Timeline of Karachi

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Karachi, Pakistan.

4th century BCE[edit]

8th century[edit]

10th century[edit]

11th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

1612 - 1700 CE – Mughal Emperor Akbar conquers Sindh and ruled it via governors

17h century[edit]

Prior to 20th century[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Karachi
Tomb Jinnah.jpg
Ancient period

Krokola
Minnagara
Barbarikon

Islamic period

Muhammad bin Qasim
Debal

Local dynasties

Mai Kolachi
Kalhora Dynasty
Talpur dynasty

British period

Sind Division
Sind Province

Independent Pakistan

Karachi Capital Territory
1972 labour unrest
Demographics
Violence

20th century[edit]

1900s-1940s[edit]

1950s-1990s[edit]

21st century[edit]

2000s[edit]

2010s[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sorab K.H. Katrak (1963), Karachi: that was the capital of Sind, Karachi, OCLC 21128386 
  2. ^ a b c Vernon Z. Newcombe (1960), "A Town Extension Scheme: At Karachi", Town Planning Review 31, JSTOR 40178357 
  3. ^ a b Sina Dubovoy (1996). "Karachi". In Schellinger and Salkin. International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. UK: Routledge. p. 448+. ISBN 9781884964046. 
  4. ^ a b Edward Hamilton Aitken (1907). Gazetteer of the Province of Sind. Karachi: Printed for government at the "Mercantile" Steam Press.  (Index: "Karachi")
  5. ^ a b "Karaci (Kurrachee)". Encyclopaedia of Islam 4. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1927. OCLC 39715711. 
  6. ^ a b Alexander F. Baillie (1890). Kurrachee: (Karachi) past, present and future. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink. 
  7. ^ a b c Claude Markovits (2000). The global world of Indian merchants, 1750-1947: traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama. Cambridge studies in Indian history and society. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0511018606. 
  8. ^ Cyclopedia of India. Calcutta: Cyclopedia Publishing Co. 1907. 
  9. ^ "About the OICCI". Karachi: Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce & Industry. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Ian J. Kerr (2006), Engines of Change: The Railroads That Made India, Praeger, ISBN 9780275985646 
  11. ^ "Karachi", A Handbook for Travellers in India, Burma, and Ceylon (8th ed.), London: J. Murray, 1911 
  12. ^ Frederick George Aflalo, ed. (1904), The Sportsman's Book for India, London: H. Marshall & Son 
  13. ^ a b Edward Thornton (1886), "Karachi", in Roper Lethbridge and Arthur N. Wollaston, Gazetteer of the Territories under the Government of the Viceroy of India, London: W. H. Allen & Co., OCLC 710600 
  14. ^ a b "City Historical Buildings". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 4 December 2002. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d John R. Hinnells (2005), "The Parsis of Karachi", The Zoroastrian diaspora, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 189+, ISBN 0198267592 
  16. ^ "History". Karachi Zarthosti Banu Mandal. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  17. ^ Sunnu Farrokh Golwalla (2002). Sands of time: history of Karachi Zarthosti Banu Mandal 1912 to 2000 and sketch of Zarathushti associations in Karachi. Karachi. 
  18. ^ "Who We Are". Karachi Electric Supply Company. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  19. ^ Ramachandra Guha (1998). "Cricket and Politics in Colonial India". Past & Present (161). JSTOR 651075. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Mayors of KMC During 20th Century". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 15 June 2006. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "About Us". Karachi Cotton Association. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  22. ^ "Club History". Rotary Club of Karachi. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Pakistan". Far East and Australasia 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. p. 1160+. ISBN 9781857431339. 
  24. ^ a b Leon E. Seltzer, ed. (1952), Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, New York: Columbia University Press, OL 6112221M 
  25. ^ "Think Tank Directory". Philadelphia: Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  26. ^ "History". Pakistan Navy. Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  27. ^ "Karachi (Pakistan) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Museum". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  29. ^ Webster's Geographical Dictionary, USA: G. & C. Merriam Co., 1960, OL 5812502M 
  30. ^ John F. Burns (17 March 1995). "In a Hellish City, There's Still a Kind of Saintliness". New York Times. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  31. ^ David E. Dowall (1991). "Karachi Development Authority: Failing to Get the Prices Right". Land Economics 67. JSTOR 3146552. 
  32. ^ "About PIDE". Pakistan Institute of Development Economics. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  33. ^ a b Hedwig Anuar; Richard Krzys (1987). "Libraries in Asia". Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science 42. NY: Dekker. ISBN 0824720423. 
  34. ^ "50 years Goethe-Institut: Timeline". Goethe-Institut Pakistan. Goethe-Institut. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  35. ^ "Bambino Cinema: Inaugurated by Ayub, destroyed by a mob". Express Tribune. Karachi. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  36. ^ "Islamic Development Bank". Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  37. ^ a b Asad Hashim (19 June 2012). "Karachi: Pakistan's bleeding heart". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  38. ^ a b "Movie Theaters in Karachi, Pakistan". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  39. ^ Arif Hasan (2006), "Orangi Pilot Project: the expansion of work beyond Orangi and the mapping of informal settlements and infrastructure", Environment and Urbanization 18 
  40. ^ Soofia Mumtaz (1990), "The Dynamics of Changing Ethnic Boundaries: A Case Study of Karachi", Pakistan Development Review 29, JSTOR 41259434 
  41. ^ Akmal Hussain (14 March 1987). "Karachi Riots of December 1986: Crisis of State and Civil Society in Pakistan". Economic and Political Weekly 22. JSTOR 4376787. 
  42. ^ a b "Pakistan". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  43. ^ "Museums and Galleries in Pakistan". Islamabad: National Fund for Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  44. ^ Huma Yusuf (20 June 2013). "The House That Jinnah Built". New York Times. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  45. ^ ArchNet. "Karachi". Archived from the original on October 2012. 
  46. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. 
  47. ^ "Nazim Profile". City District Government Karachi. Archived from the original on 22 December 2002. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  48. ^ "Karachi: a volatile mix". Al Jazeera English. 20 October 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  49. ^ "Theatre Academy". Arts Council of Pakistan Karachi. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  50. ^ "Karachi Literature Festival". Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  51. ^ "Pakistan Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  52. ^ "Karachi Metropolitan Corporation". KMC Web Portal. Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  53. ^ "Torrential rain and floods paralyse Karachi". BBC News. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  54. ^ "Hundreds killed in Karachi factory fire". Al Jazeera English. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  55. ^ "International conference: Experts question if Bhambhore is the historical city of Debal". The Express Tribune. 12 March 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Published in the 19th century[edit]

Published in the 20th century[edit]

1900s-1940s
1950s-1990s
  • Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan 
  • Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed.), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press 
  • Azimusshan Haider (1980). History of Karachi Port. Karachi. 
  • Mohamed Amin; Duncan Willetts; Brian Tetley (1986). Karachi. Karachi: Pak American Commercial Ltd. OCLC 18529948. 
  • Karachi Development Plan 2000, Karachi Development Authority, 1990 
  • I. Banga (1992). "Karachi and its Hinterland under Colonial Rule". In I. Banga. Ports and their Hinterlands in India (1700-1950). Delhi. ISBN 8185425868. 
  • Mehtab S. Karim (1995), "Changing Demographic, Social, and Economic Conditions in Karachi City, 1959-94: A Preliminary Analysis", Pakistan Development Review (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics) 34, JSTOR 41259925 
  • Yasmeen Lari; Mihail S. Lari (1996), The dual city: Karachi during the Raj, Karachi: Heritage Foundation, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195777352 
  • Moonis Ahmar (1996). "Ethnicity and State Power in Pakistan: The Karachi Crisis". Asian Survey 36. JSTOR 2645632. 
  • S. Akbar Zaidi (20 December 1997). "Politics, Institutions, Poverty: The Case of Karachi". Economic and Political Weekly 32. JSTOR 4406207. 
  • Hamida Khuhro and Anwer Mooraj, ed. (1997). Karachi: Megacity of our Times. Karachi: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195778065. 

Published in the 21st century[edit]

External links[edit]