Misamis Oriental

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Misamis Oriental
Province
Flag of Misamis Oriental
Flag
Official seal of Misamis Oriental
Seal
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Oriental highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Oriental highlighted
Coordinates: 08°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000Coordinates: 08°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Founded 1939
Capital Cagayan de Oro
Government
 • Governor Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (NP)
 • Vice Governor Jose Mari G. Pelaez (UNA)
Area[1]
 • Total 3,131.52 km2 (1,209.09 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd out of 81
  Excluding Cagayan de Oro
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 813,856
 • Rank 30th out of 81
 • Density 260/km2 (670/sq mi)
 • Density rank 30th out of 81
  Excluding Cagayan de Oro
Divisions
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 23
 • Barangays 424
including independent cities: 504
 • Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Oriental
including independent cities: 1st and 2nd Districts of Cagayan de Oro City
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9000 to 9025
Dialing code 88
ISO 3166 code PH-MSR
Spoken languages Cebuano, Filipino, English
Website www.misamisoriental.gov.ph

Misamis Oriental (Cebuano: Sidlakang Misamis, Tagalog: Silangang Misamis) is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro City, which is governed independently from the province.

Geography[edit]

Located in Northern Mindanao, the province borders Iligan City and the province of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north is the Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern coast. Misamis Oriental occupies a total land area of 3,131.52 square kilometres (1,209.09 sq mi). When Cagayan de Oro City is included for geographical purposes, the province's land area is 3,544.32 square kilometres (1,368.47 sq mi).[1]

Subdivisions[edit]

Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 component cities. Cagayan de Oro City, the capital, is a highly urbanized city that is geographically within the province but governs itself independently from it.

Cities:

Municipalities:

History[edit]

The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, Austronesian colonists fought the natives for the control of the rich coastal plains by the Cagayan River, and the Visayans won the struggle for possession over the Bukidnons.

In the 16th century, most of Mindanao was under the control of Muslims, and the inhabitants were converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers.

Legislative Act. No. 3537 approved on 2 November 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two due to the lack of geographic contiguity. It was not until ten years later on 28 November 1939 that the division between Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental was implemented by Act. No. 3777. When Misamis Oriental separated, Don Gregorio Pelaez became its first governor.

In 1942, at the onset of World War II in the Philippines, Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental to occupy the region. Combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces along with recognised guerrilla fighters liberated Misamis Oriental in 1945.

In May 2014 it was reported that an area in Barangay Lapad in Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental, in northern Mindinao, was declared a heritage site. Oyster fossils older than 200,000 years were discovered, according to Balita Pilipinas. Property owner, Raul Ilogon, told Balita Pilipinas that they had been seeing the fossils for 20 years thinking that they were ordinary rocks.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Misamis Oriental
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 525,453 —    
1995 587,551 +2.12%
2000 664,338 +2.67%
2007 748,885 +1.67%
2010 813,856 +3.07%
Excluding Cagayan de Oro City
Source: National Statistics Office[2]

Economy[edit]

The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing.[citation needed] It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan. Del Monte Philippines, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.

On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo City which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).[4]

Tourism[edit]

Misamis Oriental is home to many natural scenic spots that attracts millions[citation needed] of tourists annually.

Birhen Milagrosa Beach
This place in Brgy. Moog, Laguindingan, offers crystal clear water and fine gray sand. Its name is derived from the image of the Virgin Mary on its rockwall. In that spot, an altar has been built in honor of the Virgin Mary.
Punta Gorda Beach
Located just along the Provincial Road in Brgy. San Antonio, Jasaan, and Hermano, Balingasag (31 kilometres (19 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), this beach has round, smooth stones that cover the beach front. The water is crystal clear even when viewed up the road. The Sangguniang Bayan Council of Balingasag proposes that it would be developed as a marine sanctuary if they would be given financial support by the local government.
St. Bernadette Beach
Located along the highway in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan, this beach is a magnificent sight for it offers crystal clear water. A shrine is built in honor of St. Bernadette.
Mempepe White Beach
An undeveloped beach in Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan (66 kilometres (41 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), with fine white sand that is shaped like a cove with lush vegetation in the background.
Alibuag White Beach
A unique beach in Brgy. Mangga, Sugbongcogon (71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cagayan de Oro), that has a fresh underwater spring and fine white sand.

Government[edit]

Executive officials:

Members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan:

List of former governors[edit]

Governors of Misamis Oriental:

  • Manuel Roa Corrales – 1901-1905
  • Apolinar Velez – 1906-1909
  • Ricardo Reyes Barrientos – 1910-1912
  • Jose Reyes Barrientos – 1912 - 1916
  • Isidro Rillas – 1917-1919
  • Juan Valdeconcha Roa – 1920-1922
  • Segundo Gaston – 1923-1925
  • Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1926-1931
  • Gregorio Borromeo – 1935-1937
  • Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1938-1940
  • Pedro S.A Baculio – 1941-1945
  • Mariano Ope Marbella – 1945
  • Ignacio S. Cruz – 1946-1947
  • Felicisimo E. Aguilar – 1948-1950
  • Paciencio G. Ysalina – 1951-1954
  • Vicente L. De Lara, Sr. – 1954-1961
  • Alfonso R. Dadole – 1961-1967
  • Pedro N. Roa – 1968-1969
  • Concordio C. Diel – September 1969 - March 1974
  • Rosauro P. Dongallo – March 1974 - December 1979
  • Meynardo A. Tiro – January 1980 - March 2, 1980
  • Homobono A. Adaza – March 3, 1980 - July 22, 1984
  • Fernando B. Pacana, Jr - July 23, 1984 - March 2, 1986
  • Vicente Y. Emano – March 3, 1986 - December 1987 1 ; February 1, 1988 - February 2, 1998
  • Norris C. Babiera 1 - December 1987 - February 1988
  • Ruth de Lara-Guingona – February 2 - June 30, 1998
  • Antonio P. Calingin – June 30, 1998 - December 15, 2003
  • Miguel C. De Jesus 2 – December 15, 2003 - June 30, 2004
  • Oscar S. Moreno – June 30, 2004 - June 30, 2013
  • Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano – June 30, 2013 – present

1 - Appointed
2 - Acting Capacity

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/361383/scitech/science/200-000-year-old-fossilized-oysters-found-in-misamis-oriental
  4. ^ www.manilastandardtoday.com, Hanjin builds $2-b shipyard in Mindanao

External links[edit]