Pekan Olahraga Nasional
|First event||8–12 September 1948
Surakarta, Central Java
|Occur every||4 years|
|Last event||9—20 September 2012
The Pekan Olahraga Nasional (acronym: PON, Indonesian: National Sports Week) is a multi-sport event held every four years in Indonesia. The participants of this event are the athletes from all provinces of Indonesia.
The Indonesian Sports Association (ISI) was established in Jakarta in 1938 with the aim of coordinating the existing sports associations including the Football Federation. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia from 1942 to 1945, sporting activities were coordinated by the Sports Practice Movement. Following the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in 1945, that nation took over the running of its own sport and in January 1946, a conference was held in Surakarta, Central Java, which gave rise to the Indonesian Olympic Committee (KORI), chaired by Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX.
Indonesia was unable to participate in the 1948 Olympic Games because Indonesian independence had not been recognized, and Indonesia was not a member of the International Olympic Committee. At an emergency conference in Solo on 1 May 1948 to discuss Indonesia's failure to compete in the Olympics, it was decided to organized the first National Games, which ran from 8–12 September 1948.
During the first Pekan Olahraga Nasional event, many sporting organizations tested a uniform system which is to be recognized throughout the country as the official scoring method. Until then, no clear rules were evident. In the case of the Aurora Club, Bandung, later to be renamed into Health and Strength organization, a scoring system went into trial for the weightlifting event; in which Carl Sugianto was crowned as the first weightlifting champion of Indonesia.
|I||1948||Surakarta||Central Java||8 September—12 September 1948||Central Java|
|II||1951||Jakarta||Jakarta||21 October—28 October 1951||West Java|
|III||1953||Medan||North Sumatra||20 September—27 September 1953||West Java|
|IV||1957||Makassar||South Sulawesi||27 September—6 October 1957||Jakarta|
|V||1961||Bandung||West Java||23 September—1 October 1961||West Java|
|VI 1||1965||Jakarta||Jakarta||8 October—10 November 1965||-|
|VII||1969||Surabaya||East Java||26 August—6 September 1969||Jakarta|
|VIII||1973||Jakarta||Jakarta||4 August—15 August 1973||Jakarta|
|IX||1977||Jakarta||Jakarta||23 July—3 August 1977||Jakarta|
|X||1981||Jakarta||Jakarta||19 September—30 September 1981||Jakarta|
|XI||1985||Jakarta||Jakarta||9 September—20 September 1985||Jakarta|
|XII||1989||Jakarta||Jakarta||18 October—28 October 1989||Jakarta|
|XIII||1993||Jakarta||Jakarta||9 September—19 September 1993||Jakarta|
|XIV||1996||Jakarta||Jakarta||9 September—25 September 1996||Jakarta|
|XV||2000||Surabaya||East Java||19 June—1 July 2000||East Java|
|XVI||2004||Palembang||South Sumatra||2 September—14 September 2004||Jakarta|
|XVII||2008||Samarinda||East Kalimantan||6 July—17 July 2008||East Java|
|XVIII||2012||Pekanbaru||Riau||9 September—20 September 2012||Jakarta|
1 cancelled because of the 30 September Movement
2 future event
- Kompas newspaper, pp, 1,10, 6 July 2008