Soyuz 26

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This article is about the Soyuz 26 spacecraft. For the crew launched in Soyuz 26, see Salyut 6 EO-1.
Soyuz 26
COSPAR ID 1977-113A[1]
SATCAT № 10506[1]
Mission duration 37 days, 10 hours, 6 minutes, 18 seconds
Orbits completed 1,522
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz 7K-T
Manufacturer NPO Energia
Launch mass 6,800 kilograms (15,000 lb)
Crew size 2
Launching Yuri Romanenko
Georgi Grechko
Landing Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Oleg Makarov
Callsign Таймыр (Taymyr - "Taymyr Peninsula"
Start of mission
Launch date 10 December 1977, 01:18:40 (1977-12-10UTC01:18:40Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz-U
Launch site Baikonur 1/5[2]
End of mission
Landing date 16 January 1978, 11:24:58 (1978-01-16UTC11:24:59Z) UTC
Landing site 265 kilometres (165 mi) W of Tselinograd
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 193 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee 246 kilometres (153 mi)
Inclination 51.65 degrees
Period 88.67 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6

Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 25 Soyuz 27

Soyuz 26 (Russian: Союз 26, Union 26) was a Soviet space mission which launched the crew of Salyut 6 EO-1, the first long duration crew on the space station Salyut 6.[3]

The Soyuz spacecraft was launched on 10 December 1977, and docked with the space station the next day. Soyuz 27 arrived at the station in January 1978, and its two person crew transferred into the Soyuz 26 spacecraft to undock and land a few days later.


Position Launching Cosmonaut Landing Cosmonaut
Commander Yuri Romanenko
First spaceflight
Vladimir Dzhanibekov
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko
Second spaceflight
Oleg Makarov
Third spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vladimir Kovalyonok
Flight Engineer Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
The launching and landing crews had the same backups

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6,800 kg (15,000 lb)
  • Perigee: 193 km (120 mi)
  • Apogee: 246 km (153 mi)
  • Inclination: 51.65°
  • Period: 88.67 minutes


  1. ^ a b McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Baikonur LC1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  3. ^ The mission report is available here: