Clockwise from top: Hsinchu city gate, Entrance of Science-based Ind. Park, Hsinchu City Hall, and Hsinchu Moat
|Nickname(s): 風城 (The Windy City) or 竹市 (Zhu City)|
|City seat||North District|
|• Mayor||Lin Chih-chien (DPP)|
|• Total||104.0964 km2 (40.1918 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||3,989.89/km2 (10,333.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||European Magpie (Pica pica)|
Hsinchu, officially known as Hsinchu City (Chinese: 新竹市; Hanyu Pinyin: Xīnzhú Shì; Tongyong Pinyin: Sinjhú Shìh; Wade–Giles: Hsin1-chu2 Shih4; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sin-tek), is a city in northern Taiwan. Hsinchu is popularly nicknamed "The Windy City" (Chinese: 風城; Hanyu Pinyin: Fēngchéng; Tongyong Pinyin: Fongchéng; Wade–Giles: Feng1-ch'eng2) for its windy climate. Hsinchu is administered as a provincial city within Taiwan.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Tourist attractions
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Local delicacies
- 9 Notable natives
- 10 International relations
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
In 1626, after Spain occupied northern Taiwan, Spanish missionaries arrived at Teckcham (竹塹; zhúqiàn; Tek-khàm), where the Taokas Taiwanese aborigines lived. In 1875 during Qing rule, it was renamed Hsinchu. After Taiwan Province was established, Hsinchu was a part of Taipeh Prefecture.
Empire of Japan
In 1920, under Japanese rule, Shinchiku Town (新竹街) was established, with the founding of a Street District Office. In 1930, the city system was applied. It was renamed as Shinchiku City, under Shinchiku Prefecture, with the establishment of Shinchiku City Office. In 1941, its administration district was expanded, annexing Kōzan village (Xiangshan), whereas Kyūminato village (旧港庄) and Rokka village (六家庄) became Chikuhoku village (竹北庄, modern Zhubei City) under the same district.
Republic of China
In 1945 the incoming Kuomintang (KMT; Chinese Nationalists) established the Hsinchu City Government to govern Hsinchu-Chou (Shinchiku Prefecture). In 1946, the Take Over Committee dissolved and Hsinchu County Government was formed. Hsinchu County Government was moved to Taoyuan. As the administrative districts were readjusted, it became a provincially-governed city, using the original Prefecture office as its legal office, with seven district offices. In February of the same year, representative congress was formed in every district. On April 15 the City Congress was formed. Provincial Representatives were elected from the city legislators, to become legislative bodies of different levels. On August 16, 1950, the administrative districts in Taiwan were re-adjusted once more, demarcating 16 counties and 5 provincially governed cities.
In June 1982, under the President's order, the Xiangshan Township of Hsinchu County would merge into Hsinchu City, and the new entity would become a provincial city. The new government of Hsinchu was legally established on 1 July 1982 with the merging of Xiangshan, with 103 lis (villages), and 1,635 lins (neighborhoods). The City Government is located on 120 Chung Cheng Road, the former Prefecture Office.
In end of June 1983, there were three Bureaus (Civil Service, Public Works, and Education), four Departments (Finance, Social Welfare, Compulsory Military Service, and Land Affairs), four offices (Secretary, Planning, Personnel, and Auditing), and 49 sections (units, teams) under the City Government's organization to provide services for various urban affairs. Affiliate institutions include the Police Department, Tax Department, and Medicine and Hygiene Department.
By the end of 1982, the city was classified into East, North and Xiangshan districts. The East, North and Xiangshan district administration offices were posted on October 1 and then they were formally established on November 1 in the same year.
From 1994 to 1999, as Taiwan made its transition from authoritarian rule to modern democracy and the mostly pro forma provincial level of government began to be dissolved, regulations were established for formal Hsinchu City self-government. A deputy mayor, consumer officer, and three consultants were added to the city government. In 2002 the city added a Bureau of Labor and transferred Compulsory Military Service to the Department of Civil Service.
Hsinchu's climate is humid subtropical (Koppen: Cfa). The city is located in a part of the island that has a rainy season that lasts from February to September, with the heaviest time coming late April through August during the southwest monsoon, and also experiences meiyu in May and early June. The city succumbs to hot humid weather from June until September, while October to December are arguably the most pleasant times of year. Hsinchu is affected by easterly winds off of the East China Sea. Natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes are not common in the region.
|Climate data for Hsinchu, Taiwan (1992-2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.5
|Average low °C (°F)||12.9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||64.4
|Avg. precipitation days||9.8||13.8||14.1||13.1||11.7||10.2||8.2||11.2||6.8||5.4||4.6||7.7||116.6|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||98.2||84.8||85||103||136.6||185||230.9||205.7||206.8||191.4||150.2||128.4||1,806|
Hsinchu City is administered as a provincial city of Taiwan Province. North District is the seat of Hsinchu City which houses the Hsinchu City Government and Hsinchu City Council. The incumbent Mayor of Hsinchu City is Hsu Ming-tsai of the Kuomintang.
|Hsinchu has 3 districts (區 Qu):||District||Population||Land area|
|as of 2014||km²|
|■ East District||東區||206,843||33.5768|
|■ North District||北區||148,753||15.7267|
|■ Xiangshan District||香山區||76,392||54.8491|
Hsinchu Science and Technology Industrial Park is home to 360 high tech companies including TSMC, Philips, United Microelectronics Corporation, Holtek, AU Optronics and Epistar. As a result, the city has the highest income level in Taiwan.
The purpose of the park is to attract high tech investment to Taiwan and to make the area the economic center for the information industry. The park is designed to cater for high quality R&D, production, work, life and also recreation. From its establishment in 1978, the government has invested over NT$30 billion on software and hardware ventures. In 2001, it developed 2.5km2 of land in the Park and 0.5km2 in southern Hsinchu, attracting 312 high-tech companies' investments. Viewing the performance of Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in the past 21 years, it can be said that it holds a decisive position in the economic development in Taiwan, with international acclaim.
Although the semi-conductor and related electronic businesses have been doing well, they face fierce competition from Japan, Korea, the United States and Singapore. This has resulted in lower profits and over-supply of some electronic products such as memory and semi-conductors. Therefore manufacturers, government, academia, and the R&D sectors all recognize the challenges faced by Taiwan's high-tech development. The government has endeavored to upgrade Hsinchu Science Park into a global manufacturing and R&D center of high-end products. They also plan to intensify the cooperation among the manufacturing, academic, and research sectors by introducing incubation centers, in order to elevate the technological standard in the park. Further, through the development of the northern, central, and southern industrial park and its satellite sites, it hopes to sow the seeds of high tech business in all of Taiwan, leading to a vigorous era of high tech development.
International and American Schools (grade school and secondary school)
- Sagor Bilingual School
- Hsinchu Elementary School
- San Min Elementary School
- Ke Yuan Elementary School
- Guan Dong Elementary School
- Zai Xi Elementary School
- SunShine Elementary School
- Lung Shan Elementary School
- Dong Yuan Elementary School
- Chu Lian Elementary School
- Cheng Kong Elementary School
- Bei Men Elementary School
- Min Fu Elementary School
- Da Chuang Elementary School
- Nan Liao Elementary School
- Shui Yuan Elementary School
- Hu Lin Elementary School
- Jia Dong Elementary School
- Ching Tsao Hu Elementary School
- Nan Ai Elementary School
- Da Hu Elementary School
- Nei Hu Elementary School
Junior High School
- Chien Hua Junior High School
- Pei Ying Junior High School
- Zhu Guang Junior High School
- Nan Hua Junior High School
- Guang Wu Junior High School
- Hu Lin Junior High School
- Guang Hua Junior High School
- Yu Hsien Junior High School
- San Min Junior High School
- Nei Hu Junior High School
- Hsin Ke Junior High School
- National Experimental High School
- National Hsinchu Senior High School
- National Hsinchu Girls' Senior High School
- Shu Guang Girls' Senior High School
- Chien Kung Senior High School
- Hsiang Shan Senior High School
- Cheng Te Senior High School
Colleges and Universities
- National Chiao Tung University
- National Tsing Hua University
- Chung Hua University
- Hsuan Chuang University
- Yuan Pei University
- National Hsinchu University of Education
- Hsinchu Municipal Zoo
- Eighteen Peaks Mountain Park
- Hsinchu Eastern Gate
- Chenghuang Temple Night Market
- Beipu Old Street
- Neiwan Old Street
- Emei Huge Buddha Statue
- Nanliao Fishery Harbor
|Chenghuang Temple Night Market||Most of the old stands in Cheng-huang Temple are of 50-years-old history, the famous snacks here are Hsin-chu meat balls, pork balls, spring rolls, braised pork rice, cuttlefish thick soup, rice noodles, and cow tongue shaped cakes (quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, T.O.C.)||Cheng-huang Temple and fa-lian shrine square|
|Neiwan Old Street||Traditional Hakka restaurants and shops serve ginger lily-flavored glutinous rice dumplings, Hakka tea, and Hakka rice cakes.||Hengshan Town|
- Chi Cheng, the 1968 Olympic bronze medalist in track & field.
- Yuan T. Lee, the 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.
- John Chiang, Taiwanese politician
- Lin Cho-liang, Taiwanese American violinist
- Hebe Tien, Solo artist and member of S.H.E
- David Wu, member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the state of Oregon from 1999 until 2011.
- Cyndi Wang, Singer
- Chen Qiaoen, Singer, actress, 7F Member
- Lü Shao-chia, Taiwanese conductor
Twin towns — sister cities
Hsinchu is twinned with:
- Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
- List of cities in Taiwan
- Township (Taiwan)
- Winds of September
- "Hsinchu owns rich history, culture and natural resources". The China Post. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- "Monthly Mean Days of Precipitation". Climate Data. ROC Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2005. Retrieved 2006-03-08.
- "Rescuers hunt quake survivors". BBC. 1999-09-21.
- "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau.
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