Misamis Oriental

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Misamis Oriental
Probinsya sa Sidlakang Misamis
Lalawigan ng Misamis Oriental
Flag of Misamis Oriental
Official seal of Misamis Oriental
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Oriental highlighted
Map of the Philippines with Misamis Oriental highlighted
Coordinates: 8°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000Coordinates: 8°45′N 125°00′E / 8.750°N 125.000°E / 8.750; 125.000
Country  Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Founded 1939
Capital Cagayan de Oro City
 • Governor Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano (NP)
 • Vice Governor Jose Mari G. Pelaez (UNA)
 • Total 3,102.9 km2 (1,198.0 sq mi)
Area rank 46th out of 80
Population (2007)
 • Total 748,791
 • Rank 38th out of 80
 • Density 240/km2 (630/sq mi)
 • Density rank 31st out of 80
 • Independent cities 1
 • Component cities 2
 • Municipalities 23
 • Barangays 424
including independent cities: 504
 • Districts 1st and 2nd Districts of Misamis Oriental
including independent cities: 1st and 2nd Districts of Cagayan de Oro City
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
Spoken languages Cebuano, Filipino, English
Website www.misamisoriental.gov.ph

Misamis Oriental (Filipino:Silangang Misamis, abbreviated Mis. Or.) is a province of the Philippines located in the Northern Mindanao region. Its capital and provincial center is Cagayan de Oro. The province borders Iligan City and Bukidnon to the south, the Agusan del Norte to the east, and to the north is Bohol Sea with the island-province of Camiguin just off its northern shore.


Located in Northern Mindanao, it is bordered by the provinces of Bukidnon to the south, Agusan del Norte to the east and Lanao del Norte to the west. On the north lies Camiguin Island in the Bohol Sea.


Misamis Oriental is subdivided into 23 municipalities and 2 component cities. Cagayan de Oro City, the capital, is a highly-urbanized city that governs itself independently from the province.




The earliest known settlers of the territory were the Negritos. Centuries later, Austronesian colonists fought the natives for the control of the rich coastal plains by the Cagayan River, and the Visayans won the struggle for possession over the Bukidnons.

In the 16th century, most of Mindanao was under the control of Muslims, and the inhabitants were converted into Islam. As part of Mindanao, the people of the territory were obliged to pay tribute to Muslim rulers.

Legislative Act. No. 3537 approved on 2 November 1929, divided the province of Misamis into two due to the lack of geographic contiguity. It was not until ten years later on 28 November 1939 that the division between Misamis Oriental and Misamis Occidental was implemented by Act. No. 3777. When Misamis Oriental separated, Don Gregorio Pelaez became its first governor.

In 1942, at the onset of World War II in the Philippines, Japanese soldiers landed in Misamis Oriental to occupy the region. Combined American and Philippine Commonwealth forces along with recognised guerrilla fighters liberated Misamis Oriental in 1945.


The province is host to industries such as agricultural, forest, steel, metal, chemical, mineral, rubber and food processing.[citation needed] It is home to the 30 square kilometre PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and the Mindanao International Container Port, all in Tagoloan. Del Monte Philippines, which exports pineapples all over the Asia-Pacific region, has a processing plant in Cagayan de Oro.

On January 10, 2008, Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company of South Korea inked a contract to build a $2 billion shipyard building complex at Villanueva, Misamis Oriental with the PHIVIDEC Industrial Authority. It is bigger than Hanjin's $1 billion shipyard complex in Subic, Olongapo City which will hire 20,000 Filipinos to manufacture ship parts. The Philippine government declared the 441.8-hectare project site an economic zone (part of 3,000-hectare industrial estate managed by PHIVIDEC).[1]


Misamis Oriental is home to many natural scenic spots that attracts millions[citation needed] of tourists annually.

Birhen Milagrosa Beach[edit]

Location: Brgy. Moog, Laguindingan Description: The place offers crystal clear water and fine gray sand. Its name is derived from the image of the Virgin Mary on its rockwall. In that spot, an altar has been built in honor of the Virgin Mary.

Punta Gorda Beach[edit]

Location: Brgy. San Antonio, Jasaan and Hermano, Balingasag; 31 km east of Cagayan de Oro. Description: Located just below the Provincial Road. Has round, smooth stones that cover the beach front. The water is crystal clear even when viewed up the road. The Sangguniang Bayan Council of Balingasag proposes that it would be developed as a marine sanctuary if they would be given financial support by the local government.

St. Bernadette Beach[edit]

Location: Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan Description: Located along the highway, this beach is a magnificent sight for it offers crystal clear water. A shrine is built in honor of St. Bernadette.

Mempepe White Beach[edit]

Location: Brgy. Poblacion, Binuangan; 66 km east of Cagayan de Oro. Description: An undeveloped beach that is blessed with fine white sand. The place is shaped like a cove with lush vegetation in the background.

Alibuag White Beach[edit]

Location: Brgy. Mangga, Sugbongcogon; 71 km east of Cagayan de Oro. Description: A unique beach that has a fresh, underwater spring. The beach has fine white sand.

Politics and administration[edit]

Governors of Misamis Oriental
Governors of Misamis Oriental
Manuel Roa Corrales– 1901-1905
Apolinar Velez – 1906-1909
Ricardo Reyes Barrientos – 1910 - 1912
Jose Reyes Barrientos – 1912 - 1916
Isidro Rillas – 1917-1919
Juan Valdeconcha Roa – 1920-1922
Segundo Gaston – 1923-1925
Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1926-1931
Gregorio Borromeo – 1935-1937
Don Gregorio A. Pelaez – 1938-1940
Pedro S.A Baculio – 1941-1945
Mariano Ope Marbella – 1945
Ignacio S. Cruz – 1946-1947
Felicisimo E. Aguilar – 1948-1950
Paciencio G. Ysalina – 1951 - 1954
Vicente L. De Lara, Sr. – 1954-1961
Alfonso R. Dadole – 1961-1967
Pedro N. Roa – 1968 - 1969
Concordio C. Diel – September 1969 - March 1974
Rosauro P. Dongallo – March 1974 - December 1979
Meynardo A. Tiro – January 1980 - March 2, 1980
Homobono A. Adaza – March 3, 1980 - July 22, 1984
Fernando B. Pacana, Jr - July 23, 1984 - March 2, 1986
Vicente Y. Emano – March 3, 1986 - December 1987* ; February 1, 1988 - February 2, 1998
Norris C. Babiera * - December 1987 - February 1988
Ruth de Lara-Guingona – February 2 - June 30, 1998
Antonio P. Calingin – June 30, 1998 - December 15, 2003
Miguel C. De Jesus ** – December 15, 2003 - June 30, 2004
Oscar S. Moreno – June 30, 2004 - June 30, 2013
Yevgeny Vicente B. Emano – June 30, 2013 - Present
* - Appointed
** - Acting Capacity

See also[edit]


External links[edit]