Pekan Olahraga Nasional

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Pekan Olahraga Nasional
Abbreviation PON
First event 8–12 September 1948
Surakarta, Central Java
Occur every 4 years
Last event 9—20 September 2012
Pekanbaru, Riau
The Dayak dance in Pekan Olahraga Nasional XVII East Kalimantan 2008 opening ceremony in Palaran Stadium, Samarinda.

The Pekan Olahraga Nasional (acronym: PON, Indonesian: National Sports Week) is a multi-sport event held every four years in Indonesia. The participants of this event are the athletes from all provinces of Indonesia.

History[edit]

President Sukarno and Vice President Mohammad Hatta at the 1951 PON opening ceremony in Jakarta

The Indonesian Sports Association (ISI) was established in Jakarta in 1938 with the aim of coordinating the existing sports associations including the Football Federation. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia from 1942 to 1945, sporting activities were coordinated by the Sports Practice Movement. Following the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in 1945, that nation took over the running of its own sport and in January 1946, a conference was held in Surakarta, Central Java, which gave rise to the Indonesian Olympic Committee (KORI), chaired by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX.

Indonesia was unable to participate in the 1948 Olympic Games because Indonesian independence had not been recognized, and Indonesia was not a member of the International Olympic Committee. At an emergency conference in Solo on 1 May 1948 to discuss Indonesia's failure to compete in the Olympics, it was decided to organized the first National Games, which ran from 8–12 September 1948.

During the first Pekan Olahraga Nasional event, many sporting organizations tested a uniform system which is to be recognized throughout the country as the official scoring method. Until then, no clear rules were evident. In the case of the Aurora Club, Bandung, later to be renamed into Health and Strength organization, a scoring system went into trial for the weightlifting event; in which Carl Sugianto was crowned as the first weightlifting champion of Indonesia.

Venues[edit]

Opening ceremony of PON II in Jakarta
Games Year Host City Province Dates Winner
I 1948 Surakarta Central Java 8 September—12 September 1948 Central Java
II 1951 Jakarta Jakarta 21 October—28 October 1951 West Java
III 1953 Medan North Sumatra 20 September—27 September 1953 West Java
IV 1957 Makassar South Sulawesi 27 September—6 October 1957 Jakarta
V 1961 Bandung West Java 23 September—1 October 1961 West Java
VI 1 1965 Jakarta Jakarta 8 October—10 November 1965 -
VII 1969 Surabaya East Java 26 August—6 September 1969 Jakarta
VIII 1973 Jakarta Jakarta 4 August—15 August 1973 Jakarta
IX 1977 Jakarta Jakarta 23 July—3 August 1977 Jakarta
X 1981 Jakarta Jakarta 19 September—30 September 1981 Jakarta
XI 1985 Jakarta Jakarta 9 September—20 September 1985 Jakarta
XII 1989 Jakarta Jakarta 18 October—28 October 1989 Jakarta
XIII 1993 Jakarta Jakarta 9 September—19 September 1993 Jakarta
XIV 1996 Jakarta Jakarta 9 September—25 September 1996 Jakarta
XV 2000 Surabaya East Java 19 June—1 July 2000 East Java
XVI 2004 Palembang South Sumatra 2 September—14 September 2004 Jakarta
XVII 2008 Samarinda East Kalimantan 6 July—17 July 2008 East Java
XVIII 2012 Pekanbaru Riau 9 September—20 September 2012 Jakarta
XIX2 2016 Bandung West Java 2016
XX2 2020 Jayapura Papua 2020

1 cancelled because of the 30 September Movement
2 future event

References[edit]

  • Kompas newspaper, pp, 1,10, 6 July 2008