Chiayi City

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This article is about the city. For the county, see Chiayi County.
Chiayi
嘉義市
Provincial city
Clockwise from top left:View of night in Chiayi, Chiayi Confucius Temple, Fountain at the Lantan Reservoir, Chiayi City Sports Arena, Chiayi Sun Shoting Tower, Chiayi National University
Clockwise from top left:View of night in Chiayi, Chiayi Confucius Temple, Fountain at the Lantan Reservoir, Chiayi City Sports Arena, Chiayi Sun Shoting Tower, Chiayi National University
Flag of Chiayi
Flag
Official seal of Chiayi
Seal
Nickname(s): Peach City (桃城) or Jia City (嘉市)
Location of Chiayi
Country  Republic of China (Taiwan)
Region Southwestern Taiwan
Capital East District
Government
 • Mayor Huang Min-hui
 • Deputy Mayor Lee Si-jin
Area(Ranked 24 of 25)
 • Total 60.0256 km2 (23.1760 sq mi)
Elevation 69 m (226 ft)
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 270,941
 • Density 4,500/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
  Population ranked 21 of 25
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Postal code 600
Area code(s) (+886) 05
Districts 2
Flower Hong Kong orchid tree
(Bauhinia blakeana)
Tree Hong Kong orchid tree
Website www.chiayi.gov.tw (English)

Chiayi (also romanized as Jiayi), officially known as Chiayi City (Chinese: 嘉義; Hanyu Pinyin: Jiāyì Shì; Tongyong Pinyin: Jiayì Shìh; Wade–Giles: Chia-i Shih; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ka-gī chhī), is a provincial city located in the plains of southwestern Taiwan. Formerly called Kagee during the late Qing Dynasty and Kagi during the Japanese era (all using the same characters 嘉義), its historical name is Tirosen.

History[edit]

First inhabited by the Hoanya aborigines, the region was named Tirosen.

With the arrival of Han Chinese in southwestern Taiwan, the name Tirosen evolved to become Chu-lô-san (諸羅山) in Hokkien. Eventually, Chu-lô-san was shortened to simply Chu-lô. Because of the choice of the characters, it has been mistakenly suggested that the origin of the name Chu-lô-san or Chu-lô came from the expression "mountains surrounding the east." "Peach City" is another name for Chiayi City due to its peach-shaped territory in ancient times. The tip of the peach is around Central Fountain and was called "Peach-tip" by citizens.

Chulôsan was once the foothold to which people from the mainland immigrated. In 1621, Yen Szu-Chi, who came from Zhangzhou, Fujian Province, first led his people to cultivate this land after they landed at Penkang (Peikang). In 1661 (the 15th year of Yung-Li, Ming Dynasty), Koxinga defeated the Dutch based in Taiwan. Then he established one province, Cheng-Tien-Fu (承天府), and two counties, Tien-Hsing (天興縣) and Wan-Nien (萬年縣), demarcated by the Hsin-Kang River (新港溪, the Yen-Shui River now). Chiayi was under the jurisdiction of the Tien-Hsing County.

Qing Dynasty[edit]

In 1684 (the 23rd year of Kangxi, the Qing Dynasty, see Taiwan under Qing Dynasty rule), Taiwan was established as Taiwan Sub-Province governing three counties, Taiwan and Feng-Shan, which were divided from Wan-Nien County in Ming Dynasty, and Chu-Lo (諸羅縣), which was changed from Tien-Hsing County. The county government of Chu-Lo County was in Chia-li Hsing (佳里, modern Jiali, Tainan).

In 1704 (the 43rd year of Kangxi), the county government of Chu-Lo County moved from Chia-li Hsing to Chulosan, the current Chiayi City, with city walls in wood railing. In 1727 (5th year of the Yongzheng Emperor), the county magistrate, Liu Liang-Bi rebuilt the gatehouses and set a gun platform for each gatehouse. The four gatehouses were named: "Chin Shan" (襟山) for East, "Tai Hai" (帶海) for West, "Chung Yang" (崇陽) for South, and "Kung Chen" (拱辰) for North. In 1734 (the 12th year of Yongzheng), magistrate Lu-Hung built piercing-bamboo to better protect the city.

In 1786 (the 51st year of Qianlong), Lin Shuang-Wen headed his people to siege Chulosan but failed because of the assisting defense from the inhabitants. Consequently, on November 3 of the next year, the Qing Emperor made an imperial announcement: awarded the name "Chiayi" to replace "Chulosan" for praising the citizens' loyalty.

In 1885 (the 11th year of Guangxu Emperor), Taiwan was approved to be a province. Two years later, the jurisdiction was divided as three sub-provinces, one direct county, eleven counties and three bureaus. Chiayi belonged to Taiwan sub-province and the hall was still in Chiayi.

Empire of Japan[edit]

In 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. Chiayi City was ruled under the Tainan Prefecture together with Tainan City, Chiayi County and Yunlin County. In 1906, a major earthquake devastated the entire city wall except the Eastern Gate. The Japanese authorities reconstructed the city. Industries and trades started to flourish. In 1907, the construction of Alishan Forest Railway to Mount Ali was begun. Chiayi became an autonomy group as Chiayi Town and later promoted as an autonomous city in 1930.

Republic of China[edit]

In 1945, when Japan relinquished control of Taiwan on 25 October 1945, Chiayi City was established as a provincial city of Taiwan Province. On 16 August 1950, because of the re-allocation of administrative areas in which Taiwan was divided into 16 counties, five provincial cities and a special bureau, Chiayi City was downgraded to a county-controlled city and merged with Chiayi County to be the county seat. As a result, a shortage of capital hindered its development. On 1 July 1982, Chiayi City was elevated again to a provincial city as a result of pressure from local elites.

Geography[edit]

Chiayi City is located on the north side of Chianan Plain, south west of Taiwan Island. On the east side is the Mount Ali, on the west side is the Chiayi Airport, on the north side is the Puzi River and on the south side is the Bazhang River. The distance from east to west of Chiayi City is 15.8 km and from north to south is 10.5 km with a total area of 60.0256 km2. Chiayi City is completely surrounded by Chiayi County. Most of Chiayi City land are broad flat fertility plains. The terrain slowly rises from west to east.

Climate[edit]

Chiayi City has a warm, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). Northeasterly winds during fall and winter mean that rainfall is depressed during that time, while southwesterly winds during summer and the later portion of spring bring most of the year's rainfall, with more than 60% falling from June to August. Humidity is high year-round, even during winter.

Climate data for Chiayi (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
24.7
(76.5)
27.9
(82.2)
30.3
(86.5)
32.2
(90)
32.9
(91.2)
32.2
(90)
31.6
(88.9)
29.8
(85.6)
26.9
(80.4)
23.7
(74.7)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.9
(73.2)
25.5
(77.9)
27.6
(81.7)
28.4
(83.1)
27.8
(82)
26.7
(80.1)
24.3
(75.7)
20.9
(69.6)
17.4
(63.3)
22.82
(73.06)
Average low °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
13.3
(55.9)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66)
21.8
(71.2)
24.0
(75.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
23.2
(73.8)
20.6
(69.1)
16.8
(62.2)
13.0
(55.4)
19.1
(66.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 27.6
(1.087)
57.7
(2.272)
62.2
(2.449)
107.6
(4.236)
189.2
(7.449)
350.7
(13.807)
304.3
(11.98)
422.1
(16.618)
148.9
(5.862)
22.7
(0.894)
12.2
(0.48)
20.9
(0.823)
1,726.1
(67.957)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.4 7.0 7.4 8.4 11.1 14.4 14.9 18.1 9.8 3.6 3.0 3.7 106.8
 % humidity 81.8 83.1 83.7 84.1 84.5 82.0 80.4 83.6 84.7 84.1 81.4 80.3 82.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 153.2 121.8 143.0 150.3 156.8 176.9 208.6 184.1 186.9 174.0 151.7 158.7 1,966
Source: [1]

Government[edit]

Chiayi City is a provincial city of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. The city is governed by the Chiayi City Government, while the residence is represented in the Chiayi City Council. The current Mayor of Chiayi City is Huang Min-hui of the Kuomintang.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Chiayi City is divided into two districts. East District is the city seat which houses the Chiayi City Government.

District Population Land area
Districts of Chiayi-Taiwan.png as of 2014 km²
East District 東區 123,796 29.1195
West District 西區 147,145 30.9061

Education[edit]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Chiayi is the city of wind music in Taiwan. The wind music festival started as a local event in 1988, when it was more like a joint performance by local wind music bands. Over the years the festival has become the most anticipated annual event in Chiayi.[3]

Notable natives[edit]

  • Chen Cheng-po (陳澄波) (1895-1947), Taiwan famous painter
  • Sow-Hsin Chen (陳守信) (1935), American physicist, Professor
  • Vincent Siew (蕭萬長) (1939), Taiwanese politician, Vice President of the Republic of China (2008 – 2012), Vice-Chairman of the Kuomintang
  • Deng Feng-Zhou (鄧豐洲) (1950), Taiwanese poet, Local history writer, Nedan academics
  • Jody Chiang (江蕙) (1961), Taiwanese popular singer
  • Lo Chen-Jung (羅振榮) (1961), Taiwanese left-handed baseball pitcher

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Chiayi is twinned with:

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Chiayi City is accessible from Chiayi Station and Jiabei Station of the Taiwan Railways Administration or a slightly further THSR Chiayi Station in Chiayi County. It also houses the first station for the Alishan Forest Railway.

Road[edit]

The Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit serves Chiayi City with the neighboring Chiayi County.

Air[edit]

Chiayi City is served by Chiayi Airport located in the neighboring Chiayi County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°28′48″N 120°26′59″E / 23.48000°N 120.44972°E / 23.48000; 120.44972