Nantou Township was designed as the county seat. On 1 July 1957, the Chung Hsing New Village in Nantou Township was designed to be the capital of Taiwan Province from the former Taipei City. In 1981, the county seat was upgraded from Nantou Township to Nantou City.

Geography[edit]

Hehuanshan is one of the higher mountains in Nantou County.

Nantou County has an area of 4,106.436 km2 with a width of 72 km and length of 95 km. It is the second largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County.[5]

There are 41 mountains with peaks over 3,000 meters high, with Mount Yu in Xinyi Township is the highest peak in Nantou County and in Taiwan with a height of 3,952 meters. Around 83% of Nantou County area is covered by hills and mountains.

Rain that falls into the mountains area converge into the Dadu River and Zhuoshui River. There are inland ponds and lakes throughout the mountains in the county, such as the Sun Moon Lake, Bi Pond, Liyu Pond and Cilin Pond.

Climate[edit]

The annual average temperature in Nantou County is 23°C on level ground and 20°C on mountains. The annual average rainfall is less than 1,750 mm on level ground and 2,800 mm on mountains. The rainy season lasts from April to September and the summer lasts from October to March.[6]

Government[edit]

Nantou City, the county seat of Nantou County

Nantou County consists of 1 city, 4 urban townships, 8 rural townships, 128 villages and 133 neighborhoods.[7] Nantou City is the seat of the county which houses the Nantou County Government and Nantou County Council.

Administrative divisions[edit]

City[edit]

  1. Nantou City (南投市)

Townships[edit]

Urban townships[edit]
  1. Caotun Township (草屯鎮)
  2. Jiji Township (集集鎮)
  3. Puli Township (埔里鎮)
  4. Zhushan Township (竹山鎮)
Rural townships[edit]
  1. Guoxing Township (國姓鄉)
  2. Lugu Township (鹿谷鄉)
  3. Mingjian Township (名間鄉)
  4. Ren'ai Township (仁愛鄉)
  5. Shuili Township (水里鄉)
  6. Xinyi Township (信義鄉)
  7. Yuchi Township (魚池鄉)
  8. Zhongliao Township (中寮鄉)

Demographics and culture[edit]

Population[edit]

Nantou County has a population of 517,037 people as of January 2014.

Language[edit]

The official language of the county is Mandarin. The language of Taiwanese, Hakka, English and aboriginal dialects are also spoken.

Education[edit]

There are 2 colleges, 13 senior high and vocational schools, 30 junior high schools, 149 elementary schools, 106 kindergartens and 84 day care centers in the county.[8] Notable universities in the county are National Chi Nan University and Nan Kai University of Technology.

Energy[edit]

Nantou County houses Taiwan's first pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Takuan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant commissioned in 1985 with an installed capacity of 1,008 MW. It also houses Taiwan's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW. Both power plants are located in Shueili Township along the Shuili River.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Nantou County is served by the Jiji Line of Taiwan Railways Administration which consists of Checheng, Jiji, Longquan, Shuili and Zhuoshui Station

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]