Soyuz 6

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This article is about the 1969 mission. For the mission identified by NASA as ISS Soyuz 6, see Soyuz TMA-2.
Soyuz 6
Mission type Test flight
Mission duration 4 days, 22 hours, 42 minutes, 47 seconds
Orbits completed 80
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Soyuz 7K-OK
Manufacturer OKB-1
Launch mass 6,577 kilograms (14,500 lb)
Crew
Crew size 2
Members Georgi Shonin
Valeri Kubasov
Callsign Антей (Antey - "Antaeus")
Start of mission
Launch date 11 October 1969, 11:10:00 (1969-10-11UTC11:10Z) UTC
Rocket Soyuz
Launch site Baikonur 31/6[1]
End of mission
Landing date 16 October 1969, 09:52:47 (1969-10-16UTC09:52:48Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 212 kilometers (132 mi)
Apogee 218 kilometers (135 mi)
Inclination 51.6 degrees
Period 88.8 minutes

Soyuz-6-patch.png


Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 5 Soyuz 7

Soyuz 6 (Russian: Союз 6, Union 6) was part of a joint mission with Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8 that saw three Soyuz spacecraft in orbit together at the same time, carrying a total of seven cosmonauts. The crew of Georgi Shonin and Valeri Kubasov were meant to take high-quality movie photography of the Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8 docking, but the rendezvous systems on all three spacecraft failed.

It is still not known exactly what the actual problem was, but it is often quoted as being a helium pressurization integrity test.[citation needed] The version of Soyuz 7K-OK spacecraft used for the missions carried a torus shaped docking electronics equipment housing surrounding the motor assembly on the back of the service module. This is thought to have been pressurised with helium to provide a benign environment for the electronics. It was then jettisoned after docking to lower the mass of the spacecraft for reentry. What went wrong with the electronics on all three spacecraft is still not known.

The crew was made up of Georgi Shonin and Valeri Kubasov, who carried out important experiments in space welding. They tested three methods: using an electron beam, a low pressure plasma arc and a consumable electrode. The apparatus was designed at the E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute, Kiev, Ukraine. The weld quality was said to be in no way inferior to that of Earth based welds.[citation needed]

After 80 orbits of the Earth they landed on 16 October 1969, 180 km (110 mi) northwest of Karaganda, Kazakhstan.

The radio call sign of the spacecraft was Antey, referring to the Greek hero Antaeus, but more important, at the time of the flight, however, it was also the name of the largest practicable aircraft, the Soviet Antonov 22, made in Ukraine. But unlike the call signs of Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8, this was not the name of a squadron in Soviet military training, of uncertain role, for the one that begins with the letter 'a' is Aktif, meaning Active.

Crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Georgi Shonin
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Valeri Kubasov
First spaceflight

Backup crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vladimir Shatalov
Flight Engineer Aleksei Yeliseyev

Reserve crew[edit]

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Andriyan Nikolayev
Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Baikonur LC31". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 

External links[edit]